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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 15, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, September 15, 1970 Carl, T. Rowdii No Black Rebellion In Police State Ready And Waiting One by one tliu cliicl negotiators liave been returning to Uie Paris peace talks. The latest to end the boycott is Vice-President Nguyen Cao Ky of South Vietnam. None of the negotiators have indi- cated that they have any new pro- posals to make. Yet their presence back in Paris means that the talks have been upgraded and there is at least a hope that something meaning- ful could lie initiated. So long as the talks were being boycotted nothing could be exported. Since the Middle East muddle has been in the spotlight there has been a slackening of interest in the long dragged-out war in Indochina. Lack of attention, however, does not mean that it has ceased to he a major problem area. The time may be ripe for a U.S. proposal of a ceasefire in that part of the world as well as in the Middle East. In the past South Vietnam seemed to be opposed to such a pro- posal but in July President Nguyen Van Thieu made a watershed speech in which he expressed willingness to discuss "a standstill ceasefire." Perhaps the negotiators have re- turned to Paris ready to go to work on such a proposal if it is made. The U.S. is the most likely candidate for bringing forward the proposal. No doubt the timing is important. Presi- dent Nixon may be waiting for what seems to be the most propitious time in connection with his country's cotn- in? November elections. Buried Money During the past few years the fed- eral government has been forced to spend an incredible amount of money to keep the wheels of industry moving in the province of Quebec. It may come as a shock to other provinces to know that taxpayers have been sub- sidizing aircraft manufacture in Mon- treal to the tune of million. These jet planes, 74 of them, will be com- pleted by the end of the year and none of them will go in to service. "Mothballing" is the term, and mighty expensive mothballing' it is. The planes were constructed under a contract signed with Canaclair in Montreal in 1966, and now Canada'-s defence policies make them redun- dant. The reason construction on the planes was not halted is that unem- ployment in the Montreal area was very high, and that to throw the air- craft workers out of jobs would have increased the rate and at the same time bolstered separatist feeling in Quebec. At the present time two Quebec shipbuilding companies are construc- ting four anti-submarine destroyers expected to be ready for delivery in mid-summer 1971 and in September 1972. The cost of the completed project will be between ?220 and million. Reports indicate that by that time they will be about ten years out of date. Then, of course, there is the new airport near Montreal which is going to cost between and ?400 million before it is completed. About mil- lion of the total cost goes on the budget for the present fiscal year. The present airport at Dorval is not yet operating at full capacity, but the St. Scholastique project will give work to thousands. It at least will be put to good use eventually which is more than can be said for the two afore- mentioned make-work projects. Premier Bourassa knows as well as anyone that this kind of sub- sidization by the federal govern- ment to the province of Quebec can- not and should not continue. They are stop-gap solutions at best and public patience in paying for projects thai are not really needed will soon be ex- hausted. Stop-gaps are never long- term cures. Mr. Bourassa is putting his mind and energies to work on long-term therapy, thinking for instance, in terms of selling power to New York State in return for investment capital to harness the James Bay hydro sys- tem, of tentative negotiations with In- ternational Telephone and Telegraph for a million investment in a Quebec forestry textile complex. He is anxious also Jo find other projects like the tourist industry for instance, which does not require such high ini- tial capital expenditure. The Canadian taxpayer wishes Pre- mier Bourassa Godspeed in his ef- forts. Claude Lemeline of Le Devoir points out that, while it is true there is an increase in private investment in Quebec, the 4.7 per cent increase is "less than half, or very nearly that, the Canadian average." Mr. Lemeline goes on to say that improvement had better come, and come without delay. If Mr. Bourassa is going to be able to restart Quebec's economy the provincial cabinet "should decide in the weeks to come the approach which will produce an increase in the over-all volume of new investments." Time is pressing. One can only add a fervent amen. Sympathetic as we should be with the Quebec worker, with the nagging eco- nomic problems of the province, other Canadian provinces cannot for long stand idly by and watch public money buried with no hope of re- surrection. Singapore: Garden City Of Asia By Joy ce Sasse SINGAPORE The best way to tell you about Singapore is to introduce you to Mr. Teo Hock Kin and his family our friend and guide. We first met Mr. Teo at a roof-top cocktail party in Seoul, Korea where he, as secretary of Singa- pore's Amalgamated Union of Public Em- ployees, was attending an international Labor Conference. We wondered, then, if his "be sure to drop us a line before you come to Singapore" invitation was part of the usual small-talk that goes on at such parties. His hospitality, since, has proven our suspicions entirely false. He is of Chinese stock, five generations Singaporean, and bursting at the seams with pride for the two hundred square mile island republic that won its indepen- dence only ten years ago. Actually AUPE is a side-job he works from 8 to 5 as a laboratory pathologist, houses his family of six in a three bedroom housing estate flat, for which he pays per month, and enjoys his weekends by the sea. He turned to union work 25 years ago when he, a lad of 15, had to go to pick up his father's pay check. The breadwinner of the family had been partially paralyzed as the result of a stroke, and number-one son was promoted to the position of re- sponsibility. A whole life time the old man had spent as a blue collar worker. His final pay check on which he was expected to keep and educate seven chil- dren. Surely life had something more to offer than It is hard to believe, today, that Teo never got past Grade ten. He's educated himself through reading every piece of lit- erature he can get his bands on. He listens to the things other people have to say, and stimulates them to discuss and respond to the issues that face his country. Singapore had 2.2 million people her only natural resource. They live in one of the most favorable climates in the world 5 degrees off the equator (75-85 degrees year It is the fourth largest port in the world (outranked b y Rotterdam, New York, and Yokahama) cross roads for Asia, American, Europe, India, and the South Pacific. By the time the present school children graduate, they will be tri- lingual (Chinese, English, and By the time we return, five years from now, the whole city will be modernized and booming. It is the kind of modernization one likes to see a process that thinks in terms of human beings, and not just dollars. The housing estates are a good example of this: comfortable, modern, cheap units erected throughout the island fast enough to cope with the housing crisis better than any other developing country in the world (as well as any developed country for that Women here get the same pay as their male colleagues, and the greater per- centage of then? are in the working force. And the city planners are giving thought to spaciousness and recreational areas as they remap the city, fill in swamp areas and reclaim areas from the seas. The campaign, now, is to make this the "Garden and it is certainly one of the cleanest places I've ever visited. But the thing Teo taught us to love best about Singapore is its food. He moaned every, time he thought about our being here for only six meals .How could he ever do justice to the things he had to offer? Give him his due he did his best! A little hole-in-the-wall "restaurant" was the first stop for "sleam boat" (fondue-like cooking would be the closest we'd come to it at home) and Malaysian "satay" (bite sized pieces of marinated meat skewered on sticks, roasted over hot coals, and served with spicy As we waddled away from the table, a fruit-cart passed. The only things we could identify were fresh lichee nutc, papaya and pineapple, but the other three delicacies were marvel- lous, too. For a sweet, how about candied, barbecued pieces of thinly sliced washed down with fresh squeezed orange juice. And, since September is the month of the ir.oon festival, we had to have moon cakes. For lunch we tasted some of the European cuisine at the famed Raffle's Hotel English meat pies. By evening we were back to the stalls this time for sea food, eaten out-of-doors, with sand pushing up between our toes, and the soft Singapore breeze swaying the palms and banana trees. It look a pair of strong fin- ger nails to pull the tiny shell fish apart. When we got to the big two inch praniio, we were hotter adapted! pRETORIA It has been an article of liberal faith fur a generation that one day the oppressed black majority here will rise up and slaughter whites in one of the great bloodbalhs of all time. It is a proudly stated goal of black leaders in independent Africa to one day send armed black legions southward (trained arid equipped by the Russians and Communist Chi- nese, if necessary) to liberate black majorities from the dom- ination of white minorities. It has become a crusade of pride and morality at the Unit- ed Nations for otter nations to try, through economic pres- sures, to bring southern Africa's white redoubts into conformity with the broader world concept of human rights, political reality, and racial jus- tice. It is not pleasant to have to report that the liberals, the black statesmen, and the dip- lomats at the UN are sitting in dream worlds tilting myths. Economic sanctions against Rhodesia have been ulter fail- ures. In tills economically booming country, such pres- sures arc all the more ineffec- tive. A "colored" n a 11 o n, Japan, is happy enough to sell million worlh of products yearly lo South Africa, with the latter easing any Japanese feelings of guilt by declaring the Japanese lo be "honorary wliiles." With that posture of "self- interest before morality" which has characterized their postwar policies, the French have coolly gone on doing "business as usual or bet- ter, we with South Africa. Economic woes and illiberal philosophies lead a new Con- servative government in Great Britain to dream up a "security" rationalization for violating a UN embargo on the sale to South Africa of arms that might be used to keep the non-white population oppress- ed. The reactionaries in govern- ment here are extraordinarily clever in exploiting UN speech- es and resolutions to convince whites that they are the vic- tims of persecution by an out- side world which will quickly do them in if they make any concessions that appear to he a weakening. So the black "freedom fight- ers" in Zambia and Tanzania arc a nuisance to (lie South African government but they are a big asset, too, for they make it plausible for the all-white Parliament to pass a '.'suppression of communism" a.ct and various other laws that give the police and the army free rein to lock up anyone they consider a threat to eter- nal white rule. The economic pressures and ths ouster of South Africa from religious, sports, medical, and other world bodies seem more a nuisance. But as a top offi- cial said lo me, "Sure, We are concerned, but not lo the point of capitulation." That leaves the question of the "bloodbath" of produc- ing change here through black rebellion. So efficient is the police state apparatus in this coun- try, so pervasive are the physi- cal controls on personal move- ment and contacts, so harsh are the prohibitions against non white political action, so shrewd are (he white tactics of divide and rule, that virtually no one here believes a sucess- ful revolt is possible. There is no utterance or act of potential resistance to white rule that is not quickly known to white authorities, thanks to their sophisticated electronic devices (secured from the United States in many in- stances) and their well paid or well intimidated network of black, Indian, and colored informers. The man or 'woman who utters that "threatening" sen- tence or commits that forbid- den act is dealt with harshly and summarily. The lucky offenders may, on the simple authority of the minister of justice, be "ban- a status that, fortunate- ly, is unknown to American readers. To explain it, let me tell the story of J. C. M. Mbata who a few years ago was Ihe field representative, .or the main contact with the African com- munity, for (he South African Institute of Race Relations. Fred Van Wyk, a courageous white Afrikaner who heads the institute, says Mbata was personally, resent their air of superiority because we're and 'street people'l" 1970 by NEA, Inc, "You'll have to take your business elsewhere. Pena Central is in Letters To The Editor Free Competition Solves Many Problems I am stimulated by recent exchanges in your letters col- umns. (Aug. 21, 26, 31) involv- ing Mr. Hancock and others. For us to blame Socialists, Communists and hippies lor our troubles is almost exactly the same as blaming evil spirits. Capital ism is supposedly based upon competition while the base of communism is that of sharing and co-operation. Both fall short of their ideal. As for the West, I wish we would try competition, as I think that its free and open op- eration would automatically solve many of our problems. The trouble is that each of us acts to eliminate competition for ourselves and our group. We do this in bewildering ar- ray of diplomas, degrees, li- cences, patronage, association and union membership, con- trol of information, fringe benefits, mergers, price fixing, lobbying for spe- cial and monopoly privileges, tariffs, special tax concessions, etc, A systematic rooting out of special privileges and inequali- ties would result in a rise of freedoms that would relieve us from having to write books like "The Rich and the Super-Rich" or of having to talk of taking Absurd Historical Similitude For some time now, I have been toying with what I think is the absurd historical simili- tude between the medieval reli- gious "Reformation" and the contemporary political contro- versy termed the "Cold In the medieval period the society was still cleric-domin- ated, though the secular rulers were increasingly asserting themselves, and still .striving for salvation from hell in the next life. Individuals however, (i.e. Luther, demon- strated that there was more than one way to achieve that goal. Consequently, in the en- suing decades humanity in- dulged itself in a sacred purge, where one faction (called Prot- estant) attempted to either convert or eradicate the other faction (called and vice versa. The present Irish problem adequately demon- strates my point. There is no need to add that eventually the respective sides wearied of hu- man slaughter perpetrated in Christ's name, as the influence of the clerics and religion waned. One might have hoped that humanity had finally come to its senses. Fat chance! The clerical monolith was replaced by an all powerful secular stale, the cleric was replaced by first the noble and liven the politi- Discrimination A short while ago you pub- lished a letter written by a young man protesting the re- fusal of service to a long-hair- ed friend at a local reslaurant. Discrimination he cried and the cry was carried by a host of supporters writing more let- ters and an appearance before City Council protesting this flagrant violation of human rights. I'm commenling on this and I would like to say firstly, that rightly or wrongly excessively long hair worn by males con- veys an immediate association with the word The word hippie, whatever else it might mean, is decidedly synonymous with dirt, drugs, disease (venereal) and dissent in that order. If our young hero, by the act of wearing long hair, chooses to associate himself with these virtues, he must not only expect but ac- cept this so-called discrimina- liou. Secondly, the ridiculousness of this charge of discrimina- tion lies in the fact that were it not the right of restaurant management to impose regula- tions governing dress, appear- ance and behaviour in their places of business, better res- taurants would very shortly cease to exist. No longer would one be able to enjoy the oca- sionat pleasure of good food in pleasant surroundings, with the company of his choice. This would indeed constitute a vio- lation of human rights. CITIZEN. Lethbridgc. So They Say We're not a dangerous neigh- borhood. We don't want police- men with lingers on shotguns patrolling our .ea. If our com- munity is so dangerous, why are the white hill collectors not afraid to go there? P. J. Young, resident of a Pompano Beach, Fla., neighborhood where a Negro was killed by a policeman. clan, and the goal of salvation became replaced by material aggrandizement. Unfortunate- ly, the means which strived to achieve that new end also be- came dichotomized. Some se- cular leaders advocated a method of individual initiative (i.e. Adam some ad- vocated a rationed distribution (i.e. Karl To make ev- erything more complicated, there emerged a difference of opinion as to how the stale should be mn. One faction ad- vocated that power and au- thority be vested in a vain elite, while Ihe other preferred it to rest with a semi-literate majority. I hardly have to make an analogy to the differ- ence of opinion concerning the church structure in the Refor- mation. In Ihe end, the to myself at least, is absurd. One faction (called Communist) is willing to annihilate the other faction (called the Free-World) and vice versa. The former justify their behavior on the contention that they are mere- ly acting as catalysts in f a c i 1 i t a t ing the inevitable, while the latter expound the sacred virtue enshrined in their polity and economy. Whoever is right, I am un- able to judge; perhaps both sides have some element of truth, hut does the controversy warrant the fact that humanity is playing at suicide in places like Vietnam, Korea and Eu- rope, etc? It has been said that those who forget or fail to com- prehend the past, are fated to relive their mistakes in the fu- ture. I wonder if we're doing it right now, and not only in the area that I've attempted to elucidate? PAUL KAZAKOFF. Edmonton. from the rich and giving to the poor because the distribution of income would be much less inequitable. Peculiarly it even seems that those who are most successful ia eliminating com- petition from their own lives have the most to say about preserving "rights" and about competition's virtues and hence foster "socialistic trends" be- cause otter people, sensing that somehow tilings are un- fair yet being told that com- petition is what we now have, come to the conclusion that it is bad. Can it be that those who com- plain of socialism are the ones who cause it? That no one wants their privileges removed Is obvious. I believe that if all people were given easy acces to knowledge as to how the so- ciety operates, we would insti- tute reforms .in our collective interest. Good decisions cannot be made by a voting citizenry with inadequate information. There are many simple but politically impossible things that we should do. Each of us must look to our own individ- ual selfishness when talking of "socialistic JOHN MacKENZIE. Lethbridgc. "moderate, objective, Chris- tian, Anglican a fine human being." But Mbala knew lie was in disfavor with white authorities when he was offered an ex- change fellowship in the United States hut was denied a pass- port. (This is a common prac- tice here; the noted author, Alan Paton, has been trying for a decade to get a passport petmitting him lo travel Then suddenly in March 1906 Mbala was "banned." That meant that !ie could not write or publish. He was forbidden to attend or speak at meetings. He could not work for the in- stitute any more, or hold a job in a school, newspaper, li- brary, or any place dealing with ideas and the public. Washing cars in a garage was the kind of non controversial job that Mbata could hold, but he actually went jobless. Mbata was banned despite the government's earlier fail- ure to convict him for "African National Congress or supporting ,a group espousing African rule, which is the same thing as "communism" here. Mbata endured about 20 months of being which also meant restriction of movement (some banned peo- ple are under house arrest, al- lowed to leave for a few hours each day) and constant surveil- lance. He finally left South Africa on an exit visa, which meant giving up citizenship and all his possessions, and came to the United States as a research associate at North- western University. He is now a professor of African history at Cornell University. (A year after Mbata's departure the South African government permitted his wife and three children to join Worse -than being banned is being which means being shipped off into the South African equivalent of Siberia where you vegetate in political impotence and hope- lessness. Still worse is detention. The government has legal carte blanche to put anyone in the hoosegow for 180 days without any due process of law, and may go on forever extending the detention for periods of 180 days. The ultimate terror is the possibility that, on any day the secret police will seize you ar.d haul you off to prison, with neither family nor friends even told that you have been arrest- ed or for what or where you ha.vc been taken. The militants and activists in South Africa just "disap- pear." How many Africans have been "put away" by South Africa's security police? Some government officials say 300. The brave woman member of Parliament, Helen Suzman, says 500 to 800. African lead- ers say at least Almost no one but the security police really knows. It all has the effect of turn- Ing South Africa into a land of timid people whites less frightened than non whites, but by their own admission still terrified at the thought of what might happen if they dis- sented strongly from the poli- cies that prevail. You consider all this and you know that if there is any blood- bath in South Africa in the foreseeable future it will be the blood of black men being spilled. For despite the shame and worldwide revulsion of tho massacre of Africans at Sharp- eviile 10 years ago, no one here doubts for a moment that any jion white rebellion would again be put down ruthlessly by guns blazing from tanks, helicopters, and all the other death dealing devices of the most powerful military ma- chine on the continent. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD. 1920 City schools are filled to capacity and if attendance should increase further new city schools may have to be built. Enrolment this year reached 1930 The first north-bound plane on the new Lethbridge- Edmonton commercial air ser- vice took off from the North Lethbridge airport September 15. J9IO The east-side tunnel on the Going-to-the-Sun high- way is to be lined. It is known by tourists as "the place where it always rains." Underground springs above the tunnel send a constant shower on the raod. 1950 City Medical Health Officer Dr. Margaret O'Meara warned against panic in tho present "mild" outbreak of polio in the city. There are now seven cases, but only one has shown "residual effects." 19CO Student enrolment at (he Lethbridgc Junior College will be at least. 100 Ihis year 22 more than last year. The Lethkidcje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration Mo 001? Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and tho Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;