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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 12, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta _ THE IfTHBRIDGE HERA1D Tuesday, September U, Provinces win greater share of off-shore mineral revenues By MAUTUCE WESTERN OTTAWA The federal-pro- vincial deadlock on off-shore mineral revenues has now ap- parently been broken. While (here is no agreement as yet on a sharing formula, a practical step will be taken by the ap- pointment of a joint task forco to study a series of questions, (he answers lo which should bo helpful in rebelling a political settlement. As the discussions, involving the five eastern Premiers and the Prime Minister, were held in private, the results are difti cult to appraise. It is clear from Mr. Trudeau's statement, how- ever, that tho federal Govern- ment has abandoned its former Insistence on a 50-50 formula which he nevertheless described as "very generous the way we were prepared to interpret It." This changed attitude has en- couragcd the Premiers; whether it should be generally welcome is uncertain because the details are unknown to the public. The largest unknown detail is the size of the pot wliich the re- spective governments are now proposing to share. To be more specific, is it the same pot that of these is Mr. Trudeau's latest comment on the generosity ol i the 5050 formula as "we were prepared to interpret It." At I lie outset the issue was quite clear. When controversy with British Columbia first de- veloped, Arthur Laing, then the responsible federal Minister, is- sued a statement on the ques- tion of jurisdiction. To quote the relevant paragraph. "This poses no immediate problem in the Arctic, since the North-west Territories and Yukon are under federal admin- istration, nor Hudson Bay since the boundaries of the surround- ing provinces are legally de- fined as the shore of the Bay. But off the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, neighbouring provinces lave queried the rights of tha ederal Government to jurisdic- ion over the resources of the seabed." At stake then were the seabed resources adjacent to the prov- nces. In the B.C. case the fed era! right was determined by ,he Supreme Court. Later, the 'ederal Government sought a political settlement offering the 50-50 revenue formula. Presum ably this applied to the same re originally in dispute? There is nothing on the public record to indicate that there has been any change in the scope of ne- gotiations. But some odd ideas are in circulation. At least one Quebec Liberal member was persuaded this week that the federal offer extended to off- shore resources generally and that in consequence the prov- inces would be foolish' lo reject the proposal. This is difficult to credit. II wovild mark a substantia change with important implica- tions, some of them disturbing But the matter ought to be clar- ified because certain passages in government statements on the subject have perhaps beer enough to encouragi high expectations. Not the leas sources since Ottawa's claim in the North had not been con tested. There was one possible objec tion arising from the fact tha two provinces, lacking sea coasts, could obviously not share in this bonanza. It was in fact suggested in the House ol Commons by the Conservative critic, Jed Baldwin, although it obviously failed to impress Mr. Stanfield who later supported the claims of protesting coastal provinces. Mr. Baldwin asked on December 2, IMS: "To what extent is the federal Government free to negotiate, to give away or withhold as it sees fit, resources which its legal advisers have told it be- longs to all the people of Can- ada, resources which, pursuant to the constitutional decision, to :ic British North America Act r.d other constitutional slat- tes, belong to all the people o! In fact this was never pressed; nor did prairie nents indicate much interest in he subject. The question was understood to be: given a politi- cal settlement, how much of tha revenues from resources adja- cent to the eight qualifying >rovinccs should accrue to those jrovinccs and how much should >e retained by Ottawa? If the federal Government Is now talking about off-shore rev- enue generally, there has ob- viously been a radical change. The most important statement on the matter came from Mr. Trudeau, also on December 2, 1SGS. It was prompted by the need to establish administrative lines to facilitate off-shore de. velopment. Nothing in it sug- gests a disposition to share ter- ritorial revenues and one pas- sage refers to the necessity of defining boundaries between the submerged lands in Hudson Bay, James Bay and Hudson Strait adjacent to the provinces and those adjacent to the terri- tories. One paragraph may, however, have conveyed a different im- pression. Speaking of the need for a speedy settlement, the Prime Minister noted that "the continental shelf areas adjacent to Canada comprise a vast new territory estimated to bo almost 40 per cent as large as the total land area of Canada." Why talk about the whole shelf when the jurisdiction over only a part of it was in dispute? If there has been a change, which seems unlikely, two con- clusions are inescapable. First, there can be no question of a deal involving only the coastal provinces; clearly any claims to revenues from submerged fed the Teritories, both of which aspire to provincial status. In resisting' demands 'or self- government by northern resi- dents, Ottawa has not limited it- self to the argument of sparse population; obviously tin's could change quickly in an area of de- velopment. The more important point has been that the North is not self-supporting; its expen- ses, greatly exceeding revenues, are largely met by Ihe federal Government; in other words by tire general taxpayers. But the clamour has nol ceased; nor will it. In the new Territories as in the old (now Hie prairie provinces) people will go on demanding self-gov- ernment since Canada is a demo- cratic country. Also, as in the old Terrilorics, Ihey will insist on equal slatus when Ihe change :omes. The decision eventually will be a political one and it will be taken in Ottawa. If the revenues from offshore resources in the North go into a national pool, the existing provinces will stand to lose n great deal when new provinces qualify for most of the Arctic revenues. They will have a vested interest in resist- ing change. Experience in the old West demonslrates that this is no im- aginary danger. The Territories did, indeed, become provinces but the natural resources were withheld from them. There were, it is true, compensatory payments from Ottawa but these were judged inadequate by prairie residents and the in- adequacy was formally con- ceded in the settlements of 1930. It is a matter of record that Ot- tawa resisted provincial claims for 25 years after the Laurie legislation creating the new provinces and agreed to equal slatus only in a time of depres- sion when tho value of the re- sources was not considered lo be very great. (What would have been the situation if Impe- rial had brought in the Leduc well in the For these c.nd other reasons, it seems most unlikely that Ihe new generosity extends to north- ern resources. But there U con- fusion on the point which should not be allowed to persist, given Ihe rate at which political ex pect aliens sometimes acceler- ate. The exact division the pool may be relatively unimpor- tant but the public has a right to know what pool Is being dis- cussed by the.several govern- ments in their new-found luur- mony. eral lands are shared by all, re- gardles of geography. Sec- ondly, any such sharing would have important implications for Crack down on spy rings HONG KONG (Reuter) Britain and China apparently have shelved ideological differ- ences in a common effort to crack on espionage net- works based here. Diplomatic sources say there Is an unspoken agreement be- tween both sides to keep a light leash on clandestine activities direcled against China. Government officials in Hong Kong, a Brilish Crown colony on China's southern coastline, refuse to acknowledge that such an agreement exists or even to discuss the matter for "operational and security rea- Eons." But diplomatic circles gener- ally believe that British author- ities keep a watchful eye open, particularly for Kuomintang Nationalist Chinese- and Soviet- organized spy rings. Anti-espionage activities were Auto mechanics form society CALGARY (CP) The So- ciety of Automotive Mechanics a nalional organization Iryinp lo improve the quality and Image of the vehicle repair bus- iness, was formed here. The society, which voted a Its inaugural meeling to seek s federal charter, is the expan sion of an idea first put forwarc in Alberta a few years ago. Alberta society wa founded in 1969 to protect th public from fly-by-night repair men and to. promote highe technical standards among chanics. John Woods of Calgary pu together the Alberta group an was elected nalional presiden John Ward of Winnipeg i Lou Parent of Kelowna, B.C were elected vice-presidents. damage A two-car accident at tl corner of 4th Aye. and 13th S S. involving vehicles police sa were driven by Melvin Vie gutr, of 1617 Lakeshore. Rd. sn John Edward Gillam, of No. 429 5th Ave. S., resulted in 5 (XX) damage Monday. Mighted My 23 when a So- et scheme to recruit local ies came to light with the ar- st of two Russian seamen om a Soviet cruise ship and Chinese businessmen. NEARTJIED PLOT Reliable sources said Ihe po- ce special branch, which deals ith espionages, found in the ouser pocket of one of the So- et agents a Kremlin plan to ecruit spies throughout the ar East. Tlie two Russians were re-1 :ased with a warning and or- i ered to leave the colony. One f the Chinese businessmen still under arrest. Police receive occasional lips n the existence of suspected [ationalist Chinese spy cells nd crack down on them. The Communists in turn are careful ot to upset Hong Kong's money making activities ihina's main source of foreign evenite. 'It's a question of you cratch my back and I'll cratch said one diplo- matic source. The Brilish government, in an attempt to prevent the pread of espionage activities, >as resisted Soviet and East iuropean efforts to set up dip- omatic missions here, BASE ATTOACTIVE Hong Kong's free wheeling commercial bustle, cosmopoli- ;an atmosphere and booming :ourist industry make it an at- :ractive recruiting base for agents and a meeting ground for tentative approaches. The United Stales has by Jar the largest overt intelligence- gathering network in the col- ony. Some diplomatic sources say the U.S. Central In- telligence Agency also nrain- taias one of its largest bases in Southeast Asia in Hong Kong. The British and Australians are said lo eavesdrop on Chi- nese military broadcasts with highly sensitive monitoring uipment "just to keep in the cture." Diplomatic sources ctjtm lina and the Nationalist Chi- ese maintain Hie largest cov- rt spy systems in Hong Kong. Both tire Communist and Na- onalist Chinese are reported use the banks they maintain ere to finance espionage oper- tions. School holds education night today Catholic Central Hign Schoo will hold an Education Nigh tonight at 8 p.m. in the school', lecture" theatre. Parents will have an oppor tunity to meet and talk wit! teachers, ask questions an< learn about various programs and activities at the school. AH parents are invited to al tend, but a special emphasis i being placed on attendance o parents who have children a CCIIS for the first time. LCC may offer first year mechanic training course Dr. David Clark, director of the school of agriculture at Lethbridge Community College will attend an advisory com- mittee meeting for the Olds College Agricultural mechanic training program at Olds Wed- nesday. Tt is proposed that LCC offer the first year of the Olds me- chanic training program, set up to train mechanics for env ployment by the implement dealers and to train (hose who wish to repair and service their own machinery. Duration of the program Lethhridge would be thn eight week periods beginning Oct. 16. A list of the general courses offered through the program include farm machinery set up and maintenance; welding; motors maintenance, over- haul and tune up; hydraulics; power train; electrical main- tenance; .shop practices, com- munications management and labor relations; and Environment protection moves grow BANFF, Alta. (CP) North- ern Development Minister Jean Chretien said here there is growing awareness among Canadians of the need for "re- sponsible and balanced" moves insure the protection of the environment. He told delegates to the Inter- lational Union for the Con- servation of Nature and Natu- ral Resources convention that ianada has, since 1968, ac- cepted this new challenge with a number of pioneering steps. International organ- .zatioas and governments must encourage and achieve a re- sponsible stewardship of our natural heritage so that devel- opments for the wealth of the present generation do not jeop- ardize the quality of life on this planet or even its existence." Mr. Chretien, also responsible for Canada's national parks, said: We have to sock new outlets to meet the peoples' leisure needs. "We have to broaden the con- cepts of the parks system. We have to consider unconventional types of parks. "We are working toward the establishments of marine parks. We are surveying wild rivers for their park potential. We are integrating historic and recreational canals into our parks network. parks We near have to develop large centres of population." He told delegates the Mon- treal-Toronto-Windsor area has half the population of the coun- try and a large national park in the vicinity "would bo a superb asset." "We need to integrate our plans with provincial plans so total parks system emerges to serve the people." SIMPSONS-SEARS SUPER SAFETY 4 PLY NYLON AS LOW 1999 F78-14 BW installed and low prices that's Super Safety. FuH 4 ply nylon, construction in sizes designed for domestic cars. Well slotted tread desrgrt for dependable road-holding grip Goad quality tread compound far long tiro lifs F 78-1 Ply All Other Sizes Full 4 SUPER SAFETY for smdll cars designs for small imports and sub- compacts. 4 ply raled consl ruction. GUARANTEED THREE WAYS tieaa wcarout for specific number of monihs. 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