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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 14, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, SepHmber 14, 1971 Shiziiya Talitixli him Blacks and whites Die hard believers of the notion that blacks are less intelligent than whites got a short lived, bit of en- couragement from remarks made by a lop scientist recently. Nobel Prize- winner Dr. William Shockley, pro- fessor of electrical engineering at Stanford University, was given an opportunity to air his views at the annual meeting of (he American Psy- chological Association. Dr. Shockley has been hoping to get a serious hearing for his views for five years. During (hat period he gained only Hie cold shoulder from other scientists. The opportunity lo express his views may have been afforded by the psychological asso- ciation because of the knowledge that effective refutation was available. As it happened, two psychologists, working independently, reported on studies that show differences in in- telligence and achievement test scores between whites and other ra- cial groups are due to social and economic factors. The studies were made by Dr. Jane R. Mercer of the University of California and Dr. George W. Mayeske of the U.S. gov- ernment's office of education. Other studies made previously had cast doubt on whether I.Q. tests ac- tually measure intelligence. The au- thors of such studies had concluded that the tests were geared to chil- dren reared in middle class envir- onments so (hat they tended lo mea- sure advantage rather than intelli- gence. The new evidence presented at the meeting of the psychological asso- ciation has been hailed as the strong- est ever presented, documenting that environmental and social factors af- fect test scores. Dr. Mayeske, who studied nation wide achievement- lesl results of students re- ported that "the differences among the racial ethnic groups approach zero as more and more considera- tions related lo differences in their social conditions are taken into ac- count It is probably too much to expect that Ihe notion ol black intellectual inferiority will fade away. Those who want to believe in the superiority of the whites can expect protagonists of their position to ignore the new evi- dence and continue lo cite old studies such as ih'j one Dr. Shockley cited regarding twins who were reared separately and whose tests indicated that heredity counts more than en- vironment. How anybody could get comfort out of the idea that "Negroes with the fewest Caucasion genes are the most prolific and the least intelli- gent" is difficult to comprehend. Who could possibly know for certain what proportion of black and white genes any individual possesses? At least a quarter of "white" Americans have a known African element in their in- herited biological background and the extent of the white element in the makeup of black people is un- known but greater than most peo- ple will believe. When the gene pool is so disturbed it is foolish to even try to distinguish absolutely between blacks and whites. ,Threatening informers Paid informers are an unpleasant necessity in criminal investigation. But threats against those who refuse to co-operate cannot be tolerated. A 21 year old youth says that three years ago when'he was 10 the RCMP told him that if he did not give them the information they wanted about drug law violations, he would be sent back to prison. In order to send him back, the young man stated, the po- lice had said that they would plant drugs on him, and bring him back lo be called court on what can only trumped up charges. It's an ugly situation and it most emphatically requires investigation, which Solicitor General Coyer has ordered. But the investigating auth- ority is to be the RCMP itself. Such an inquiry should be conducted, not by the organization now under sus- picion, but rather through a judicial court of inquiry. Only in this way can public suspicion of wrong-doing be satisfied. Let's not wait three years Lethhridge will not have another civic election for three years. It is unthinkable that the children of this city should have to wait that long before they could have a chance al the benefits of fluoridation. While Edmonton. Red Deer, Coaldale and many other Alberta communities en- joy the blessings of this simple scien- tilic discovery, and scores of millions Ihroughoul the world are similarly favored, Lethbridge continues to be without it because it has not yet pass- ed a civic plebiscite. The people deserve another chance lo pass such a plebiscite nexl month, so this city can gel on wilh Ihe busi- ness of greatly reducing tooth decay. Silmi incident By Joyce Sassc The news mightn't have got- ten as far as Canada yet. After-all, what is another prison break? The first day word of the "Silnu Island Incident" broke out in headlines here, I wasn't much impressed either. A group of prisoners, disgruntled over "excessive suppression ami poor treat- fled their island prison. They were on their way from Inchon to Seoul, aboard a commandeered bus, when authorities moved in. That's when the men chose suicide m the face of further imprison- ment. The hand grenade explosions took the lives of all but four of them. Sure, there had been a flutter about the fact that they might have been Ko- rean espionage agents though agents are usually a lot more subtle then that. It was only natural (hat an "over-all check up of the counter-infiltration system around the capital city1' should be order- ed. The minister of defence offered his resignation to tlie president. That's a face- saving gesture that goes on in each gov- ernmental department when something they are responsible for has gone amiss. But just a minute the chief executive accepted the resignation! De- fence is a pretty nice portfolio. He wasn't just being removed so he could slcp up a nolch on (he political ladder Both Ihc army and the air force dispatched spe- cial investigators to the scene of Ihc in- cident So did the National Assembly Three colonels were arrested, ami an air force general was relieved of his posi- tion. We picked up our papers and started rc.-Kl again. This time searching (or what lay between the lines. By Ihen there were intimate details of how the es- cape had been made. And casual refcrcnco was given as lo ivliy. But exactly who were these so called "military Why did they pose such n threat to The Command? Why had they been ex-com- inimicalcrt lo Silmi I.stond: Why had titty first Iwcn thought to espionage agents? The air force was in charge of the stock- ade, but Ihcy weren't air force personnel. And the army didn't exactly leap up and claim they belonged to them either. The families of the survivors? From what I can gather, they.thought their sons and brothers had been killed. In peace time that's a strange conclusion, unless, of course, they had been so informed by some appropriate authority. Sift these things out. Place yourself in the position of a Korean reporter who can tell certain parts of the truth, but never the uliole truth for it might mean con- fessing thai these men were espionage agents not front North Korea but from the South! That's right Men trained to go north. That's (lie word going around the league explained it to me. "In the army certain men get into trou- ble. Serious trouble. They are imprisoned for life, and some even given the death sentence. But these men are Uien given a chance to redeem themselves to go on an espionage mission to the North. Of course few come back alive. But they are given the chance, and the promise that if they do get back, they'll be cleared of the previous charges. The men do go. And some do gel back, Bui you can't have a man roaming around the country telling about his recent ad- ventures in a forbidden land. So his com- manders decide to send iiim again. And this lime wlien he gels back, the commanders begin lo think lhat he's uol all lhal clever, and his luck can't be all that good. Obviously, he's had help. Thus concluding thai he mist be a double agent, they constrict his movement, limit his ac- cess lo information, keep him on ice until Ihcy can dispose of him again. So Ilicy send him and his kind to Silmi Island- imprisoned, oul of touch, harmless Merc gossip? Maybe. But Ihe plausibil- ity is tlicrr, OTd Ihc Anci wilh it Ihe reality that our side really isn't nny belter than Ihc enemy's Depressing isn't il? Sub-consciously we know' llip.se things can't help bill go on. Hut we'd rather not be confronted with Ihc fads so directly. It always hurls lo have our naivily chipped n bit more A child in a Canadian prison Artist Takashinia was a young girl in 1912 when she along wilh 22.000 other Jap- anese Canadians the ma- jority oi wiioin were Cana- dian citizens were sent lo internment camps. Here she describes thr. arrival there ifhere lier father Jiatl bl'cn sent earlier lo construct houses to rctL-ivc them. II is from her newly published book A CHILD IN PRISON CAiVIP, Tundra Books. ]VEW DENVER, British Co- livmbia, September 1942 After a day and a half on the train to Nelson, B.C., we ride on an old bus for several hours. The bus climbs up, up, the steep, narrow road hugging the mountains. I see the clear Koo- tenay Lake from far above. It is lovely. We are in a small village call- ed New Denver, about 000 miles from Vancouver. Father is wailing will) Mr. Fujiwara, OLT cousin, at the small gas station. They both are brown from the sun and seem lo look different. I wonder if I too have changed ill six months. I feel suddenly shy as I peer at my father from the bus. We are in the wilderness. I hear the hammering of the men as they build more nouses. It sounds friendly. More homes for the families. Twice a week they arrive, from different parts of British Columbia. Everything is so ,iew. All in a row, the same houses are built; some are larger than others but all have the same number of rooms, three; two bedrooms and a kitchen in the centre. The larger houses are for families with many diildren. We, being only four, have only one small bedroom and a kitchen which we share with another family, Mr. anrl Mrs. Kono. They have one child. Our first walk to the nearby village I walk with my sis- ter Yuki. Around us are the burnt trees. They sway gently in Ihc soft aiilumn wind. My sister takes my hand and guides me through the narrow, fresh patji to Ihe main road. We see for Ihe first time the office of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, half hidden among the dark pines. Yuki looks, says, "You realize we are no longer free to go from place lo place." I stare at the words "KCMP OFFICE" all in red. They seem to grow larger be- fore my eyes. Yuki continues, "We even have to watch what we say or do." I look at the closed door. Their power seems lo come through the very walls. We walk quietly past. We see a Japanese man, much like our father walking along the highway: he is walk- ing towards us. He is carrying a short stick and has a band around his arm. I wonder who he is. I stare. The slender, thin man smiles slowly at us; his tiny, black moustache looks un- real Yuki nudges me: "He's one of the World War I vet- erans who are hired by the RCMP lo watch over us. Dad "Chief! You can stop eating your heart out over Canada's plea for surtax exemption I said, you can stop says there's nuilc a number of them here." 1 feel really bad now. Finally, past the bridge, across an apple orchard, the village is reached. It has only a few stores, no traffic lights, or buses and streetcars; so differ- ent from the Vancouver we have left, was it only a few days ago? Yuki and I see some vil- lagers. They stare. We do not speak. Later, I learn Ihey were amazed we could speak En- glish so well, and even wore shoes. We buy what we need, even if the prices are high. The cost ol food has soared. We were warned the villagers are try- ing lo lake advantage of us. We come lo a small park. There is no one here. From the edge of this park we look down. The green, clear water re- flects the blue sky, the moun- tains. We sit. All is still. Yuki is looking at the lake, the distant trees. I ask, "Are you happy here, She is silent. I wonder if she's going lo cry. Her face turns to mine; she smiles. Her dark-brown, tilled eyes are warm. Quielly, she lakes my hand, speaks, "I try to be. We must try not to be sad or angry. 11 would not help things. Moth- er Her voice trails off. I understand, f nod. Our home at night It is night. We light our two candles. There is no electricity. The table is set; the white candles create a circle of light on the wood table. I sit by the flame. I notice the far corners of the room are dark. This gives an eerie feeling. Though eyes and mind are gelling used to this kind of light. On the other side of the room I can hear lire Konos talking quietly. IL took us several days to gel used lo living wilh them. But the Konos are so quiet, speak very little, except for Kay-ko, who talks a lot. I do not mind. I Ihink it bothers my mother and father more. Older people seem more sensitive lo other people's noises. I hear Mr. Kono talking to my father. "It's a blessing our children arc heallhy and do not mind this. Imagine caling by candlelight. No waler." Father replies. "We're complaining lo Hie B.C. Security Commission again. We won't give in. We cannot walk a mile for drink- ing water, with (he winter corn- ing." Mr. Kono asks, "Will they Father's impatient, "They will have lo. Afler all, it's beyond human dignity." Joseph Kraft, Impressive new economic idea flubbed by Muskie Sen. Ed- mund Miiskie broached an impressive new idea for stimulating the economy the other day. And this a proposal for a consumer Lax credit expresses some of the things he has going for him in his drive for the Democratic presidential nomination. But you'd hardly know it. For thanks to poor public relations in the Muskie camp, it is a virtual secret that the senator has even made an important new proposal. The proposal on consumer credit was generated in re- sponse to the same set of condi- tions lhat caused President Nixon to develop his new econo- Creature of business NEA service 'THE same thing lhat hap- pened to the NAACP is happening to the BBB. A few years ago. Ihe old-line National Associalion for the Advancement of Colored Peo- ple was rapped by newer, more militant organizations for being too Uncle Tom-ish, loo es- tablishment-oriented. Today, consumer mililanls are charging Ihe Belter Busi- ness Bureau wilh being a crea- lure of business, more concern- ed about furthering the image than the substance of honest dealing. Jolted by Ihc rising tide of consumerism and faced with the prospect of tougher and tougher restrictive legislation, business is turning to self-reg- ulation as an answer. The Council of Belter Business Bu- reaus, formed last August, has staked a claim to becoming a bridge between consumers and business lo malte self-regu- lation work. Among other Ihe CliBH has ml up five priority targets as part of a program to revilalix.e Ihc BRB network of l.iO bureaus in the United SUHcs and Canada: Upgrading and expansion of local bureaus by adding more staff workers and tele- phones. (Inability U> get, through by phone has been one of the bitterest consumer com- plninl-s against the BUR.) The council also intends lo open re- gional offices in areas not yet served by bureaus. Updating and stiTiiglhcn- ing n( .self-regulatory guidelines for advertising, 'flic council be- lieves lhal advertisers, faced with a choice between the gold- en rule of voluntary com- pliance with industry codes and the iron rule of government regulation, will support this program. Expansion o f Consumer education programs. For in- stance, the council will sponsor courses and distribule films on such subjects as buying on credit and repair services. Creation of mediation pan- els lo settle consumers' dis- putes with business. Such pan- els, which can save the public the excuse and aggravation of going to court, arc presently functioning in a number of cities in the automotive, dry cleaning and home improve- ment and furniture fields. A recent court decision gives promise thai the foregoing will prove lo be more than just fancy public relations. In a unanimous decision handed dowii on June 22 by (he five-judge Appellate Division of Ihe Supreme Court of New York Stale, the Council of Hel- Business Bureaus was cleared nf libel and slander charges in a major case in- volving its exposure of false advertising, The court Lhrcw oul lion suit brought against, Iho council by a chain of Ixxly-con- louring salons after a BBR bulletin called i t s advertising unsubstantiated and not in tlw public interest. This higher court decision has given a real boost In Ihe council and its member bu- H'aus in their efforts lo rout out falso and misleading advertis- ing. mic policy. Those conditions arc: unemployment around six per cenl, inflation expressed in annual price rises of over five per cent, and slack demand, wilh factories operating al about 70 per cent of capacity. A central feature of the presi- dent's new program is an investment tax credit. Under Ihis plan American companies prepared lo build new planls and equipment are entitled to up lo JO per cent off laxes this year and five per cent next year. Wilh lhat incentive, the theory goes, Ihe companies will expand or modernize, Ibus crea- ting new jobs and giving a gen- eral lift lo the economy. The consumer tax credit is cssenlially a substitute for the investment tax credit. The basic idea, as Sen. Muskie said in his speech on Labor Day, is lhal. "every individual required lo file lax returns would be given a tax credit of up to SIOO an- nually toward the purchase of major consumer durables." This consumer lax credit would only apply lo purchase of American-made goods, as is Ihc case wilh the investment tax credit. Automobile purchases, which are to get a lift through repeal of the seven per cent excise tax, would be excluded. Afler IB monlhs or so, Hie credil would lapse. The advantages of Ihe con- sumer credit over the invest- ment credit arc striking and manifold. Since millions of in- dividual taxpayers would be the beneficiaries rather lhan cor- porations, it would be less of a giveaway lo the rich. The stimulative effect on Ihc economy would probably be greater because consumption works directly lo improve busi- ness activity while investment credits only uork if the con- sumers arc already buying. Finally, Ihe removal of Ihe crcdil after in months assures lhal damages done In govern- ment revenues and to foreign competitors would only be tem- porary. A tremendous amount o.' careful, detailed work went inln Ihc development of Ihc con- sumer credit idea. II was ori-'.in- nlly In Sen. Muskie on Aug. by n young investment banker, Telix Rohatyn of Laz- ard Freres. Mr. Hohalyn, who played a big role lasl year in working wilh the Administra- tion lo save Wall Street broker- age firms threatened with bankruptcy, himself discussed Ihe idea with a number of business associates. The Muskie staff then cleared the proposal with a wide range of different advisers. Arthur Okun, a former member of the Council of Economic Advisors, look a look al the overall econo- mic impact. Charles Schullzc, a former dircclor of the budget bureau, looked at Ihe impact on federal revenues. Mortimer Caplin, a former commissioner of internal revenue, was asked lo comment on the enforcement aspecls of the credil. Only after all lhal expertise was brought, to bear was Ihe project approved by Ihc sena- tor himself for inclusion in his Labor Day speech. Probably no oilier candidate, and maybe not even the president himself, could command so much talent for preparation of a policy pro- posal. Bui when it came lo present- ing Ihe proposal lo the public, the Muskie organization fell on its face Though Ihe Labor Day speech was Ihe kickolf of a 32- slale lour, nobody told the Mus- kie press people that it included a major new proposal. Report- ers were not alerted. As a re- sull. a Iruly good, new idea was all but lost amid Ihe shuffle of routine Labor Day speeches. Hopefully, the consumer credit idea can still be revived for serious debate in the Con- gress. But even so, the loss to Sen. Muskie is clear. By a pur- ist approach on substantive is- sues, by inept co-ordination be- tween his policy people and his media men, the senator has thrown away a rare opportunely lo come forward in sharp pro- file as flic sponsor of an inlcr- esling alternative lo the presi- dent economic proposals. And that is not exaclly winning politics. (Ficlil Enterprises, Inc.) Looking backward Through the Herald Allied authorities have invited the Turkish govern- ment in Constantinople Lo sur- render Ihe men involved in a revolutionary plot, discovered yesterday by (ho British. Chicago Secret Six chief. Col. Isham Randolph has reported that two nation-wide criminal gangs are conducting over 2ft per cent of the daylight robberies, particularly those in- volving shootings and large thefts from financial houses. 1911 Treasury branch or provincial treasury loans lo Al- bcrla farmers have reached a total of SU.G35 according lo chattel mortgages. 1951 The Tulare County Hospital, California today re- ported the birth of a child with no eyes. The baby has indenla- lions where the eyes should IK and liny slils across them but there arc no eyeballs under- neath. Bifler fighting flared again in iciisabclhvillo today as Katanga Iroops fired on UN' aircrafl. The whereabouts of President Moshc Tshombe re- mains a mystery. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lolhbridge, Alberla LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published IDOJJ-WW, !iy Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Mall Reglsirntlon No Member of The Canndlfln Press Ann me Cnnation Daily Ncivspapnr Publishers' Association and Audit Bureau of Clrcuiailoni CI.EO W. MOWERS, Editor find Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, GcncrflJ MAnarjfr JOE OALLA WILLIAM HAY Maniunnc] EtJilor jr'iftlr Ectilnr ROY F' MILTS DOUGIAS K WALKER Advarllsmq Mnnftuer Etiiiorlai Paqc Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;