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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 15, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 2 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Wsdneidny, September IS, 1971--------------------------------------------- Many have tried lo duplicate Castro's feat Latin American guerrillas still are far from victory Ry WILLIAM V, NICHOLSON SANTIAGO, Chile (AP) "Wherever death may sur- prise us, let it be urged Erneslo (die) Guevara in a Cuba speech a years before his own death in 1967 iji Bolivai. Death, he said, would he welcome ''so long as our bat- tle crv readies some recep- tive ears and otber hands reach out lo pick up our weapons, and oUier men come forward lo inlone our funeral dirge wilh Ibe staecalo of ma- chine-onus and new cries of battle and victory." Others have come forward lo take up the armed struggle in Latin America since Gue- vara and bis little guerrilla band were wiped out by Boliv- ian army rangers trained by the Uniled States. But whether they operate in the countryside or the urban centres, the guerrillas o f today are slili far from vic- tory. Of the 20 Latin-American nations only Guatemala and pear to have critical problems with guerrilla violence. STANCE ANARCHIC Each country affected b y terrorist violence has its own movements and movements within movements. There is little evidence of co-operation across national boundaries. The bulk of the membership in the various organizations comes from university-age youths who believe in a vague Leninist-Marxist philosophy of Socialist governments run by the workingclass They cannot be arbitrarily labeled Communists. Many, moving beyond what they dis- paragingly call the bourgeois atlitudes of the established Communist and socialist par- ties in Latin America, take up a stance that is almost an- archic and nihilist. Only through armed strug- gle, they claim, can all power he won for tue working class. They leave it unclear what kind of Socialist government would he formed when the eld order toppled. But to question the goal is to be "counter-rev- olutionary." The Latin-American guer- rilla movement of the '70s had its genesis in the Cuban revo- lution of Fidel Castro. Since that day in January, 1959. when Castro and Ms fol- lowers rode victoriously into Havana, after six years of guerrilla war against dictator i Ful gen'cio Bnlisla, others Jiave tried lo duplicalc the lent. Bui a basic and major flaw seems to exist in (heir sirat- egy: that the political condi- tions existing in Cuba were and still are different from those o( other Latin-American countries. In Ilia 1960s Castro gave fin- ancial and material assist- ance lo budding guerrilla movements all over the re- gion, with tacil approval from the Soviet Union. Cuba's role has been re- duced sharply in recent years, although young leftists siill re- ceive guerrilla training there. This is partly due to a shift by the Soviet Union, which subsidizes the lagging Cuban economy, toward peaceful dip- lomacy in Latin America. Another factor in Cuba's de- clining influence among guer- rilla movements was the fail- ure of Che Guevara to estab- lish a rural base in Bolivia. FOCAL TIIEOBY FAILED Guevara espoused what has become to be known as the focal theory. Once a guerrilla movement began in the coun- tryside, he claimed, a focal point would be eslablished that grew and grew lo become a popular guerrila movement actively supported by the peasants. His theory didn't work out. In the diary he kept on his Bolivian experience. Guevara constantly despaired because of Ihe lack of peasant support. A week before his capture he wrote: "The peasanl mass aids us in nothing and is turning into informers." Two factors in Latin'Amer- ica have begun to put the guerrilla on the de- fensive by undercutling ils po- tential support. SIGNS OF CONCERN Governments even of Ihe military variety have begun lo show signs of a social con- science. For example, Peru's military government boasts that ils course "between de- mocracy and communism" uill mean a belter deal for all Peruvians. In Brazil, where a military government has been in power since 19M. President Garraslazu Medici acknowl- edges that prosperity hasn't trickled down to the lower classes despite Ihe country's spectacular economic growth, nine per cent a year. H i s administration has Reagan faces frustration SACRAMENTO, Calif. (API For Gov. Ronald Reagan, 1971 has been a year of trial, frustration and diminished pub- lic the pivotal point in his tenure as Califor- nia's chief executive. "We have been 4'2 years coming to this moment." the 60-year-old Republican said this summer after wielding his veto power to slash 550-1 million from the legislature's version of the new state budget. Reagan took office in Janu- ary, 1967, as a "citizen-politi- cian" pledging lo "squeeze and cut and trim" the cost of state government. Backed by a million-vote mandate, the former Hollywood actor declared war on what he called the runaway spending of welfare and the bureaucratic fat of government. Today, the lines are deeper in Reagan's tanned face. A few grey hairs are visible around the edges of his dark, conserva- tively trimmed hair. Some of his '71 problems: chief legislative goals were stalled or killed outright in the Democratic-controlled legis- lature, forcing him to launch personal head-to-hcad negotia- tions with Democratic Ian-mak- ers in an effort to achieve a compromise on welfare reform PAID NO TAXES was troubled by contro- versy over bis disclosure that, because of "business he did not have to pa yany slate income taxes in 1971 for income earned in bclucon Reagan and the Nixon administration over welfare programs and legal aid to the poor led a fellow Republican governor, Tom McCall of Oregon, lo question Reagan's loyally to Nixon. Reagan convinced McCall, on outspoken moderate, that he is "a gungho Nixon man" and that his fusses arc with bureau- crats in Washington and not '.viln the president himself, The tax incident was started May 4 when reporters asked the governor, considered lo be a millionaire, about a minor that he didn't pny nny stale income taxes. Hoa ga n, who earns as governor, couldn't re- call whether he had to pay any. Later, office distributed a saying: "Because o[ business reverses of Governor Reagan's investments, he owed no stale income taxes for 1970." DENIES WRONG DOING Reagan accused reporters of creating "a kind of impression that there might have been some wrongdoing." although even his Democratic foes said Reagan did nothing more than lake advantage of legitimate ductions offered by the tax sys- lem. The tax incident caused such a stir that Reagan's wife. Nancy, jaid she hoped he v.ouldn't run for public office again. Bui, excepl for disavow in; designs on Ihe presidency and frequently pledging he would not seek .1 third term as governor. Rcngan said he wouldn't "close any cluding a try lor the U.S. Senate in 1974. Copilhomc wrong choice for sportsmen CALGARY (CP1 The Al- berta Fish nnd Game Associa- tion has expressed "dis- may" at Ihe appointment of Clarence Copithornc as provin- cial highways minister and ask- ed for a policy statement on public access lo rccrcalion areas. President Tom O'Kecfe of Calgary said the Banff MLA has taken a stand against the opening of road allowances leading lo rivers and lakes. "Sporlsmcn all over Albcrla will be dismayed In find Ihal Ihe minister of highways has final authority on closing of road snid Mr. O'Kcoie who senl a telegram voicing the association's con- cern to Premier Pcler Lnug- hccd. The association and other conservation organization? in Ihe Calgary urea have atlcmpl- ed during the last Ihrcc years lo have several illegally-dosed road .allowances opened for public use. sponsored a program lo pro- vide low-cost medical care lo all Brazilians, and a profil- sharing plan which forces all businesses to set aside part of j political innovation by (he es- fully. profits lo be redistributed lo j tablished left in LalLn Amer- employecs. j ica: the use of democratic m- Anolhcr factor has been a I stitutions to gain power peace- Chile set Ihe pace last fall when a left-wing coalition, a "popular-unity" group com- posed of Communists, Social- ists, radicals and small splin- ter organizations, supported a Marxist for president. Salvador Aflendt's vietoiy was a setback for titt guerrila theory that only violence can bring needed changes, Introducing the best clothing values since our suits Our sport jacket And our slacks. Tip Top is famous for value. For years we've been offering suits that are priced from to less than comparable suits found in other stores. Now, we're introducing a new extra-value in sport jackets and slacks. At these jackets are to less than you'd pay for the same fine quality, the same up-to-the-minute styling in any other store. The cloth is a classic, all-wool flapped patch pockets. Note: at this same price, we have beautiful navy blue blazers. Our slacks at You'd pay up to in some other stores. We've gorgeous flannels, hop- sacks and wrinkle-free knits. In every colour to wear with our jackets. And you can choose flared or executive-cut bottoms. In short, when you buy a sport jacket and a pair of slacks from Tip Top, tweed. It comes in warm greens, you're paying up to less browns, greys and blues. than you'd pay elsewhere. And it's tailored Will our sport with bold lapels, a jacket and slack deep centre vent, slightly shaped waist TIP TOP and some with Of course you can charge it. value become more famous than our suits? Tip Top. The men's wear store designed to change your mind about men's wear stores. CENTRE VILLAGE MALL ;