Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 12, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Tuetday, S.pltmbtr 1972 THf LE1HMID6E HERALD 5 Anwld Toynbee The development disease and a cure "rkEVELOPMENT" mean- ing the erection of high buildings on urban sites, is a euphemism that deliberately camouflages the nature and the cause of this conspicuous con- temporary activity. It is not de- velopment of either the poten- tial productivity ot Nature or of the aggregate wealth of the human race not to speak of human happiness. It is a disease of financial inflation; inflation is the nemesis of uninhibited greed; the "developer" is a parasite, battening on a sick body social. Recently I have had two dis- turbing encounters with "devel- opment" in two ol the world's famous cities: in London, where I have lived since birth, and in Athens, which I have known since 1911. Within my lifetime, both Athens and London have been transformed to a degree at which parts have become almost unrecognisable. In the heart of one of Lon- don's largest residential areas there is a street in which house- wives from all around used to be able to do their shopping. The shopkeepers made their liv- ing by serving the local resi- dents. The shopkeepers' em- ployees made their living by doing their jobs. Employees, shopkeepers and residents all benefited by tliis convenient lay-out of that particular dis- trict of London. But suddenly, the sites of tho shops were bought up, over tho shopkeepers' heads, by a "de- veloper" the shops were closed and then pulled down; the shopkeepers and their em- ployees were deprived of their livelihood; the housewives were deprived ot their shopping-Gen- tre (for many of them, the only one within easy The only potential gainer was the who was reck- oning on being able to smother the area under enough cubic feet of high buildings to ensure that, in an inflationary age, tiie capital value of his investment would appreciate, even if his new blocks were to remain unlet. I was in Athens in July 1972. My latest previous visit had been in July 1570. My business In Athens takes me to a high point in the city's corrugated landscape (the steep contours, with their precipitous differ- ences of altitude, are part of Athens's When my wild and I had finished our business in the high-up quarter, it had been our habit to climb still higher In order lo lake our lunch in an open-air rcslaurant nearby. Tlu's was an attractive spot. Here one could sit under the shade of a fragrant pine-tree, enjoying the coolness of the northerly summer breeze, with the Acropolis in full view far below, and beyond the glisten- ing Acropolis, the sparkling sea. Well, we thought, we shall be able to enjoy this combination of amenities just this once more. It will be a happy finale to a visit to Athens that we shall not be able to repeat. We had started to climb hopefully towards our intended destina- tion when we were overtaken by a kind friend. "I she said, "where you are bound for. You are heading towards that restaurant that you used to enjoy so much, but I am sorry to have to tell you that it no longer exists. Its kitchen, as you will remember, was in en old building just across the street; but this building, to- gether with the adjacent sites, has been bought up by a 'de- veloper.' He has pulled every- thing down in order to put up a new high building. So the res- taurant has been put out of bus- iness." Thus in Athens, as in London, the "developer" has been deal- ing devastation. The stage of this atrocious drama is world- wide, and the "developer" is the star villain of the piece. Yet he is only the star; we are all his fellow villains to the ctegree that is within our power; and this common crime is tho ruthless pursuit of profit for the criminal himself, no matter how much suffering and loss and in- justice each of us villains may be inflicting on his fellow human beings for the sordid purpose of maximising his share of the spoils for which we are all scrambling. The "de- veloper" is simply the most successful and most destructive practitioner of this bane f u 1 trade. As such, he is a symbol of what has gone wrong with human affairs in our time. What is this world wide so- cial malady? Its name is greed. Of course, every living crea- ture is greedy; greed is anoth- er name for life; and, among all the living inhabitants of this planet's mankind has by far the greatest capac- ity for indulging its greed when it puts its unique human intel- lectual ability at its sub-human greed's service. Mankind, however, also has a unique spiritual intuition. We Book Review Indian reflections "Asliini" by Yves Theri- aull. (Harvest House Lim- S2.50, 134 rPHE frustrations of a fic- tionalized Mpntagnais In- dian comprise this short book which won the Governor Gen- eral Literary Award in 1970. It is written in the first-peivon, a style you can either take or leave, and I choose to leave. It is a depressing story about an old Indian and his confronta- tion with white society a so- ciety he feels is crippling liis people and thus he chooses to ignore it by living alone in the wilds. Ashini finds fulfillment in the busyness of nature. He is deep- ly torn by the "caged-freedom" his people suffer on reser- vations and the book relates his intense desire to better their lot. The book is lacking in some- thing I can't put my finger on it. Its like a CBC play in a way it has a good story, good acting (in this case writing) but it leaves you a little short. There are numerous vivid word-pictures painted by Ashini as he sits alone pondering his fate. The reader almost feels his loneliness and depression 'For Salesmen' "For Salesmen" by II o h y Hank. Hoby Hank starts his unique booklet on the basic premise that most salesmen don't know how to sell, a situation that is comparable to a long-distance swimmer being unable to keep his head above water. Neither will last long In their chosen field. The author, who is a veteran Lethbridge salesman writing under a pen name, maintains that a good salesman covers three basic steps he finds out about his customer, demon- sir ales his product (with the customer's needs and situation1 in mind) and then ho closes the deal. Hoby Hank elaborates on these areas in a simplified way, hut in sufficient detail to make a poor salesman a good one and a good one immeasurably better. The booklet takes "about 20 minutes to read and three months to digest." It is extremely comprehen- sive, informative and should be must reading for any sales- man who wants to increase his output. And that, after all, is the name of the game. RON CALDWELL and feels pity for the old In- dian. I think the best summation of this book would be to say that it is the kind of writing that you'd expect would win a Cana- dian literary award. It's good, but not great. GARRY ALLISON Books in brief "Hand book Canada: a Traveller's Manual" by Da- vid Kiiieout and Kay Aniiro [Transglobular Functions, 224 pages, softback, distri- buted by Self-Counsel Press YOUTHFUL travellers were in mind as the authors as- sembled this rather exhaustive book of information on how to get about and what to see in Canada. All the modes of travel are discussed from walking to flying and including hopping freights. Lists of hostels, YM and YWCA residences, informa- tion centres are provided along with charts on fares for flying. Hints about food, clothing, first aid, legal matters and other useful things are also included. About half the book consists in ia description of what lo see and expect. In ap- pearance and style the book ia casual. DOUG WALKER Growth Savings Certificates guarantee profits. Its only a matter of time. Putting something away every month is very ad mirable. But no mat ter how admirable, we figure what you put away should also be profitable. And, that's exactly what Commerce Growth Savings Certificates are all about. Profitable savings. You can buy our exclusive Growth Savings Certificates in denominations, and in. multiples of J10.00 without limit. Which means they're convenient for even the most modest savings plan. But the key isn't really what you can buy, it's what you save when, you do. You pay 36.52 for a Growth Sav" Certificate which matures at fa< value if held for the full term 6 years. Which means they yield a simple rate of 8.89% or a compound rate of 7.25% when held to maturity. At any rate, your savings profit. And, you can buy Growth Savings Certificates two ways. Cash, or arrange for monthly withdrawal .from your Commerce Account. And Growth Savings Certificates can be cashed at any time and foe more money than you paid after just 6 months. And there's a special life insurance feature. A Commerce exclusive. Ask about Commerce Growth. Savings Certificates at your local Commerce branch. And get many happy returns for your savings. CANADIAN IMPERIAL BANK OF COMMERCE ?mgs icf You and the Together we're both stronger. are aware that the Indulgence of our common greed is not the true purpose ot human life. Our spiritual leaders the sages and sainls whom we venerate even when we fail to live up to their precepts have all, witli one voice, condemned greed, and they have warned .us against it. Their warnings have been given by example, as well as by word. The Buddha voluntarily re- nounced the inheritance of a lucrative family business. The example set by Saint Francis is the one that we Westerners ought to take to heart with par- ticular compunction; for Saint Francis is the only Westerner in that glorious company. Tlio Buddha was an Indian, Lao-tse was a Chinese; and Jesus, on whom Saint Francis modelled his light, and whose stigmata he received, was a Palestinian. These revered spiritual lead- ers did not succeed in redeem- 'ng the majority of their fellow- human beings from the servi- tude to greed from which the saints had liberated them- selves. But, till recent times, the saints' example did make the rest of us ashamed when we failed to live up to the saints' standards. We were still greedy for mat- erial wealth, but we did not admire our greed; we admired the saints' conquest of their own greed. We recognised that they had made this heroic con- quest for the sake of winning a spiritual treasure and this not just for themselves, but for all of us in so far as we were willing to make the same stren- uous spiritual effort. In the Industrial Revolution, we Westerners mace a momen- tous break with mankind's past, and the Russians and the Jap- anese have now followed at our heels. The superficial new de- parture was the mechanization of the production of material goods; the fundamental new departure was a reversal of traditional ideals and- objec- tives. Instead of continuing to be ashamed of our greed, we now glorified it. We made the satisfaction of it our paramount objective, and we took the de- gree of our success in satisfying our greed as being the ultimate test of our success in life. When, in this competition for material wealth, we drove our weaker neighbours to the wall, we were not abashed.; for we liad persuaded ourselves that, in ruthlessly pursuing its own material interests, a person or a people was doing the best as a whole. It has taken less than two centuries, reckoning from the Industrial Revolution's starting date, to demonstrate that the modern objective is unattain- able (we knew all the time, in our hearts, that the pursuit of it was Modern politi- cians of all parties in all coun- tries have been soliciting votes by promising to their constitu- ents a progressive annual rise in their material standard of living. This promise cannot be fulfilled; for an endless growth of material affluence is impos- sible, even for an inequitably privileged minority of man- kind, in a "biosphere" that is inexorably finite. Our "biosphere" is a thin film of water, soil, and air en- veloping the surface of our planet. Its volume and its in replaceable resources are lim- ited, and its venerable re- sources are vulnerable. Man- kind is an integral part of the life that the "biosphere" con- tains and sustains. The "bios- phere" could easily be made uninhabitable by a perverse ex- ercise of the material power which Man has now acquired, working together with his re- jection of the traditional re- straints on his greed. If he lets his greed lure him into wreck- ing the "biosphere" he will destroy his own kind as well as all other species of living crea< t tires. In order to keep the "bios- phere" habitable for another 2000 million years, we and our descendants will have to stop following the example of Pielro Bernardone, the materially suc- cessful twelfth century West- ern wholesale clothier; we shall have to begin to follow the ex- ample of Pietro's son Frances- co Saint Francis the great- est human being that has ap- peared in the West so far. Modern man, armed with his mechanised technology, now has it in his power to wreck the "biosphere" if he so chooses. But, besides being a greedy technologist, man is a soul. He does not live in tiro "biosphere" exclusively; lie also lives in the "noosphere" the world of the spirit; and the unlike the boundless; for the life of the spirit is not a prison- er of the three dimensional material world. The sages and saints have opened for us a door through which we can break our way out into spiritual infin- ity. It mankind is going to give itself a future, this, surely, is the road along which it will be found. (Whiten for The Herald and The .Observer in A story review By Fraser Hodgson Published in 1916 by William Briggs Co., (75 cents) written by Nellie McClung. I was 12 or so when I first heard my parents and their friends talking about the new novel called "the Black Creek Stop- ping House." It didn't mean anything to me at that lime, and I can't remember even seeing it around the house. I do re- member one evening we were allowed to stay up a little later than usual, to look on while a couple of tables of whist were played at our place. The new book cama up in the conversation between hands, and there was always a lot of suppressed laughter and sly looks at the women, after some of the remarks. These little hints, quips, smirks, and allusions were suppos- ed to go over our heads, and they did, be- cause at the time I was much more inter- ested in the cards than any stupid talk about a silly book. A year or so later there was still snick- ering remarks brought up once in a while in company conversations, about the "Black Creek Stopping House." I wonder- ed if it was one of those houses of ill fame I'd heard my uncle talking about with the men at the shop. I found Dad's copy hid away in the china cupboard one day, but I didn't bother reading any ex- cept a few lines. There were no pictures, no mention of cowboys, or anything about Indian fighting that I ran across, so I just put it back and forgot it. Then another book came out that had everyone talking, called "Whispering and by the remarks it sounded far more inviting. I never did find it around the house, but Mother often said it was too gruesome and violent for kids to read. It was sometime In the 30's I saw "Whispering Smith" in the movies, and up till then I wasn't sure what was meant when someone suggested a certain situa- tion 'could easily be cleared up by Whisper- ing Smith. But it wasn't till this spring that I learned the dark hidden story of "The Black Creek Stopping House." We were visiting an Aunt of mine in On- tario, and she had a big box of old books saved from away back before the turn of the century. She offered us any we want- ed, and after selecting several about world travel in 1800, and one about the San Fran- cisco earthquake printed in 1906, here was a tattered volume of "The Black Creek Stopping House." I grabbed it with, "I've just got to have this, I've wondered for years what It was all about, now I'll find out." So a few weeks later I read all about the mysterious "Black Creek Stopping House." The hero was a hard drinking gambling man, a veteran sinner If there ever was one, who gambled and drank away all ha managed to earn. The heroine was a care- fully raised young lady, quite religious, proper, quiet, and of course very much against cards and liquor. I thought this was a pretty good start for a real gooey story, but It backed off when ho reformed and swore he'd never drink or gambla again, If she would marry him. He kept his promise, and some time later they went homesteading near Brandon, Mani- toba. Their claim was close by a wander- ing stream called Black creek, and there they built a log home and outbuildings, and later enlarged to start "The Black Creek Stopping House." Then the story improved a bit as tha second chapter began with a couple ot no- good brothers that had a place nearby. They managed to get their sister and hus- band to immigrate from England, with their money, by writing them a big long story of the wealth to be made in the won- derful West. Tho couple was somewhat disappointed In the "ranch" when they ar- rived, but decided to try making a go of it, and he went out to work for a neigh- bour to help out at home. Then the devil showed up In the person of another'n'er-do-well gambler and drink- er, and cut in on the poor lonesome wifo left home alone much of the time. This could really be interesting, woman troubla getting into the story, and they ran away together, heading for Brandon as a storm blew in. They got storm-stayed at tha Black Creek Stopping House, and the two woman got together, so again the story cooled a little. That evening the Heroine got the Hero to sharpen up his old card- playing skills, and by morning the black- guard woman-stealer was broke. With no money his sworn love for her froze sob'd, and when her husband came stomping in at daylight everything was forgiven, and they lived happily ever after, I guess. All that fuss over a nice clean litlle story, that would now be read to a junior Sunday School class as an illustration against gambling and drinking. I wondered what people would think of some of the reading material available at any bookstore now. My Dad and Mother and friends would really have a fit at a whist drive, talking in whispers about Fanny Hill or Lady Chalterly's Lover. I'm not against spicy stories once in a while, I figure It's up to each Individual what they read, and If they don't like some types of literature they don't have to read it. Anyway I got tha mystery of The Black Creek Stopping House cleared up, and as I look back on what was considered risque in 1916, I won- der what people will be reading la tha year 2000. JIM FISHBOURNE is an ill wind lyUDITY, it seems, is the coming thing. Or as you might say, skin is in. Item: Last week Time Magazine printed a map of the Mediterranean area showing the locations of dozens of beaches where nude bathing sun or water is accept _ able, and many more where female bath- ers may wear a device known as a 'mono- kinT which, according to the illustrations, means the bottom bit of a bikini. Consider- ing the Ked reputation for prudery, it may be revealing that many of the nudie or topless beaches are on the shores of Communist countries. Item; For some time now, nude scenes have been de rigtieur in all motion pic- tures made outside the Walt Disney stud- ios. (The producer even managed to work one into a recent science fiction thing about the likelihood of our being overrun by insects.) Item: The covers that grace (sic) our magazine stands are still a bit restrained, perhaps because you can look at them longer (and other people can see you look- and generally stick to bare thighs and semi-bare bosoms. But just look in- side! Item: TV up to now has been positively Victorian, restricting i'self to quick and occasional glimpses of semi-draped tor- soes, and limiting even the more torrid bedroom scenes to long-range writhings, or close-ups of contorted faces so juxtaposed as to eliminate any guesswork about what's going on. Item: In staid old Edmonton there Is at least one restaurant that does a roaring trade every working day at lunch time, when the well endowed waitresses go about their business in topless costumes. (At first it seemed a bit odd that the manage- ment should have picked the noon hour for the bare bosom bit, but as you think about It, it starts to make sense; those attracted to this sort of thing probably must go straight home after work, and aren't allow- ed out at night alone.) Now I don't know how you feel about this, but personally I'm not all that struck; on nudity in public. It's not that I havo anything particular against the form div- ine, it's just that so many of them aren't. But it's an ill wind, they say, that blows no good, and there's one small consolation that should appeal even to the most ar- dent of the "cover-it-up" crowd. Once wa get accustomed to seeing the gals (Heaven forbid it should spread to the trott- ing about In the buff, and a few acres of bouncy flesh no longer attracts much at- tention, perhaps the hucksters mil have to find something other than well-rounded chests and fannies lo feature in their ad- vertising. On the use of words Theodore Bernstein Poor positioning. Improper placement of words or phrases can on occasion make a sentence anything from ludicrous to ob- scure. Here is one illustration: "Israel has developed a bulletproof helmet for soldiers made of plastic." Soldiers made of plastic? Writing a "bulletproof plastic helmet" would have solved that one. Another illus- tration: "Neither woman was able to lift a 25-pound bar bell with one hand over her head as required in the Civil Service exam- ination for the job." Get the hand over her head? Nothing of kind. The phrase "over her belongs altec "bar bell." Still another illustration: "Sha asked for time off to testify at a hearing into charges of sexual, ethnic and racial discrimination against the American Tele- phone and Telegraph Company and its subsidiaries." Discrimination against tho company? No. The against Ihe-cornpany phrase should be placed after "charges." Whether you are writing a tome on ''The Structural Functional Approach to Societ- al Relationships" or a letter lo Mama, read every sentence over twice and make sure that your reader; doesn't have to.