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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 14, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta jeptymbci- H, HlO "Life's final object is, as far as we can make out now, to seek expression in forms of ever- increasing perfection." .Edwin Bjorkmar 913 Saratoga, Four-Door Touring Car, Model No. 19, with Standard Equipment Price The sum 61' human knowledge must be in- creased'before anything can be added to the OhiO 1913 models. Absolute worthiness of construction, unsurpassed quality of hiater- iul and accessibility of design are not new features of the OhiO, but to them have been added every refinement of comfort, conven- ienc-e and luxury that mechanical ingenuity can devise or engineering skill produce. It would be futile to say that any human product can be perfect. The search for know- ledge has not.been abandoned, and there are still ideals for which to strive. Scientific re- search, may, and probably will, evolve new and better forms. But we can say that in the light of present Knowledge noth- ing better tlian the OhiO has been produced nor in fact" anything quite It is built 011 integrity and guaranteed for life. OhiO ideals, however have progressed beyonil the mere malting and selling of the best auto- mobiles in Canada. Pardonable pride in OhiO achievement has inspired us to fresh en- To the Trade Dealers and Garage Owners will be interes- ted in our agency prop- osition for unoccupied territory. deavor in the form of SERVICE to our pat- rons. Our responsibility does not end with the sale. OhtO service is designed to per- petuate the relationship and increase the en- thusiasm that every OhiO owner feels for his car. Once an OhiO always an OMoMMvn- er. is a statement that is confirmed by time and experience. Printed details of equip- ment and specifications meaa little or nothing unless you are already an automobile own- er; and if you now own a car you will read- ily see the superiority of the OhiO. If you are not an owner, an salesman will show you point by point, the features that will insure your continued pride and pleas- ure in OhiO ownership. He will show you things that really cost money, and why they are important. The ac- cessibility of (which means that one piece is not made to ser- ve half a dozen uses merely to save cost) the quality of material and the bearings, and the close, accurate work- manship, before you leap. Send for ad- vance callosnie. The Canadian OhiO Motor Car Company, Limited COLBORNE, ONTARIO Office and Salesrooms: j 527 Yonge Street, TORONTO History of Range Herds and How They are Fast Depleting By Coming of Grain Farmer (By L. V. Kelly, in Calgary The Stampede is showing us that con-punchers can still ride bad torses and drop a rope over the liead of a steer, but despite that it is an ad- mitted fact thai in Alberta cities a :owtojF wearing scliaps and spurs is already a sort of curiosity. The range is Fifty years ago the wide plains and rolling hills of this irovince wore tho feeding places for hundreds of thousands of buffalo ior- years ago the cattle began to drift across from, the Montana ranges iwenty-fivo years 330 this was a si-' 'On-pure stock country with an ad- ditional attraction of being a. remuu- rative field for traders. Although ranching is still carried n to a limited extent and cowmen an handle rope and branding iron as much skill as they did in the Iden days, the range is going, cut P by railroads and the barbed wire :nces of the wheat-growing farmers, ut the business of raising cattle for larked is steadily growtng because of the large number of Prosperous small farmers who have each a score or two of fattened steers to turn off each year. Ideal Ranch Country Alberta has been an ideal ranch country since It .was'first laid out by 'he Hand of God it has rich, succulent grasses, splendid water courses and grand shelter the buf- falo picked it long ago, and the cat- tlemen simply followed the buiTalo. cattle have been ranged in Montana since 1S63 and shortly he- fore that time even, they were not located on the Alherta plains until some years afterward. It is a mat- ter of history that the old-time trad- er, Fred Kanouse, brought the first cattle into the province, and obtain- ed permission of the Dominion gov- ernment to bring, them in free of duty fa order to niake a start toward stocking the Canadian northwest. There were. 22 head in that pioneer bunch and ii Mr. Kanouse had simply turned them j.oose and let them mul- tiply, naturally he would by this time, have 'been a rancher of such gigantic proportions that he would look upon Pat Burns or George 'Lane as pretty small .indeed. It was about 30 years ago that the first big herds were brought to this province and turned loose on specific ranges to grow fat and multiply to the benefit of the country and their owners. The first big herd was that of the Cochrano ranch, Montana-bred cattle, which were purchased by the Cochrane people and driven in of thousands across the line into their new honie. Hdwell Harris, one of the "63" pioneers of Montana, took the herds to the boundary a'nd there turn- ed then, over to James Walker, then representative and foreman of the Cochrane ranch, now Colonel .lames Walker of Calgary. There was a to- tal, of head brought in that year and thrown np against the slope of the hills, near the present town of Cochrane. But they drifted with the winter, and finally located on the Bel- y and Kootenai rivers where the big C'ochrane ranch of acres was nally established. its weight as a three-year-old. Gor- don, Ironsides Fares brought in of these Mexican yearlings and the state of Chihuahua and the venture netted the investors a handsome pro- fit. So well were they satisfied that this year there are more: thousands being brought in from those Mex'ican' state of Chihuahua and Sonora by the George Lane people and hy Pat Burns aleo. When ready for market these Mexican cattle if brought here not older than two years, will average two or three hundred pounds more >er head than they would have reached on the ranges in Mexico. The first shipment of Mexican cattle into Alberta took place about eight years ago, am outfit was placed on the market about five years later. Some of them apparently did not 'ripen' as rapidly as they should. The Oxley Kahch The Oxley raneh, west of Nanton, on the edge of the Porcupine hills, was started many years ago, hut the original owners did' not hold it long. They sold to W. Roper Hull of Cal- gary. This ranch depended largely upon government leases, for it had a freehold of only about acres. At one time Mr. Hull v.'as running head of stock there, but en- croaching settlers forced him to more than cut this number in half. One of the best-known ranches .in Alberta is the Circle, a noted Mon- Albeita, the Quult uinch, aerd southwest of the Imperial lanch, acres north of the Hed Deei, and two ranches twelvi miles east of Didsbury and Oldi ol 3000 and )000 acres respectively. Ii addition to this the) a lot ol auum. years aiion o is the) a l il the last batch of that' first leased lai.ds adjoining some of properties Every winter Pal Burns feeds 000 to head though he does ncX maintain a breeding herd lie liuyi his stock all oxer the province, sendi it to hlb ranches to be fitted for mar- ket, and then either exports it or dis- poses of it through his stung of markets which stretch trom eastern Alberta acioss the to far-away, Alaska It takes carcasses io supplv the demand of the butchei shops of P Burns and company cTery] year, and in addition to this ther Port anvwhere between head. Manr jeais ago the TV ranch :d b> Maunsell brothers of Macleod was first started Maunsell first to Alberta m 1874 with the first con- tingent of mounted police, and short- ly after that he commenced ranching, A portion of their herds run on the Pelican resene, and another part is on government leased land tetweea the forts of the Old Man and Belli- rners At one time they head of cattle running hut, ow- uoic. 11 was iwtuve years years ago, inS to the vanishing of tie that they located in Canada at which tlm have today onlv aoout ol i time they placed the charge of the 7.000- Mormons Good Ranchers A quarter of a century ago the Mor. mans first came, to southurn Alberta, tana brand owned by W. G. Conrad Co., of Fort Benlon and Great Falls, Montana. They run the same" brand on each side of the internation- al boundary, and for a number of years had their herds grazing up into Alberta territory before they decided to establish a ranch headquarters here. It was twelve years years ago. Canadian ranclrin the hands of How-- ell Harris, who brought the first great Cochrane herds to this The Waldron Ranch N'ext in point of age comes the :aldron ranch, situated on the north )rk of the Old Man river between the orcupine hills and the Livingstone ange. This was an undertaking baok- d by Scottish capital, and it was tarted with head of stock, be- ng eventually increased to addition to these herds ot cattle ley had hands of grade IK ranch company had acres freehold and extensive government leases, but the need of more room, I and tlu; incoming small settlers forc- 1 ed them to curtail their until in 1907 they sold off every hoof. The next big ranch to start Bar U, which was started 16 years i ago, with money from the Allans of I Montreal, the Allans of the Allan steamship line. This ranch was lo- j catcil west of High River in a grand j ranch country, but the Allans did not I hold it long, selling out in five or six years to Gordon, Ironsides ,t Karcs, and George Lane. That big ranch is still in operation. Up to the time ,of the change in ownership this ranch never had more than head, but afterward the new owners acquired the Willow Crrck ranch, the lease of a half million acres of C.P. Ii. land on the north side of the Bow river east of the Blackfoot reserve, and hy breeding and importation in- creased their stock on these enlarged holdings to about head. Gor- don, Ironsides Fares were caltlnnen to ship Mexican i-attle Io (Mi province. It is a -jell jinown fact among cattlemen that for (very 500 miles north a beef calf is trough! it adds a hundred pounds to province. When the Circle Was in its most affluent year there were head on the Canadian rangf, out homesteaders have crowded them now until they have at present only, about head. Another well-known herd of the province was the Turkey Track, pro- perty of the Creswell Cattle Co., of Trinidad, Colorado. At one time they were running head, but now tiro ranch is only history. The herds were broken up and sold in 1907 shortly after the death of Creswell. Herds Are Decreasing Prom Montana came other cattle- rnon to run ihoir beef or, Alberta soil. Sam aflii John Spencer of the 3CU raneh. Their present pnge is on the lower Milk River, on'botu sides of the line, the management of ithe busi- ness being now in the hands of Billy Taylor, son-in-law to Sam. In its palmy days there ware perhaps head ranging on the 3CU, but now These people, good ranchers, riders, farmers and cattlemen have tens ol thousands o! cattle on the ranges there Thur biggest outfit is the Knight Sugar company of Raymond. '''his company was formrd in the year there are only about 9000 head on the acres of government lease land held by them. This lease still lasts for sixteen years, lor it was only taken up live years ago. The Milk Cattle company, owned by A. E.. Philps and Clifford Sifton has 7000 acres of freehold and acres of government leases. At one time they were running some head but today they have cut to half. P. Burns Co., formerly known only as Pat Burns, h.ive held cnor- UTOUS cattle interests throughout AI- terta for fifteen or twenty years. They have the Mackie ranch, acres on the Milk River in southern i mixed farmers. freehold range, and run some cattle The rnnge is along the Milk Riicr Ridge, and the cattle end ol the business is managed hy Bay KnJght, one of the best practical ranchers, riders, and all-round range men in the province of Alberta. Lem Piultt, an old Panhandle cow- man came drifting into Alberta ia .903 behind a bunch ol head of attic Ilf was luokmg for range aim settled sl-rtv-flve miles south o! Med- icine Hat, but he found he had enough land, and he cut down his herd as the settlers gobbled np tha open country, until in 1910 he forced to sell his last hoof, and Is now a cattleman out ol a job. So, in thirty years the wiM langa life of the real western cowman in Alberta has changed wonderfully, First they had the 22 head brought' in by Fred Kanouse the trader, then they had the Coohranc herds, -then tha Caldron, and the Glengarry ranches, then other great outfits. First them was not a fence between the Montana north boundary and tho Arctic ocean, and the cattle and the men went free and wild. Barb-wire came in, rail- roads, farmers, the ranchers, lava been shoved back and crowded and now the cattle business is divided be- tween about a dozen. big ranch out- fits and a few thousand prosperous Don't It WillPassAway" DR. CLARK'S SWEET NITRE PILLS ;