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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 15, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 IETHBRIDQI HBtALC Friday, ftplirnb.r 15, Joyce Eggington Touchy American duel for the Jewish vote Unjust immigration procedures Canada's immigration laws are in a stale of confusion, and thoy are badly In need of reassessment. Prior to 1967, foreign visitors ap- plying for the status of landed immi- grants numbered up to about eacli year. Their applications were accepted only in rare and special cir- cumstances, such as compassionate grounds. Now the visitors' applications total over a year the increase due to the 1957 changes whereby foreign visitors may apply for landed immi- grant status after they arrive and re- main here while their applications are being processed, a lengthy per- iod of time. And if they are rejected they are allowed lo appeal the de- cision. This rate of in-Canada applica- tions has given visitor-immigrants an unfair advantage over those who apply from abroad through the regu- lar channels. At present, it is not illegal for visi- tors from abroad to remain here, pro- vided they apply for landed immi- grant status. But many cases are blatant misrepresentation of the laws making a mockery of the visitor-ap- plicant procedure of 19C7. Canada needs more immigrants, but the visitor applicant procedure is not the best way to achieve it. Surely consideration should be given to scrapping this unwieldy system. The big LIP program Now that the federal government has extended its Local Initiatives Program (LIP) for another year, it's probably a good time to start think- ing of phasing it out. Generally speaking LIP has been a good thing. It provided more than jobs for varying lengths of time for Canadians, most of them young people and most of whom had tried without success to find perma- nent employment. But there are dangers in looking to LIP as a long-range part of Can- ada's distribution of work and wealth. It could institutionalize federal gov- ernment involvement in projects that heretofore have been the responsibi- lities of municipal and provincial governments. Also, by creating stop-gap jobs thus giving a better picture to the unemployment statistics, LIP detracts from the government's essential goal of providing full employment through monetary policies and long-range economic planning. Manpower Minister Bryca Maclc- asey said earlier in the summer that he would be in favor of a continuing LIP program even if Canada was not plagued with unemployment. But this theory seems to be a contradintion in the long range outlook for full em- ployment. Who, after all, would choose a short term LIP project over a full-time job? The LIP program has served a use- ful service, but it should not be built into the economic system permanent- ly to plug the unemployment gap. Projecting China's peaceful image By Jim The subtlety of Peking's attempts to maintain its peaceful Image, while at the time increasing the pressure for an eventual takeover of Taiwan, cannot be un- derestimated. The Chinese representatives at the UN insist that the People's Re- public Is the UN spokesman for all things Chinese within the competence of the world body. Last year, for starters, they forced the U.N. secretary general io withdraw ac- creditation of two veteran Chinese journ- alists employed by Taiwan's Central News Agency. Then, In a picayune dir- ected at humiliating the already humiliat- ed Taiwanese, they insisted on removing from the plaque of Confucius, the name of the donor, The Republic of China. The Chinese ambassador Huang Hua de- manded, and got, an internal UN order to stop publication of all statistical trade, population and other data with reference to Taiwan. (Since UN publications contain Information on other states which are not UN members, It is hard to see the logic in submission to such an order. Publication of this kind of material does not imply either approval or disapproval of the gov- ernment in In the upcoming UN sessions It now seems likely that the Chinese delegation will demand that the UN High Commission for Refugees stop all "illegal" activities on behalf of Tibetan refugees in India, and of Chinese refugees who have fled the mainland for new homes In Macao and Hong Kong. It's more than the over-sensi- tive Chinese government can take to bo referred lo as a land from which anyone wants, or ever wanted, to escape. If UN bows to this latest demand it means that UN funds for rehabilitation assistance to these fugitives will come to an end, The money involved is not large, and in the case of Hong Kong and Macao it is not vital to the survival of the refugees. But many of Uie Tibetans now living In India where they fled persecution following the Chinese takeover of their country, may die if UN funds are withheld. The High Com- mission reports that many of them are tubercular, and last year, a three vear pro- gram of rehabilitation was commenced under UN auspices. One can only hope and its a faint hope that the UN will see this as the politics it is, and will be able to stand firm against Peking's absurd demarals. In a rather obscure way, Peking has in- dicated its strategy for the eventful peace- ful takeover following Mao's dictum that a "bloodless transition is what we would like and what we should strive for." Half buried In the July issue of Red Flag, the official publication of the People's Republic, Is With affection By Dong Walker YORK Only a few days alter a political con- ference with the rabbis of CM- cago, Senator George Me- Govern was in New York last week for two large rallies with the Jews of this city. This swift succession of three meetings with an ethnic group which forms only 3 per cent of the American populace-was no co- incidence. Like President Nix- on, Senator McGovem is con- ducting an intensive campaign to win the most unpredictable and the most decisive floating voter In the country: the American Jew. The manpower and money Judi celebrated a birthday in Sept. tember. All sorts of people remember- ed the day with cards, contributions and kisses was quite buoyed up by it all. Even Paul gave bis sister a card but he took some of the bloom off Uie occasion by editing lie teat a bit. being expended by both parties among Jewish communlles is unprecedented. Never before in a Presidential election has eith- er put much effort into court- ing Jewish voles. The Demo- crats always took Jewish' sup- port for granted, the Republi- cans wrote it off as a lost cause. This lime, a combination ot factors has caused several in- fluential Jews to switch to Republican side, creating a huge uncertainty about how many of the Jewish electorate will forsake their liberal voting pattern and follow suit. It has also created a serious money problem for the McGovemites, since several wealthy Jews who used to make generous cash conlribulJons lo the Democrats have written their cheques for the Nixon campaign, while oth- ers are still making up their minds whom to support. According to the Jews newly committed to him, President Nixon's most persuasive appeal is his strong military and eco- nomic support for Israel. Al- though Senator McGovem pro- mises a similar policy, his Sen- ate voting record on Israel lias been ambiguous. Jews are also fearful that the McGovem plan to cut military expenditure could threaten United Stales supplies to Israel. The unspoken reason for the switch Is probably the strong- est. It has been summed up in a sentence by Senator McGovem's New York campaign manager, Mr. Robert Wagner, s former Mayor of the city, whose special talent is his understanding of New York's many ethnic groups: "The poor are now the middle class." Jews who were once struggling artisans are now settling into comfortable, conservative surburbla, and the liberal politics which once them hope of advancement could now be a threat lo the status they have won. One strong election issue for the Jews, which is only just sur- suggestion that Taiwanese Industrialists, business men and large agriculturist! would be given a period of five to ten yean to adjust to Mao's economic poHcies, as long as they promise to placa their loyalties and their talents Peking-wards. It Is much narns policy aa the Communists adopted after 1949 towards Chinese capitalists whose services were indispensable to the regime, for a certain period of time. It's hard to see how such vague promises of protection of private enterprise could work with affluent Chinese businessmen in Tai- wan, who have seen what has happened to their former associates under the early Communist policy of benevolent protection wth respect to private enterprise. Never- theless Peking is willing to try to win at least some of Uie top Taiwanese Chinese over to the cause, even though such a pol- icy involves considerable risk to the men at the top in Peking. They will have to answer criticism from their own radical wing of the party which frowns on any ae- comodation whatever with the evil forces of capitalism. Wooing from the top down has its ad- vantages, but it is important to win'the peo- ple over too. Peking has not been slow to make the attempt by painting me Joys of rural life in China in glowing terms in the belief that the appeal will be heard in a nation across the water, whose fanner! control their own farms and reap individ- ual profits from their work. That Is going to be a long process. Taiwan's propaganda machine is an effective instrument and al- though farmers have little say in govern- ment, by and large they have enjoyed great prosperity and independence under prevailing system. Peking is anxious to push Taiwan under Us protective umbrella as soon as possible and It would prefer to do It without ob- vious pressure. But the men in Peking should be warned that support for recog- nition of the People's Republic as China's representative In the UN, does not imply international acceptance of coercion against Taiwan. Pushing too hard too soon will arouse tremendous opposition by Western nations, the U.S.S.H. and the Eastern Euro- pean bloc, mnny of whose people still feel a twinge of conscience at the sellout last year. Pressure from the mainland on Taiwan b growing in all kinds of little, but so far peaceful ways. Nevertheless Peking should be warned that anything that smacka of violent suppression or interference wilh Taiwan's liberty, would be bound a Hre of resentment that could destroy Peking's new Imago overnight. The anti- China lobby may be quiescent, but H's by no mease moribund. On the front of the card It said, "Our family's not the wealthiest, we're not listed in 'Who's Who', but we've got something pretty special know who that it Is." And then on the inside the answer Is "U's Under that Paul had written, HERRI'S WORLD 'I'll change my 'calf H I want lo, Em Jask Awfcnw con make a mistake, yu "Derek Sanderson wiff ne 1he highest pm'ef altthtt in en the wcitd, en? Never of himi What's ta battiif facing, Is whether the next Ad- ministration would enforce an ethnic quota system for the al- location of administrative Civil Service jobs. The blacks are strongly in favor of it, being inadequately represented In the professions. The Jews are bit- terly opposed to it since they are an urban people for whom education has been the tradi- tional path to advancement. The vast majority of teachers In the New York City school system are Jews a dispropor- tionate number in relation to the Jewish populace and this is also true in other profes- sions. Any Presidential candi- date who would oppose the quota system would gain In- stant support from the Jews, but at the cost of losing other blocs of ethnic votes. Both the Nixon and McGovern campaign organizations have special teams concentrating on the Jewish vote. They see it as vital because it is concentrated in the key states New York, California, Illinois, Michigan, New Jersey and Pennsylvania where the switch of a few hundred thousand Jewish voles could change the entire outcome of a Presidential election. Jews are also the most political con- scious of all ethnic groups, turn- ing out to vote in much higher numbers than any other sec- tion of the populace. McGovem strategists recog- nize that to win the Presidency their candidate must retain most of the Jewish support which was Democrat in the past. Anri, as the candidate ad- mitted this week: "I have a Jewish problem in New York" of not being known. Several .days of campaigning among the rabbis has helped to improve the Senator's situa- tion. But when it was over, a senior rabbi in New York made the enigmatic comment: "We aren't involved in instant con- version." Written for The HersH and The Observer In London) Peter Desbarats Tough contest seen between Trudeau and Wagner TUTOITHEAL The official launching of Prime Minister Trudcau's campaign tonight in his own riding of Mount Royal draws attention to the concern now being expressed by some Liberals about possible shifts by English-speaking Quebec voters in this election. Their fears stem entirely from last week's decision by Claude Wagner lo lead the Con- servative campaign in Quebec. While the initial reaction to Wagner's announcement has dealt mainly with his impact on French-speaking Quebec, some Liberals are now wondering if his influence on their taken-for- granted support in English- speaking Quebec might not be considerable. The number ot ridings which could be affected by this is far from negligible. The prime minister's riding Is only one of eight in the Montreal area where the English-speaking vote is either in the majority or large enough to be a decisive factor. In addition, there Tire at least four rural Quebec ridings with large English-speaking mi- norities, and three of them were Conservative until the Trudeau sweep of 1868. Book Review No one is more aware of the Importance of this English- speaking vote than Rene Le- vesquc. its solid adherence to the Liberals was one of the main reasons why the Parti Quebecois came out of the 1970 Quebec election as the third party in terms of the number of seats held In the Quebec assembly despite rank- ing second in terms of Its per- centage of the total vote. In the English-speaking areas of the province, the 1370 Que- bec vote was simply i repeat of the 1968 Federal election when it was estimated that four out of five English-speaking Quebec voters supported the Trudeau Liberals. This was a decisive factor In enabling the Liberals to take 24 of the Montreal re- gion's 25 ridings, almost half of the total number of that they won In the province. Even the Conservatlvea have assumed up to now, on the basis of their own polling, that the 1972 election would be a re- peat of the 1968 vote in Quebec with minor variations. Wag- ner's entry has outmoded this forecast, and not merely be- cause of his Impact on Social Credit strength in rural Que- Inside look at Saints "A Daughter of Z i o n" by Rodello Hunter (Alfred A. Knopf, Z85 pages, dis- tributed by Random House of Canada TN her first book, "A House of Many Rooms" Hodellc Hunter recalled her Mormon childhood. Now, in "A Daugh- ter of 2ionTI she writes of the adult of a devoted member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. I do not know in what esteem Rodello Hunter is held by Mor- mon people as a whole but I expect that some would find themselves very much on the defensive about some of the ob- servations she makes concern- ing the practices and beliefs of their church. I believe her, how- ever, when sho says in her for- ward that she has not tried lo m a k e a case for Mormon the- ology, nor allcmplcd to pro- selylizc. Indeed, in many ways her doubts are not carefully camouflaged. But she also tries very hard to be fair, and she writes with warm humor and deep affection about many of the people with whom she worked in the church and the endless hours she put into ward and stake activities. Mrs. Hunter in no way be- trays the secret mysteries of the faith (some of which are not even revealed to some Mor- mons) but she does create i d i m e n sion of understanding about the Latter-day Saints which should be appreciated by non-M 0 r m o n s, particularly those In the south Alberta which is one of the stronghold! of Mormon life. Perhaps some Mormons might find a deeper understanding of their faith by reading this book. ELSPETH WALKER So They Say Anyone can you know. There's really nothing in acting that a sensible dog couldn't be (rained (o do. -Robert bee. There are good reasons for believing that his influence on English-speaking voters in the province could be substantial. Several polls this year have shown that Wagner's "identi- fication" is stronger among EngUslvspeaking than French- speaking Quebec voters. The reasons for this would appear to be Wagner's fluent bilingual- ism, his unwavering federalist position, the anti-terrorist as- pect of his statements on law and order, and his European an- cestry. In relation to this last point, It should be remembered that about half of the. so-called "English" vole in Quebec is really an ethnic vote In the cen- tral and suburban ridings of Montreal. The reasons for suspecting that this strong awareness of Wagner among English-speak- ing Quebecers could be trans- lated into votes Oct. 30 require some appreciation of the uncer- tainty that has affected this group for the last decade. Since 1960, the province's eco- nomic performance hag been relatively poor. This has meant uncertainty about employment for English-speaking workers while the shift of head offices out of Montreal, inspired partly by political considerations, has affected the job security of the executive class in the more af- fluent areas of the city. The economic impact of these changes has been experienced directly by nil home-owners in Montreal, but most strongly in the English-speaking dislricts. Home-owJiers there have been In the unique position, com- pared with other urban Cana- dians, of having their in- vestment In their own homes decline in value over the last decade. Growing pressure for French as the language of work, and as the automatic choice is the lan- guage of instruction for the 'children of immigrants, has also contributed to the uncer- tainty of the English-speaking group about its future role in Quebec. At the provincial lovelT Eng- lish-speaking voters have had no way to express their frustra- tion and resentment of change. Their range of choice In the 1970 Quebec' election was be- tween the separatism of Rene Lovcsque or the continuation of the status quo offered by Rob- ert Bourassa. This was also tnie In Hie 1968 federal election when the Con- servatives adopted a type of two-natton federalism and EC- lected a constitutional theorist. Marcel Faribault, to lead their election drive in Quebec. Most English-speaking Quebec voters felt then that they had no choice but to support Trudeau'fi strong federalist position. Wagner's leadership In this campaign drastically alters the possibilities open to this group. Some English-speaking Quebecers will take the position that a vote for Wagner will not only a vote for a firm fed- eralist but, at long last, a way to register a protest against some of the conditions that have affected the English In Quebec under the twin Liberal regimes In Ottawa and Quebec. This scenario is not improb- able but It Is complex and repl- ete with tho kind of paradoxes that delight political Journal- ists. For Instance: Despite Hs fed- eralist position, Wagner this time is accusing Trudeau of de- fining federalism too inflexibly. For a fuller definition of Con- servative Wagnertan feder- alism, 1972 edition, see the col- lected speeches of former Lib- eral prime minister Pearson, circa 1965, under the heading "co-operative federalism." For instance: The leader oi the Liberal campaign this lime in English-speaking Quebec is Manpower acd Immigration Minister Erycc Mackasey, who helped to give Wagner his polit- ical start in 1064 when Wagner stood for election in Mack- asey's home territory of Ver- dun. During the Liberal leadership convention in Quebec in 1970, Mackasey was the only federal minister who supported Wag- ner. He helped to write Wag- ner's convention speech, stood by him during the voting and, when Wagner was so upset by his loss that he didn't want to shake hands wilh Bourassa, Mackasey said to him, "Claude, I want you up on that stage. You've got to remember that some day you'll ba back In Wilh former Monlrealer John Turner running again in Ottawa in this campaign, with Erio Kierans out of the picture for the Liberals and Charles Drury remaining fairly close to his Westmount riding, the brunt of the effort in English-speaking Quebec lo control Ihe effects of Wagner's return will fall on Mackasey. Wagner would have to have a massive impact on English- speaking Quebec voters to over- come Ihe huge majorities which the Liberals achieved in IMS, but this is now a possibility which has to be taken into nc- count in the national picture. (Herald Ollawa Bureau) Looking backward Through Herald 192Z A much debated ques- tion of denial equipment in the public schools was given a boost at the meeting of the trus- tees on Thursday night. A com- mittee of three was appointed to report on the approximate cost. 1032 General Manager of the CPR Western Lines, W. M. Neal, will a visitor In Leth- bridge on Friday. 1MZ Effective tomorrow, Sep- tember 16, Greyhound buses will operate on a new war-time schedule. This change in ser- vice is being marie in order to co-operate lo the fullest extent with the war time plans of tho Canadian Government. 1952 The Pioneer history of AJberta, recalled Sunday wilh tho unveiling o( memorial commemorating [he Fort Den- Ion Trail, captures the spotlight again Tuesday wilh C. A. Ma- grath plaque In Lelhbridgc's City Hall. The Lethbfidge Herald KH 7th St. S., Lctnbridgc, Albcrla LETHBRIDGE HERALB TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 19W, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second crau Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Aswlallon and tta Audir Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS. Eillar -Publisher THOMAS H- ADAMS, General Maniger DON P1LLINO WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILI9 DOUGLAS K. WALKER Manager Editorial Pago Editor THC HERALD KRVES THE ;