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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 13, 1919, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE EIGHT TllE DAILY 1IKRAIH SATURDAY, SKPTKMBKH Kl. OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER What is to be Done With Our Dry Areas? A Problem Tin! Requires rSrlv Consideration tin- A'jlhorilics After Ten Veers' Eiperiecce That Much of lha Ijnd Broken up for Kara Purposes Shcu'.d Have Been Retained lor Grating. (Br E Cora Hind. Agricultural Editor, UTS'.! surumerfnllowed laads filled to in'Tho XVlraips'S Press) (produce inching like a [iroliiable Sow thai inree federal ministers crop, tho yieM oljen not The reiurn, necessary (or lhe soTernmenl to farmers ia Ih areas ol AlberU and I0 i from ail BCFO of land for two years, I broken up and have proved unprpfll- 'abls for grain production, and wheru uhey bare lapsed (rom cultivation noi lone Mado of ihe grass his jcpiue back, but ia Us place a horde of weeds spring up. chief Btnouc (beta bolng iho Russian ihimle. Even ia this, Jry year of 1919 -when ihe southwest-, crn 'country was a veritable desert, every feu- miles it was possible to COHO ou hair and nutter icclfoaa which were cov green, fine sUni! so stroQR atid thickly matted, that it would have been iuipOJsibltJ to breflV it wiih s Ijorse-draivn plow. i'. is possible to STW resloro the "prairie- wool" is a moot Question, but up to present time no definite or- ganized cflori has beea made to Jo THE DCtTftUCTION 'OF EGGS IN SOD LAND Different kinds of grassbcpjrrs hive different Tbm (te Mi- gratory bcuit deposits ItJ IT, in stubble fields or ia oioJeraiely soft situations eUewhere. It chooses, too, the sutll open in 55 surrounded by herbage and seldom lays In the The Pollucld other J fields for aylpj ind celecls in5tcad the gross lands round about. It also deposits :ts In the clumps of grass rather centre of crata clu erei with i Clear-winged locust, ot Is o[ Hussiaa thistle, hand, avoids the cultivate lhan around them. 0( the to ag .Alberta and tas sale ae wan, ___ ___ ___ _____ heat i so- li canaoi be restored, Ihta t grass might be found. A number of farmers in thpso selt- In olher words, ovsr very areas in southern Alberla and 1914. a furiher greatly increased num- ber in 1915, and a siltl greater num- ber will require asBiMance in 1919, at least to the client ol supplying them with seed and feed for stock, and a number will have to receive either di- rect financial assistance ia the mailer o( food ami fuel for their families or be supplied with work wherrtr they can earn money for these necessities, large Sas- thera fiare been five aoiis In which seed grain has had to be supplied to a greater or loss num- ber of farmers and only three seasons to which these areas bave produced really paying crops, namely, 1915, ISjS, b-ud 1317, and the profit on lhe 1916 crop in Saskatchewan was re- duced by a severe ouLbitak ol black rust. For many jeara the arsars now BO .Aronth slrlcken were under lease as ..rahse. Cycles of dry years came then __ now, years wHrci the j a "were hard put to it (or water and only the extent, of Lhelr lease runs enabled them to find sufficient food for their stock. They knew well DOTT Kant the pasture became if two or three dry years came in succession. The old 3aylns that H tooi 35 acres lo pasture H ileer was not such an (Ions both in Albsna and Sisfeatche-l wan, the snowfall is always light audi very often intermittent, with iho re-1 gull that frequently the worst soil drlfline occurs during the latler part of January and lhe month of Febru- ary. During the winters ot 1917-lS and 151S-19 the soil drifting In Alberta, particularly In these moalus, uras something appalling. What's To Be Done .cse facts would go to show that au attempt has been maile to cultivate a large area of land that should hare remained permanently :n pasture or range, and the neit question Is "What should be done about it, and whose business is it to undertake the The provincial government claim, and wilh very sreal show of justice, that this land was public, domain, un- der the control of (he federal ernment. lhat the federal to the i an soil drifting on sumnierlnlloH'. Irrigation In the mailer of irrigation, there arc well defined schemes Tor develop- ment in Alberla, hut nothing so far has bsen done in Saskatchewan. Thera are no such large In Sas- as those of Alberto, which would lend themselves to any big ir- rigation scheme but there are small- er areas thai could be Inrigaled at a comparatively low cost at least euch. is tho opinion ot fairly practical men who have looted into the matter, and part at least of the country tributary to Ibe Cypress Hills and south of the Mud river could bo Included In the extension of Ihe Alberta systems. Possibly the best method 'for Sas- katchewan. however, would be local vallon; and, Ihercfore, lie federal! stations for larger districts in Lbe government assumed the as people im- ly of Ihrowine it open for and cultivation; aria therefore, federal govemmentt is responsible land to enable them lo raise lia peoplo in lhat area In ttmo cattle. This latter scheme has stress, and also that the federal BOT-lbeen be'ore tne Dominion govern- ernment responsible lo tbe whole! mcnt number of farmers down people Canada [or the eipendllure I near lhe Cypress Hills, and is under- teen rrssnmzbly in (ie nature .The years from 1904 lo 1909 were 'years of reasonably fair rainfall ever til the west and pasturage -was abun danL The rush of immigration was flood tide in those years and incom- ing settlers and local land dealers out covetous ares on the bis n and there was R. great clamor to have ft em thrown open for seUlemenL Federal lynorance The federal goTernment ol Canada jiad-BcTCT-nimle any attempt to find these lands, were suit- able for.grain farming or not accurate information the rainfall over. a period" of years The only'people who. knew, an: "it first hind abpnt these lands were and wh'ea'lhey protest ed lhat macfi of tbe land was fiL for range only, (hey were laufhei! to scorn, called land and the .couDlry..was thrown open and aetUtr 'flocked, in." V Thousands of tcres of eTcellent grass range was broken up year year. government of Canada---------a------f--------..._.vt.UH tad no information to Eire Incoming Ulemenl, namely, the Wallace and the fettlers as lo how these lands shonldjMatador, ranches, both of them well bs cullirateJ, and it placed DO reslrle- lhe dry and the urge lo tlons upon them as lo.when breakJng j have these p ranches open for aelllc- of rlrgln" prairie should or should notjmenlhas come- mainly from returneil luc ruspuu.ibliily it open for 'Ctllement aod culti-i1''' beins to bring small areis Jer crops and form supply "ars- help s. at present In- and Manitoba. Fully 75 cent arc- of Ihe- Pellucid tind and In, consequence, the sioie per- centage of eggs are to bo found In sod as compared with those in the To plough stubble down deep- ly Is not difficult but (o lurh sod to the a a mo depth is frequently Imposs- ible. and it li, therefore, imuortanl thut DLher metos employed for dee troy- Ing the locust egvs kaowa to bo pres- ent in large numbers. IlecMit conducled sL Lho Dominion EalomolcElcAl Labora- tory, Trwsbtnk, Man., have shown that locust CESS cannot, survive ei- posuro to the sun for more than a few days, oven >vhea in the usual pod or sack. The question of Ihelr destruction ii, therefore, simplified and any method that will expose the ejs to the sun will destroy them. Thus disking, cultivating or harrowing will all be useful means of killing eggs and we are strongly every farmer to employ one of these methods on all the dryer sodded ureas of his farm or road-side. Thaj eggs are but half an Inch below the surface and can, Ihsrelore, be easily exposed. They will bo wherever the hoppers were In July and August. v %v 4. 4 4 THE ALBERTA EM-LAYING CONTEST TUo fgg-liylnf contest to be bold at ths firo: at Letitrridge ill do much to Establlih the aultnbll- Ity of a- ess-producing Already the farm and tbe department of agricul- ture both produced a Dumber of hens that lay over 200 In and Iheie U no rosjon why core breeders In tbe province. iho-jld not do like- wise. The contMt will not only show that Alberta cu produce high layers. but it will bring out Ihose that arc breeding for high egg production, anil will give them a Elaiiding In the builnect which nothing elso will. Kitted by all intpreslw] iu poultry production. It Is therefore 'up to the breeders of the provinco to sea thai this conteal belos held at wblch itarta November lul, has as en- tranls toiuo of the best in the province. We lo put on lhe map at an eu produciurpror- loce. Owfne to 'the iu ivdTerlls- ius, enirics will be revived uy. to the last of September, providing tht con- ical IE not lull earlier. Rules and regu- lations hiva been vtell published, but copies may bo had oil npulli'Mlon to llie Dominion 1'oullry Husbandman, Ceulral Eiperiuiontal Farni, Ont. The eulraiice fee of J5.00 for 3 pen of leo birds should at lime of application, and all chequei and uiojtey orders bo mado [my. able to A. tVaser, accouutant. WtK) ARE THESE PEOPLE? Seul. The (oMlws1 and labor couucP baa passrJ a resolution, a copy ol which has been sent to Premier Floruen, aakfng for withdrawal of the charges against blfbl labor leaders. A resolution wu) alio unaulmouaiy passed aud forvvun'- ed to tho government thd Robson coniiulslon ond a Qg thai the oomuiteslou be wlthdruwu. Ol< lectlou was also laten lo It? state- ment of Judge SI. A. flobsou respect- ing tlie eight labor loaders as losl Ilie confidence of tbo workers. Aj contests are being conducted by the eiperimental (arms I In practically every province In the Dominion, a comparison of yields will be Interesting and will be eloiely AUSTRALIAN WHEAT CROP SYDNEY, N S. Sepl. government has guar- anteed farmers five shillings per bush- el for the 1S20-1S21 wheat crop. laincd by an agricultural survey and by research work. The seven or eight lhe to he under consideralion. Even DavG Ihis of public moneys in the helping of s of the country. The federal governmeot has lakenlsch'ime to lne Eovernment, however, lhe stand lhat the adm1t tnat il "tTOu1'1 on'y menU are to a certain extent respan-i01" to thp advantage of a certain pro- slbleforthe people in their portion of the lerritory; there would aad while the assistance which has remain numbers of farms that do been rendered to these people has lnot-' find anparenlly 'cannot, produce loans which were to be repaid, !t would be niore cold fact is that millions ot dollars a11 concerned could they once more help of this have been- eipended kind which not been repaid. For in 1914-15 over fitteen mil- lion dollars as. expended In relief and less' than O'per cent, been repaid and many of the same people bad to get help again last year and are again in need of assistance. Yet during the present yoar, In spite of the drought, additional areas of these1 dry lands have been broken up and further attempts .will be made (o STOW crops upon them. -Not only that, but there Is a strong movement on. foot to have two of the largest re- maining ranches thrown. open for set- be attempted, with the result that lind was rretiuently broken a? late as October, when it rwas Impassible the rbuld rol, while others broko Khonsands of acres'in the spring and soldiers, Investment Heavy Tbe present Investment In.plhese southwestern lands Is enormous, and loan companies and banks are very as late as the.middle of June, and interested in Ihe whole mediately seeded it to fl'ai, with the1. Hues lion.'Scores of farmers who have result that, about nine limes out of fen frost caught lie fiai, there was no flax crop, but only a. 'mass of weeds lo further lake loll of the scanty been through Ihis cycle ot dry yearj are setting ont and going to the northern parts of the three provinces- There Is a veritable exodus from moisture of a semi-arid country. [southern Alberta to the Peace River V The claim has repeatedly been from southwestern-Saskalch- even tbe driest of these lands lewan to northern Saskatchewan arid would'produce a crop every year If i northern Manitoba. Many of Ihese properly farmed from the beginning. farmers are succeeding In selling This claim held good until 1914, but their farms lo newcomers and in not In thai year, again In to greater extent this year, eren" Instances they have sold to re- turned soldiers and more would hare been sold to relumed soldiers.had U not been for the interference of the ne-ealabllahnient boards, bet Ihey have no aulhoiilalive data A-TAHROUGH good I times and bad times for -JL the past 45 years .this ic extended to the men wbs million dollars loaned lor seed and by increasing their amouul ol feed for man aod beast ici 1914 and not yet returned to the public Ireas would have Bone a mighty long way'In agricultural surveys and re- search work, anil had tbat work been, undertaken in' 19DS and 1903 before these lands were occupied as farms, further expenditures for relief wo have been unnecessary. U is no use moaning orer the mis- lakes of lhe past, but the unpardon- able crime will be for the government of Canada to allow Hie present state of continue and further pasturage to "be destroyed wilh no reasonable prospect of it becoming profitable grain'or stock farms. B. C. H. "ops, Tear In and year out. returned Lo pasture Lands. would not bs necessarr that Lhe Our International Banking Service Foreign undor lata are r-imintalaeJ at our New York, London, real, Toronto and Winnipeg Branches. It boa beeo remarked that no more complete Foreign organization exists in Canadian bank-tap. Our Statistical Servioa offen "vital ttsaiaUince to Canadian bnfllDesfl nierj In their import and export trade relations. UNION BANK OF CANADA RESOURCES OF 1I5J.OOC.000 LETHBRIDGE BRANCH A, Duntw, Manager at and HAY HAY HAY Farmers we can supply you wilh good prairie hay in cat- lots. at per Ton F.O.B. YOUR STATION HAY OF THIS QUALITY WILL NOT LAST LONG AT THIS PRICE. SEE OUR SAMPLES COX SMITH HOSth'StreetS. Phone 1970 HAY HAY you wish io buy or sell It will pay you to deal wilh esLablEsliccl, reliable conccrus. nre one of lhe oldest and largest hny mcrehanta in Cauada. Will buy or sell Any numler oT cars of sood quality wild or lame bay. KENNETH R. SIMPSON CO. CALGARY, ALBERTA CLIMAX STIFF TOOTH CULTIVATORS The Climax will not ihirk Its work even under the very hardest, conditions. Strong enough to work th'. hardest lands, and will fl've satisfaction gn ground lhat canny'', ot cultivated with a Spring Tooth Cultivator. Three sliei, 7 fl, ft., and 12 ft., wTlh power lift atlachmtnti optional. THE CLIMAX IS DEATH TO ALL THISTLES AND WEEDS. It will pay you to calk and examine this machine. A. SMEATON Agent for. Cockihutt Implements. T2G2 1st Avenue South Eovcrnmsnt put in local Irrigation 1 schemEs, on I it would be quite reason-! ahls that ihe federal Eovernmenl do the necescary research work lo es-; I'ablisli the locations it would' bo have such IrrlgalloiiT schemes; and if they help financially, j by ihp. larger Irrigation pro-; might also assist smaller j ones to-start on some such-basis as; co-operative elevators. The federal gorernmeut riglilly has! control of the waterways and should] havo the final say as lo whether not waler could profitably and safe- ly be diyerled to such purposes. Ignsrance Not Bliss The troubles and losses which have arisen from Iho attempt to farm these dry areas have arisen mainly through Ignorance, and.for this ignorance ILe federal governments of Canada in (he past are to blame, because, In spite of repeated urgirigs, no proper agri- cultural survey baa ever been made, and Incoming set Hers have not bacn able to ascertain what the lands they were buying or .'noracsCeadlng were fit for, and Jn this -way not only much private capital baa been wasted hut much of the public domain has been sacriTiMtl also. What It Economy? It yriM be claimed, and rightly, lhat tftc present Is a time for strict econ- omy of public funds and that large new enterprises should not be under- taken. The What la economy? It that bave been expended In helping-farmers In the drouth areas were reckoned, and oren very morlest interest added, they which to base a warning to relumed would be round lo have been sufl'iclcnl soldiers about locating on these tremely dry areas; All of the lands In areas lhat have been classed aa are not absolutely dry. There are'somc woo hare had cropi all these dry years, but not always really paying crops. Surely It Is time for the federal goTcmmeDt to lake alock an-i BE certain, '.what Is the-beat thing lo be done. Why not. request loan com- panies who have In Ihia cfcunLry lo go carefully flvqr Ihelr loans and report on the number of to hare madq the required agricultur- al surrey many times over. Funher moneys will have lo be expended.Ihiz (hat them la no help; 1ml surely it would to the part o( wla- doni to call a hnTt on [urlher settle- ment and attc-mplej dcTelopment In these areas until such lime as definite knowledge arrived ot aa lo the besl way lo proceed. A Tory nlri'xing eiample of how a comparatively nmall expenditure of nionay by Ihe government can pro- vide Ilic Information lhat will Ind'jcn men to whom It will ufe for them'pihate enterprise and capital lo take 10 extend furllicr credit and whom, up the dcvelonmont ivork exists In they are willing lo'carry, Savins rcMacnilhojn Alberta today In connection nit. t- j-i -.1- to the character oljwlih Ihe thirteen Bankbassteadllygivetlltsbest <5C raen hut-ol tho actual rainfall of alter a aullablo survey to ascertain efforts to'the development and "'hen this data Is as- the loci al which water could be c Dominion govern-1 roun-1, wcro bored at slralegic polnU upbuilding of thcagncultural, menl make a careful survey ot thelby the Domlnlin Bovernmcni.'Nuw It selllsrs and declac who! Is for a former to have- a well should he helped In the localities bored for on a euarantcc oi manufacturing and commer- cial business of this Country. .Ourefficicntscrviceisavailablc forthe benefit of all customers. STANOABD BANK or CANADA AC. SCOTT M IJTH srmcer NORTH O. r, 1ILETCHEH M t-VCHUW KJUTH, P. BUJ-INCTON 'MAHAOC.I MKW DATTOff AHD fTmLTNa MAAIfCtlCl L_ O. THOMAS W. COAUOALE C.T. MtMNMOH DURDCTT BRANCH where they are, by Iho extending ol territory to them for pasture, or by tho creation of Email local Irrigation dlRtncls In Saskatchewan and the ex- tending ot larger Irrigation district! In Alberta, IV.cn Iho removal of the rei water furnished or no money paid The securing of thfiso wells was th( result of (ha persistent efforts of President Marnoch o( Ihe l.ethbrtdge board of (rado. This year, while ttfero dlslricts In the norlh as will reason- ably asEuro them ot crops year. Agricultural Survey In order Ihal this work be succoav fuland practical, It should bff preced- f deciding on has-hecn much lo te said as (o the alnder to suchishtrlaBO of feed In these illalrld! of Alhcrta, there has been very llltlo complaint of shortage of water for the slock. A little of Ihe samo kind o effort would go a long way In estab- lishing -what is the best thing la do with the southern lands. ed by n complete agricultural survey of the whole Ihreo prairie province, TO Sum Up but more especially ol iho soulhwcEl- py all means encourage Irrigation orn sections, and where it H decided where (here proof thai frrlgetion (hat iflrmers should be removed lo crery last fool that cashrdlu annpan other a plan shoult] bo im- will snlre tho problem, but' When "tfuS. lhc lflnrl; cvery last fool lliit can be JrrlgRlcd U which will ho thus vacatcrl back inl-i irrlgatfil Ihorc will still be ji HARVEST .Vf- EXPENSES Harrtst time brings expenses which must be met with ready money. Should you need an advance to help yon over this busy interrier this Bank. We pre- pared to help all responsible farmers. THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH WARNER BRANCH MILK RIVER BRANCH R.T. BRYMNER, M.nMef J. U.S. GORDON, Mmntga J. V. STEEL, M.nigw What Cash You Need When Travelling more particularly, when Urge sums are best carried in the form of a Letter of Credit, issued by The Merchants Bank. This old established form ol intematicmal banking, il preferred by many experienced of ita tbwlutc kecunty. LetUra of Credit are ouhed onhr tiy bulu ar taiikinf carftmixr.t, uid tho identity of u ratlbliahed to Die of tie bank offlcuh. ufttr. and Eoarde affmlnil BANK Head Office: MgntiwL PF CANADA 1864. LETHBRIDCE BRAHCH, R. J. DINNING, al Rnc NobMorrl. A Woman's Advantage In Dealing With a Tnut Company 1. .Financial Responsibility. 2. Coritlnubua Service- 3. Systematic Records. How meny Individuals car, oTfCr 30 much? A Man protects 'his wife and children by UM IMhtiai 0( 9 will and keeping hie home and furniture covered by Sunshine abounds in our office.. The British Canadian Trust Co. 315 FIFTH STREET S. EXECUTORS LETHBRIDGE, ALBEflTA 1 Few Men Desire To Undertake administration ot on Estate Is no easy task, ir pul on the shoulders of ao individual, it demands an amount of (line and care that foir business men can willingly sparo from their own affairs; moreover, should anything happen to ths Individual before tho estate Is settled, confusion, litigation and delay, with accompany- ing loss, Iretiuently result. The Trust Company specializing In Iho admlnlslratlcn o[ properly is tho logical answer lo lha question ol whom to namo as your Executor. Conault Ul noA about this important matter, The Tmsts and Guarantee Company, Wed CALGARV AND LETHBRIOGE, ALBERTA LETHER1DCE OFFICE: BANK OF COMMERCE BUH.OINO. J. W. McNICOL, INSPECTOR. Public Xdnilnlitritor and Official Anlgnee for the Judicial Diilrlcli of Le'.hbrldec, Macleod, Medicine Hit, Calgary, Red Dttr, Stettlcr. The Royal Bank of Canada Montreal flM Head Office.....- Capital Authorized.................. Paid Up Riiirve Fundi Tolil Atiett :...........................over President, Sir Herbert 9. iroll. Vlcc-Preildent and Director, R. Peaae, Oenersl Manager, 6. K. of Cenlral Wtnlern Hmrchea, lloberl CampSell. Special care given to Savings Accounts, Sav- ings Bank Department at all Branches, .'-A' banking business ALBERTA, BLANCHES W. A. Manafcor Magralh.................................. J. K. Atkinson, Mannecr Carditon W. 11. McKay, Manager fabcr 0. DIcHon, Mmafer HAY! HAY! HAY! We have LOTS of it for immediate shipment FOR MANITOBA HAY AND FEED MITCHELL HAY GRAIN GO. MEMBERS WINNIPEG GRAIN EXCHANGE 1 156 64 OHAlN EXCHANGE BLOO. WINNIPEO- MANITOBA ;