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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 15, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta THE IETHBR1DGE HERALD Wednesday, September 15, 1971- THAT'S MY MOM Fascinaled by Ihe swimmer in glass lank, used to lest diving equipment and for instructing beginners, 17-month-old Todd Landry sud- denly recognizes fhe face behind fhe mask and points a surprised finger at his molher, Toni. Todd was visiting his father's skin diving shop in Toronto. Electric automobiles coming say engineers TORONTO (CP) Canadians should be able lo buy compact electric cars within a year for about 55.000 each, if four Uni- versity of Toronto professors of electrical engineering have their way. The four have formed a pri- vate company, Vehicle Re- search Ltd., and begun produc- tion on the first experimental model to be completed this au- tumn, Stewart Robertson said in an interview. Besides Mr. Robertson, the company includes G R. Slenon, head of eectrical engineering at U. of T., R. S. Segsworlh and S. B. Dewan Douglas Venn, a graduate student, has been hired as chief engineer. The company plans to pro- duce six prototype cars of six different designs by December, but will test public opinion be- fore moving into heavier pro- duction In additoin, the company will produce two standard gasoline- powered designs incorporating anti-pollution devices and Ifto "hybrid" models that can oper- i ate on cilher gas or electric power, "We think lhat the electric car will be the eventual winner as far as the public is con- Mr. Robertson said. Production will probably av- erage about 100 cars a year, he said. LIKE SPORTS MODEI, "The question would bp whether we can keep it as a car for the elite, because of its price, or go into mass produc- Mr. Robertson said. "We're hoping we could distrib- NOW OPEN Professional Hairstyling and Barbering CENTRE VILLAGE MALL PHONE 328-2080 life it through car-renlal agen- cies." Resembling fhe compact sports models produced by most major automotive firms, the two-passenger car weighs about pounds, about half Ihe weight of a normal car. Battery-operated, it has lop speed of 70 to 00 miles an hour and a 60-mile range before bat- teries would have to be re- charged. Ths designers esti- mate Ihe cost of operating tho car at about 20 cents for every CO irules. Their biggest problem in sell- ing (Jie idea of an electric car, Mr. Robertson said, is to change the habits of a public accuslomed to filling up will) gas. Battery" stations would be set up along the highway, he said, 'and it would be taster to charge a battery than fill a gas tank." The car operates on 12 batter- ies, each with a life span of about 29 years and each worth about S2S. Safety features include a col- lapsible steering wheel, urap-1 around bumper and tubular steel cage giving added strength lo Ihe car's body. To assure people the car is running, the designers have aded a lillle hum lo (he opcral- ing mechanism which would normally run silently. Scales of injustice came crashing down Chinese first to get their lumps By DAVE STOCKAND VANCOUVER (CP) One wisdom once shared by all Ori- entals living in British Columbia was that the scales of injustice could come crashing down on them like a ton of bricks. Too often, that was exactly what happened. In the perspective of 100th birthday celebrations this year the winding down of officially sanctioned prejudice proceeded at fhe pace of a Chinese waler torturer work- ing to nile. Only in the late IWOs was the process finally completed. In the early days, racism's kettle was always on the boil, bubbling over into terrorism and mob violence in a brew of myth, misunderstanding, cal- lousness, deliberate indigni- ties and petty and nol-so-petty harassment. The Chinese got (heir first lumps in the gold rush year of 1B58, before the province was born; even earlier if you cmint the. brief Chinese pres- ence at Nootka Sound in 1792, soon after Capt. James Cook had put the Vancouver Island harbor on the map. For the Sikhs, who had ven- tured into an alien and hostile environment from the Punjab in northern rlia, there are memories of their coutrymen bottled up aboard a sweltering hell-ship in Vancouver harbor in the Komagata Maru inci- dent of 1914. JAPANESE UPROOTED Mass-forced relocations is the memory of the Japanese uprooting of of them from the coastal areas of B.C. in the panic days fol- lowing the 1941 Japanese at- tack on Pearl Harbor. On Ottawa's at B.C.'s people were herded into abandoned mining towns in the interior or, even farther away from the coastal conscience, lo work in the sugar-beet fields of Alberta or Maniofba. All pressures for drastic ac- tion carried a made-in-B.C. stamp simply because that's where the Japanese in Canada were; outside of B.C., the Japanese constituted only scatlcred hundreds in the other provinces, dwindling down to just scores as the population map worked east- ward. But in B.C. there were these "alien" of (hem Canadian-born and another 7.011 who had taken out Cana- dian citizenship. The time-of- emergency head count turned up another IB who were citi- zens of the U.S. Geography was (he loaded fortune cookie that made B.C. the focal point ot the "Orien- Huggers The Wear-With-AII Boots Centre Village Mall Phone 328-5030 light. Tight. The perfect complimentary boot. lal Question" in Canada and its festering results. British Columbians were not unique in their racial attitudes but, by and large, they hurt more fresh arrivals to practise them on. MANY REASONS The unfamiliar was one source of the antagonism: the Chinese with their pigtails; the Sikhs with their long hair and turbans; the Japanese who were put in double ieop- ardy because they were consi- dered arrogant as well as in- dustrious Certainly t h e watershed point troin the perspective o[ racial conflict was the reloca- tion of the Japanese in the wartime year of 1942. Unintentional ironies are what stand out in reading, nearly 30 years after the event, the report of the Brit- ish Columbia Security Com- mission which was set up by the federal govemmenl to handle the forced evacualion. On the commission of three were one businessman and two policemen, assistant com- missioners ot the RCMP and the B C provincial police. Their report makes notes of initial measures dealing with the Japanese: registration, confiscation of fishing vessels, and then seizure of all Japa- nese-owncd automobiles, weapons, cameras and radios. PUBLIC STIRRED UP The government of Canada, it goes on, took no further def- inite action "until public senti- ment became inflamed and the members of 'Parliament from this province became so vehement in their denuncia- tion, and the press so vocifer- ous in its expression ot indig- nation. "Finally, faced with the ne- cessity of establishing some security against possible at- tack from within as well as without'' the commission was created through order-in-coun- cil. In a pitch for other prov- inces to accept the Japanese booted out of B.C., the com- missioners expressed the view it would be the height of eco- nomic folly to allow large numbers of men and women of the Japanese of them cither Canadian-born or remain in comparative idleness in the gliosl town camps. None of the commissioners was in a position to know, of course, that the war M'ould end with not a single act of espionage or sabotage ever discovered to have been com- mitted by an American or Ca- nadian Japanese, CHINESE HIT FIKST First on the scene, the Chinese were under siege the longest. Even the early unfor- tunates at Nootka Sound were in for a disappointment. Capt. John Meares, who brought them to lhat lonely oulpost, said he would fetch wives for them from the Hawaiian Islands but he was unable to keep his promise. The Nootlia Chinese disap- peared in one of two ways. Ei- ther Ihsy were assimilated through intermarriage with the Indians or they were mas- sacred by them, and most his- torians lean to the latter theory. The city ol Vancouver was fhe scene of anti-Chinese riots as early as 1887 thanks in part lo agitation by a group known as the Knights of Labor, an early foe of the Chinese in California. According to contemporary accounts, the attackers drove all but five Chinese laundry- men out of the city. TEST ORDERS The Komagala Mam affair in the spring and summer of J914 was an all-Sikh show. The Komagata Maru was a Japanese vessel chartered by a man named Gurdit Singh, variously described as a mili- tant Indian nationalist and as a Punjabi agilalor, to lest the validity of orders-in-council barring Silth immigration. Aboard her were 370 would- be residcnls who, barred from' landing, sat aboard the ship in Vancouver Harbor week after week wilh conditions deterio- rating rapidly and starvation threatening because Ibe ship- ping company was no longer providing rations. Finally immigration offi- cials and police acted and, made up a boarding party that was supposed to trans- fer the passengers to the Empress of India for trans- portation to Hong Kong. In- stead, a miniature war broke out. In the words of Vancouver Writer Eric Nicol: "The police had orders not lo use firearms. The doughly SiWis on the other hand had t two months in to whittle driftwood into clubs and stockpile garbage of truly overwhelming repul- sivcness. "Her decks awash with rubble, the Sea Lion was forced to beat an ignomin- ious retreat, to the jubilation of the East Indians, some of whom were apparently un- der the impression they had defeated Canada's combined armed forces." ENDED IN WHIMPER In the end, the incident ended with a whimper. Ar- rangements were made for fhe departure of the ship and its passengers after a com- mittee of local Sikhs took over the ship's charter and received assurances from the government lhat com- pensation would be consider- ed for the expense involved. In the long haul, chang- ing attitudes were bound to benefit the Oriental popula- tion and the glacial pace ot the least one step backward for every two for- ward speeded up dra- matically in the years fol- lowing the end of the Sec- ond World War. DOREEN'S BOUTIQUE CENTRE VILLAGE PHONE 327-3494 Now COMPLETE SELECTION OF PANT SUITS SLACKS BLOUSES SKIRTS Come In And See Our New Arrivals BEAUTY SALON BRIDAL SALON 3 OPERATORS BRIDE AND ATTENDANT ENSEMBLES BOUTIQUE FOR THE MODERN MISS RENAISSANCE IMPORTS HAS A NEW LOOK We are no longer operating under a franchise agreement we are completely independent as a result, we now have a much larger selection and our prices are much lower. DROP IN AND SEE ORIGINAL OIL PAINTINGS BY: John Crittenden, Calgary Evelyn Wojtowicz, Lethbridge Frank Koci, Blairmore Edith Umscheid, Raymond A. J. Austin, Taber Gorgeous ceramics by John Ikeda, Lethbrigo, Tremendous, assortment of velvet paintings to suit every taste. Original gitf items for all occasions imported from all over the world at greatly reduced prices. Yes, we will lake a selection of pictures to your home without any obligation whatsoever. Como In and browse around our liltlo shop, you will enjoy yourself. 1 -enaissancc Centre Village Mall ;