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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 14, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHBR1DGE HERALD Thurnlay, September 14, 1972- Aiidreni Wilson Canadian-er than thou It an started when a vigilant gov- ernment realized it should keep an eye on foreign Influence in our edu- cational system. It was greatly aided by the perspicacity Calgari- ans, who first recognized that all Ca- nadian policemen are better quali- fied than any foreign cop. But now ihe good citizens of Edmonton have discovered that only a Canadian can properly look after library books, it is only a matter of, time before all significant jobs in this province are held by bona fide Canadians. And after all the significant jobs (whatever they may be) it should not be difficult to make that all jobs. We can see it all now, a glorious, All-Canadian Utopia, right down to the discreet little "Only Canadians Employed" signs in the store win- dows (next to the American Express But that won't be the end ot it, of course. A healthy spirit of competi- tion pervades our commerce, so even with all-Canadian staffs some busi- nesses will wish to show that they are superior to the opposition. It will be necessary, then, to demonstrate that some of us are more Canadian than others. We are far too sensitive a people to vie with one another on a "Cana- dian-er than thou" basis, but if we must decide in some way, what more logical than the number of genera- tions your family has actually been Canadian? Second generation Cana- dians obviously are Canadian-er than first generation ones, and third gen- eration Canadians clearly out rank seconds, and so forth. By such unexceptionable criteria, none of us is anything like as Cana- dian as the original native people, the ones we call Indians, so the ulti- mate outcome is as obvious as it is just. In due course all offices, all responsible positions, and finally all the jobs there are, will be held by our Red brothers. So we will be back where we started from. Which might not be a bail thing. Today's good news By comparison to the huge amount of money involved in wheat sales to China, saies of other Canadian commodities negotiated at the Pek- ing fair are small. But the deal with International Nickel Co. ol Canada, and Falconbridge Mines involves S25 million, the largest non-wheat sale ever concluded between Canada and China. Add to this the Saskatche- wan potash sale, plus orders for al- uminum, electrical and electronic machinery, wood pulp, and animal breeding stock and you have about S40 million worth of Canadian goods, other than wheat, which will make their appearance in China soon. This brings Canada into the big league trade wilh China. We are, in fact, in third place behind Japan and Hong Kong which lead (he list. Its a success story that rales in in- clusion in "today's good news" col- umn. Hijacking and politicking The man in the street is hard put to it to understand why the joint U.S.-Caiiada treaty proposal aimed at ending, or at least, reducing Uie incidence of air line hijackings, was unacceptable to some of tho seven- teen nations represented at the re- cent Washington conference of the International Civil Aviation Organi- zation. Briefly the proposal provides for international sanctions, including joint commercial air boycotts against any country which harbors hijackers, fails to release plane, crew and passengers promptly, or which fails to punish or extradite the hijackers. These are reasonable suggestions which, if implemented, would almost certainly reduce ter- rorism on international airlines. But politicking comes before hu- man needs in this imperfect world. France opposes the treaty provisions because it doesn't want to do any- thing to antagonize its Arab friends. The Arabs condone hijacking as a legitimate method of advancing their cause and forcing world atten- tion on it. The Soviet Union wants the whole issue to be brought before the Security Council, thus forcing it into the international political arena, and thereby risking a veto, which would probably be inevitable. The U.S. and Canada had hoped, naively perhaps, that the ICAO rep- present atives would accept the pro- posals worked out over a period of two years, treating hijacking as a world wide criminal problem (which it is) which ought to be divorced from all politico! pressure. Those governments who opposed the treaty must stand accused of lack of gen- uine concern, and dereliction in their duty to the people they repre- sent. They have, in fact, supported fanaticism by disregarding the need oE humanity at large. Models of By Gregory L. Hales, Fleetwood Bawden School CPORTS and athletics have always been an important element in formal, in- stitutionalized education. Today even more than before. Athletics and team" sports are said to de- velop character in the participants, to en- courage fair play, to foster feelings ol sportsmanship and pride, and to nurture -competitive drive. And a vital role in any athletic endeav- our connected with educational institutions is that played by the spectators, the fans. 'A large proportion of spectators at school sports events are parents and other adults watching their progeny carry the family name proudly to victory, or humbly to de- feat. Before the game, words of encourage- ment and advice are passed across the din- ner table along with the meat and potatoes, and perhaps in larger servings. And nearly always, the most significant words spoken will be: "Win or lose, be a good sport." Kids place a lot of stock in that kind of advice from their parents and the adults they respect. Kids Icok up to adults as ex- emplars of the sports manship" they pre- scribe for the children. Kids model their behavior after that of adults they trust and admire. They believe what they hear, if words and actions coincide. But what, happens at the game. Many'g the time I have attended high school bas- ketball and football games and ashamedly watched and listened while the parents and friends of the kids in the game have dis- puted and booed the decisions of the ref- eree; while beside them sat their younger children. Those same adults who were par- agons of sportsmanship an hour before Disillusioned By Dong Walker COME years ago when I was still a minister in Calgary 1 unwillingly man- aged to bring disillusionment to a little girl in the neighborhood where we lived. The girl hnd reason to call at our front door and since the drapes in the living room were not drawn she was able to look in ami see what was Inking place. Not No let-up in the ongoing missile race T ONDON-Thc Soviet Union has slill not made a success- cessful test of a true multiples independently-targeted nuclear warhead at least so far as the Americans have been able to detect. This negative but vital fact underlies the major strategic conclusion of Hie latest annual arms survey of tho London- based International Institute for have transformed. They boo the referee, jeer opposing players and fans, and heckle the opposition's bench and coach. No long- er does it matter "how you play the game.31 Such behavior Is irresponsible, and un- Icrgiveable. What happened in Vancouver, during the fourth game of the hockey ser- 'ies was, and is, deplorable. The Vancouver with a worldwide television audi- ence as witness, displayed the worst "sportsmanship11 conceivable. Those Van- couver fans parents, relatives, and friends of aspiring young athletes booed Team Canada, a team of great hockey players locked in valiant struggle with an- other team of equally great hockey play- ers. Team Canada played the game and lost, and were "good the Russians were "good The Vancouver fans were the worst of all possible sports. Athletics build character. Sports should be played for the joy of participation, for "how you play the for the develop- ment of sportsmanship. Kids look to adults for models of behavior and character. What will result from actions of "fans" such as those in Vancouver? Can kids ever really believe in sportsmanship when a nalion's fans turns on its team, when par- ents boo the referees? Will kids ever de- velop a sense of fair play when the adults they observe are such hypocrites? In spite of the cold, clinical, professional doctrine of Vince Lombard! that "win- ning is the only thins" athletics can still be fun. And ought to be. Especially for kids. much was happening I was alone in the room, stretched out on the chesterfield reading a magazine. Later the girl's mother told me about her daughter's disillusionment. She report- ed, the mother said, that Mr. Walker was at home when she called. "He was lying on the chesterfield she said. "And he wasn't even reading Ihe Strategic Studies. Commenting on the year o( the U.S.-Soyiet E .sment in the Strategic Arm., Limitalion Talks the Institute ob- serves that although this fact has placed quantitative limits on strategic missile systems, the qualitative race to develop new systems and improve old ones continues. Thus, although there is now a formal treaty limiting anti- balh'slic missile systems for an indefinite period, and an inter- im agreement limiting offen- sive strategic missiles for five years, Ihc Soviet Union contin- ues to overhaul tho United States in the number of mis- siles, and the U.S. has gone fur- ther ahead in warheads. At sea the number of Soviet submarine launched missiles went up sharply during the past year, from 440 to 560, wilh an- oilier 245 under construction, while American numbers were unaltered from the 1967 figuro of 656. On land, the momentum of the Russian programme slackened and the figures were almost static, increasing dur- ing the year by only about 20 to reach However, tho U.S. deployed 'My Irvine's sweating over that big question suddenly facing Canadians, CAN Team Canada beat those to more warheads through its JURY (multiple in- dependently targeted re-entry vehicle) program, and was planning to deploy as many as G.COO warheads by the end of the term of the interim agree- ment. The Soviet Union may have deployed a few triple-warhead clusters which cannot be inde- pendently guided, says tha IISS. These are in its big SS-9 or SS-11 missiles. But no suc- cessful test flight of a MIRV system has been detect- ed, The survey notes that in past year U.S. military man- power declined by a further to the lowest level since before the Korean war, 21 years ago. The Soviet figure remained constant at But the Soviet Union now maintains one quarter of its army formation, on tha Chi- nese border. Cliina continued its nuclear program, conducting three tests during the year, all in the low- to-intermediate range. Between 20 and 30 medium-range ballis- tic missiles appear to have been deployed, and perhaps 15 to 20 intermediate range ballistic missiles, the latter having a range just sufficient to reach Moscow and most parts of Asia. The Institute says some 100 Tu-16 medium-range bombers are also operational with the Chinese air force and ore cap- able of carrying nuclear weap- ons. Military production in Cliina is meanwhile increasing in both quantity and quality. Thus there is now series pro- duction of fighter and bomber aircraft in China and missile- equipped destroyers and patrol boats are being built. On the Middle East, the sur- vey observes that during the year Egypt and Israel main- tained their high rate of defence expenditure, which for- each amounted to almost a quarter of the Gross National Product. Both received at least 40 ad- vanced aircraft during the year (Israel getting rather more than Israel also re- ceived long-range guns to off- set Egyptian artillery strength along the Suez Canal. But the major factor affecting the iijd- dle East balance, says the IISS, was the departure from Egypt of many Soviet advis- ers and missile crews, and of Soviet air squadrons. (Written for The Herald The Observer In London) William Millinship and candidate once again WASHINGTON The bump- er-stickers say: "Re-elect the and not: "Vote for Richard Nixon." An Incum- bent President has enormous automatic advantages over his challenger and, with the for- mal 1972 campaign only just be- gun, it is evident that the Re- publicans intend to use these advantages to the full. Reverence for the Presidency spills over on the man who is seeking another four years in the White House. While the challenger can criticize and promise, the incumbent has the power to act, and what he does is news. And it is not often pos- sible to distinguish clearly be- tween the actions of the Presi- dent and those of the candidate, when they are one and the same. When the President travels avowedly as a candidate, his party and not the country pays the an hour cost of op- crating the Presidential Boe- ing. But that kind of gestura is a poor guide in frying to decide which hat the incumbent is wearing at any particular moment. President Nixon's reaction to the tragic deaths of Ihe Israeli Olympic athletes in Munich powerfully illustrated this con- fusion of roles. Mr. Nixon was not limited to expressing out- rage and sympathy. He could also telephone the Israeli Pre- mier, Mrs, Golda Meir. He could order increased security for prominent American Jews who might become targets of terrorism in the United States. He could order the Secretary of State to begin urgent discus- sions with foreign Governments about co-operation in curbing terrorist actions. Most of this, Uie challenger, Senator George McGovern, sim- ply did not have the power to dn. If he had telephoned Mrs. Meir, the gesture would have seemed presumptuous and self- serving a cynical appeal to the American Jewish vote, which promises to be unusual- ly important in this year's elec- tion. President Nixon's reac- tion, while proper and unques- tionably sincere, was neverthe- less, potentially useful to Mr. Nixon the candidate. The reac- tion of Senator McGovern was barely audible. President Nixon flew to San Francisco for a "non-political" meeting with an environmental- ist group and to talk about his plans for more national parks and recreation areas. As Presi- dent he felt justified in com- plining that much of his legis- lative proposals for cleaning and protecting the environment were "mired in inaction and jurisdiclional squabbles" with- in the Democrat-controlled Con- gress a theme which can- didate Nixon is expected to make much of in the campaign. The candidate is unlikely to let the country forget that the President made historic jour- neys, to Peking and Moscow earlier in the year. A few days after he was officially nomin- ated as Republican candidate, President Nixon flew to Hawaii for a summit conference with the new Japanese Premier, Mr. Kakuei Tanaka. And the President it by no means alone in being able to use the power and authority of high office for political effect. Most members of his Cabinet are on his team of who will be criss-crossing the country in the next two months, defending the Nixpn record and attacking the opposition. They, too, will have their tra- velling expenses paid by the party when they arc filling purely "political" engage- ments. But they can and campaign on the President's be- 'Crazy Capers' and on behalf of the society for equal vishU for women half without leaving Wasliing- ton. The day after Senator Mc- Govern announced new tax re- form and welfare programs, the Secretary Health, Education and Welfare, Mr. Elliot Rich- ardson, called a Press confer- ence in his department to shoot holes in the McGovern ideas. The following day, the Secre- tary of the Treasury, Mr. George Schultz, called in the Press to answer the McGovern plans for fax reform. In both cases, the Instant counter-attacks came not from mere politicians, but from men bearing great responsibilities, voices of authority in their fields by virtue of office and able to call on huge staffs for research. One reporter asked Secretary Shultz whether the Republican Party was paying for the use of the Treasury facilities for the Press conference. No, Shultz replied, he was speaking oi> matters of serious public policy and, as Treasury Secre- tary, it was proper for him to do so. Two members of the Cabinet are traditionally excused "sur- rogate" duties. They are the Secretaries of Defence and State. Neither Mr. Melvin Laird (Defence) nor Mr. Rogers (State) are expected to attend any political rallies. But both have already fired a number of broadsides at the McGovern campaign. Mr. Laird, for in- stance, called a Press confer- ence to publicize a Pentagon study on the defence budget. This was essentially a detailed rebuttal of the McGovern plans to slash defence expenditure. To minimize the incumbent's advantages, the challenger's aim must be to lure or provoke from his pedestal and fight on more equal terms. That is the thought behind the ritual chal- lenge to televised debate al- ready issued by McGovern and just as predictably rejected by Nixon. The tactic Is especially im- portant this year, because tho Democrats firmly believe that Richard Nixon on the stump be- comes his own worst enemy, stooping to transparent smears, blatantly questioning his oppo- nent's patriotism, and reviving memories of lira "old Nixon's" political tricks. Only two years ago, President Nixon plunged into the Congressional elections with a shrill aggressiveness that contrasted sharply with a quiet, sincere and impressive Senator Muskie who spoke on television on behalf of the Dem- ocratic Party. President Nixon may have learned from that mistake. He has announced that he expects to be too busy being President until about mid-October to be able to devote more than a day now and then to campaigning. Even in the final stages of the campaign, he says, his respons- ibilities will not allow him to "go out and spend six to seven days a week" on political ap- pearances. The McGovern staff, how- ever, hope that, as the cam- paign heats up, the President will be less and less willing to leave things to Ms surrogates and will get info the fight him- self. The assumption is that, once he does this, Mr. Nixon will lose at least some of the Incumbent's advantages and may even, as in 1970, look more, like a challenger than a Presi- dent. At present, all tills sounds like wishful thinking. President Nixon, according to the public opinion polls, has such a com- manding lead over Senator Mc- Govem that he scarcely needs to campaign at all. The ques- tion is whether he will be abls to remain aloof in the face ol daily attacks on his policies, his personality and on sucl murky areas as his Adminl5tra> lion's relationships with business and the links betweei his Re-election Committee an( the mysterious intruders arrest, ed inside the Democratic Part) headquarters. It would, after all, requlri rare courage and persuasive- ness to try and convince a can- didate that campaigning for himself would be counter-pro- ductive. That must bo especial- ly true when tho candidate is also the President of the United States. Looking backward Through The Herald 1822 Thursday October 12 will be heralded as national candy day. It will be observed in Lethbridge and southern Al- berta along with other cities across Canada, and on that day every candy store in the coun- try will erupt an avalanche of orange and blue streamers tel- ling the world that "Everybody loves and other slogans boosting the sale of sweets. 1032 Bonfadini's mil open their improved store for public inspection on Wednesday. The public will be welcomed by public manager Max Stern and his staff who will conduct visi- tors over this enlarged third Ave. store, one of the largest house furnishing establish- ments in Alberta. 1312 Captain W. H. Short on Friday afternoon presented the pupils of St. Basil's school with the Fire Drill Shield which was won by the school in com- petitions over the past year. 1952 Lclhbridgo has form- ally established the first Sen- ior Citizen's Home supported by the newly formed Senior Citi- zens Home Society. All that is needed now is financial aid to furnish and equip tho home. The Letlibridge Herald 6W 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN SKWia CUM Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and Hie Canadian Uewspaptf Publishers' Association and Ihe Audit Bureau of circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Manaflfng Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES K. WALKER Wwrllstng Manager Editorial Pago Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;