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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 13, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta High Thursday near 55. Lows near 40. The IctUbridge Herald VOL. LXV No. 232 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS FIVE SECTIONS PAGES UN: it has never been weaker KURT WALDMEIM A commentary By JAMES RESTON New York Times Service UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. Beginning next week, the representatives of most of the nations of the world will convene here for the 27th general assembly of the United Nations. Nobody is paying much attention to the evont, but somebody has to pay attention to the present violence and anarchy in the world, and maybe the United Nations is the place to do it. The new secretary general of the United Nations, Kurt Waldheim of Austria, made the main point to the del- egates who are now packing their tags for New York. "The United lie said is facing the issue of Increasing terrorism in the world it u; up to the general assembly to find a solution to this problem and to take the necessary decisions." His observations were almost totally ignored. The UN organization has never been weaker than it is now. It is bankrupt. The permanent members of its se- curity council the United States, the U.S.S.R., China, Britain, and France are all ignoring it, or using it for their own nationalistic purposes. Yet it has a role to play, and much depends on how Kurt Wald- heim uses the pokers of the secretary-general to in- sist that the poverty, violence, and anarchy of the world be recognized and debated, even if they cannot be solved. Maybe it is unfair to put this burden on the sec- retary-general. He cannot defend the principles of the United Nations, without seeming to criticize the major powers, who are constantly violating the UN's prin- ciples, but who also pay most of the UN's bills. Even so, the secretary-general is authorized, under the charter of the world, organization {article to call to the attention of its members "any matter which in his opinion may ttireaten the maintenance of peace and security." The "increasing terrorism" and anarchy in world is only -a generalization of these matters. Spe- cifically, there is the Arab "terrorism" at the Olympic Games. There is the anarchy of skyjacking on the air- lines of the' world, to mention the obvious. More important, -there is the increasing gap be- tween the rich and the poor nations of the world, the conflict between the uncontrolled population and limited resources of the world, the growing division between the races and the northern industrial societies and southern agricultural societies, and the tragedy of the refugees in Palestine and southeast Asia. Art of propaganda These are really the "matters" which may and are threatening "tile maintenance of peace and se- and they cannot be left to the leaders of sov- ereign nations. For. each nation opposes the use of vio- lence in principle, except when it wants to use vio- lence in its own national interests, as Moscow did in Czechoslovakia, the United States does in Vietnam, In- dia did in Bangladesh, the Arab "Black September" movement did at the Olympic Games, and Israel in Its military counter-attacks did against Syria and the Lebanon. If you look at all this violence and murder from any particular capital, it can be made by the arts of propaganda to look reasonable, and even honorable. Moscow tried to make its invasion of Prague seem like a necessary rebuke to willful and misguided chil- dren. President Nixon explains the most devastating bombing of north and south Vietnam as a regrettable necessity. But sometime, somewhere, somebody has to ask whether all this violence and killing is justified, and even if it really achieves its objectives, and this is clearly the responsibility of the United Nations, and probably of its secretary-general, since nobody else will state the plain facts. They like it MILITANTS PLEDGE PARALYSIS Trouble brews across Ulster BELFAST Protestant militants have warned they will bring Northern Ireland to "a complete standstill" it lie Brit- ish government gives in to Ro- man Catholic demands to free suspected guerrillas. As sporadic violence rumbled across Ulster today, the British government was reported to be considering a compromise to get the Protestants and Catho- lics off its back and save a cru- cial conference scheduled for later this month. The warning from the Ulster Research station plans under way IT'S THE HEAT Margaret Trudeau, overcome by the heat at Prime Minister Tru- deau's Liberal Party nomination meeting I n Montreal Mount Royal riding, excuses her- self to Expansion Minister Jean Marchand and heads backstage. Mrs. Trudeau was later taken outside for some fresh air and returned to the hall to heor the end of her hus- band's speech. NATO frets about Reds LONDON (CP) Troubled by the steady expansion of So- viet strength on Europe's north- ern flank, NATO commanders this week begin a The Canadian contingent tak- ing part will consist of about 000 troops from the 3rd Battal- ion Royal Canadian Regiment in Petawawa, Ont., 3rd Battal- military exercise aimed at re- ion Royal Canadian Horse Ar- storing a strategic balance in tillery, Sliilo, Man., and a de- tachment from 427 Tactical in the area. The exercise, code-named Strong Express, svill include 300 ships and 700 aircraft taking part in combined land, sea and from Helicopter Squadron, also Petawawa. Strong Express, which begins Thursday and continues until noeuvres in Czechoslovakia by East European members of the Warsaw pact. Some military experts not directly associated with NATO say concern with Russia's northern strength may not be the sole reason for the Western exercise. VOTE IS FACTOR "An equally important consid- eration may be a desire, espe- air operations in northern Nor- Sept. 28, comes hear the end of cially in the United States, for way. large-scale military ma- premier fears new attack By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Lebanon's premier expresed fear Tuesday of a new Israeli attack as United Nations Secre- tary-General Kurt Waldheim called for General Assembly action against terrorism. "From an evaluation of the situation cannot say that last week's Israeli attack would be the Pemier Saeb Sa- Heavy security around Dayau at Montreal 1am told the Lebanese parlia- ment. His fears apparently were based on reports of continuing Israeli troop concentrations along Lebanon's southern bor- ders and of new Israeli threats to strike at the Arab terrorists. Salam said the Lebanese army has clear orders "to do the utmost to repel any Israeli aggression, at any price." We do not claim to have the power to deter Israel com- he added, "but it is inconceivable not to repel an aggression." Israeli planes attacked Pale- stinian positions in Lebanon and Syria last Friday in retali- ation for the Olympics mas- sacre in Munich Tuesday in which 11 Israelis, five Arab ter- rorists and a West German po- MONTREAL (CP) Gen. Moishe Dayan, Israeli defence minister, left here for New York late Tuesday after a visit of slightly more than 12 hours [iceman were killed during which tight security ISRAEL WILL STRIKE measures were in effect. Gen. Dayan gave two speeches on behalf of the Com- bined Jewish Appeal and the Is- rael Emergency Fund but both were held behind closed doors. The only information on what he said came from persons at- tending who relayed some of liis comments to reporters. They said there had been a I5-minute quest Lon-and-answer Premier Golda Meir told the Israeli parliament Tuesday that Israel will strike against Arab terrorists with all its strength and skill. With only the Com- munists abstaining, the legisla- tors supported "the govern- ments right to defend Its emis- saries and citizens wherever they may be." The UN chief told a news conference in New York that a symbolic display of Western strength and solidarity just prior to Norway's referendum on European Common Market membership. The U.S., and perhaps some Canadian authorities, may hope to convince the Norwegians that their best safeguard for the future lies with Europe in association with North America through NATO. In view of the history of the Second World War and arms developments which followed it, the Russian desire to develop strong northern forces should not by itself surprise Western strategists, say many observ- ers. Throughout the Second World War, Russia faced the pressing need to neutralize German-oc- cupied northern Norway in or- der to maintain a line of access from the northwestern Soviet port of Murmansk around the North Cape to the Greenland- Iceland-United Kingdom supply route. But NATO officials now ar- gue that the Russian northern fleet is gaining preponderance too fast with about 500 vessels in the area, including 160 sub- marines, 60 of which are nu- clear-powered, MANY AIRCRAFT CLOSE In addition, about 200 strike aircraft stationed on about 50 airfields around Murmansk and nearby Kandalashka, many within 30 miles of the Norwe- gian border. More than two army divisions are stationed near Murmansk and several more arc north of Leningrad. By RIC SWIHART Herald Staff Writer Architectural and consulting engineering firms have been en- gaged to begin preliminary work for the construction of the million Lethbridge Re- search Station building com- plex. Dr. J. E. Andrews, director of the station, told The Herald the architectural firm of Russell and Needham of Lethbridge, Medicine Hat and Calgary has been retained to design the lab- oratory and office building, ex- pected to cost about million. lie said the consulting engi- neering firm of Moriarity-Hen- derson-Lee and Assoc. Ltd. of Lethbridge and Calgafry will be in charge of the electrical, structural and mechanical por- tion of the total building com- plex. PROPOSED PLANS Proposed plans call for the construction of an square-foot office and labora- tory for the 75-man research scientist team to be located on the land owned by the Canada department of agriculture on the eastern outskirts of Letii- bridge. Dr. Andrews has just com- pleted a two-week tour of re- search station laboratories in Alberta, Saskatchewan and On- tario, accompanied by officials of the architectural and engi- neering firms. Dr. Andrews said a prelimin- ary artist's sketch should be ready by December. Following final approval by the federal department of agriculture, the official design should be ready for release by January, 1973. The schedule calls for ten- ders to be let and sod to be broken by October or Novem- ber of 1973. Part of the overall cost for the new complex includes aux- iliary buildings, an attached greenhouse system, power plant building and'system'for heat- ing the entire research station, site development and con- sultant fees for the final design- ins work. Included in the plan is en- largement of the separate sew- er and water facilities for the station. WATER SUPPLY Dr. Andrews indicated that negotiations are being conduct- ed between the research station and city officials that would in- crease the water supply to the station building. It is the hope of the research station that the new structure will be able to be connected to the city's secondary sewage sys- tem saving the additional costs of enlarging the lagoon system. Dr. Andrews said the negotia- tions are at the exploratory stage now, adding that it "would be much better if the station could connect with the city." Vanguard movement came late Tuesday after Prime Minister Edward Heath met with, lead- ers of the Catholic Social Democratic and Labor Party who said they will boycott the conference if ha does not end internment-without-trial regu- lations and free about 250 Irish Republican Army suspects. Heath and his Ulster adminis- trator, William Whitelaw, were reported to be considering end- ing internment and setting up special courts to try the sus- pects without juries. Some reports said the spe- cial-courts plan appeared (o be the only visible solution out of the touchy situation. Although Heath made no commitment to the SDLP be- yond saying there could be -10 immediate end to internment, the Protestants were in no mood for compromise. PLEDGE PARALYSIS The Vanguard movement, which closed ranks with the paramilitary Ulster Defence Force and the Loyalist Associ- ation of Workers two days ago, said the new alliance will par- alyse Ulster if Heath gives in. A spokesman said the UDA's armed vigilantes will take to the streets while Loyalist work- ers, which .control most of Ul- ster's industry, will "without any trouble, bring industry to a halt." He also said it Could mean the UDA "will attack Catholic areas." The new alliance, known as the United Loyalist Front com- mands, on paper at least, members. Striking power plant workers have already blacked out many parts of Ulster with power cuts and more cuts are expected to- day. Medicine Hat site of methanol plant MEDICINE HAT struction of a million meth- anol plant will start later this year, it was announced today Seen and heard About town TVTLA. Leighton Bnckwcll glad he paid for coffee after reporter for the parking ticket Marian van Sluys wishing she lived in Victoria the win t e r weather wouldn't gel in the way of her women libbing Hugh Michael claiming he didn't learn any Japanese phrases during a business trip. by Edmonton-based Allarco De- velopments Ltd. The plant, which Allarco says will be the largest of its kind in Canada, will produce 600 tons of methanol a day, providing employment for 70 people. Melhanol, now imported from the United States, is used in tha forest products industry and in sewage disposal systems. Chemicals, including formalde- hyde, ore among its deriva- tives. Announcement of the plant described by Fred Pea- cock, Alberta industry and com- merce minister, as a major breakthrough in the utilization of Alberta's natural resources for industrial development with- in the province. A company spokesman said the plant will eventually pro- duce chemical products using petroleum products as the raw material. Cafe blaze inquest disrupted MONTREAL (CP) The opening of an Inquest Into the fire that killed 37 persons and injured 53 others at the down- town Blue Bird Cafe Sept. 1 was disrupted minutes after it began today. Giles Eccles, 24, being held in connection with the blaze, had .just been escorted into the courtroom flanked by two po- lice guards when a man, ac- companied by his wife, ran to- wards the witness box yelling "I'll kill you, you bastard." The man's screamed "no, no" and tried to restrain her husband. He was quickly overpowered-by police and re- moved from the courtroom. Other spectators remained quiet during the incident, HELD ON WARRANT Eccles is being held on a coroner's warrant as a mate- rial witness while Marc Boutin, 24, and James O'Brien, 22, are being sought across Canada. More than 200 persons were trapped in the club's second- storey dance area when a wall of flames engulfed the stairs and cut off escape by the main entrjjices. Obviously, the representatives of the world won't "take the necessary as Waldheim suggests, to deal with the anarchy, terrorism and dangerous pov- erty of the majority of the human family when they meet here in the coming weeks. But he can, as he is authorized to do by the UN charter, at least identify and define the larger prob- lem of violence, terrorism, in the world. The prime and foreign ministers who are coming here, and pre- tending to support tlie principles of the United Na- tions, will not like it, and may even withdraw their financial support from the world organization. Still, somebody who is not running for re-election. and considering Ihc narrow interests and prejudices of local and national constituencies, has to raise the causes of violence and anarchy, and talk about the underlying reasons for war. And if the secretary gen- eral of the United Nations won't do it, and bring the principles of the charter to bear on the larger ques- ticns of world poverty and anarchy, even if he has no chance to find a solution, it is hard to imagine who Will. violence. But he acknowledged that any anti-terrorism resolu- tion will face difficulties in tho 27th General Assembly con- vening Tuesday. period and quoted the Israeli tne United Nations "cannot be defence minister as saying the a mute spectator" to increasing killing of the 11 Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympic Games did not set back the prospects for peace in the Middle East because a peace agreement had not been imminent even before the massacre. Gen. Dayan said terrorism by Arab guerrillas will continue and must be fought. Three all-out war or a continuation of terrorism- face Israel, he said. Where leaders are today By THE CANADIAN PRESS Prime Minister Toronto and London, Ont. Conservative Leader Rob- ert and Sydney, N.S. New Leaner Da- niel Social Credit Leader Real Rouyn, Que. Pearson: If Britain had fallen 'Oil, Archie. You've been Invited to North Viatnaml' LONDON (CP Former prime minister Lester Pearson was seen on British television Tuesday night giving his opin- ion that if Britain had fallen to a Nazi invasion in 1940, those in authority here would have had to "come to terms" with the German occupation force. The interview with Pearson came in the last part, of a three-hour BBC documentary entitled If Britain Had Fallen, which set out to examine how Britons might have behaved in the event of a Nazi occupation such as befell Western Europe and the Channel Mane's. In answer to a question, Pearson said he did not think the British people would have compromised with the in- vaders, but added: "Anyone re- sponsible for the security of the people would have bad to come to terms. The alternative would have been extermination." Asked, if he thought there were any weak points in the British character which might have given way under such an experience, Pearson said there was a "smugness and com- placency" that Britain could not be beaten. Reliance on this might have led to a refusal to take the steps necessary to adapt to such circumstances. Although Winston Churchill's "fight-on-the-beaches" speech was stirring stuff, Pearson added, "you can't fight on the streets against a tank." Also seen in the program was Canadian Privy Counsellor M. J. Coldwell, a founder and for England, Coldwell said he thought it would have been "embarrassing" to have had the King in Canada. It would have made it diffi- cult for a governor-general to continue, for one thing. The Royal Family would not have been encouraged to seek refuge in Canada, Coldwell concluded. The program included recon- structed shots of Britain's gold reserves and billion in secu- rities being stowed in the vaults of the Sun Life building in Mon- treal. "Barely a handful of peoples knew" of this arrangement, said the program's com- mentator and part-author, Lord Chalfont. A former defence cor- mer chief 'of the CCF party, respondent of The Times, Chal- Referring to contingency plans font served as a junior foreign ._j ministcr in Harold Wilson's La- bor government. to seed the Royal Family and an exiled war cabinet out ol LESTER PEARSON ;