Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 13, 1911, Lethbridge, Alberta
IWHAT THE FUSS IS ALL ABOUT RECIPROCITY SCHEDULES IN BRIEF I'Concise Lists of the Articles Admitted Free, Those at Rates and Those Exchanged at a Specific Rate nnd viiair per The following arc me schedules of the proposed reciprocity agreement given In concteo udinittctl free from each i [country lo the other. admitted at Identical rates when imparted from either coun- try to the other. produced in Canada ad- j mittod Into the United.States at spo- cil'led rates of duty. r produced in Unite 1 Slates atlmldcd Into Canada at sped 'fled rates of duly. SCHEDULE A. Articles admitted Ircc into cac1 count) from Ihe 1 G'lUtio. hot-ass and "mulcts, iBhecp, lainbe, and till other live aui- 1 Irnnls. Poiiltn dead or alive. Wheat ML oats, harley, and bud ft mhe.it Apples, pears and apricot" Coin (DID or maize (.excupl j Ho C mart i foi I Ha stiiu ind cow pease. Potatoes s cPt potatoes, yams, tur- onions inhhaftes, and all other 1 In their natural stato. i? I c JIPI s poaches, Crapes, her- f IKS nnd al' other edible fruits in then nit mat si ite, t les ntdches pesi-s and apricots, arifd de sic i ted or evaporated. i jBuLier, chccso, and fresh milk and cream. ..Provided that cans actually .used Jn the tra isporlatlon of milk or cream maj be pissed hack and forth hetueen tbe two countries free of duiy K under such regulations as the respec- Ine governments may prescribe. Eggs of barnyaid fowl, in the shell. lloiiev L Cotton seed oil b'laxseed or linseed, cotton-seed, ami othu oil seeds grass seed, including timothy-and clover seed; garden, field, ind other seed not heroin otherwise. jiroUde-d for in packages weigh- ing over one pound each (not includ- ing flower seeds) Fish of all -kinds, fresh, frozen, packed in ice. salted or im.'servpd in r j foi m sardines and other Hsh.'preserved In oil; ar.il shell fish of all.kinds, including oysters, lobsters, and clams In any state, fresh or yack- (jd.-and coverings of Uic foregoing. i Seal, herring, and other fish oil, including cod 9-ilt Mineral waters, natural, not.in ftles or Jugs _' .Timber, hewn, sided or stjr.arod otherwise .Mian by.sawing, and round usuil for spars or in bull dins Sawed boards, planks, deals and other lumber, not further manufactur- ed than sawed. Paying posts, railroad'tics, and tele- electric light and tele- graph poles of ccrlar or other woods.- Wooden staves of allkir.ds, not fnr- (ther. inantifactured than listed or jo'.nt- Pickets and palings. plaster rock or gypsum, crude, not giound Miqu, manufactured or trim- med-, only, and mica ground or halted. fcldspii LLUdt powdered or ground. Asbestos not further manufactured Fluorspar, crude, not ground. i Glycerine, crude, not purified. I Pale', ground, bolted or precipitated, natuialH 01 er ilicially, not for'toilet use Sulphate of soda, or salt cake; and i eocla. ash. Extracts of hemlock bark. Carbon electrodes. BrasR in bars and rods, in coils or otherwise, not less than six feet in length, or brass in. strips, sheets ,hr not polished, planished or coated. Cream separators of every descrip- and 'parts thereof imported for repair pj the for.egoing. Rolled iitn 01 steel or plates number fourteen gauge or thlnnei g ihnlzcd or coated with zinc tin 01 othci metal, or not. Crucible cast steel wire, valued at noi: less than six cents per pound. uon ir steel wire, curved o not numbeis nine, twelve, and thir- teen ftirp sauce Thirty-two .cent, ad valorem, Cherry juice and prune jiilce, or prune wine, and other I'rull juices and fruit syrup, Seventeen and ono-hall per cent, ad valorem. Mineral wntera and Imitations of natural mineral in hollies or Soveiilcon and oiie-tmif per cent. i ad valorem. and one-half per cent, ad valorctm. Poi'taitlo engines wilh boilers, in and trac- tlon engines for farm jmrpascs; hay I londersi. polato dlssers, fadtier or feed I cutters, grain crushers, fannlnj; miila, bad tedders, ir.rin or field rollers, ma- i nurc Fproaders. and wind' mills; and linishrd purls thereof ini- ported for of llic" forcgohig ox- I i ccpi p'.-r ceir. ad valornn. and Onu rjrindt-tor.cs of scndstoiio.iictninunt-.l fd, finisiunl or Five ctius per 1.00 i freestone, s.imlstoro.'iinie sionc and all oilier or brec'hra nnd onyx. or not One dollcr and lil'.v per Al feel b.u. And cslnr incas'ire this achcc'iil? no fiitill bo made th? hcr.nl a and prr Ef! count of i, naun nr vi7... of arc nt.miKed iron: all i i of Canada free of duty ir.ttf iho I knj..fs ,-Dr such paper, honrd. or pulp, or tlie wood iiulp in Ihe manufacture of such paper or board. Provided alsu tiiat.auch papur or bourd. tho urou.ucls of tho .United States, shall only be al- mittcd free of duty into Canada from Iho Untied Slates when v'bod pulji, paper, or board, bsing the duct of arc atimiiietl from all par! United States. is umlerstcod that Presh fruits lu ho admitted free of duty j Ihc.United froni.Cauat'a rules for and a half per ad valorem. Bnfiiiis. urinnis r.nd other jilunibing bain rooir.s-and ccnifmt..cr clay-, or of a per cent. b-Tiiil ffiiii. meutcd or dccoraifd in sny manner, and of and one-half per emit, ad valorem. oi' iron. ;i t'.vo one-half atl AfbRrtns fur! IK r ttian. grofiid, in an u fact of .or I'.rtiivrs cf which IE thf yyiiciii mat'.r-nf of cliicf value. Jn- ciucliuy falirits. v.-holly or in chief valun and per cent, ad v'a'or'cm. .and n half per cent, an vaJorm. n'atcd nr jiockct and house- hold purples and la'oic vpir and a half per cent, ad val- weifil'it of jy }-.p included in iho for cents rrr i ouuaiJ.. Treti'. cherry, poach, prar. r.nd nil kinds, enir.l! peach us June a'nci a rncli. iiil.k, wcljjht of tlte cr.clT.S- '3 Uir weight for j. Untaxed Pood is Labor's Boon Iron r: ircn- cro, and :li? from biirni ten of C'-'a! or of a as Ihrouv. s. EC-I AviicJcs lh? of iho admitted into Canada :U ir.entioncd from (he J.'pltcti 3J Pcriland hyJ includo lemons, oranges, limes, grape shaddocks, poir.clcs, or anples. It is also understood 'dial Hfih oil, whale oil. seal oil and nsii of being Hie product of fisheries-carried on by fishermen cf the United States, shall he arimillal into Canada as ihc product of United Stales, b-jn, larly that flsb oil. whale eeal 01) two lt> aj Val3rera.. and fisli ot at- ksnds. beiny the pro- rioc'rs v.iielicr? tin1" re'-ordcrs. SCHKDUI.K B. Articles at nuf tvhen nnport-Tfl from nto the iieef_, vcai, minion, pork and j ill fresh or rr.cr.ts and opc-rjuf.rtsr j pr-'r i clock a ml watch keys, clack tnscs, and clock and. a half ner Prir.ters' for holding and u half per cent.; ad volororn. Wood cnq.R half per c-f nt. ad_ valorem. Cfinues and bca'ssf noi a--.hali ppp a.ci valorem. a I ii f rs, cnidc, not clrorvctl, ir.nniiuicturtd-nTwelve Reciprocity "Not a Political! Says theMin-j ister of JusticB .Sir Alfin a glance the Canadian farrier ran ECC- ihr.t th? JJominion negotiators j secured .larger conccssionfi. than they R when they had trade in incorporr-tcd In the agree- per f'L by the Cniled States and quarter rrnts per pocnci. Canned mcji'.n and manner! poultry Twenty pur ccnl. ail valoryni. L-j.vtracts of meats, fluid ov not Twcntv cent, ac! valorem. Lard, pml .Vrrof, lent- anil cotlo-i slfiinuc, ami ccrniil and plain cal tiTGGES, pcEsa blindages of ail and a half per-cent-ad valorem: PJato glacs, jioi, fljayeilud, In sheotg s seven square feet T- dred pounds. yoik, aibuincu 'aiul b'ccd and ncr rent. ad v.-iloi-ciii. KisJi i except shell by -whatever nainti known, packed in in. boxor. or cans, iuciudir.i; the weight of the (a) over twenty ounres and not ounces cents package. (b) When weighing over twelve j ounces nnd not ovor thirty-six j Four ceius per package. Motor- vehicles oliicr liian for.rail- ways and tramways, and and parts thereof, not inciudins' rub bar tent, ad valorem. I Iron or stSQl.digc-slei'j for iho j fauture of wood i a half per cent. valorem. j instntnisiir. t-asus. .fancy I cases or parvJ'oMos. j rclifles, card cases. p-.irseF, packet-1 j hooU. fly-hooks for artificial fljes, ai) j the coin'ioscd whfcl'y or in1 chief of t'CHKDULE C. (c) When weighing twelve ounces I Arlicles the growth, product or1 iach or eenls per package. manufaciurc of Cariucn to ha admitted (d) When weighing thirty-six ounces each or more, or when packed in oil, in holtles, jars or per cent. valorem. Tomatoes and other vegetables, in- chiding-corn in cans or other air-light packages, and including the weight of the and one'-rruarler eenls per pound. Wheat flour and' seminola; and rye into the United States at tin under mentioned rales cf duly w.hni import- eel from t'nr.ada: Alumir.nin in crude cams per pound. Aluminum in plates, sheets, hgrs 'and cents per pounrK cents per JI pieces.- cents peril, Sawed beards, planks, deals. end Typesetting and typecasting mach ines and piit U eicof, adapted for use, poundi Jn printing offices Oatmeal and rolled oats, including 1 Barbed fencing wire of iron or steel, the weight of panor cents per barrel of. 19U j other lumber, planed or galvanized or not. Coke. Rolled round wire rocis in.-tho coil, pf iron or Bt'cel, not over three-eighths of an Inch in diameter, and not. smaller ithan number six.wire gauge. Pulp of ground; pulp or wood chemical, or unhleachPd news print paper, and 'other paper, and paper board, manu- factured from mechanical wood pulp ;or from chemical wbotl pulp, or of [which such pulp is tne component, material.of chief value, colored in the jmlp, or not colored, and valued at not TO ore than four-cents per. jincluding printed paper or decorated iwall paper, Provided'that-such paper and honi'd rained at four cents per pound or less iand wood pulp, being Iho products of iCanadn, when Imported Ihere.trom Directly into Iho United Slatos. shall 'ho AfhniUed free of duly on the con- dition prerudon't lhat no export duty, lirtjifat fee or other export Charge of any.kind wlialsoovpr ther In tht> form of additional charge or lieonaa' feu or or any prohibition or romrirlion In any way of. the'I'Xporlatton (wliftlliur by law, order, .regulation, .i-onlrncIui'Hl ii'lu- tion, or tliivcily or indirect- shall havf.1 hot'ii 'imposed null IKJ nd or puip or Iho .U'.oot1 DWHl V, liianiifiictiire of per cents per 100 pounds. .Corn and cents per 100 pounds. Barley cent 100 pounds. Barley, pearled 'aii'd Onn-halt''cenl Buckwheat flour or cent per pound. Split peas, and one- half cents per bushel of (JO pounds. cereal foods, not other- wise provided for and one-half per cent, ad valorem Bran, middlings tmil other offals of grain used- for .animal and one-half cents ner 100 pounds. Macaroni and cent per pound. iBacnils, wafers and cakes, when with sugar, honey, molas ses or other per cent, ad valorem. Biscuits, wafers, rakos nnd other baked articles composed In whole or In part of cggs or any kind of flour or meal when rombincd with choco- late, nulH, fruit or coiifffclioiiory; also onndfi'il peel, candied pop-corn, ran- dii-il mils, caudlffl fruilH, atignr candy nnd confectionery of nil Thirty- two and onu-half per rfiif. ad valorem. sneer and nwiib.1 syruji ei'tit per pound. I'lcklos. including nuts, j sam't'K of all I'p'istc or' one Kli'ly cents per M feet j.M, Planed or finished on one aido and tongucd cr grooved, or, planed or fin- ishert on two cents one-half per SI. B.1I. Planed or finished on three sides, or 'planed and finished on two sides and ROBERT BlCKERDIKE ml CiiTidtrijiif in yv Inviting question because ti nfr'eeted tho future for good or ill of 'family in ;tbo ar; r.ot." said Sir Alan, "en ih? (-efer.s-ie .In Rcfllicli by U'L: Ifrt- )0c tr.c ilie fanners, ili'e wcrkingmen ant! the common people cf this country. It is r.ot treaty, not an Into r.ieshts from which Canada never bo able in free herself, but, n agreement wliich can b? leriniimtecl after a trial. ought to pass this law tecansf! it will enlarge and ox- tcfid -inarkoiii I'D" Canadian farm pro- duce. It is a political qiicsticn, 'hut a business jiropoiiticn, It will bring -nv-roiiind customers fcr cur barley, hcrcss. cuttle, etc." A'CLEAR CUT-ISSUE Tha "Privileged Against tho "Unprivileged Many" OU8_BARLEY A Detroit Finn Place3 an Order Pend- ing the Adoption of Reciprcpity H. W. Ulckcl and Company, Detroit, writes as- follows: "We arc writing (o you. and desire 'to request you lo give us tne names of grain deniers in On- tario, cither with grain elevators or otherwise, equipped to handle barley or mailing quality in ear lots for ship- ment to Detroit, Mich., in. the event that the proposed reciprocity agree- ment Ss accepter! by the Canadian Government. Jn case of favorable lien by tho voters of the Dominion of If ever then? wtir. r.n olecticn in j Canada, wo would he prepared to take Canada- in which th': Privileged on trailing barley in car lots up to stood on one and the Ur.priviicsrd j bushels or more. would Many on ciiier. surely this is that i like very much io get in touch with j somo of the grain dealers at this timo, Tho men form the backbone of f correspond with them with rcfer- tlic 'aiui-rc-ipvocity forces are the packers with ilieir 50 per cent, divi- dends: f.he masters who have been buy I'm; Cr.r.ndiaii barley at an averagu of below i'.uft'aio prices, r.nd finan- 'o ttiu] linvo become lioiif-ires fontlns of morsel's whlcli llio pri'EiiH system renders ]ms- sible On til? oilier side is Lhc groat ss' of Ulioinailized farmers who are cInK siniply Hint they lie allowed to sell certain of their products in what, but for an aniiirial barrier, to be re- moved under reciprocity, would bo for them the high Surely, the rcasp st market in the world. the issue EO nlain, with n for the opposition so mani- fest, can doubt on side his ballot should bo iy GARDENERS Wilt NOT SUFFER Mr. Thomas Vance, commission mer- chant, says: "There is an erroneous idea tliat everything that comes in early is American. The fact, ho says "that vegetables conic from Leamington four weeks, and from the Hon. Sydney Fisher CorrectG the Fig ence to the matter herein referred to." GOOD FOR THE FARMER Reciprocity Will be ci Big Saving to Farmsrs on Implements The Grain-growers' Guide of Aug- ust 80, lias the following on its front page: "H. W. Hntchinson. General Manager John Deere Plow Company, announces: arc pre- pared in the event of the adoption of the reciprocity pact lo reduce our prices lo fanners on every har- vester, on cvc-ry mower, on every rake, ?5 on every seeder, on ovcry American wagon, nnd other things In about the same ratio. What my company will do my com- petitors will be obliged to do also. Tho'farmers can save in tliie way, as near as .1 can reckon, per annum.'" PRICE OF HOGS Niagara peninsula three weeks, before they arc ready in the vicinity of To- ronto. The American early vegetables jro out of the. way weeks before tho Toronto article is ready. If they wen urcs of the Opposition "As Minister of Agriculture, 1 keep watch on foreign said Hon. Sydney Fisher. "An anti-reciprocity sheet has been going round Ihe conn- noTtnV couM no, be for not j tW o rice "S.S Chicago than urir i This fs mlsrpPresonlinS lilf! fllcls- ,ut It IB also much ess on select bacon hogs, taken from an One shrewd farmer in UMHIOX U'.uverKgo of every week of the year, loldtng two ihousuud bushels of bar- was a, hundredweight, In Ilnffalo ley In his barn until after tin- election. and In Toronto I8.SH. Further, ;JH pxpec.ts to make hniidfecl dol- ft Is not fair to compun- Monireul or 'lira more for it after Ihc agreement Tin'onto prices with (.'bingo's, you is rulifioil i.hfui must compare Montreal's with those it at prowiit i of MB9 Free Food Agreement Which Will Enrich the Working- man's Dinner Table The reciprocity agreement is a free food agreement. It will remove the harriers between the country worker who produces tho food, and tho city worker who con- sumes Ihe food. The Canadian farm- er knows tills and Is supporting the agreement heartily, and in many cases against hla party feelings. The worklngmsn, whose a largo part of them, arc spent on food, Is equally Interested. He Is'not the enemy, but the ally, of the man who produces' the food. Hetwcen these two workers are taxes .and levied by two Igvie.d by middlemen, whose profits are iracle by buying food cheap and selling It dear. Reciprocity will take off the taxes and tolls and divide them between the workor in the country andn the worker in the town. Reciprocity will enrich the working- man's It will enable him to buy Soulliern .fruits and vegetables at seasons when they cannot bo pro- duced In Canada, and when, therefore, the importation cannot hurt the Cana- dian farmer. It will enable food to be carried from tho place of abundance and to the place of scarcity. So It will prevent gluts and it will prevent famines. Rich men can afford lo buy aspara- jjus and tomatoes out of season. An abundant, nupply of fruits and vebe- tables all the year round is just as good for the poor as for the rich. Re- ciprocity will give us all access to grains, fruits, and vegetables, when- ever and wherever they are from ths Peace River to the Gulf of Mexico, and 'from January to Decem- ber. It. will hurt nobody and it will help everybody, Just as the rain and sunshine help everybody. WAITIN6FORRECSPROCITY The West Believes jt Will Greatly Increase the Price of Oats The following letter from the Na- tional Elevator Company. .Limited, of Winnipeg, a very large concern oper- ating In tho speaks for National Elevator Co., Ltd., Winnipeg, Aug. 25. Jlcssrs. .lohn B. Smith Sons, Toron- to, Ontario: Gentlemen, Acknowledging your fi'vor of -tho 22nd inst., .we wired you yesterday giving you price on oats f.o.b. cars Toronto, and you will, no doubt have noticed our prices are somewhat higher than our earlier quotations, which is caused by our markets having advanced consider- ably during'tho summer, as notwith- standing the splendid crop prospects we have, our oat'values are very firm, owing to heavy speculative buying In anticipation of the passage of the reel procity measure, as it is believed that if we get reciprocity our values will even up with American prices, which are now some six cents a bushel high- er than Canadian Values. Yours very truly, (Signed) N. L. Leach, Vice-President. MR. BORDEN WOULD HAVE JUMPED AT IT Extract from address of Mr. Twd D. Lovekln, former prelldent of Dur- ham County Conservative Association, now supporting tho candldAtt and reciprocity: "Mr. Bordon says It Is wrong for you to sell In the. markets where you the' best But let me, an a Tory, whisper to you a little secret about Mr. If he had beta the Pre- mier and had been offered this chance. ho would have jumped at It." A PROFITABLE H. M. MOWAT I.ibernl CnmliilaU In.North Ontario. WHAT STATES GRANTED In Some Cases They Have Gone Be- low the Canadian Duty "A very common criticism on the part of tho gentlemen who have not viewed this matter as favorably as we would btivo wished lias been: 'It the United Slates want to make a tariff arrangement with you, let them come down to vour rales of duty.' It seem- ed to be taken for granted that that v-as what Iho United States would not do. But (hat Is exactly what wo asked them to do, nnd what they have agreed to do respecting n large number of articles. They have not only come down to our rates, but In some cases they have come below ihem, and In those eases, In order to reach that common rate, we have had to make reductions. Hut, as our tariff is a modcsl one, while'theirs, in the main, is a high tariff, the result has been that, In order to arrive fit a common rate, we have had to make only moder- ate reductions, while they, In many rasns. have had to make, quite large Hon. S. Field- InVs Introduction to Ihe (Krii( agree- ment. __________ Terminable Any Time The Reciprocity Pact will only con- tinue In force during Canada's plea- sure. There Is a specific provision Hint Canada "shall lie absolutely free to lilllke nny change of larlff policy, or of nuy other matter cm-fried by llm present nrraiiBcnifiit Hint niny hi) deemed expedient." Reciprocity Would Open Up a' Ortatj Avenue for Farm N. W. RoweU, K.C., dealing the advantages to Canada of the United States market, said, despite the tariff Canadian exports to the neighboring Republic had steadily in- creased, with the exception of agri- cultural products, the exports of'which were only what they were 40 yenrt ago. said the speaker, banker, manufacturer, miner and lumberman all find the American mar- ket a large and profitable'one, should not the farmer have the oppor- tunity of entrance to this The free entry o! agracultural pro- ducts Into the United States meant immediate enlargement of the', borae market of Canadian producers fjj' to -Mr. Slfton.'and Mr. Bordeu had held that because) United States is an exporter ot fagri- cultural products Canada not hopo to find a profitable market there. "There aro many en: tcring into the question of a said Mr. Rowoll. of the most important is tr an spoliation; particularly where the products'ara of more or less perishable character, and where the quality is liable to more or less deterioration by the that elapses between shipment and con- sumption. By reason of our contig- uity to the consuming American mar- kets we in Ontario and the eut a great advantage over a great part of the producing portion of United States. But why should one B pecu- late on A matter where we actual! experience to guide us' During twelve years In which we had reel-! procal trade with the United States! the United States was then, a producer; and exporter of agricultural oroductB.j and we found there a very profitable: market; in fact, the proportion of the1 farming population of the 'States to tho whole, population, was; much greater- during the period that the reciprocity treaty was in torce than it is-.to-day, and the.competition then would therefore be mora keen than to-day.1' TEN PER CENT. MORE An Estimate of the Benefit to tht Farmer From Reciprocity Mr. W. C. Good, fanner, Bract courityt writes as follows. opinion IB that the ordinary firmer In Ontario may fairly cxptct to obtain 10 per cent, more on the average than he has teoa getting if reciprocity agreement Is ratified. Asstftninf thli, on a gross income of on ths 100-ucro favin (which is above tfce average, but not out of the way -with proper the additional in- come would be J200 a year The coat of many lines of manufactured arti- cles will also be cheaper, though present not very materially 80. Tak- ing things on Ihe whole I should lay that the average Ontatio farmer stands to gain pel acra per year by tlie. ratification o( the pact Thlt la" about half the current value." WILL BENEFIT All Hon. C. P. Graham It Brackvlllc Dlt-; cuised Reciprocity lnu< J Hon. George P. Graham, his constituents at created roars of ImiBhter by referring to the anti-reciprocity manifesto of Toronto financiers. "A few of our good Chris- tian friends In said the Mln-, ister, "who find it all right to Jcndi their money to the United Statea to] move the cottou crops at big profit to I themselves, when It is hard to get the! wherewithal to move tho wheat cropi ot Canada, think it will hurt your ally, to secure (100 there for a horse you can get only for now." CANADIAN PLOWS IN U.S., Americans Fear Competition Duty Kept Up' "I was much said Dr. .1. A. Macdonalci, speaking in Brant- ford, "to find that, on the very day I first met President Taft. repreienta- tives of the agriculiural implement industries In the United Slates were 111 Washington protesting against the duty on their products being reduced from 45 to 15 per cent., 214 per cent. lower than the Canadian duty. I found that the manufacturen of plows were making a great ttdo about It. Tho head ot one large plow main- ufactory told the Washington authori- ties that he would not be able to stand against the competition of the1 Cana- dian manufacturers. I found that one of our Canadian firms had opened an establishment in Peorla, Illinois, and its fonr-liuniircd-ilollar steam plows were making headway against those made in the Unlled Slates. That Canadian firm was tlie CocUahnt Plow Company of Brentford. It was a great satisfaction to me to be told that this superior Implement was appreciated bv tho farmers of the agricultural Rntes was toll! also that this firm ruslii'd In sovenly-flvo 'forloads of plows, fearing Iho maximum tar- iff which would add limi'lrei) dollar.) lo'lho duly, might he applied."