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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 14, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, September 14, 1970 Maurice Western This Time: Victory! The annual United Appeal gets un- der way in Lcthbridge today. Last year the objective was not reached. This time there should be a general resolve to achieve victory. Victory should be the aim not only as a matter of civic pride but and much more a recognition that the various services supported are essential to the health of the community. It is impossible to expect these agencies to do with less when it is costing more to operate. Whether realized or not, there is not likely to be anyone in the com- munity who lias not benefitted direct- ly or indirectly by one or more of the agencies. Newcomers may not have been benefitted by a local agen- cy but are likely to have been helped by similar agencies elsewhere. Those Who Pollute Must Pay City Council, quite properly, is frantically hunting for ways to save city funds in the construction of a further sewage treatment plant. The cost will be much higher than ex- pected. Delays in the construction deadline imposed by the provincial government have been sought. Mora senior government financial assist- ance is being solicited. But there is a limit to the extent the city can properly go in resisting the expense. In this day of sudden and drama- tic realization of the pollution haz- ard, the fundamental principle will be established that those who pol- lute public waters will clean them up. Lethbridge, for instance, is en- titled to take reasonably clean wa- ter from the Olclman River, and any water returned to the river must also be reasonably clean. Making the return water reasonably clean is one of the costs of modern civilization, which Lethbridge is just now discovering. More Sloppiness? Following the sinking of the Arrow off Nova Scotia earlier this year the operation of oil tankers on the world's waterways was characterized as "un- believably sloppy" by Dr. P. D. Mc- Taggart-Cowan. As executive director of the Science Council of Canada and the person in charge of the clean-up of the mess made by the Arrow, Dr. McTaggart Cowan's opinions are worthy of attention. One of his views is that the tanker industry should be brought under the same kind of strict controls now ap- plied to aviation. The urgency of mov- ing in that direction becomes more apparent all the time as oil spills con- tinue to wreak havoc. It is too soon to accuse the operators of the sunken barge Irving Whale of sloppiness but nobody can be blamed for harboring suspicions. Effective controls will not be easy to impose. Even now some shipping firms evade international maritime laws by registering their ships with small countries such as Liberia which do not demand much from the own- ers. Canada did not wait for interna- tional agreement before legislating to protect the Arctic, ft could establish and enforce regulations for ships ply- Canadian waters even if other coun- tries have some objections. Dalliance in this matter is proving costly. It seems incredible in the face of all the warnings about the serious state of pollution in the oceans that there is so much tardiness about cracking down on the sloppiness of ship operations. Business Booms Mid-year reports on the state of business throughout Canada seemed to suggest that there was something of a downward trend. As a conse- quence the federal government was urged to ease off on its measures for fighting inflation. In the face of this it is rather sur- prising to read the following head- lines in the business section of the Toronto Globe and Mail: "Revenue increased by 23.6 per cent, Bank of Nova Scotia's nine-month profit rises 12.3 per cent to "Royal Bank's nine-month profit rises 14.7 per cent to "Bank of Mon- treal nine-month operating profit up 10 per cent." At least the banks are not suffer- ing greatly in the supposedly slowed period! I never thought it would happen to me. I had seen plenty of others go out the door in the past year, but I thought I was needed. It was quite a blow to discover I Gran- ada Hills, Calif., elec- tronics specialist who was laid off April 1 and has been unable to get another job. Art Buchwald It has been reported that the president of the Toyota Motor Co. has had a half-million dollar shrine constructed in Japan for the re- pose of the souls of people killed in Toyota cars. The question that immediately comes to mind is, "Will the American automobile companies follow A gesture such as this, while not contributing significantly to auto safety, would certainly show the Am- erican public that the auto companies care. The American automobile companies have two choices: One is to build an in- dividual s h r i n e for each make of car: "Our Lady of the "The Latter. Day Mustang "Temple Olds- mobile in the "The Little Chrysler Around the Corner" and "The Valiant Sis- ters of or one large shrine which would take in all the automobiles manu- factured in the United Slates. I would opt for one shrine with as many chapels as there are makes of cars pro- duced in this country. It would probably have to take up hundreds of acres of land, but built in a convenient location, the shrine would eventually pay for itself in parking fees alone. So that one company wouldn't benefit more than another the shrine would be named "Saint Ralph's in the Square" after Ralph iV.idcr, the patron saint of safety in the United States. A large statue of Nader being followed by a detective from General Motors would he erected in (he front of the shrine. Tlw best American artists would be commis- sioned to paint frescoes on the ceiling, showing great moments in car crashes, and the aisles of the shrine would be paved in asphalt. On each altar, in gold, would be the latest model of a car or bus produced by the manufacturer, and seats with safety belts would be provided for those who wish to meditate on the future of the automobile. There would be services held twice a day for people who. died from pollution, and others who expired while waiting for their warranties to be honored. Music would be provided by the tire companies, and candles could be pur- chased with gasoline trading stamps. Saint Ralph's in the Square would hold high holy services on the day the new car models came out, where anyone con- templating buying one would receive a special blessing. A special chapel would be set aside for those people who wanted to pray that their automobile insurance would not be can- celled, and a traffic commissioner would be on duty at all times to give absolu- tion to those who have sinned on the highway. Since it will be difficult for everyone in the United Slates to visit the shrine, it will be suggested that those people caught in traffic jams take a rug out of their car each morning and each evening, and bow in the direction of SI. Ralph's in tire Square. (Toronto Telegram iNcws Service) The Lowly Flea: Starting From Scratch Some people will be experiencing an economic tightening these days but the vast majority have never been better off. The ever increasing sums of money lavished on recrea- tion of all sorts attests to that. Most people can afford to support the Uni- ted Appeal and to support it much better than they have in the past. Carelessness is the key to failure. It is carelessness that leads to a per- son giving only a dollar when he could just as easily give ten or when he gives ten and could as well give one hundred. Lack of thought about 'this being a single appeal in place of numerous appeals is the root of the problem. If we give the appeal the thought it deserves, the cash required will sure- ly be forthcoming. Then, this time it will be victory! QTTAWA T h e view that government lias peculiar credentials as a critic of the advertising industry is support- ed daily by the remarkable out- pourings of federal depart- ments. A most interesting case in point is the latest issue of news from the Canada Depart- ment of agriculture (Hon. H. A. Olson, minister S. B. Willi- ams, deputy minister) which contains a lengthy article on pig sties, homes and fleas. On the subject of fleas, Ca- nadians may be divided gen- erally into two groups. For a specialized elite, they are well regarded as a fascinating chal- lenge to research. Other Ca- nadians, viewing them with '.Ic- tachment or irritation, react to their presence with a spray bottle. The concern of the depart- ment is this case is manifestly not with the specialists. As the article explains, the findings of Dr. George Holland have al- ready been reported in a 150- page illustrated paperback pub- lished by the entomological so- ciety of Canada. We may rea- sonably conclude, there, that tlie nation's entomologists are up to date on the subject and will gain nothing by starting from scratch1 with a popular- ized account. It follows that the message must be intended for laymen, specifically for farmers. How then will it help them in their daily tasks? What, of lasting value, "is offered to the farm tax-payer? We learn, first, that "in the eyes of the lowly flea, pig sties are sometimes preferable to poorly-kept households." Some fleas are fussier than other fleas. Where do we go from here? Almost anywhere apparently. The next point of interest is that fleas, victims of the travel bug, have followed man and pigs to the ends of the earth. "The common denominator for the so-cailed human flea ap- pears to be pigs and humans." Some denominators are more complacent about tliis than other denominators. Dr. Holland, working "al- most as a did his latest research in New Guinea. There he increased the list of known flea species in the island from 30 to 58; was able to describe the hitherto unknown males of "Will You Be Visiting In Canada For Very Long'This three species and the females of another three. About half the New Guinea fleas, he sus- pects, remain uncatalogued. Imagine the suspense build- ing up in many berries. From the modern South Pa- cific fleas, we move back to their evolutionary ancestors. They originated in Australia where none of these species now exist. The New Guinea development "was probably as- sociated with multiple inva- sions of the Australian region by murid rodents from Asia by island-hopping through the East Indies, the earliest migra- tion occurring in the Miocene age." This was not the end of tho hitch-hiking. "The human and cat flea owe their presence to invasion of the region by man, accompanied by his pigs and dogs." Tin's occurred in Pleis- tocene times and they have been living happily in New Gui- nea ever since, except when they appear sporadically across Canada in association with pigs and man. Apart from minor additional details, this sums up the word from the department. What in the significance of this inform- ation for the practical farmer? Is the department suggesting, in a tactful way, that he shoot his pigs? If not, are they to be encouraged to co-exist with their friends or discouraged? In the later case, how? Or is there a between-the- lines message a warning that the farmer should avoid hitch- hikers, or island-hopping, or New Guinea? Docs the depart- ment have reason to fear a mass migration of farmers to that tropical flea paradise? The more plausible explana- tion is that the department has no-message whatever to convey to the farmers. What '-t is doing is to advertise his good words, which are infinite in their var- iety. If Mr. Basford has in mind further phillipics on this subject, he would be well ad- vised to have a quiet word first with Mr. Olson. Something about glass houses might do as a conversational starter. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Noxious Haze Blurs Japan's Economic Miracle By Flora Lewis, in The Winnipeg Free Press It isn't grimy with soot and oil, but the air over Tokyo is a noxious haze that stings the eyes and throat. The atmosphere is oppressive, like a dull headache. That is the direct result of Ja- pan's economic miracle. It boasts now of being the world's third industrial power, after the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. By 1975, it will be producing more than Britain and West Ger many combined. Communist China, according to the well inform- ed Japanese, will then be pro- ducing half as much as Japan with ten times as many people. Herman Kahn, the think-tank seer, has even predicted that Japan will be the world's lead- ing industrial power ahead of both the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. by 1980. That is probably non- sense. Growing resistance to Japanese imports in markets around the world shows some of the obstacles ahead. But the idea thrills the industrious Ja- panese. That is, it thrills them so long as they keep then; eyes glued to the statistics enshrined as Gross National Product, which they usually do. But occa- sionally, when they look up at the poisonous ceiling where the sky used to be, there is a twinge of doubt about the sanctity of GNP. Japan, even more slowly per- haps than the U.S., is only be-, ginning to grasp the links be- tween the promise of GNP and the menace of pollution. Pollu- tion is a major political issue here, but it is put in terms of making cars and factories cleaner, not in terms of not making a lot more cars and fac- tories. A Japanese labor leader, looking down from a hilltop on the clogged, smoggy city, shook his head and said, "It's a dis- grace. Something's got to be done." "Too many cars." agreed an American. "You'll have to set a limit." "Oh said the Japanese who represents the auto work- ers' union, "we've got to do more business so we can keep getting raises. The manage- ment should design cars bet- ter." And what does that mean about roads, parking space, junk? He shrugged. "You can't stop growth." But Japan, because .it is a string of small densely popu- lated islands, is coming to be a prime proof that overkill doesn't only apply to the num- ber of atom bombs in the world. There can also be Gross Na- tional Product overkill, making too many things everybody thinks they want in a way that Tying A 'Bell' On Earthquakes pOR MILLIONS far distant from the scenes of disas- ter, there is a sobering remind- er to be found in Peru's mas- sive earthquake and also, for that matter, in the less- publicized but similarly devas- tating Danubian floods in Ro- mania that preceded it in the chronology of natural trage- dies. We are hearing a very great deal these days about man and his world, with the emphasis overwhelmingly on the poten- tially self destructive results of man's assault upon his en- vironment. But in case we need- ed reminding, nature is far from a passive victim in this relationship. She is still largely unpredictable and uncontrolled and capable of a violence that dwarfs human capabilities for destruction. The Peruvian earthquake de- molished a city of and scores of small communities, took thousands of lives the full toll may never be known disrupted communica- tions and other essential facil- ities in a vast, thoroughly sha- ken up area from the Paci- fic to the Andes Mountains that will be a long time in recover- ing from the damage. All this in a matter of sec- onds and ithout warning, as has been man's experie nee wilh the moving earth through- out history. It is just possible, however, that a change may he coming in the not-tpo-distant future. By Don Graff, NEA Service Studies of the earth's move- ment, mostly on an infinitisi- mal scale but sometimes vio- lently manifested as in Peru, which have been going on in the United States and abroad for years have reached the point where seismologists say it may be possible soon to pre- dict major earthquakes. During the past 10 years, in- ternational co-operation has ad- vanced rapidly. A string of seis- mological stations has been set up throughout the world's ma- jor quake zones and there is largely free and increasing flow of information on earth studies. The great hope now centres on an extraordinarily sensitive new instrument, developed by American researchers. The six- foot long, diameter li- quid filled tube, called the borehole strain rate meter, is reported so exquisitely sensi- tive that it can detect an earth shift of only 15 millionths of an inch across the breadth of the United States. Studies show that major quakes signal So They Say We're all citizens of the world, brothers and sisters un- der the skin, not because of idealism but because jumbo jets are going to take us all over by the thousands. Trans- portation is bringing us more together than thousands of idealists ever have Hod Stoiger. their coming by a sharp in- crease in tiny strains and earth shifts. The expectation is that the new sensors, strategically spotted around the earth, by de- tecting such rises in earth movements can warn us of im- pending major quakes mag- nitudes of about five and up on the Richter Scale (the Peruvian shock registered Small- er quakes are not considered much cause for alarm, and aVe very common something like a million a year. It is the rela- tively few major quakes, about annually, that are the threats should they strike de- veloped areas. An effective worldwide quake detection system may be func- tioning in 10 to 20 years, ac- cording to the more optimistic researchers. In a disaster such as Peru's, it promises to be lit- erally a lifesavcr. The quake and consequent physical dam- age cannot be requires improved construction techniques and, more sim p 1 y and wisely, probably, man's avoidance of unslable terrain in building his cities. But wifh sufficient warning, the popula- tions of quake-threatened areas can lake precautions, or be evacuated. One of the nice points about this very promising effort to master the environment is that man is seeking to learn about his environment and adapt to no', chnnge it and, in the pro- cess, probably damage it. And that is how it should be. destroys things people used to take for granted but find they want most of all fresh air, a little tranquillity, room to move. Tliis dilemma of the whole in- dustrial world is also especial- ly visible in Japan because it is still a rigid, tightly knit, hier- archical society bound by tra- dition. The god of GNP de- mands rapid change, and he tends to be ruthless about fam- ily ties and reverence for old habits. Even societies only beginning to climb the industrial ladder are feeling the tug between pro- duction and psychic security, and in this age of jargon ideol- ogy it is sometimes expressed strangely. A Thai student writing to Tok- yo's Asian Times announced in disgust that he had abandoned his work in an agricultural lab where he dreamed of breeding miracle seeds. "I thought it was to help poor he said, "so they could live better. But now I see it's a capitalist, im- perialist trick to help the big land owners and to sell more fertilizer and farm machinery. "I am going to be an old- fashioned farmer, piling up mud in ditches, because I won't be a part of this conspiracy to de- stroy the 1 i v e s of simple peo- ple." That is a fiercely ironic re- action, because it is precisely the "green revolution" based on "miracle rice" and other high yield seeds wfich offers the one hope for Asia to over- come the ancient plague of fa- mine providing populat ion growth doesn't kill the chance. Yet it is true that even growing agricultural output, so desper- ately needed, changes the land and causes new social strains, hurting some as it helps others. Rapid industrial growth is far more destructive, though man has found no other way to mul- tiply, meet creature needs and satisfy his ever mounting appe- tites, all at once. The megalo- polis of Tokyo, gasping under its smog, embodies the dilem- ma, which isn't a matter of sys- tems or cultures but of conflict- ing human urges. Rising GNP is the answer to poverty and misery. But it can reach the point of overkill. That is the modern quandary and Ja- pan, for all its determ i n e d maintenance of old ways and old attitudes, is as modern as a jumbo jet in bearing it. If it's any consolation, Japan shows that a country which is not at war, has no military complex, no foreign bases or moon men, no race trouble, no drug based counter culture, still must con- front this central problem of the age. If it isn't a Consolation, it should be a spiff to understand- ing that there are no panaceas but that there is a profound need for new philosophy to cope with a new world. LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 One hundred silos are expected to be built in the Cardston district next year, ac- cording to the Cardston Creamery. Eight new silos ha.ve been built this year and are being filled with sunflow- ers grown on dry land. A startled Germany is studying what to do with a big- ger Reichlag in which Adolf Hitler's Fascist party suddenly lias been multiplied by 9 to a representation of at least 100 members. wheat quota has been raised to eight bushels per seeded acre in the west, except for those areas where a larger quota has been in effect. Some deliveries have been boosted to as high as 15 bushels per acre. ifl.W Three Canadian de- stroyers attached to the Uni- ted Nations naval force fight- ing in Korean waters, took part in the amphibious landing at Inchon, which is the harbor for Seoul 22 miles inland. The Lethkutye Herald 504 7th St. S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1903 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau or Circulalions CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Edilor Associate Edilor ROY f. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. VrtLKER Editorial Pago Edilor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;