Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 12, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Wednesday, September 12, 1973 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 9 Oldest to race Norcliffe and Thelma Baker, on the verge of becoming old-age pensioners, fly their own plane, a four-seat amphibian, and find it puts additional zip into their already busy lives. They are shown as they prepare their plane for competition in the Burlington Centennial seaplane race. Mr. Baker will be 65 on Sept. 24 and his wife is the oldest woman to obtain a license. Illegal business dealing watched By CHARLOTTE SAIKOWSKI Christian Science Monitor WASHINGTON, D.C Illegal American business dealings with Rhodesia are coming under increased public scrutiny. Investigations by Congress and a federal agency may result ir stricter American compliance with United Nations economic sanctions against the white-ruled nation At present the United States, which voted for the sanctions, is virtually the only country that is permitting trade with the Ian Smith regime Attention to the problem is heightened by the release of a study charging that a number of major American travel and credit-card companies may be violating executive orders by doing business with Rhodesia. Among those cited are such household names as American Express, Pan American, Trans World Airlines, Hertz, and Avis. As a result of the stuidy, the State Department has referred the matter of possi- ble violations to the Federal Aviation Administration, and the PAA says it is looking into the charges. The study, made by the Carnegie Endowment for national Peace, states that American residents can easily make reservations through U S airlines to fly on a Rhode- sian airline. This, it says, ap- parently violates the 1968 presidiential order prohibiting American airlines from operating to or from Southern Rhodesia or "in co- ordination" with any airline registered there Both Pan American and TWA accept such reser- vations, the study reports. When queried about this, it says, the airlines did not seem especially aware of the sanc- tions and both indicated that all that was required to enter Southern Rhodesia was a passport, a reservation, and the necessary innoculations. Similarly, the Carnegie report argues, Americans can reserve a Hertz or Avis rent- a-car in Salisbury through these companies' U.S. offices This too, it suggests, may violate the executive order outlawing activities that promote the "sale of com- modities" lor any business conducted in Southern Rhodesia. "If one considers their names to be states the report, "then Avis and Hertz are clearly supply- ing commodities to Southern Rhodesian companies The Commerce Department, it suggest, should investigate Other practices questioned in the study include the transfer of currency to Rhode- sian airline and travel com- panies' advertisements for Rhodesiar. firms in New York's Journal of Commerce, and distribution of promotional material by the Rhodesian Information Office in Washington. State Department officials express concern about possi- ble infringements of the law in airline ticketing. But they say the matter of money transfers is problematic because the U.S. Government cannot prohibit Americans from travelling to Rhodesia. All the government can and does do is to ban the importation of goods purchased in Rhodesia. The Treasury Department, through which transfers are made, takes the same stand. With respect to advertising, the State Department position is that such activity does not fall within the meaning of "promotion of trade." For one. it runs into the con- stitutional problem of freedom of speech and, secondly, Britain does not include it. Meanwhile, long sensitive to Washington's failure to abide by the UN mandatory sanc- tions, the State Department is gearing up for a session in Congress. This week the House foreign affairs subcom- mittee on Africa is opening hearings on a bill to repeal the Byrd Amendment. This act, which was passed in 1971 and allows for the import of cer- tain strategic materials into the U.S. from Rhodesia, was aimed at keeping the United States from becoming depen- dent on the Soviet Union for its chrome ore. State Department officials maintain that there now are adequate stockpiles of chrome ore and it does not matter if the U.S. does become reliant on the Russians Moreover, the U.S. is importing less chrome ore from all sources. Hence the hope is that Congress will repeal the Byrd Amendment and reinstate American compliance with the UN resolution. The world's economic sanc- tions against Southern Rhodesia have been less than perfect, say officials. But, the country's trade has declined, investment there has been inhibited, and no real growth is taking place, it is said. Commerce with the U.S. dippped from about million in 1965 to in 1972. It will be higher this year because of the Byrd Amend- ment and the import of nickel and ferrochrome. FREE DELIVERY RflKLSlDKC Chargex Welcome GO Lawn Rakes Now Gardon Rakes Reg. Now Patio Lights Reg. Now Storall Sheds While They Last! .......11950 13250 1 Only 6'x8' Now only 2 Only 9'x6' Now Only All Shovel, Hoe and Rake Handles; Values up to Now only Each 1 3-49 Thermos Jugs Reg. Now Car Wash Brushes ?-39 .22 Long Rifle Winchester OR Super "X" Shells. Reg. Now boxW W 4 Only Binoculars 91-98 Ren S9Q QC NOW (7x35) Reg. 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