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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 15, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta SUNNY HIGH FORECAST THURSDAY 65. The LetHbridge Herald VOL. LX1V No. 233 -rJltlUGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS FIVE SECTIONS 56 PAGES Four bigshots run France's drug racket By WILLIAM ROBINSON PARIS (Reuter) Who are the Iran who run [he French end of the multi-million dollar interna- tional drug racket? John T. Cusack, European regional director of the United States bureau of narcotics and dangerous drugs, says there are "three or four big who be- cause of their wealth, contacts and respect surround- ing them, live in impunity in Marseilles. The French Mediterranean port is widely eionsider- ed to be the transformation and transit point for most of the heroin used in the United States. The French police, obviously stung by the charge, say Cusack later denied to them having made the statement. But the French reporter who interviewed him last month stuck to his story, and Cusack him- self was unavailable for comment. Although Cusack's charge hit a sensitive spot and set off a raging controversy in France, his reported statements on the involvement of the Marseilles under- world in the heroin traffic cannot have surprised the French police. Several maga7Jnes and newspapers have charged that big-time drug pedlers in Marseilles enjoyed politi- cal accusation echoed this week by some customs agents working in the Mediterranean port. The whole problem of how the traffic gol started, and why Marseilles is such an important link in the chain, begins in the Turkish poppy fields. Most of the heroin consumed in North America comes from Turkey, where peasants grow opium-pro- ducing poppies. Because the Turkish farmer does not get much money for the opium he sells legally, which is used la produce medicine, narcotics agents say he sells part of his crop about a kilo. The opium is then transformed into a morphine base, which, unlike opium, is odorless and thus easier to transport. The morphine base, now worth about a kilo, Is then smuggled into Marseilles, usually aboard slips but sometimes in cars or truck travelling overland. Once past French customs are re- ported to have only two boats to patrol the whole Mediterranean, including Corsica, from the Spanish bor- der to morphine base is taken to a secret laboratory somewhere in the Marseilles area. Difficult to locate of Cusack's main complanils against the French narcotics poliop is their inability to locate these clandestine laboratories. The laboratories are not elaborate installations. They can be set up in a basement, a house, a flat, practically anywhere with running water. All that's re- quired is a kitchen stove, distilhng equipment and acetic anhydride for the morphine, which is healed at 260 degrees. Once changed into pure heroin, the original kilo Is worth about Then it is into the U.S. or its value goes up to about In UK U.S. the kilo is sold to American wholesalers for The original amount of opium, now pure heroin, is then cut with lactose (o make 20 kilos, worth about when retailed on the street. Multiply each kilo by the number of kilos Cusack estimated reached U.S. addicts from France in and it is easy to see the kind of profits to be made in drug smuggling. No other criminal activity is so lucratvie. In his interview with, .the Marseilles newspaper Meridional last month, Cusack said Heroin leaving Marseilles is smuggled into the U.S. once a month. Each lime it brings million back to the top execu- tives in Marseilles, who have the money sent to Swiss bank accounts. Survey shows students like the ROME lAPi ''The Mafia is like a mama, and since I, loo, am n mother's son, I respect it." So said a Sicilian teen-ager in response to a ques- tionnaire by Itnly's anti-Mafia commission on students' attitudes toward the outlawed secret society. A total of high school students in western Sicily an- swered (lie survey, and many showed varying degrees of esteem for the Mafia. "My uncle killed his wife for kissing another one sludcml, said. "Must I consider him a "Very well. But I would have done the sama flung. There must te a special law for men." Another student said: "The Mafia must be consid- ered as a state within tile state, a sort of third house of the parliament." "To get a job in Sicily you need two pieces of another student told the commission. "One, which docs little good, is a graduation dip- loma. The other, which is indispcnsihlc, is a note o[ recommendation from some Mafia bigshct.'' A summary of tho students' replies was made pub- lic in one of Iho pni'liamonlary cnmmission's periodic nn its pcvpnyrar hivp.sligatimi of Ihn wcirly which has ils hands in patronage, politics and profits. Tlw names of tile students questioner! were not disclosed in Sicily, where loose talk about tire Mafia can bo dangerous. But one student was quoted as saying: "Horn's ;iu example. When (lie nephew of Undo Giuseppe walked into class at the start of Iho term IVP. all knew ho'd Ret Ihe best spat. And nl. Hie end of the torrn he'd Ire promoted with the liifilwsl grades." Undo Giuscpno Is d Mafia boss. Protesters hold f arewellf party VANCOUVER (CP) A fare- well party with rock music and dried salmon for treats was held Tuesday night for the crew of the Greenpeace, making final preparations for the start today of their protest mission against Ihe proposed five-megaton nu- clear blast m the Aleutian Is- lands next month. The 12, including scientists, plan to cruise off Amdiilka Is- land just outside Lhe three-mile territorial limit on the day of Ihe blast to take air and water samples unless cancelled by U.S. President Nixon. Jim Bbhlen, a co-founder of the Don't Make a Wave Com- mittee, said the 80-foot Cana- dian halibut boat will sail inside the 12-mile prohibited zone, "but what we do when we get there is up to who is under pressure to cancel the test. Twelve sou-gallon tanks were lowered into the ship's hold Tuesday to carry enough diesel fuel for the return trip. "We're not taking any legal Mr. Bohlen said, Air Canada discusses fares cut MONTREAL, (CP) Senior executives of Air Canada met today to decide whether to re- duce transatlantic air fares. The meeting began immedi- ately after Lufthansa announced in Cologne that it will be offer- ing cheaper fares than any other scheduled airline on the North Atlantic route, starting Feb. 1. Air Canada expressed regret that the West German airline decided not to go along with a standard transatlantic fare package accepted by all other members of Ihe International Air Association. "All we pan say now." a spokesman said, "is that we're sorry Lufthansa has done this and we are considering our po- sition." A decision was expected later today, "such as putting into an Ameri- can port for refuelling and risk being arrested." The ship's galley Is already crammed with meat, vegetables and other to last the 12 about six weeks. Senator may go to jail SAIGON (Reuter) United States Senator George Mc- Govern could face up to six months jail for attending a meeting Tuesday night alleg- edly attended by Viet Cong agents and radical anti-U.S. stu- dents, Saigon Police Chief Trang S'i Tan said today. The police chief said a final decision on whether charges will be made against the anti- war senator will be taken after a fuller investigation. Said McGovern: "If there were Viet Cong at the meeting why was I not told? "If tile police chief knew Viet Cong agents were present why are they allowed to roam around the city? It is all unbe- lievable." McGovern was scheduled to leave Saigon for Tokyo Thurs- day morning. "I think Mr. McGovern will leave Vietnam before the inves- tigation is completed and the court decides if charges should be Tan said. Tan also said it is possible McGovern is immune from prosecution under a South Viet- namese and U.S. convention re- garding punishment of U.S. of- fenders of Vietnamese law. Valuable paintings recovered VENICE, Italy (RenterJ Five Renaissance paintings sto- len from a Venice church a week ago and valued at about S3.5 million were recovered by police today. Police Cliief S'alvalore Barba said the pictures, two panels of a Tryplych by Giovanni Bellini and the whole of another by Bartolomeo Vivarini, had been found on an island in the Venice Lagoon. The paintings were taken from the huge Catholic Church of San Viogannia a Paolo. The theft came barely a week after a unique Titian master- piece was stolen from a church in the painter's birth place of Peve di Cadore in the Venice area. Art thefts in Italy have been running at an average of almost one a day IJiis year. Federal employees hiked OTTAWA (CP) An arbitra- tion tribunal has awarded pay increases of up to 20 per cent! over three years to cleri- cal and employees of tb.5 federal government. The award, announced Wednesday, provides that pay increases of up to eight per cent be retroactive to Oct. 1, 1970. The retroactive portion, dou- ble that offered in collective bargaining by the federal treas- ury board, will mean lump pay- ments ranging from S267 to SCSI. The award was greeted with approval by the Public Service Alliance representing the work- ers. The treasury board made no Immediate comment. Sapling project TOKYO (AP) The Japa- nese organization, Society for World Peace Inc., announced it would deliver cherry sa- plings to the mayors of Paris, London, Geneva, Rome and Bonn to "help promote good un- derstanding and friendship." LOST AND FOUND Maria Colosino, 14, (left) and Martha Paciorek, 13, of Toronto, tell reporters how ihey found a cose containing in negotiable bonds on o subway car in Toronto Tuesday. Tbo girls first thought Iho briefcase contained useless green and orange paper, West nations begin monetary crisis talk Put new pressure on U.S. WREATH OF DEATH A torn and shredded cap belonging to an Attica State Prison correctional officer number 357 frames a bullet hole through a railing in the yard of cellblock D. Al least 42 and possibly 43 men died in the prison rioting and assault to regain control of the maximum security prison in Attica, N.Y. This dramatic photograph was made by buffalo Evening News staff photographer Roy Russell. Slain hostages shot Prison revolt death toll 42 By BERNARD COHEN ATTICA, N.Y. (AP) Stale Corrections Commissioner Rus- sell G. Oswald has confirmed that the hostages slain in the Attica state prison revolt died of gunshot wounds. But the source of the wounds remained offi- cially unexplained today. The death toll from the four days of rebellion rose to 42 today when officials at a Buf- falo hospital said a critically- wounded Attica convict had Autopsies contradicted earlier official reports that prisoners had slit the throats of hostages as police began an assault Mon- day on Uie rebel-held areas of the maxim uni-security Attica prison. CLAIMS THROATS CUT But Hollis Chase, president of a union local that represents corrections officers at the prison, insisted that the original story was correct and that the hostages' throats were slit. He said officials had photographs showing the bodies with cut throats. In a statement to reporters late Oswald said one question was how any of the hostages could have been killed by gunfire. "The most important and ob- vious answer the fact that the inmates had dressed all hos- tages in prison garb to ensure difficulty of identification be- tween inmate and he said. "Additionally, hostages could very well have been used as shields or forced forward into gunfire to suggest that they were not hostages and could have been mistaken for such be- cause of their prison garb." He released a list of weapons found in the prison after the re- bellious convicts were routed. The list included gasoline bombs, sharpened spears, metal pipes, straight razors and spiked baseball no guns. LONDON (CP) The 10 lead- ing Western industrial nations began a two-day meeting today to try to help settle an interna- tional monetary crisis. The countries are expected to put new pressure on the United States to remove the mentary 10-per-cent tariff on imports and devalue the dollar. Canada, with strong support from Japan and the European Common Market, is expected to renew today or Thursday its de- mands for removal of the im- port tax, imposed Aug. 15 by President Nixon. Today's meeting of the in- dustrial as the Group of called by Fi- nance Minister Cdgar Benson o[ Canada to seek a way out of the global monetary and trade cri- sis which followed Nixon's deci- sion last month to impose the tax and cut the U.S. dollar's tie to gold. Canada already has unsuc- cessfully sought exemption from the import tax, which affects about one-quarter of all Cana- dian sales to the U.S. This amounts to about billion out of Sll billion a year. BENSON IS CHAIRMAN Benson is chairman this year of (lie Group of 10 and along with Louis Rasminsky, governor of tire Bank of Canada, repre- sents Canada here. The- Cana- dian delegates are jiot expectprj to take any stand on the ques- tion of a suggesled devaluation of the U.S. dollar. The Nixon administration has resisted pressure to devalue the U.S. dollar but sources said a compromise agreement between the U.S. and its major trading partners still is possible. Treas- ury Secretary John E. Connally is representing the U.S. at the meeting. Britain added its support Tuesday to a call by the six- country Common Market for de- valuation of the dollar. The Common Market comi- tries are committed to seeking both an end to the import duty and a dollar devaluation as part of a general realignment of the world's leading currencies. The U.S. has countered the demand for devaluation of the dollar with a move to have other major currencies revalued upwards. Internment orders signed for suspected terrorists dieil. The total includes 10 guards and prison employees and 32 prisoners. Reaction among guards at some other New York state prisons grew into dissension today. Correction officers at Great Meadow prison in north- eastern New York have voted to call for Oswald's ouster. State police said troopers have been called in to patrol the walls at Clinton prison in Dan- nemora. From AP-REUTER BELFAST (CP) Prime Minister Brian Faulkner of Northern Ireland signed intern- ment orders today for 219 sus- pected terrorists. Tne orders covered most of the suspects rounded up by the British Army in a search-and- attack against the out- lawed Irish Republican Army Aug. 9 and held since in the prison ship Maidslone and in Crumlin Hoad jail. Of the 300 arrested in August, 60 were released almost imme- diately. Another 12 men were released Tuesday night. But special branch detectives ar- rested 40 others witliin the last week. Under internment orders per- sons can be held indefinitely without trial. A 40-year-old sniper shot by British troops at an army post Six killed in nursing home fire Caouette faces opposition in SC leadership race in Londonderry after midnight died today in hospital. After he was shot, the man was dragged away by sympathizers from the Roman Catholic dihtricf of Creg- gan and Bogside. The army later announced his death in the hospital. Bernadclte Devlin, a member of the British Parliament and a leading civil rights leader, said the orders will intensify the campaign for equal rights for Roman Catholics and "speed Faulkner's downfall.' Areanwbile, a sudden wave of bullet and bomb attacks on Brit- ish troops raised fears that the IRA's promised offensive may b3 under way in embattled Uls- ter. SALT LAKE CITY (AP) A fire swept, through a nursing home early today and officials reported six killed and II injured. Police .said 1R persons wore in fhr! Lil Novell niimnK Irome when Ihe blaze broke out on the second floor of the. 214-slorcy brick-nnd wood building. All but one of the 12 survivors were taken to hospital. Tlicir conditions were not known. The fire was put out in 30 ininiilc.s. City Kirc Marshal Ben Andrus snid nn investigation ot lira cause will begin today, By ANDRE BELLE.MARE OTTAWA (CP) The Social Credit leadership campaign, in a virtual rut, should take a new turn soon. A group of leaders of the par- ly's Quebec wing arc preparing to introduce a candidate against the present leader, Real Caoucttc. Tho new candidate will be Heno Alallc, plain) on uhom rests the hope of rejuvenating the party and giving it a new impetus, say those who support bis candi- dacy. And strong nimor boing re- peated in Otlnwn's ftocial Credit circles is thnl n British Colum- bia cabinet minister may resign from tho province's Social Credit government to bo nomi- nated at the party's convention in Hull arena. Oct. 9-11. While a challenge to Mr. Caouclle's leadership is being organized in Ottawa, the party leader continues his visit to Vancouver. If Mr. Mafic became a defi- nite candidate, another member of Parliament, Ajidrc Fortin, 27, could also enter the race. During n telephone interview Tuesday, Mr. Forlin said that such a turn of events would he the motive for lu'm to revise bis position. Mr. Fortin, house leader of the pnrty, hesitated for n while before announcing two weeks ago he would not oppose Mr. Caouctto. Seen and heard About town TIBRARY assislnm llnzrl Dmllry feeling discrimi- nated .igainsl she is the oily person in the entire univrrsily library uho lins lo stand on