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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 15, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 36 THE IETHBRIDCE HERALD p5, 1971 Extra duties not likely OTTAWA (CP) Prime Jlin-1 The prune minister said Can- isler Truclcau snys there is no I ada has noL taken Lhe U.S. prot- indicalion Dial the United Stairs will slap extra duties on imports from Canadian firms receiving grants from Die government's proposed ?no-million fund, which is aimed at protecting employ- ers from Ihe I'.S. supplemen- tary duly. The remarks came in re- sponse to a question from Con- servative House Leader Gerald Baldwin, who referred to a statement by a U.S. treasury undersecretary that countervail ing duties against the Canadian poods possible, depending how Lhe Canadian government dispensed the funds. The bill setting up the grant to offset a slowdown in Canadian produc- tion and employment created by Ihe month old 10-per-cent U.S. is being studied hy a Commons committee. Mr. Trudcau also said the government has no intention "lo draw away from any of the ben- efits wliich have been so great" under Canada-U.S. auto pact. READY TO T But the. prime mtnisler said the government was always ready to discuss Ihe application of the auto pact, as provided in the pact itself. "We arc assessing our whole position." Mr. Trudeau said. "These pronouncements are not government policy. Wre arc reacting lo the policy that has been established by the presi- dent of the United States and not to hypothetical suppositions by various people in that gov- ernment." eclionist policies to the level of (he General Agreement on Tar- iffs and Trade for discussion. But Finance Minister Edgar Renson would be taking specific Canadian proposals this week to (he London meeting of tlie Group of 10, Llie 10 biggest trad- ing countries in the western world. I lie would not guarantee how the 10 would react to the pro- posals, he added. And he told reporters outside Lhe House that there was not plan to gang up on the U.S. In Lhe case of more U.S. coun- tervailing duties, Lhe U.S. was free to do whaL it wished. Contingency plans were ready if they were imposed. In the case of the proposed U.S. export for domestic international sales Trudeau said the government also has contin- gency plans, 1 am not in a position lo announce what we will do if these events develop as apprehended.'1 lie told Perry Ryan ronto Spadinat the government would not try to set1 up such cor- porations in Canada while criti- cizing the U.S. for doing so. "At the very outset of this whole affair, we said that we were not prepared to embark upon a trade war. Certainly we would not want to start one by the establishment of such a pro- posal." Mr. Trudeau assured James UcGrath John's East) .he million would be dis- persed equitably >rovinces. among the New weapon excites officials OTTAWA (CD Cenluries- Jong lorest dcpradation by the spruce budworm may be ended by Y virus. Canadian forestry service sci- entists, excited about this new biological weapon, by-passed some laboratory testing proce- dures ui tavor of field trials Ihis summer. The virus makes monsters of budvrorm larvae and cripples their reproductive powers. In another eight months, sci- entists will know whether they have planted a biological bud- worm killer capable o! acting as a natural check on this costliest destroyer of. forest resources. If they have, they feel confi- dent of heading off the next big resurgence of budworm attacks, now at a high point in vulnera- ble stands of. balsam fir, white spruce and red spruce over more than 20 million acres from British Columbia lo the Atlan- tic. One estimate of eastern Can- CONDUCT TRIALS ada's loss from budworms since 1909 is 250 million Ions of news- power and cost ruled out it being an immediate replace- ment for chemicals. Interest shifled lo viruses, partly because they have been proved effective against pint riestroying sawflies and because some live in and attack only a particular species. This charac- teristic lessens the danger of the vims affecting other non-1 harmful forms of life and upsel- ting natural balances. Two types were known lo af- fect Ihe eastern budworm. One is called nuclear polyheHrosis and destroys by attacking the nucleus of the cell structure. The other is a cyloplasmic po- lyhedrosis which works on Ihe protein parts of the cell ouLsirle the nucleus. "If we could use one in the absence of the other, we would have a red hot biological type said Mr. Reeks. print, the equivalent of tril- lion at today's prices. SPIUYJNG GOES ON Chemical spraying, costing perhaps S25 million since 1952, will continue as a holding opera- tion while scientists build an ar- senal of weapons such as Y virus. These include use o[ sex at- LractanLs, called pheromones. to lure budworm moths to their deaths or so confuse them that they fail to mate. Chemicals may render the budwnrm un- able lo reproduce. Another defence involves (he epicentre is, keep- ing a close watch on budworm population to spot concentra- tions before they reach take-ofl point. Besides ground counts of bud- TV o r m. population, this may mean using such sophisticated techniques as infra red scanners in aircraft or. perhaps, earth satellites. Those lake a kind of picture oE infra red radiation Damaged trees show diffcrcnl levels of radiation. Y virus itself is merely the latest in a scries of bacterial and viral weapons tested. "Why were we so long in find- ing it? So they called it Y explained A. Kecks of the name. He is program coordinator for entomology Lhe forestry service, now a key part o[ (lie federal department of the environment, SEARCH SPURRED The search for biological weapons has been spurred by growing reluctance by the pub- lic and scientists lo continue relying on chemical weapons that, sometimes arc found lo have undesirable side effects after long use. One of Ihc first was a bac- l n r i