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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 13, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta WKJnMdav, S.pt.mb.r 13, 1972 THf LSTHIMHDOf WMlUJ 17 U of L study: 'Let Indians do things for themselves' By HUDY HAUGENEDER I Herald jStaft Writer Third of (our Stop treating Indians like 'children and give them the ne- cessary training to do things lor themselves, says a continuing University o( Lethbridgc study the Blood and Peigan re- serves. The Indian affairs depart- ment must replace its fatherly attitude towards native people with an intensive training pro- gram to allow Indians to take on more responsibility. Although Indian wants and needs are rapidly outgrowing their accomplishments, very few leaders or "path-finders" have emerged to drive Indians omx'ard. The U of L economics depart- ment s tudy says these "path- finders" are needed to convince Indians to "move with their own means or to risk addition- al effort to achieve the desired rather than waiting end- essly for the government to make improvements for them." While the study reveals a ma- ority of Indians attribute politi- cal power to the chief and band council it also shows that most Jndians do not knovr what goes on at council meetings. Not shown in the study but disclosed to The Herald by young Indians aspiring to im- prove conditions, is the 'cur- rent method of electing the band council. The "you nominate me and I'll vote for or voting for friends and relatives who are likely to provide immediate help to individuals, rather than the band as a whole, is 'the rule. During the last band elections more than 100 nominees sought a small handful of council seats. A majority of these candidates were not qualified to run for any office, the young peoole claimed. Major problems 01 BRINGS YOU ANOTHER for Southern Alberta Presenting Magnavox Television "Belter n o m ination methods I are needed to assure qualified and responsible people get on council and needed band-origin- ated self-help programs are and the voting age should be lowered from 21 years to 18 years as in con- reserve elections. Indians interviewed (or the study also indicated that al- coholism and broken homes, re- sulting from the harsh reserve conditions, are a major prob- lem. About 15 per cent of the In- dians felt Indian educational fa- cilities are inferior and inade- quate. The scarcity of jobs and lack of job opportunities in- crease Indian anxiety and concern. "In view of the influential role played by the band coun- cil, the future1 of the native com- munities may depend in large on how much the native leaders would help natives to realize their potentials, aspire them for a better social and economic life and translate their will, en rgy and resources toward unified the study states. Most Indians go to the band council when they need loans ,'hile most other people go to ..anks. The lack of security or in terms of personal KBsessions tc back their appli- :ations make loans from out- side the reserve sources im- jrobable. The study says, some success- ful bsnd loan applicants were 'more or less those who were closely related to council mem- bers." Some of those interview- ed a 1 s o "argued that some of these loans received by these people were re-loaned to others at a higher rale." However, the study pointed out that tliese were statements that could not be verified since there was no statistical infor- mation available. In the area of future devel- opment, nearly one-fourth of those interviewed on both re- serves expressed a willingness to co-operate in joint govern- ment-native programs. u Now for the FIRST TIME EVER You Can LEASE a COLOR TELEVISION of Your Choice! Here are Just a Few of the Many Advantages to Leasing Want changes MAGNAVOX Fine performing or portable model will always "remember" to (jive you per- fectly-tuned, precise pictures on every channef, every time. Automate Fine Tun- ing the need for critical manu- al pftture tuning. Other features Include Chroma Quick-On and sound. Tone Control, telescoping pfui carrying handle. Shown on optional mobile cart, its moulded case of high-im- pact plaitie is L, D, 18" Hj with grained Walnut finish. Wherever you watch it, you'll it! ACME j LEASING MONTHLY ADVANTAGES OF LEASING NO INITIAL 1NVESTMIWT [e.g. 19" Color TV eeiH you i, NO INTEREST ON INVESTMENT NO SERVICE COST OR PROBLEM Contract if NO DEPRECIATION (A new TV depreciates by PURCHASED SET CANNOT BE EXCHANGED AT ANY TIME LEASED SET CAN EXCHANGED AT ANY TIME AHER J U of L researchers say this "may be considered as then- growing preparedness to. bring about change. "The importance of their ini- tiative tor self-help and joint ef- fort among the natives should not be underestimated. "For the most part, in the 'currently s e m i-isolated Indian communities, a co-operative ac- tion could widen and enliven the natives' economy and in- crease their confidence in joint- action and ensure a cumulative and long lasting the study states. Indians need the teclinical tools and guidance this type of development brings for long range development. Government-native co-opera- tion should assume major re- sponsibilities for the fulfillmenl of native community needs and services: road construction, wa- ter supply, school construction, housing and more public sanita- tion schemes. A large per cent of those in- erviewed indicated prepared- ness to participate in self-help schemes and, the study says, display a greater degree of in- dependence and lesser degree of expectation and reliance on jovernmcnt help." Though the two reserves are in different stages of develop- ment with varying degree of communication and openness to the outside world, all those in- terviewed seem to be conscious of the independence of their in- dividual communities. About three-quarters of the Bloods and Peigans expressed preference for independent communities rather than join together. The study also reveals that Indians "show little compul- sion" to leave the reserve to find work, unless absolutely necessary. Nearly 65 per cent of the Bloods Interviewed said they would prefer good agricultural land the reserve rather than off-the-reserve land or factory jobs. Factory jobs 1 In contrast, only 13 per cent of the Peigans wanted good land although wealth there is measured highly in agricultur- al terms. Forty-three per cent preferred factory jobs on or near the reserve. However, neither group is in- clined to leave the reserve to go in to private business. The researchers concluded: "Their preferences for relatively more secure and familiar occupa- tions. "They seem to lack the moti- vation and stimulation to ex- plore the unbeaten path." The study suggests that while factory jobs are wanted, that could be the result of Indian "dissatisfaction with their cur- rent economic status." Both Pcigans and Bloods in diealed they would spend any sudden tliey might obtain for cattle. Contrary to popular belief, however, UK: study says, the Indians would not spend that money on unnecessary luxury terns but would invest it in cat le which might be interpreted 'as a desire to improve their economic being and as an insur ance against recurrent unem .ployment." Retardation project Len Wright, executive direc tor of the Lethbridge Associa (ion for the Mentally Retarded has returned from a two-wee seminar in Toronto. The seminar, Modern Trend on Mental Retardation, sponsor ed by the National Institute o Mental Retardation, included courses at York University. Mr. Wright said the Institut is expected to make an at nouncement in S o p t e m her whether an experimental temonstration project can set up at the Lcthbridge Com munity College campus. R TV As Innovative in styling as they are su- perior In engineering, -today's most beau- tiful table models with new and improv- ed Total Automatic Colour System I els you enjoy vivid 20" diagonal pictures (Matrix Picture the wonderful con- venience of TAG as well 01 furn- iture styling. No other make today offers you such a beautiful design! Colonial sty- ling in grained solem Maple finish. Meas- ures 29" L, 19" D, 20" H. ACME I.RASWG iV AGREEMENT Of LEASING 1. Acme Television Ltd., on their part that customer U not responsible for normal wear and tear on defective 2. Acme Television Ltd. will service set (all parts and labor during contract 3. All sets carry an exchange privilege when Uoie contract It renewed. 4. Acme Television ltd. will provide service anywhere In Sovtrwm Alberta and Femie, B.C. 5. Exchange privilege If customer desires to exchange let for a new one, or if customer desires to have a larger Mi, 25" from a we will re-write contract and 6. lend you a color set if sel is taken in to shop. 7. lease with option to cwn In 48 months. Pick up and delivery charges 9. must lease set for minimum of I year. 10. 10 or more group leasing special 11. Commercial Leasing rates for motels and hotels (5 TV I To your color television clip this coupon, fill it outr and mall It to of our 3 lecefiom listed at the boflom this advertisement! NAME TAG, the amaxing Magnavox Total Automatic Colour System always "remembers" to give you I a perfectly-tuned, colour-right picture. To appreciate the beauty 5 of these consoles, you must see Ihem yourself! Model En Mediter- ADDRESS ranean styling ii 40H" L, 2W D, ?9W H, with grained Oartc Oak or grained Pecan finish on oak veneers, hardboord, and on s moulded panels of non-wood, AOViF; LEASING i PHONE NO CITY OR TOWN I SIZE OF SET REQUIRED (PLEASE CIRCLE) 13" 15" 17" 19" 20" 25" 26" "i ;Ki fed ;P 535 13th Street North, Lethbridge Phone 327-6361 College Mail, Lethbridge Phone 328-83 T 6 918 6th Avenue S.W., Calgary 269-3987 269-4191 ;