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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 13, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETHBRiDGE HERALD Monday, Seplombor 13, 1971 Shizuye Takashiina Let's go over the top The annual United Appeal gets un- der way today with a commitment for Lethbridge and its immediate environs of an increase of over last year. Funds will be raised by means ot the usual channels by canvassing bus- iness offices as well as private homes, but as in the case of former years those who donate at their place of business will not be visited by a can- vasser al their homes. Only those residents who are retired, widowed, or request a canvasser lo call will be visited. This year the committee in charge has attempted to improve on former drives by stressing the involvement of service agencies, particularly the smaller ones, who are recipients, in the fund raising activities. The prem- ise of the committee is that more responsibility should be given to groups which share the funds. This is a wise decision as it gives the agencies an opportunity of assisting with the actual campaign planning. This year some people in our area will be experiencing a real economic tightening which may force them to re-consider their annual donation to the Appeal. This is understandable and no one can fault them for ex- hibiting a practical outlook. But by and large, in Lethbridge, compared with other cities in Can- ada, the economy is good, and sta- strangely, last year we were unable to reach our United Appeal commitment by some while other cities suffering severe unem- ployment and economic hardship went over the top. What's Ihe reason? Probably there are several reasons but one of them is that many people, particularly those in business offices, have been used to giving a dollar a month for years, and in spile of inflation and rising costs have never been ap- proached to re-assess their donations. If accountants (or whoever looks after the contributions) in each firm were to suggest to permanent employees that they perhaps could donate at least half as much again as hitherto, Lethbridge might also be able to boast of going over the top, and sure- ly most of us who regularly give a dollar a month won't miss another quarter or fifty cents. Another reason is that the present door to door canvass lets housewives off too easy Many of them can squeeze a couple of dollars out of their budgets to help those who are less fortunate. If canvassing every city household is too cumbersome, why can't a few receiving areas, con- veniently located, be opened to re- ceive the dollars housewives, students and children would genuinely like to give? It is more important than ever this year that the United Appeal's com- mitment be fulfilled. Recently the city declined to renew grants to sev- eral agencies, thus curtailing their programs, and several are now in danger of being unable to carry on. With this fact in mind, everyone in Lethbridge, as well as residents of the many towns and villages in south- ern Alberta who seek out the ser- vices provided by United Appeal agencies, should give a little more. The Khrushchev legacy More notice has been taken of the death of former Soviet premier and Communist party chief, Nikita S. Khrushchev, abroad than at home. The current Kremlin leaders have chosen to ignore the event but they, like the rest of the cannot be oblivious to the fact that Mr. Khrush- chev had an impact on history. Some kind of change took place in the U.S.S.R. during the Khrushchev era that could not be hastily re- versed. That the deposed leader was allowed to live out his days peace- fully is eloquent testimony of that. Formerly he would have been li- quidated. An open society did not result, and the climate may once more be somewhat oppressive, but at least Khrushchev demonstrated that it is possible for Russian commun- ism to take a different face than that which many in the West had come to think was unalterable. The greatest change produced by Khrushchev was in external rela- tions. Co-existence took the place of confrontation. The nuclear war that seemed a probability became only a possibility. Despite continuing ten- sions, there has been some improve- ment in relations between East and West since the time of Khrushchev. Most dramatic evidence of this is the accord that recently appears to have been reached over Berlin, It is hard to ignore a man who could have that kind of impact. The fact that the Kremlin is ignoring the former Soviet leader has to mean that a major emphasis of the Khrush- chev regime is repudiated. In view of the failure to seem to reverse the trends in internal and external rela- tions, Westerners would like to know what it was that makes even the memory of the man so abhorrent to the Kremlin. WASHINGTON The "Why Are We in Vietnam otherwise known as WAWIVNC, held its. monthly meeting at the state department last week, and for the first time there was an air of pessimism in the room. As everyone knows, WAWINVC was set up many years ago (o provide presidents of the United States with solid reasons for American involvement in Vietnam. Some of the reasons the committee has come up with in the past arei A. To halt Communist aggression from the North. B. To let Red China know mean business. C. To prevent Southeast Asian countries from falling like dominoes. D. To Ireep American boys from having to fight on the shores of Hawaii. E. To prove to Hanoi we are nol a help- less giant. F. To make sure the South Vietnamese people can choose their own leaders in democratic elections. This last one was everyone's favorite. President Nixon kepi repeating it in every speech about Indochina. Secrelary of State Rogers, Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker in Saigon and Ambassador David Bruce in Paris all said the same thing: "The Uniled States wants nothing for ilself. It is only in South Vietnam to assure that the people here can decide their own fale." You can imagine what happened al the WAWIVNC meeting when they in- formed that President Thieu would be the only one on the ballot in the presidential elections on October 3. The chairman of the committee said, "Gentlemen, I have just heard from Prcsi- denl Nixon. He is very disappointed that no one has chosen to run against President Thicu and is once again hard put to ex- plain what the United States is doing in Vietnam." "Well, il isn't our fault tbiil Vice Presi- dent Ky wouldn't run against Thicu, or that Gen. Mini) bowed out of the ract weeks an assistant secretary of pub- lic affairs said. "How did we know that Thieu would rig the elections so badly that even the opposi- tion would see through a USIA psy- chological warfare expert said. "Thieu should have warned Ky and Minh that they either had to run against him in democratic elections or they would be a CIA man said. "That's not Ihe poinl, the chairman of Ihe committee said. "The [act is that Thieu is running alone. This is not our concern except that since it's now dif- ficult for President Mxon to defend the American presence in Vietnam to guaran- tee free elections, we have to find him an- other reason to explain why we are still there. Now think." an AfD man said, "the Presi- dent says the reason we are in Vietnam is lo protect tire American "I don't follow you." "Well, we all know every high official in the South Vietnamese government has a secret Swiss bank account where he has stashed away millions of dollars. Now, if these officials traded their dollars in Swit- zerland for marks or French francs while the dollar is floating, it could hurt us badly. "But as long as we remain in South Viet- nam these officials will have faith in us and will keep their dollars i n Switzer- land." "It's too Ihe chairman said. "I want something simple." "Suppose we say in Vietnam be- cause we must protect freedom wherever it is a Pentagon man said. There was dead silence in Ihe room. Finally the chairman said, "There has to be a reason that no one has yet thought of." A state department man scribbled some- tiling on a sheet of paper and then raised his hand. "This is it. The president must RO on television tomorrow night and tell Ihe American people the only rcnson we nrc in Vietnam is because it's there." (Toronto Telegram Newi Service) A child in a Canadian prison In 1812, llic Canadian Gov- ernment used llic WKV Mea- sures Act Lo lake all civil rights from Japa- nese Canadians. Their prop- erly was confiscated; older sons were sent to internment camps in eastern Canada and fathers lo wilderness sites in the nockics. Artist Takashi- ma, a young givl at the time, describes Ihc period in Van- couver alone with her moth- er and sister hcforc they too are sent lo camps. From her just published book A Child in Prison Camp, Tundra Books. yANCOUVER, Seplemher 1942 Now we have cur- lew. All Japanese have Lo be indoors by ten P.M. The war will] Japan is fierce. People in Lhe streets look al us with an- ger .My sister Yuki has lo quit her job. No reason is given by Ihe elderly lady. We wail, mother, Yuki and I, for our no- lice lo go to the camps. Al- ready many families have left. A night out Yuki holds my hand, begins to run. "We have to hurry, Shichan. It's close lo ten." Can you run a "I'll I say, but my limp makes il hard for me to keep up. Yuki slows down. I wish mother were with us. Everything seems so dark. AJI old man comes towards us, peers at us in the dim lighl. His small eyes narrow, he shouts, "Hey, you! Get off our He waves his thin arms, "I'll have the police after Yuki pulls my arm, ignoring him, and we run faster towards our house. The man screams after us. Mother is at the door when we arrive. She looks worried, "You arc laic." She sees us panling. "Did you two have She closes Ihe door quickly "You know I worry when you're late, Yuki." Yuki sils on a chair, looks at molh- er. "I'm sorry. The film was longer than I thought. 11 was so great we forgot about the curfew." Mother pours Japa- nese green tea. It smells nice. I sil beside her and drink the hoi. tea. I lock around. The rooms are bare. Boxes are piled for storage in Ihe small room upstairs, Our suitcases are open, they are slowly being filled. We are leaving for camp next week, A siren screams in the night. Air-raid practice: 1 go to the window. All our blinds are tighlly drawn. I peck out, care- fully lifting them. I see one by one the lights in the city van- ish Heavy darkness and quiet covers Vancouver. "I always said there'd be a special role for you in my foreign affairs program, Spiro "Come away from the win- dow, Shiehan." mother's voice reaches me. I turn. I feel sad- ness come Irom her too. I go to her, I see her hands folded neatly on her lap. She always sils like this, very quiet, calm. Her warm eyes behind her round glasses are dark and aot afraid. An end U> wailing We hnve been wailing for months now. The provincial govern- ment keeps changing the dates of our evacuation, first from April, Ihem from June, for dif- ferent reasons: lack of trains, Ihe camps are not ready. We are given another final notice. We dai-e nol believe this is tiie one. We rise early, very early, the morning we are to leave. The city still sleeps. The fresh autumn air feels nice. We have orders lo be al Ihe Exhibition grounds. The train will leave from there, not from the sta- tion where we said good-bye to father and to David. We wait for the train in small groups scattered alongside the track. There is no platform. It is Sep- tember 1C. Now the orange sun is far above our heads. I hear the twelve o'clock whistle blow from a nearby factory. Yuki asks me if I am tired. I no, "I don't feel tired yet, but I'm getting hungry." W e haven't eaten since six in the morning. Names are being called over lhe loudspeaker. One by one, families gather Iheir belong- ings and move towards the train. Finally, ours is called. Yuki shouts, "Thai's I shout, I take a small bag; Yuki and molher, the larger ones and Ihe suil- cases. People stare as we walk towards Ihe train. It is some distance away. I see the black, dull colored train. It looks quite old. Somehow I had expected a shiny new one. I look out the dusty window. A number of people still wait Iheir turn. We wave. Children run after Ihe [rain. Gradually, il picks up speed. We pass the gray granaries, tall and thin againsl Ihe blue Vancouver sky. The far mountains, tall pines, follow us for a long time, until finally they are gone. Mother sils opposite; she has her eyes closed, her hands are on her lap. Yuki slares out the window. A woman across the aisle quietly dabs her tears with a while cloth. No one speaks. Bruce Hutchison Britain in the ECM will disrupt the Commonwealth B AGE HOT, or some other eminent Vic- torian, once said ihal the Brit- ish people were an "enjoying" people. So they have always been; and mainly for their en- joyment, not for any logical or philosophical reason, they have built one of the world's finest civilizations. Today we see that genial old instinct in conflict with the grim new economics. Britain is asked to rejoin Europe, after centuries of separation, and it hesitates because the choice seems to threaten not merely its business methods but own peculiar way of en- joying life, a mystery far deeper than business which no outsider can share. As an outsider 1 have tra- velled the length and breadth of Britain twice hi recent years trying to understand the decision now immediately ahead. And after talking to Brilons innumerable, from the cabinet offices of Whitehall to the village pubs of the Scottish Highlands, I believe that the decision is not complicated, as Nostalgia NEA .service TT now appears that movie theatre attendance nose- dived over the past decade or two not because of lelevision or disgust with X or R-raled films or for any of a number of sug- gested reisons but simply be- cause of outrageous lickct prices. In any c v e n I, numerous theatres around the country are cutting prices and ringing up the kind of profils they haven't seen in many a day. One chain in California, for instance, rut admission lo cenUs. down from tt. and is dn- ing a land office business in popcorn, candy awl soft drink sales. Others arc selling a lop of SI or for weekday eve- nings, with even lower prices at other times. If the day ever comes when your average family man can tnke his wife ;ind 2..1 children lo set! n detent movie and got chfiiigc hack from ,i five dollar bill well, lalk about nostal- gia. il looks in politics, but quite simple as it touches UK Brit- ish mind. Britain, in short, has been falling between two stools since its victory in the Second World War. It wants to main- tain its good old vays and yet to reach the living standard thai only the new ways, the new techniques and Ihe new Europe can supply. In half its find it envies the material suc- cess of foreigners like the Am- ericans, the Germans and the Japanese. In the other half it regards that kind of success with conlempl. It has tried to eal its cake and keep it, too. Prime Minister Heath, the blunt man of practical af- fairs, says that Britain cannot have it both ways. Harold Wil- sin. the subtle man of politics, who has reversed himself once already and is now executing a second somersault, says that he, and he alone, can square the circle, by means un- known. In practical affairs Mr. Heath undoubtedly is right. In his appeal to the ancient in- stincts of the British people Mr. Wilson may win the poli- tical game, at future economic cosl.s beyond reckoning. Either way, an iiTevocable choice must soon be made. Britain's ambivalence cannot outlast this year. Canadians especially should understand Britain's dilemma because they are equally ambivalent, though their own dilemma is distinguished, and their decisions postponed, by the geography and raw wealth denied lo Britain. We also are determined to have it both ways if we the so-called higher living standards of our American neighbors with a superior so- ciety, affluence without its disagreeable byproducts, lux- ury without its abuses, an un- limited Gross National Prod- ucl al a minimum of labor and self-discipline. No people on earth nourishes larger expec- tations. Our Canadian wealth, Ihe gift of geography, and a cer- tain native shrewdness, may enable us to square this circle somehow and reach a typical- ly native compromise but it will be difficult, as our na- tional debate already warns us. II will be still more diffi- cult for Britain since it lacks such wealth, elbowroom and sheer luck. There the comfort- able, kindly, enjoying a uniquely British life, isolated from the brawls and alien hab- Letter To The Editor Ban boats I v.'ish lo concur wholeheart- edly with Dr. I. J. Ariel (Sept. 7) thai motor boats should be banned from small lakes. I have personally seen an oily film lefl on the waler al Beau- vais Lake after a busy week- end. This only goes to illustrate the kind of respect that some people have lor their oivn en- vironmenl. When a fisherman slarls catching bruised fish in a lake, that is the ultimate in- deed. STEVE GAJDOSTIK. Lethbridge. its across Ihe English Channel, must meet Us challenge on ground much narrower than ours, behveen two stark alter- natives. Under any circumstances Mr. Heath would be asking a lot of the British people when he asks them to immerse themselves in the economy and tlie incalculable polities of Europe. Under present cir- cumstances he asks far more. For the circumstances of the British mind are complicated by misfortunes, mistakes, strains and doubts. that we have never experienced in Canada. The loss of an empire, the dubious prospects of its suc- cessor, I h e Commonwealth, the mismanagement of the British economy, the humilia- tion of seeing the greater prosperity of enemy nations defeated by British courage in war Ihese things are very hard to take, or even to grasp. With the confidence, or complacency, of long expe- rience, the ordinary British citizen disguises his doubts pretty well behind the stiff upper lip, he brushes them aside over a glass of beer in Ihe pub, but they enter lika red-hoi iron into his soul. And il is there, not in Ihe economic computers or the outward argument of politics, lhat the great decision will be made. However it turns out, let us not assume in Canada that we shall be immune to the conse- quences. Only in myth, ritual and window dressing would the Commonwealth remain un- changed by Britain's admis- sion to the Common Market. Once that step is taken, il it is taken, Europe, not the Com- monwealth, will be the focus of Britain's business, its politics and its old genius, Canadian foreign policy, if we have a policy as dis- tinguished from a white paper of double-talk, musl face those changed facts. As never be- fore, Canada will be on its own, between the giants of America, Europe and Asia. Then, perhaps, we shall under- stand better, and with more sympathy, how the British people feel in their time of de- cision. (Herald Special Service) Looking backward TlirooRli llic Herald 1921 A concert al. Pan Jose ivas Ireard in Victoria, B.C. by a group of wireless op- erators at Oonzales Hill. The music was that of a radio- phone concert in San Jose, more than 500 miles away. 1931 Provincial land tnxcs tolnlling annually hnve been wiped oul by Ihe Mani- toba government In help re- lieve the burden on aRricullure, dcalh of pro-Axis newspaper editor Marcel Beat. shol by the same man who tried In assassinate Pierre val, was announced today. Au- thorities in Berlin disclaimed Ihe new.' 1951 The overall price spread on initial payments for prairie wheat in 1951-52 will re- main the same ns last year at 40 ccnls. 1961 The Royal palace in Athens today announced the cngagcmenl of Princess Sophie o( Grcctc lo I'rince .liian Cnr- los, son of Iho Pretender to the Spanish Hiront. A CHILD IN PRISON CAMP by Tokoshimo bcauli- fully illustrated in color If your bookseller is out of il, order directly from the publisher. For yourself. For gifts. Tundra Books, 465 St. Xovier, Monlreal 125, Quebec. Please send immediately postpaid ........copies of A Child in Prison Comp al a copy. Enclosed is my cheque for Name Address The Lethbtridge Herald 504 St. S., LeLhbndgc, AJberla LETHDR1DGE HERALD CO. T.TO. Proprietors and Publisher Published 1905 -1954, Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second CliSs Mall Registration No 0013 Member of The Canadian Press nna me Cn nan inn Dsily Newsparw Publishers' Association find tho Audi! Bureau of Clrculatloni CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor Bnrt Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mftnnprr JOE DAI.LA WILLIAM HAY Miinaginci Editor Associate ROV F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER AdvertlMng Manager Edllorhl Pago Editor THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;