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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - September 16, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER IB, 1918 NUMBER 234 IS BEHIND ADVANCING APPEAL FOR PEACE MEET BELIEVE SUB TO BLAME FOil VESSEL'S LOSS iWhoIe, Families Lost on tlie Gal-iway Castle-Sad Scenes at  Plymouth London, Sept. 14-The Britlth �teamer Galloway Castle, of 7,988 tons arots, was torpedoed and uqlt thilt rribphlnp. She had 960 peraona on board, of whom mora than 860 were saved. The passengers on board Includ-I ed three hundred women and children. One hundred and twenty pass-engera from the torpedoed steamer are mlaaiiig, the press association reports today, . Plymouth, Eng., Sept. 16.-Heart-Fending Bcenea were wltnossed here *'hen hundreds of sufvivorii of the tor-Tiedoed steamer Oalway Castle were Janded at 7 o'clock Thursday morning. The passengers were mostly women Rnd children and it is believed that ^hole families have been lost. Among the suryivors were little tots �carcely able to walk, crying in vain tor their parents. Parents- were aearcbing for news of their children tend women were seeking vainly fo* their lost husbands. It mattered nothing that warm, �dry clothing wajs distributed lo take the ))lacc of the scanty attire the surviv era gnatched as they left the ship. fThelr ohe yiought was to get news of their relatives and friends. . Thei;e.8iBera8'^)5,i(>; doubt that thf-iFea'serwak torpedoed without the - �Ilght�Bt vwatinlng. The exploslotif^fr; curred'KtjtWe'^ the engine room aiid the stdkehold^a fact which is taken to J'ulo out any possibility that the ship etruck a mine. The explosions caused comparatively little noise but caused the ship to buckle in a most extraordinary manner. She was injured at the extreme bottom and was bant'and tom clear to the upper deck and seemed likely to break in two at any mo tuent. In spite of the extent of the damage done to the Galway Castle some of the crew declared that the impact was Jiardly greater than that if the vessel ]iad bumped heavily against the side of a quay. The inrush of water was tremendous. One engineer was swept intOythe tunnel from the engine room and drowned, i Fearing that the liner would founder , at any moment Ca^t. Dier ordered the Tjoats lowered and issued life belts to passengers. One boat was swamped, another was damaged because the falls became fouled and another was Bwept back against the liner by a Wave and aina,shed by the propeller. Another narrowly^scaped a similar tate, Henry Bourton, minister of railways of the Union of Soutli Africa, who was fmong the survivors, was not inclined 'to speak o� his own experiences, bui Joined with other, survivors in praising the devotion to duty und the self-eacrifice of the officers of the ship and the men on the naval vessels which rushed to the rescue. British Papers Ridicule Austrian Note as a Most Impudent^Proposition Austrian Note for Peace Conference Treated With Contempt -Can't Treat With Treaty-Breakers-Offer to Belgium Is Aa Insult-Germany Behind Note. A BIG HEL Kept Her In Fight--20,000 Ger-man Prisoners Working on Land 'London, Sept. 16.-The huge addl-.tlonal pot|it6 crop grown in England in 1917'enabled that country to maintain its positlpu as a helligerant, vlsit-ir\�. editors were told at a dinner. Rol-i�ud--.Protherp, president of the board of agriculture, the .speaker, said that 1)ut for its'one crop Great Britain Might have been starved Into submission. Continuing, Jlr, Prothero told what the farmers had done to help win the jrar. Nothing, he said, so stimulated the fcrmers to do their best as "the argu-inent that every ton of food they raised belped to bring over the American iirmy to shorten the road to victory." "We are finding men to replace the Jabor they Ib^t-something like sixty thousand returned soldiers, ThanJis trf the energy of our army we havej �omethln^ like twenty thousand Oer-man prisoners at work on land and we liave increased the number ot women land workers by upward of two hun-�lred thousand. For the harvest we provided kn. additional ten thousand oldlers," Amsterdam, Sept. 16,-Austria's peace note was handed to the entente repreaentatlvea at Berne, Switzerland, at one o'clock Saturday afternoon, says the Vosslache Zeltung of Berlin, This note was simultaneously presented at Berlin, Sofia and Constantinople and was brought to the knowledge of neutral powers. GERMAN DENIAL. Paris, Sept. 16.-(Havas-. Agency.)-It is reported from a Berlin semioffIclal source that Foreign Minister Burian's move in indicting the note Inviting the belligerents to a conference oonstltuted an. act binding Austria alone, says � Berlin dispatch today. Germany, it isdeclared took no part whatever in drawing, up the note. On Emperor's Order. Amsterdam, Sept, 16.-The ngto in which Austria-Hungary invites the belligerents to a conference for discussion of pejCce x^a despatched by Baron' Bupiaip, the Austi-D-Hungarlan foreign Mnlster, on the order ot Emperor Charles, tlie Cologne Volks Zeltung declares, A Hun Trick. London, SeptV^ l8;-^With the- e.xcep tion of the �i�RoifiBt>fl>a^li'' News which radvocated accept�iic6' Aiistrla-Hun-i^iT'.^s�invitation, tM Ix>ndon morning papers scornfully rejiect ^tlia note as a trick instigated b^'Germaiiy t6 gain time to roorgania? .lier armies while the offer to Belgium Is looked upon as cynical insult. The German press comment so far received in London indicates surprise at the Austrian action in sending the note. Germany Considers It Amsterdam, Sept. 16.-An important conference of leflders of the majority parties in the Reichstag was held on Sunday with reference to the Austrian peace note, telegrams from Berlin today repoft; According to some of the reports. Count Von Hertling, the imperial chancellor, presided ait the' doaference, which lasted two hours and a half. Admiral Von HintzQ, .'the foreign secretary and Herr Wallraff, the minister of the interior, are also stated to have been present.  It was said the deliberations would be continued today . Britain Ridicules It London, Sept. 16.-Austria's invitation to the belligerents to meet informal peace discussions is given a warm reception by. the London morning newspapers. The warmth, however, is not that of cordiality but ^pt indignant repudiation; The note 'is seen by commentators as,:a German trick In which Austrlaris made the cats-paw in an endeavor to gain tune to enable the German high command to reorganize its shattered troops. The offer of peace to Belgium is I'egarded as a shameless insult. "The Austrian note does not bring real peace any nearer," says the Express. "Preliminary, conditions j>f peace have b?en statei over and over again by the Allies /and there is not tile faintest suggestion that the central powers will iagree to,any one of these conditions. "They who drew the sword are scheming to save themselves from perlsliiug by .the sv.'ord. The note was written in Berlin." Relative to the offer of peace to Belgium, the Express saya: "This is another Brest-Litovsk scheme ;and part of the same plan 'for preserving the power of the Hohenzollerris." After referring to the aliiklng of the liner Galway Castle,as a, cblhciderico to the offer of peace, thW ^ewspapei' says: "The allied peopleis will not shake hands. They will not be, friends, nor will they agree to any. bdlc-in-tho-cor-ner negotiations. Democracy 19 now at the helm of the world's affairs. Militarism is tottering and If tho Gei--man people save -themselves from falling with it th6ir...jiiu8t. insist on the prelimina,ry .conditioi)B which alone make useful talk poBstble." The Post says: -v' "Our peace terms tiave been pnade abundantly qlear. Whvii Germany and her dependents ftrii'- readyv to accept them they can let, i^ll ka9w. v, There will be no abatement to'them,  Gex;. many must- be beWteii andrmust re-cQgniie she is beateh. . Uhfil .then ber suggestion fpr;a peace conference is not to be vegardied.anf more than the crackling thorns Unw a pot,'* A PacKJst'Voice The paoiflat Ttaliy jifaws is the solo exception to the priflvMentT'to^e . of comment. Anticip^iiiic �>|�uerai re- jection of the Austrian proposals, it says that responsible, sober-minded peoples, nevertheless, face the proposals squarely. The paper argues that discussions must come sooner or later as a preliminary to peace and says: "There is no solid ground upon which statesmen siucereiy zealous for peace can justify the rejection of the Austrian proposals. Discussion would not involve an armistice. There would be no question of the allies compromising theh- fundamental principles. Against the more .than remote prospect that discussions might leave Germany obdurate, they might have very different result in the casft^ot Turkey, Bulgaria and even Austria. The allies, with an unassailable case, have everything to gain and nothing to lose by discussion." "An impudent shame," is the Hail's editorial caption over its comment, which Is descj-ibed as "another form of an old German trick. "The Gorman emperor is a ventrllo quJst, whose voice we may hear in this AusU'ian telegram," the newspap er continues, "and we bear it because the military masters under whom Germany is bleeding are afraid. It is not humanity which they have in  vi.3iv; but the safety of their own skins. "This German trick has been disposed of in advance by President Wilson's maiter-ly, addresses.. President AVilson's great watchword 'no peace with autocrac^j! applies to Austria as well as to .Germany, and for the same cause no German autocracy can be trusted for an hour. The allied attitude is clear. We require reparation, restitution and guarantees and since the fresh German outrages upfln French territory we require the punishment of the criminals. Nothing less will do, "As to tlipoffer to Belgium it is insulting and only offers Belgians one more scrap of paper." v parojUB received tha sad news yesterday, aird this is the Be-5on>l son they have (-ivfin in the war, the first having dl�(l in iJnglaud some timj ana. Two other sons are also at the front. Pto. burdock, who lias just fallen in battle, had been at the front since almost the beginning of the war,^ and it is understood that he had had no leave since going overseas. Robort Watson,'13th St; N., ropoiv-ed word that his son, R. K. Watson, has been wounded. James Fiddls received .word that his 'son. Pie, Jas, Flddis, has been woundefi. Pte. Freid Sim, son ot James Sim, has also been wounded. Pte. Vivian Rogers, son of H. A. Rogers, has been gassed. One of the most prominent on.the list is Pfe. Mike Kosko,' son .of Jolin kosko, an old timer in the rtty. Mike won the Distinguished Conduct medal some time ago for bravery in action, end has now been wounded. These men enlisted in local infantry and artillery units.. Pte. Fred Sim is with the 39th, Pte, Everett Rae, who enlisted with the mounted rifles here, has been wounaed. other names on the list, today'.are Pte. Peter MadBen, enlisted in LetJi-bridfe, next ot kiu Denmark; {Jorp. Ayre, enlisted in Puncher Creek; Dflv-er Lothian, enlisted in Lethbrldge, next of kin Scotland; Corp., BahUp,' Fernie; Pte. Carmichael, enlisted V^TO, next of kin ChloaKO. All these iiten hava-been wMBtK; Quebec, 16.-The thirty-fourth annual conyentton ot the Trades and Labor Cong| present in New Zealand, where he 'ft conducting a temperance campalgn- The report of the executive council announced that-viewing the situation from both the iridustrial and political aspects, th& organized labor movement has evei^'TeaBon to be prdud-since the ^tost' cotfvMftitin, , Xliq^Teiwrt points out that the someyrtiat. astonishing decline ifethe'niembership of Trtides and Lahor organizations during 1915 and 1916 afforded cause for anxiety but thie turning of the tide during 1917 and 1918 liad more than compensated for tiie strenuous efforts to prevent a further slump in membershipr. Through ithe Industrial Disputes Act many disputes had been settled in the interests of the workers without retort to strikes and while strikes had been necessary in some cases in proportion to the number of demands for higher wages the industrial disturbances have been few. "In- the political field." tlie report continues, "considerable progress has been made both in recognition of the labor movement by the government and in tlie organization of the Independent Labor party in the different provinces. 'There was also a notable change in the attitude ot the Imperial Munitions Board toward the labor organiia-tions and the friction which was evident during 1918 has almost disappeared. The most important advancement in the political field has been the carrying out of the recommendations ot the Ottawa convention that the different provinces organize branches of the labor movement along the same lines as the British Labor party. "At least seven, of the provinces have already organized for definite political action. There has been a notlcoable tendency on the part of the I in spite ot the allurement of the wprkers holding different views as to most enticing autumn weather yester-princlple and tactics to emphasize the day, Lethbrldge autoists generally points of agreement and minimize the speaking, faithfully observed "jov-polnts of difference. This 'attitude rldeless" Sunday, and very few were has led to Uie uniting ot trades uu- the pleasure cars to be seen on the ionists and Socialists and the pros- streets. In comparison to previous I pects for a strong and aggressive na- Sundays, the streets might almost be' tional labor party Were never bright- said to have been deserted by autos. er than they are today." i The garages were closed after ten - ' jn the morning, and none of the gaso- Amsterdani, Sept. 14.-The Austro-Hungarian government today invited all belligerent governments to enter into non-binding discussions at some neutral place with a view to bringing about peace. "The Holy See and all neutral nations "also will be notified. An official statement from Vienna, making the above announcement, has been received. In extending its invitation to all the belligerent governments to enter into non-binding discussions at some neutral meeting place the Austro-IIungar-ian gbvemraent states that the object of the conference would be to secure an exchange of views, which would show "whether those prerequisites exist which make the speedy inauguration of peace negotiations appear �promising." ,. The Austrian proposal suggests that there be ito intervention of the war and that the discussions only would be so far considered by'the participants to offer prospects of success. The proposal calls for all the belligerents to send delegates to a "confidential anil non-binding discussion on the basic principles for the conclusion of peace, in a place in a neutral conn-try and at, a date which would have to be agreed upon."  The proposal s'ays the conference would be one of "delegates who would be charged to make known to one another the conception ot their governments regarding those principles and to receive all communications uis well as to i-equest and give explanations of all those points which need to be precisely defined," "JOY-RIDELESS" City Was Markedly Free Autos Yesterday-Hope To Keep It Up of K. of C. Hut Drive For Funds Open The week's campaign tojraisi'fundi; for the kiiigbts of/ColunilJiii hut campaign, for soldiers, opens Jn' Lethbrldge today, and will finish tafe day! nfxf Saturday. This'Causr Js'^ifbrtKy" of your support. Comfolrtsa.'a; given' la the soldiers in the trenches froe ot charge. There are no p.aiil officials (if the organization. If you want to help hviv.K more comfort and cUosr to.tho boys in the trenches, i;iv3 what you can to the Knights ot Joiv.ribu?, The following letter^fvjni General Turner, of the Canadians, endorses the campaign: To Knights of Columbus o� Canada: I wish you every succuss in the ef-fori to Increase the scope Qi the Canadian Army huts in tha areas ot the Canadian forces. I teal they till a long felt want; partlcula,-iy aiaocjj our CE;:adian soldiers, in providius for tl'cii welfare. I hope you continue tlitse additional -Mrjforis for the nir,n. (Sgd; General Turner. AusissiER line stations were opened at all, It is hoped to continue the joy-ride-less Sundays for some time, and the auto-owners are asked to observe, every Sunday similarly. The saving j entire body to surrender. . ^ I The j^ustrians were chielly in the of gasoline effected in Lethbrldge alone yesterday, was large. Required Just 27 Hours Fpr Americans to Reduce St. Mihiei Salient Washington, Sept. 16.-It required just 27 hours for the American troops and their supporting French divisions to reduce the St. SKhiel salient. This was disclosed hy General Pershing's communication for Saturday received last night by the waf department.' General Pershing said that besides liberating 150 square miles of territory and taking 15.000 prisoners the Americans captured more than one hundred 'guns ot all calibres and "hundreds ot machine guos aad trench mortars." A partial examiuatioa of the bat-tlafleld the America!) commander adds shoxys that great qmintitles of ammu-ultic^, telegraph and ^railroad materials, rolling stdck, clothing and equipment Wjpre ivbtndoned j>y the enemy. TbJn -wf^a in addition to tW large jtoiies Jujrned liy thevOermans'during -^f!l^f^-to?l^retmtj!v:^> - WANTS-ALLIES TO LEAVE MURMAN COAST British Advance Lines North of the Arras-Cambrai RoaH--^ Progress in Flanders-^Malssemy is Captured-^AmeV* icans Repulse Hun Attacks. '-. - \ FRENCH PROGRESS PARIS, Sept, 16,-The town of Vallly on the north bank of the Aian� east of Soisaons has been captured by the Franeb, the war offica announced today. The French have contimied their prbgreaa between tha Oise and the Arsne and captured Mont Dea Singes, LONDON, Sept. 16.-British troops last night advanced their linei north of the Arras-Cambrai road, eataibllshing posta in the vicinity ef Sauchy-Cauchy and Oppy, according to today's report from Field Marshal " ' Halg, On the Flanders front the British pushed ahead in a aucceaaful minor operation on both alidea of the Yprea-Cominea canal on a front of more than two miles. ,---^-.- . a . ' ' TAKE MAI8SEMY. With the Britlah Army In France, Sept. 16,-Maiaaamy, n village five miles northwnat of St. Quentin, haa been captured by tha f Brjtlsh. The place waa taken during a local attaok directed against the high ground upon which thia hamlet la ajtuated.' ' This adds another important |)p-!, altion . to those recently ,,i:^*i�''.v.An�i�i?'v' "Bwini^jip attae.fcecT .agalflat^liili^dff: thp AMHcin line* rMtfi'viiin-i, ing aHd again during the 'rijiht,: but met with an intense artitiisry. fire and recoiled. The Americans took � few prisoners in these attacks. 1 American Advance. Washington, Sept, 16.-The Amerf. can line on the left bank ot the Moselle Tiver in the St. Mihiei seotbi" has been advanced from one to two miles and now includes the towns of; Vilcoy and Norroy, General Pershing reported in his communication'-today,, received tonight at tlie war depart- i ment, An enemy counter attack' launched near St, HHaire at daybreak. today was easily repulsed and a number ot prisoners taken. Seventy-two guns abandoned by tha( enemy in his hasty retreat were, brought in durins the normal exten* sioTL ot the American lines heyond Jaulny, General FershiBK aald. Thin brought tha total number of guns ca^--tured since the"AmericaMs started tha drive which wiped out the St. Mihiei.. salient to more than two hundred. Bombard Hinc'cnbur] Lin* British Army in Fraics, Sept. 16.-t To the southeast of Holnon, wood thd; British have improved their lines slightly. Fighting o: a local nature continues on the no^ at the Halifax dry dock and shipyard were destroyed by fire Saturday nljKbt;^-.?/ They included the dock pun)9iQ|;;<; house, the boiler house, air'ompriih^^^.^^^^^ sor Btracture and th^ oI4 xuMii^ ,�ho.i?, ' T- ' 5 7469 ;