Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 13, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
54 THi LfTHMIDGt HERALD 13, Fanner is eternal Old and new coexist in China's rural areas By BARBARA TUCHMAN The farmer Is the eternal China. In the Sian Provincial Mu- seum a tomb carving shows a Han dynasty man driving a single-furrow iron plow pulled by a team of just outside town the same arrangement functions, un- changed alter years. In the fields groups of fig- ures working together bend over the never-ending, br.ck- breaking task of cultivation: SUMMIT MEETING? bid this week, as this picl cenlre Is B.C. premier-elect leader David Lewis. The New Democratic Parly was in evidence in British Colum- ure shows. At [eft is Saskatchewan Premier Allen Blakeney, Dave Barrel! and making a point at right is national NDP (CP Wirephoto) trar.splanting rice seedlings, weeding the young corn, hoeing the vegetables, scyth- ing the ripe wheat or rice and plowing and harrowing the field for a second crop. In the north, plowing is by mule or bullock and cccasion- ally, on the lands of a fortu- nate commune, by tractor. In the south and the Yangtze Valley the. grey water buffalo provides the power. Here, too, occasionally, a motored plow with a man walking between the handles can be seen lurching axle- deep through the mud of a paddy field. To the eye, rural China is beautiful. Terraced slopes braced by strips of stone walls rise like earth ripples on the hills. The valleys be low hold orchards and tile- roofed farmhouses and fields of wheat or com. In the wide bed of a shallow river women and children scrub clolhcs against the rocks. Further south thatched roofs appear and yellow-flow- ered squash vines climb over them and over everything else. In a lake of broadleafed, pink-flowering lotus, black- clad women wade waist deep lo pick the edible roots. On a village threshing floor chaff is shaken from the grain in shallow baskets; noarby a mule altaclwd to a pole turns the millstone on his ceaseless round. The policy of dispersing in- dustry to the countryside al- ready lias invaded the beauty. From the train win- dow crossing the area be-, tween the Yellow River and the Yangtze, power line grids and the tall smokestacks and sharp outlines of factories suddenly appear here and there. Old and new exist together. High on a bill in Sraisi the fails of a radar station are visible. On Uie roadside below a large grass-covered mound with a smoking chimney on top signifies a village brick- making kiln. Boys and women with buck- ets dangling from shoulder poles cam' night soil from a pit to spill on the fields, and elsewhere a group moves among the corn in a cloud of chemical soray. Except for locusts, insects seem extraordinarily absent, and hirci--. too, in con- sequence. For the sake of ag- ricultural yield, China has taken a long step toward si- lent spring. Chemical ferfill- er is spread by hand from baskets. Communes are slowly im- proving rural housing, but the backlog is vast: the rural population" living In commu nities under is estimated at or approximately 100 million households. Not all have conimunalizeil. FACILITIES CRUDE Some still cultivate liny front yard plots of corn or vegetables no more than 10 or 12 feet square, although their land, we were told, is state-owned. A privy hero was simply a hole in Iho ground with two flat atones placed on top in Hie form of a Though painful in the mak- ing, commurcalized farming is by now the nile and the law. At a meeting in Shcnsi of a production brigade, one unit of a commune, the team lead- ers, each representing 20-25 households, were brown and wrinkled traditional peasants in work-soiled clothes, many of them older men. Three of the team leaders were women. Each member in turn re- ported his team's progress In the second round of weeding, the second application of fer- tilizer, and the threshing of already harvested wheat. Following the team leaders, an "educated youth" of about 16 or 17, sent to the brigade after graduation from midcV.e school for his three-year term of manual labor, urged greater use of the "scien- tific" knowledge of the young. SIMPSONS-SEARS 'Sears' electric portable typewriter with 12" carriage we got a typewriter for youl Just look at all the features, and then look at the price and you'll know you've got a bargainl Preset tab every 10 spaces 3 keys repeal automatically, full 38-charaeter keyboard 5-year parts guarantee Elettric shift Easy-to-set visible mar- gins 3-position ribbon selector Paper support arm Eraser table Handy line-drawing aperture Carriage lock for safety Steel frame, plastic body 2-tone Grey. About 15xl5x 6" h. 19 Ib. 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Raccoon-hunting, with a caged prey. Is called sport by some in Owen Sound, Ont. The dog leaps for his prey the end of a simulated coon hunt. The coon Is caged, pulled along a raft ahead of dogs and up onto 'a pole. Dogs are then fudged for frenzy of barking as tha coon swings above them. Racoon-dog trials branded not 'true sportsmanship' OWEN SOUND, Ont. (CP) A field officer for the On- tario Humane Society Mon- day branded the annual rac- coon dog trials held during the weekend as possibly cruel and not in tho tradition of "true sportsmanship." The focal point -of the society's concern was a 14- year-old pet raccoon used during the trials for 60 baying hounds. The lests took about four hours, (luring which time the coon was towed across a pond in a cage secured by a raft and later hoisted up onto a pole. Allen Gamble of Chats- worth, owner of the raccoon, said his pet isn't bothered by the dogs in the trial events. "The dogs don't worry him at all, I think he could even fall asleep out he said adding that (he humane society had checked the event last year. Although no members o[ the humane society were present during the Saturday events, several expressed their distaste. Society President Norman Scollard snid: "I just don't we idea at all. Last year we thought there was great enough stress and worry on the raccoons to constitute it would be hard to prove." Pipeliners face new ice problem protectt you incJi o) Uw way By JEFF CAREUTHERS FP Publications in the form of icebergs and ice packs, has long been recognized as a haz- ard to the safe movement of oil by large surface oil tankers such as the Manhattan in Can- ada's Arctic seas. Now studies by federal ocean- oligists in Hie Beaufort Sea clrongly suggest that ice move- meat along the sea bottom poses an even more serious threat to moving oil and gas by undersea pipelines in the far north. The studies of the sea bottom off the Mackenzie River delta liave revealed there's not a square inch of sea bottom in the 10 to 15 miles adjacent to lant that has not been ravaged by ice scouring. Pipelines, unlike surface ves- sels, can't move to evade ice To complicate matters, the it I scouring seems unpredictable. Tims it will bo necessary to bury the pipelines, especially i where they leave and return to lar.d, in the Arctic sea bed t< prevent damage from the high ly-destructive sea-bed scourin, action of ice, says Dr. Bet-nan Pellclier, chief of marine geol ogy at the Bedford Institute o Oceanography in Nova Scotia. Dr. Pelletier added in an in tcrview here Thursday lha deeper though considerably les. frequent sea scours have bee found 30 to 40 miles offshore, i water depths of 150 to 200 feet. He said Uiat sea-bed ic scouring is likely a simila threat on the eastern side of th Arctic islands. It is a problem even in th deep channels between the Ar tic islands, affecting the unde water areas just adjacent to th islands where any pipeline would have to surface. Pipelines will likely r quired to move oil to shore fro f-shore oil rigs, such as might located off the north Alaska ope and perhaps further easlj f the Mackenzie River delta rea. Dr. Pellelier noted that oil ompanies will also have to pro- their off-shore oil rigs from e scouring. Pipelines arc also envisioned ir moving oil now being found i the Queen Elizabeth Islands, etween the Northwest Passage nd the pole, down to southern larkck. Dr. Pelletier said the ice, n d e r tremendous pressure, ouges out the sea bottom any- vhere from two to 30 feet dscp. 'he scouring is deepest far off-, horc but relatively rare. It is comparatively shallow :car shore hut is a fact of life very year. The ice pack is melted next to shore during the spring. And then during the ummcr the winds periodically move the eft-shore ice in and away from shore. The ice scours the bottom as t gees aground. Pipelines, for protection, would have to be buried in ronches below the scour depth, 3r. Pelletier said. He said that Ihc oil and pipe- line companies arc now recog- nizing the hazards of ice scour- ing. He said they are now doing statistical studies. But he warned that statistics won't tell you when something is happening, only how likely it is to happen at any one place or time. Thus, the s t a t i s t i c a 1 studies provide no protection to the pipelines. lie noted, as an aside, that a large oil spill from a ruptured undersea pipeline in the Arctic' could significantly change tho ice cover in the Arctic and af- fect the world's climate, per- haps even trigger events which could lead to melting of the Arc- tic ice and world-wide flooding.