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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 14, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta toptombw 14, 1971 THI LITHMIKH Jane Huckvale damage in Angkor Wat Jungle monuments now a battleground When Henri Mouliot, the great French 19th century naturalist first saw the triple spires of Angkor Wat rearing out of the dense Cambodian jungle he wrote that it was "grander than when we saw Angkor for the first lime, I have no basis for comparison. Angkor is a unique experience, an awe inspiring monument to a civilization which has left no other mark on history stupendous in size, remarkable in engineering plan, and beautiful in detail." Well, not to quarrel with Mr. Mou- hot other than to point out that comparisons are odious. It was over a century ago that while exploring in the in- terior of Cambodia, he heard talcs of a fabulous lost city in the jungle. Skeptical but curi- ous, Mouliot persuaded a mis- sionary to guide him there, a dangerous journey by canoe and by foot. Skepticism gave place to stunned amazement at the sight Which met his eyes when he pushed through the almost im- penetrable undergrowth for the first sight of the half hidden niins. Crumbling stono spires poked their way ttirough the tall dense trees, colossal im- ages, their massive head crack- ed by the strangling octopus roots of the banyan trees, vast stone terraces overgrown by the exotic verdure spread be- fore bis astonished gaze. Ex- cept for Ihfi song of the brilliant birds flying overhead and per- haps the chattering of a few monkeys, there was silence. It a silence that had endured for 400 years when the men who had created the city and its monuments left it with scarcely a trace. The astonished Mouliot was quick to send his story to France, and over a period of many years French archaelo- gists with financial help from interested Americans, cleared the choking jungle growth to re- veal the ruins, released at last from the violent grasp of tree and vine. A civilization been born more than a thousand years before was again reveal- e-; to man. In the twelve by six mile area of the Angkor complex lies the tile of an ancient Khmer city, Detail on the causeway at Angkor Thorn, the ancient Khmer city of central Cambodia once the home of a million or more people whose story is krwwn only through old Chi- nese travel chronicles and the Intricate exquisite carving of the residents themselves. Writ- ing was known here is a lib- rary without books extant. But the Khmer wrote on palm leaves, on hides, on perishable materials. These records have long since disintegrated in the vast organic deposits of the lux- urious earlb. Ankor Wat (Great IGA) SOPER SAVER TONIGHT AND FRIDAY ONLY THESE SPECIALS EFFECTIVE ONLY AT CENTRE VILLAGE IGA LETHBRIDGE CANADA GRAPE YOUNG UTILITY STORE HOURS: Open Daily 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Thursday and Friday 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. FREE DELIVERY IN THE CITY FIVE ROSES TURKEYS FLOUR KRAFT NABOB PURE MIRACLE WHIP I STRAWBERRY 24-oz. tin SHORE'S ORANGE JUICE 6 for...... CANADA NO. 1 CALIF. ICEBERG HEAD LETTUCE Ibs... On the use of words Theodore "the Jewel of the Jungle" Is Ihe finest sight ol all, the acme of Khmer art and culture. A great causeway leading across the wide stone-paved moat is flank- ed by carved balustrades rep- resenting the sacred naga, tha deified serpent of Hindu myth- ology. At its end rise Ihe three massive temple towers capped by lotus bud spires. A triple- towered gateway, lies astride the 200 yard wide moat leading' to the triple terraced temple so vast a structure that one writer has called it a moun- tain of slone. The wonder is that the Khmers knew nothing of the principle of the keystone arch, Those massive slabs were ground to fit on top of one an- other without mortar and lifted in to place by men and ele- phants operating a complicated rope and pulley system. None of the ruins in Angkor have achieved the architectur- al sophistication of the ancient Greek buildings. Its claim to ev- erlasting fame is in the tremen- dous engineering achievement implicit in its creation and in the lavish carvings decorating its walls. It is magnificent proof that this ancient people could create intricate irriga- ion systems and canals, knew bow to surround the chosen among them with luxury and splendor, how to tame their sur- roundings and how to tell the great events of their history in stone. But In the end the great capi- tal, heart of the Khmer em- pire, w h 1 c h had withstood threats of invasion and had come close to destruction more than once, fell to the enemy. The Thais are reputed to have administered the final blow. The brilliant 600-year-old civil- ization was finished; its people vanished, no one knows for sure quite where. The giant temples, the stone images, the moats, the carvings, the naga balustrades were returned to the voracious jungle until Mouliot discov- ered them centuries later. Once more war has made a battle ground of Angkor. Re- ports were vague, but at first there seemed to be hope that the damage had been minimal. Now the true facts have come to light. Angkor is losing the battle against man. A highly reliable weekly magazine published In Hong Kong, its cover featuring a color reproduction of an intri- cate carving of a melon breast- ed Ktoier court dancer, a de- tail from one of the ancient Ang- kor Wat bas reliefs, reports what is currently going on in the. enclave. Communist troops are entrenched in one section of the ruins; government troops hold another. Machine gun fire can be heard daily, artillery emplacements are 200 yards from the park's periphery, whole slabs of carvings have been fractured beyond hope of repair and both sides are van- dalising the treasures. In Bang- kok, a huge head of a Khmer deity can be bought for two mil- lion U.S. dollars. Artifacts of lesser value have been turning up with increasing frequency in Hong Kong. Archaeologists and other teams in charge of pre- servation of the ruins have had to leave the site to the de- predations of the jungle and the guns. Laying blame is futile. communist forces have been as guilty as government forces in ignoring provisions of the Hague convention regarding the pre- servation of cultural property. Even Prince Norodom Sihan- ouk, head of the Peking-based Eoyal Government of National Union, maintains that there is no need to neutralise Angkor Park because it is already "con- trolled by the people." The tra- gedy is that neither Sihanouk nor anyone else can control the people. Books in brief "A presence in the by Mark Lovell (Doubleclay, 1C4 A N impressive opening dwindles into indolent ac- tion for most of the story with its ingenious plot. Andrew Bailey, president o! the Ontario Society for Psychi- cal Research is trusted with a case who has symptoms of paranormal activities. A man has strangely vanished and odd noises in the house of his dis- appearance fortify beliefs that supernatural forces might be involved. The ensuing investigation portrays parapsychological as- pects unconyincuigly and phys- ical reality in a hesitant mood. Summing up, Andrew was al- most sad for having been in- volved in the case. I felt sorry for him, seeing that he was so greatly bored and so little thrilled. My advice: read It before bedtime it's a real snore inducer. HANS SCHAUFL IMPORTANT SOUNDING nothing. There's a tendency these days, more than ever before, to use pretentious lan- guage for effect to make something simple sound scientific or simply to im- press people. The New York subway sys- tem has been carrying a poster about Miss Subways in wliich it says of the current wench, "She. lias a reputation for exper- tise in tlie figuration of commissions in stocks and bonds." Expertise, an over- worked word, means, as used here, little more than knowledge. There is such a word as figuration, much to everone's sur- but it refers to form or symbolism and has nothing to do with figuring or cal- culation. The whole sentence is designed to make you think an ordinary gal is some- how extraordinary. Thus is language some- times perverted. Center around. It may be conceded at once that sentences of the following variety are quite common: "The debate centered around the issue of taxation." Their com- monness, however, does not make them ac- ceptable in careful usage. The objection to them is that they are illogical. The verb center means to be collected to a point or center. Therefore you don't center around that point; you center on, upon. In or at it. If the word around fascinates you, change the verb to revolve, gather, cluster, or rotate. Word oddities. Is there a connection be- tween Adam's apple and that forbidden fruit that was served up in the e sem-ec-final, or perhaps with the 1 sounded as in it. What really makes Mr. Harvie shudder is the thought that some offjcial one day is going to request a dem-eye-tassc. Anti-Semitism in Latin America The Canadian Jewish News 'T'lIERE are unsettling stories coming from Latin America; stories that point to serious trouble for the Jews in those lands. The 28th World Zionist Con- gress warned that in these Latin countries with their record of revolution and mili- tary uprisings, the position of the Jewish inhabitants is becoming increasingly pre- carious. So far, the Jewish populations have not been subjected to the sort of persecution meted out to their brethren in other lands, but the signs are ominous. The wave of ultra-nationalism sweeping Latin America, particularly in Chile and Argentina, is fecting Jewish business enterprises and there is reason to believe that many Jews are looking to Israel as a possible new home. Argentina has Jews who suffered economic and cultural discrimination dur- ing the reign of dictator Juan Domingo Peron. His expulsion from Argentina in 1955, while It lightened the burdens of the Jews, failed to bring stability to the coun- try. Today, there is talk of Peron return- ing to the country he once ruled. Such a development and it Is more than a faint possibility would herald a return to the open anti-Semitism which prevailed during the Peron years. It was Peron who opened the nation to thousands of Nazis in the immediate post- war years, providing them not only with a haven but with well paying jobs in the government's service. Most of them are still there and the virulent anti-Semitism they brought with them has infected large sections of the general population. The many thousands of Arabs in Argen- tina are contributing to the threatening cli- mate and their propaganda Is commanding a wide audience. The popular press is print- ing articles holding up Israel and Jewry in an unfavorable light. The same story is true of other Latin American countries. Uruguay has Jews and they face dark times, trapped as they are in a country on the verge of chaos. In Chile, which has a Jewish popu- lation of about the once favorable position of the Jews has deteriorated to the point where many Jewish businesi leaders have quietly disposed of their in- terests and emigrated, some to Israel, oth- ers to the States. Latin American Jews have been fome- what Isolated from the mainstream of Di- aspora Jewry, but there is evidence that this is disappearing under the impact o! threats to the Jewish way of life. The lack of stability in government makes life diffi- cult for the Jewish communities at tha best of times; today, with unemployment running high and economies near collapse, the middle class Jews are the targets for abuse. Not all Latin American Jews want ta emigrate to Israel, but the national home- land undoubtedly will attract msoy who see no hope for themselves and their chil- dren in the land where they were bom. The door is open for them, just as it Is open for all Jews who need succor. Thost who plan to emigrate should not wait too long, for if they do, they may find them- selves trapped by governments that refuse to let them go. EVA BREWSTER Suggestions can cause accidents IT is said, strong-willed people are not susceptible to suggestions anymore than they are easily hypnotised. That jusl is not true. Let me give you one or two examples of suggestions that could cause serious accidents to the most stable of characters and the reason for bringing up the subject. White or yellow aircraft painted on high- ways, for instance, disturb me. Not so much as a letter to the editor on this page once suggested for the patrol's "Big Eye in the but for my little eyes here on earth. The very suggestion ol an aircraft patrol marked on roads com- pels me to play their game. While theirs is to try and spot me speeding, mine is squinting heavenwards lo see if they ara there at all. Just out of incurable curios- ity, I might add, for I don't speed, I can- not resist searching for the shadow of wings above when my eyes should he look- ing for oncoming traffic if not into tha rear mirror for like-minded lunatics be- hind me. Thus, to metand how many the sky patrol presents, not only as the letter writer feared "a menace to my free soul" which also likes to fly, but a real physical danger. Similarly, as an interpreter with the Oc- cupation Forces in Germany, I learned lo handle a heavy despatch riders' motor- bike. Having covered some considerable mileage without mishap, my pillion riding instructor suggested he take over. "The first sharp, narrow be shouted in my ear as we returned to the small, ancient town of Luneburg where I was sta- tioned, "and you won't find the brakes." I stopped, started and went tlirough the routine of braking gently as well as quick- ly. "O..K" he said, "carry on then." We got to the first dangerous bend and I could not find tie brake. Instead, I-hit the ac- celerator and the heavy bike went straight up a wall. Fortunately, it hit a heap oi bricks first, my Instructor and I thrown off and got away with minor bruis- es. The Army bike was a write-off. Need- less to say, the Forces gave up the bril- liant idea of making a despatch rider out of me. However, this is a prime example of an accident caused by suggestion. There is, however, a reason far more important that fear for my own safety for bringing up this subject and remembering these incidents: Some teenagers went to church services during the summer holi- days. That particular church strongly ap- peals to them for it offers great hospital- ity and friendship to youngsters of all de- nominations. The kindness of its members to young people searching for truth and meaning in their lives is much appreciated by kids and parents alike but there, like everywhere else, are some people whose excessive zeal could achieve the very op- posite of their good intentions. These mis- sionaries asked the young people if they were prepared lo invite Jesus into their lives. Some immediately responded affirm- atively; some were not sure what their answer should be, ami one girl requested she be allowed to go home and think about it. She was then repeatedly warned to re- consider her attitude there and then. "You are going to drive your car sha was told. "You might have an accident, if not today then tomorrow or within the next few days. Unless you repent now, you will go straight into eternal darkness and damnation." "I won't have an accident and get kill- She asked me later but, in spita of anything I could say, the Idea was prey- Ing on her mind for days. Nothing has happened lo her so far but, if anything did, I wonder how these people could live with their conscience or would they sav, as do many authorities giving advice with the best of motives: "It was well dersrvei punishment for ignoring the ;