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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 13, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD September 13, 1973 Third World trumps in power game By C. L. Sulzberger, New York Times commentator Why all the rush? Alberta's minister of mines and minerals, the Hon. William Dickie, has again expressed his opposition to any hold-up in the development which means the sale, of course of Alberta oil. He wants no restrictions on oil ex- ports, and says there is no need for Canada to maintain any reserve. "Full steam ahead" is his formula for ex- ploiting this province's petroleum resources. There can be no doubt the minister knows far more than most people about both Alberta's oil resources and about world markets for oil. His latest call for rapid development came in an address to a very knowledgeable audience, the Alberta Society of Petroleum Geologists, where anything he said would have to make good technical and economic sense, one would think. But there was thing that he failed to make clear, and that is the reason for all the hurry. It is one of the better known facts of economic life that when there is a shor- tage of any commodity, those who have a supply on hand are in no rush to sell, because shortages mean prices will rise. With respect to oil, if there isn't a world- wide shortage right now. there soon will be one. The chairman of Alberta's Energy Resources Conservation Board has just tinished telling a symposium of petroleum experts that oil reserves in this province which account for 90 per cent of Canada's oil have been steadily declining since 1968. It has iong been known that continental U.S. reserves are on the decline, too. Any relief from the recently developed Alaska fields must await a multi-billion dollar pipeline that hasn't been started yet, while significant production from Alberta's tarsands or Saskatchewan's shale beds is several years and a billion of more research dollars away. All signs from the Middle East points to a tightening supply situation. Libya, which ships a quarter million barrels a day of much needed low-sulphur oil to the U.S., has just doubled its export price (for oil from wells it recently ex- and there is little doubt that other Middle East oil exporters have price hikes in mind as well. Even more ominous signs of im- pending shortage are to be seen in the at- titude of Saudi Arabia, where the world's largest reserves of easily recoverable oil are situated. Until recently it had been assumed that Saudi oil would make up any over-all shortages; it was only a few months ago that Saudi Arabia's oil minister announced plans to increase production from eight to 20 million barrels a day by 1980. But last week, amid reports that the Arabs will make greater use of their oil to influence U.S. policies towards Israel, came the news that far from raising production, Saudi Arabia will cut it by a million barrels a day. a move likely to deprive the U.S. of up to 20 per cent of its present imports of Middle Eastern oil. It seems clear, then, that fears of an impending world shortage of oil are reasonably well founded. And a point to be noted is that all knowledgeable observers of the world oil situation agree that in planning to reduce production, the Arab world is not really risking anything, because every barrel of oil left in the ground keeps gaining in value as the world price steadily goes up. Exactly the same applies in the case of Alberta oil, so why all the rush, Mr. Dickie? The so-called Third World is edging gradually into its own and it is hard to imagine that its lack of cohesion or leadership inexperience can indefinitely obscure this new political fact. Such is the main implication of the past week's meeting in Algiers of some 60 chiefs of state or government from countries in un- derprivileged Asia. Africa and South America. The tricontinental group is nonaligned in a military or ideological sense although its penchant is generally toward varying forms of socialism. Usually it is referred to as "developing." a word with in- nuendos of backwardness or poverty that is imprecise when applied to Yugoslavia, or to Kuwait and Libya. When the organization of this international club out of colonialism's ashes was first pressed by Tito, Nehru and Nasser, it seemed too vague and inchoate a dream to promise significant reality. But Marshal Tito, only sur- vivor of the initial prime movers, can rightly regard the Algiers conference with optimism, despite bickering, because of changes on the international horizon During the three years since the group last met at Lusaka, Zambia, the superpower blocs assembled around Washington and Moscow have forsworn war and moved perceptibly toward detente. Thus, without growing militarily stronger, the Third World is relatively less menaced by possible threats. With the fading of major armed conflict as a prospect, the potential importance of the U.N. grows. And. regardless of its internal quarrels, the Third World represents a decisive majori- ty in U.N. membership. If it can ever make up its collec- tive mind on particular issues, its voice will be weighty. Moreover, as the arms ascendancy of the super- powers and the great powers assumes reduced political significance, Third World lands find they are able to act more boldly without fear of neo-colonialist pressures. Thus we have recently seen expropriations, nationaliza- tions and extrusion of foreign bases with little effective A nothing byelection Attempting to find something in the re- cent B.C. byelection in Okanagan South that is illuminating for the political scene anywhere including the province of British Columbia itself is futile. The fact that the riding elected a Social Credit candidate means nothing so far as getting a reading on the acceptability of the NDP government, the possible resurgence of the Social Credit party, or the future fortunes of the Conservatives and Liberals in the province. Nothing changed as a result of the election. In the last provincial election the riding sent the Social Credit candidate to the legislature: it did the same in this byelection a year later, "if it means nothing in British Colum- bia, it means even less for testing the political climate in the rest of the country. Provincial elections rarely give any indication of what might happen in a federal election. At any rate no politician on the federal level would want to use a byelection as a barometer of party pop- ularity. There isn't even a clear sign that the victorious candidate, Bill Bennett, will take over the leadership of the Social Credit party from his father. He certain- ly leaves himself in line for the job now that he has won the election but the approval of the Social Crediters in Okanagan South isn't necessarily a ticket to party leadership in the province. And if he does become leader of his party, the fate of Social Credit will still be in doubt because assuming the mantle of his father doesn't guarantee that the magic of W. A. C. Bennett goes along. A chance to choose Taxpayers are used to paying for utilities but seldom have a say in choos- ing them. But in the case of the lighting for the new Sixth Avenue bridge and the West Lethbridge subdivision, they are being asked to submit their choice. Three distinct types of lighting (one of which will be chosen for the new bridge) have been installed along Mayor Magrath Drive in an effort to acquaint local residents with types available. These include low pressure sodium vapor lights installed south of Third Avenue which diffuse a yellow glow and are the most economical to operate; the regular mercury lights (in use throughout' the city) installed between Fifth and Seventh avenues, which burn longer but are more expensive than sodium vapor and the high pressure sodium vapor lighting in- stalled between Seventh and Ninth avenues which give a pinkish yellow coloration, diffuse more light than the mercury vapor but cost more to operate. Residents are also asked to examine the two post-top lights fronting city hall (one of which will be chosen to light the walk ways and green strips in the planned West Lethbridge subdivision) and submit their preferences (in writing, if possible) to Mr. Oliver Erdos, director of the city's utility department. The city, operating within a tight 000 lighting budget, is to be commended for the upgrading (expected to be com- pleted within four years) being carried out throughout the city. The 1740 watt mercury vapor lights in use in commer- cial areas plus the 2982-170 watt lights in residential sections are sure to comple- ment the new lighting projects soon to be underway. If having a voice in civic affairs is im- portant to local residents (and we believe it is) they will be pleased to sub- mit their choice for the lighting of new projects. It will be well worth the trouble to examine the lighting along Mayor Magrath Drive and voice a preference. THE CASSEROLE There are still a few things that are "precious as fine even at today's prices, a recent entry is the humble cow gallstone. Wemstein International Corp. has ottered Canada Packers a pound for cow gallstones, which it sells in Japan for SI 10 an ounce, about the same price as gold. Anyone who thinks North American so- ciety may have its values a bit scrambled won't be surprised to find that the top ten newspaper advertisers in 1972 were five to- bacco companies, three auto makers, one distillery and surprise' a food market- ing company For the accidental bombing ol N'eak Luong which killed l.'i? ol the villagers, it has been reported the airmen responsible were merely admonished by the authorities. Not true. Ac- tually, 'two of the men responsible were reprimanded, a more severe grade of punish- ment than admonishment, and in addition the officer lound most at fault is to lose i more than per victim! i in forfeited pay and allowances A truly revealing picture of modern educa- tion appears in the August edition of the "QUIT STAULWG ANP START BAILING'" Press must establish own standards By James Reston, New York Times commentator The press has been severely criticized lately for publishing news that Vice president Agnew was being investigated by a Baltimore grand jury on charges of criminal action, and that John Ehrlichman had been indicted by a Los Angeles grand jury in connec- tion with the burglarizing of Daniel Ellsberg's psy- chiatrist's office. The charge is serious and the criticism fair, but the remedy is elusive. Everybody knows that investigations are not proof of guilt and in- dictments are not convictions, but once you publish the headlines: ''Agnew investigated for extortion and tax or "Ehrlichman indicted in Ellsberg burglary both men have obvious- ly been damaged. It's a little like a bad rumor about a good woman: she may be cleared in the end, but the headline is a drop of poison, and doubt remains in many minds. The press can, of course, make a good argument for its skeptical probing of the secret actions of these powerful men. They have obviously misused their power. They have waged war while concealing it from the Congress of the United States. Letter to the Editor They have spied and sabotag- ed in the 1972 election, or at least have had all these things done in their names. And they have even been mistrustful of one another. The main charge, therefore, against the press in general, though not against the few papers that exposed the deceptions of Vietnam and Watergate is not that the press was too aggressive, but that it was too timid or lenient or lazy. Nevertheless, there is ob- viously a difference between exposing the dirty tricks of politics and the peculiar ac- tivities of the White House staff on the one hand, and revealing the secrets of grand jury investigations and in- dictments on the other. The American press, or more precisely a few American newspapers, are really on the hunt now and rightly so. Watergate has made them realize what is really meant by the corrup- tion and danger of power and secrecy. Also, the new young investigative reporters are now competing with one another to be first with whatever happens, even in grand juries, and this is the problem. The White House and the courts are not the same. There is plenty of evidence that the White House has abused secrecy and power but none that the courts have been fiddling with the facts. Still, the press is now prob- ing into the secrets of the grand juries as if they were political committes, and if one newspaper does it. all the rest feel that they have to follow. Thoughtful people in the press are worried about this problem. They are worried about invading and corrupting the secrecy of grand juries, but they are faced with a very hard reality. This is that if even one new- spaper or radio or television station reports that Agnew is under criminal investigation, or that Ehrlichman has been indicted by a grand jury in Los Angeles, that report is im- mediately put on the wire ser- vices, and on the air within an hour and therefore is all over the country. How then, unless you can get all papers, all radio and television stations, to ignore the Wall Street Journal when it reports that Agnew is under criminal investigation, or the Los Angeles Times report of the indictment of John Ehrlichman. do you deal with the problem. In these days oi modern communications, any local (University) News, one that demonstrates yet again that a picture is worth a thousand words. Taken on the cam- pus oi Mac-Donald College, an affiliated in- stitution, it shows a well from which water is being pumped, into a large pipe about 50 feet long, and straight down another well. Considering all the fuss about minority government, it may be instructive to note that ever since the last government of Norway resigned when voters opposed joining the European Economic Community, the country has been governed, and quite effec- tively, by a coalition with only H9 of the 150 seats in the storting (like Canada's House of Commons) and that polled only a quarter of the votes cast in the last genera! election. The English actor and satirist Peter Ustinov has a fine idea for coping with the current vogue in drama. He plans to write a in which all the characters arc on stage as the curtain tirst goes up, and they'll all proceed ;it once to undress, so that the audience can upon them naked. Then Ihey'll put their clothes on again, as an an- nouncer says "And now that's over, we'll get in with the play." Wheat Board support dwindling Someone wrote a perceptive and informative editorial on the wheat situation Friday, September 7. The government seems to be fumbling and muddling with little or no clear understanding of its pur- poses and priorities. Last spring Mr. Lang went to great lengths to conduct a "survey" to prove conclusive- ly that every farmer in Canada wanted a piece of the domestic wheat subsidy. Now he has decided with an alarm- ing suddenness that only wheat growers should be so regarded. He speaks of a price of being substantial for this domestic wheat, but suggests that 50c more will compensate us for low returns oi recent years. It will be interesting to note how many farmers he will tool Fifty cents a bushel on the 60 million bushels used in Canada is million. Last voar alone we lost million to the political manipulations of our wheat market. In 20 years if Mr. Lang is still around, he will have pulled us out of the smaller fiascos of the Wheat Hoard. Durum growers, whose votes are tew in number, are toab- sorb a loss of a bushel. If this can be diverted to an appropriate blunder-fund and re-allocated next spring to sweeten up the anticipated minimal paymenton hard spr- ing wheat it could do wonders tor the tarnished image of political grain marketing in Western Canada. But rotten politics breeds more rotten politics, with increasing contempt for all forms ol regulation. In the area of food production this can be risky. Blind, unquestioning sup- port lor the wheat board is dwindling. Farmers arc think- ing lor themselves. Every time we drive through the door of an elevator we donate to the poltical objec- tives of Ottawa, and that makes us think a little faster. We know what world prices are. and we know the costs of P r o d u c t i o n and the worlhlessness of official promises. It is more difficult every day to defend the politically motivated Wheat Board as the savior of western agriculture. The prime minister and three or four of his cabinet colleagues are openly ex- ploiting producers in futile attempts togain favor with the voter and using the Wheat Board in its regulatory capacity as the vehicle lor their endeavors. As Hitler said when he invaded Russia. II looked like the best thing to do at the time." L. K. WALKER Mill; River report is national and even international within an hour. The readers of every new- spaper hear it on the air before they go to bed. Once it is on the radio it cannot be ig- nored and this is the problem the press has not been able to resolve. It is easy to understand why the Agnews and the Ehrlichmans resent all this, for they are condemned even before they can state their own case, and obviously they have a justifiable grievance. The newspapers have not resolved or even grappled with this problem effectively. They know that they ought to try to do something to protect the grand jury process, but they don't. Even they admit that this is too bad, because they know that America needs, not a more cautious, but a more aggressive and skeptical press in dealing with both the White House and the Congress. Somehow they ought to be able to deal with the privacy of the judicial process before grand juries, and that they have not been able to do. The press is ducking this problem, but it can't do so much longer. It cannot insist on policing the power of government without policing itself. It cannot deny the right of outsiders to monitor the power of the press unless it es- tablishes some professional standards of its own. The single standard of "publish and be damned" is a romantic notion but not good enough in this complicated age. It may be okay for Watergate and Vietnam though even that is in dispute but disclosure of grand jury secrets is much harder to justify, and the fact is that we in the press have not even thought through that problem. protest by countries whose in- terests were disadvantaged. Finally, the nonbloc ot un- derdeveloped nations has learned that the technological- ly advanced and privileged sector of the international community contains deep- seated weaknesses that can be exploited if the Third World ever manages to co-ordinate its latent assets. Industrialized America, West Europe and Japan are all in the initial throes of an energy crisis. They need masses of fuel to sustain their scheduled growth during the years before new sources of power can be harnessed. The main contemporary sources of this are in such lands as Saudi Arabia and Iran (not represented at Algerisj, Kuwait, Libya and Algeria, rich in petroleum and natural gas. Furthermore, the in- dustrialized nations are being racked by a long-enduring monetary crisis not likely to be cured by this month's world bank meeting in Nairobi. The crisis has been magnified by huge amounts of Arab oil funds hanging about from bank to bank in an under- standable effort to profit from instability. The Soviet bloc is relatively unaffected by both these crises due to its rigidly controlled production, its lesser reliance on external fuels, and its tight, artificial currency system. China, which relies minimally on foreign trade, is untouched. The lesson to be drawn is that the transideological grouping at Algiers possesses key trumps to be played in the coming decade's power game. Already Arab statesmen forecast deliberate slowdowns in fuel production and curtail- ment in sales to customers who, like the United States, openly favor Israel in the Palestine dispute. There isn't any doubt that, if the Algiers club manages to co-ordinate its actions with nonmembers such as Saudi Arabia, there will be diplomatic repercussions abroad above all in Washington. President Nix- on's careful language at his latest press conference con- firmed this. American policy must recognize the changing pattern of the global kaleidoscope. The attempt to arrange a pentagonal diplomatic balance the United States, West Europe, the Soviet Union, Japan, China perforce gives added impetus to creation of another force of immense importance, the Third World, pushed together by its exclusion. One obvious deduction to be drawn is that the United States must revise the philosophy of its foreign aid program. Henceforth it should take into account the tremen- dous wealth possessed by the nations which met at Algiers and should encourage them to assist themselves and their fellows more generously. From now on Washington should try to channel help to the underprivileged only in the form of education and technology. The surplus money that once was ours is rapidly becoming theirs. Mill you've I" todiiv Fred you're on pickel duly' The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St S 1 ETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD.. Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1951. by Hon W. A BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ol Circulations CLEO W MOWERS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS. General Manager DON PULING WILLIAM HAY M.inaqinri Cdiloi Associate f-ditor nov MII rs DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Manager Cdilon.il P.iqo Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;