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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 12, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IEIHBRIDGE HERAtD Scilurcttiy, September 12, 1970 Under Way One of the mure imaginative ser- vice projects of recent limes is about to get under way in Letli- bridge. On Monday the first meais on wheels will, be delivered to the residences of some people who qualify for this special attention. For a variety of reasons there are people who do not eat adequately. The majority of such persons are single senior citizens who lack the means or incentive to properly care for themselves in this regard. It lias been discovered in other centres where a 'meals-on-wheels service operates that balanced diets alone do not bring about the im- proved health of individuals. The regular contact with the couriers has been found to be a fillip. Although the provincial govern- ment has made great strides in re- cent years in providing homes for senior citizens there is still need. The meals-on-wheels service could Hitting Where It Hurts In South Africa the Dutch Re- formed Church is a strong supporter of apartheid and is considered by many to have provided the inspira- tion for its political implementation. The notion of the Afrikaners as a chosen people with a divine mission has nourished the drive for separa- tism. Missionary activity has brought many non-white converts into the church but not into the white man's church. The DRC is divided into separate white, African, Color- ed and Asian branches with their activities being co-ordinated by a white-controlled general mission council. Most Christian bodies have re- jected racialism. In the early 1960s the World Council of Churches criti- cized the Dutch Reformed Church of South Africa forthrightly for its race attitude. The church responded by withdrawing from the WCC. It wasn't too happy about associating with some of the member churches anyway so the incident served to in- tesify the sense of loyalty to the call to be a separate people. During August of this year the World Alliance of Ref o r m e d Churches met in Nairobi. There were 13 delegates from the DRC of South Africa four representing the white church, five the black, two the Colored and two the Indian. These delegates were subjected to in- tensive criticism they were at- tacked in every debate and button- holed at every interval. The Alli- ance officially condemned the DRC of South Africa for its segregated congregations saying this was "against the nature of the Christian church." This was hitting where it hurts because the criticism came from mother and sister churches. Not only are the other Calyinist churches in the world arraigned against the DRC of South Africa but also the reformed churces in Hol- land from whence it sprang. It may have been easy to justify separation from the World Council of Churches but it won't be so easy to apply those justifications to a withdrawal from the World Alliance of Re- formed Churches. Some modifica- tion of views on the Tightness of apartheid may eventually result as a consequence. Weekend Meditation Don't Be A Timid Believer TT is said that the trouble with most people is that they are half-heartedly believers in casual creeds. They don't really anything, not seriously that is. In his "Decline and Fall of the Roman Em- pire" Gibbon says, "The various modes of worship which prevailed in the Roman world were all considered by the people as equally true; by the philosophers as equally false, and by the magistrates as equally useful." The faith of most people today is a mixture of Zen Buddhism, Platonism, Freud, Hinduism, and Chris- tianity. "It doesn't matter what a man be- lieves as long as he believes says the modern man. Such faith has no cutting edge, no saying power. It would not save a dog let alone a human soul. It is useless in the struggle of life. One must have a sure faith to have a secure faith. The man who believes everything, believes nothing. A jellyfish creed commands no respect. Paul said he was "proud of tire Gospel." He spoke of it at every opportunity. He riled the Athenians by referring to their many superstitions and faiths, as well as their "altar to the unknown God." One of Paul's favorite words was John commends boldness also. So does the author of Hebrews. Jeremiah was warned not to be afraid of men or God would shame him before them. The Book of the Acts of i he Apostles relates that it was when listeners "saw the boldness of Peter and John" that they were impressed. Af- ter all, these unscholarly, uneducated, rough men had nothing in their own per- sonalities to impress others, but only their burning, vital faith. Men mocked at them. The Athenians scoffed at the idea of the resurrection of the dead. The Cross was a stumbling block to others. The faith did not have sufficient philosophical subtlety for the Greeks. The notion of a God made flesh revolted them. But. these disciples kept stating what to them were facts and, most important of all, was the fact of their own personal lives and personal testimony. Richard Hil- lary in "The Last Enemy" tells how Peter Pease, a fellow-pilot, irritated him by his faith. Hillary finally got Pease cornered in a railway compartment from Montrose to Edinburgh. Hillary savagely slashed at his faith, "Your religion is a fake an here- ditary hangover, a useful social adjunct and no more." Pease had no talent for argument. He lacked the resources for de- bate. But Hillary was refuted by the man himself, not by anything he said. You can't refute incarnation. That's the real thing. Hillary came at last to certainty, to security in faith. Mathew Arnold, after the death of his son, turned to the philosophers and litera- ture for comfort. He read Spinoza, Goethe and Marcus Aurelius among others. Alas, the only conviction he reached was the vague faith in "something not ourselves that makes for righteousness." What a dif- ference from Paul's ringing, "I know whom I have believed and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day." This is the faith that moves mountains. God had spoken; men had heard. God had acted; men had seen. Two disciples in great discouragement walked along the road to Emmaus after the crucifixion. At supper that evening there is a wonderful phrase describing what happened, "Their eyes were opened and they knew him." It is a marvellous thing when a man's eyes are opened. He may have examined a thing a thousand times, talked about it, studied it, yet never truly have seen it. Like Job, "I had heard Thee by the hearing of the ear but non- mine eye secth Thee." Such a vision gives a man invulnerability to the grim facts cf life. He is "secretly armed against death's endeavours." Storms beat on him, the cruelties of life cripple him, the pain of life torments him, but nothing ultimately defeats him. "In the world you shall have tribulation, but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world." Prayer: Give me, 0 god, a brave faith, a strong faith, a fighting faith, a transform- ing fatih, a faith Hint will bring rne at last lo perfection's sacred height. S. 11. taow wlw tyvu etb. be considered as a supplement to the government's program in that those who cannot be accommodated can be helped. Meals oii wheels should not be hastily tabbed as a stop-gap mea- sure. There is a body of educated opinion that feels people are better to stay in their own homes and be encouraged to do as much as pos- sible for themselves. The new pro- gram is more a supplement of that policy than of the government pol- icy. The venture in Lethbridge is be- ing launched on the proverbial shoe string. It will eventually have to have financial support beyond the private funding of the present. Tax- payers who are quick to smell an additional burden should pause to consider not only the humanitarian- ism of the project but its implicit economizing. The delivery of meals is obviously less expensive than building and operating .institutions. Putting It All Together By Doug Walker rpHE game of golf has a strange fascina- tion. Every player probably harbors the hope that some day he will put it all together and come up with a fantastic score. Sometimes a player will drive exception- ally well. Another time ho may excel at putting. Still another lime he may be right on with his pitch shots. There seldom teems to be a lime when everything is going well. In the game that I play I don't do any- thing very well and usually I do something exceptionally bad. One day recently I put everything together. I did everything bad- ly. And 1 came up with a score that was truly fantastic I Maurice Western Outsize Basket On Canada's Doorstep QTTAWA The latest cen- sus estimate issued in Washington, based largely on actual return, places Uie U.S. population at approximately This directs atten- tion to certain aspects of the Canadian American relation- ship which have been con- spicuously neglected in recent discussions. To begin with a situation has obviously developed which completely confounds an important assumption of Cana- dian leaders in the first half of our history as a Confederated nation. This was that the fu- ture promised a substantial change in the relative power (as measured by census re- turns) of the two North Ameri- can democracies. Quite obviously the United States had the advantage of an enormous headstall. As the West was opened its decennial gains were astonishing, in at least one period exceeding 30 per cent. It was more or less a Canadian article of faith, however, that as American lands were taken up, the tide would swing to Canada. Beyond the turning point, we would en- ter the catching up period. While it was improbable that we would ever support a popu- lation of U.S. size, the ratios would change in our favor from approximately one to 10 to perhaps one to four or bet- ter, depending on the faith and vision of the speaker. For a time, especially in the first decade of the century, statistics appeared to support the theory. We were certainly growing at a faster rate than the United States though not in absolute terms. But the theory died with the agricultural revolution since land ceased to be the magnet for immigrants that it had been in earlier years. The last DBS estimate of Canada's population (April 1970) was In other words the Canadian-U.S. ratio is now a little better than one to 10. Twenty 'years ago it was a little worse than one to 10. Evidently dramatic change is not to be expected. Nor do the projections of the e c o n o m i c council encourage any such anticipation. They assume a Canadian population increment of 10 to 15 million over the next 30 years; no great percentage increase in current rates of growth. But there is another side to this. The enormous decennial increments to U.S. population are obviously of great signifi- cance for the economic well-be- ing of our relatively small Ca- nadian population. We enjoy the advantage (complicated as it may be by the problems which have lately dominated public discussion) of living next door to the fastest growing, high income population in the world. The Washington figures show that since 1950 tire United Stales has gained no less than people. This is a stag- gering change. It exceeds by a million the entire population of the United Kingdom. In other words there has come into be- ing, within 20 years and on our doorstep, a market larger and much wealthier than the Brit- ish market, which simply did not exist in 1950. Without this increase, of which we are made aware only with decennial counts al- though it affects us all the time in rising demand for Canadian products we would obvious- ly be a much poorer people. It is because of the size of the population base in the Uni- ted States, almost independent of immigration so that, barring great social changes affecting family size we can expect con- tinuing, very large increments in the size of our most impor- tant market. There are warnings, pe- riodically, against putting all our eggs in one basket and there is no good reason why we should. But the number of baskets, at any given time, is limited by all sorts of con- siderations outside our control. At least the one basket that occasionally figures in public controversy .s an outsize bask- et, with a most remarkable ca- pacity for expansion. No other country has comparable access to it or benefits from it in com- parable degree. The United States, according to some cur- rent analyses, is the source of all our troubles. Where we would be without it is a ques- tion seldom posed and possibly too appalling to contemplate. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Carl T. Roivan The Ghost Of Kwame Nkrumah Haunts Ghana ACCRA, Ghana Four and one half long, difficult years have elapsed since the Ghana military overthrew Kwame Nkrumah and pushed him into exile in Guinea. But in this country, where black African independence was born, Nkrumah is an ever-pres- ent and galling reality. Not that any bands of young politicians are running through the streets praying for the re- turn of Osagyefo, the godlike title Nkrumah took on as megalomania began to over- whelm him. In fact, Ghanaians of all classes and parlies curse Kkrumah and express puzzle- ment and dismay that so many black militants in the Carib- bean and the ghettoes of Am- erica still talk of him as a hero. The ghost of Nkrumah does not even haunt Ghana in the sense that the new leaders fear that one day the independence- leader-turned-d i c t a t o r will come marching back with an army of revolutionaries armed and trained by Red China. Ghanaians boast that Nkru- mah is gone for good, although Foreign Minister Victor Owusu told me that this little country is spending money on security that she ought to be spending lor economic development sim- ply because Nkrumah is sitting in Guinea occasionally boast- ing that one day he will go home in triumph. The real ghost of Nkrumah exists in the economic sickness of tin's country a decade-old malaise that almost everyone here blames on Nkrumah's tol- lies. In terms of external dealings, Ghana is in effect a bankrupt country. "If you owe a billion dollars, as Ghana does, and you don't have a billion dollars with which to pay, as Ghana doesn't, you are said B. J. Darocha, general secretary of the ruling Progress party. Prime Minister K. A. Busia says the word bankrupt is too harsh, but he clearly concedes that Ghana is in economic dif- ficulty, and the reason is that Nkrumah squandered the more than million in reserves that Ghana had at the onset of independence 13 years ago, then plunged the country a bil- lion dollars in debt. "He squandered money gain- ing fame in America, paying journalists in America, giving scholarships to Busia said heatedly, "but see what I have inherited. There are still villages that have no good drinking water, drinking mud- dy or disease-infected water. A few miles from Accra, there are people without lights in their homes, living at a bare subsistence level." Ghana today has an almost incredible 25 per cent unem- ployment rate which the for- eign minister says is respon- sible for many strikes and con- siderable political unrest. "Our economy is Owusu said. "We had no pro- gress for six or more years, and we are now in a holding action. We just wonder how long big strife can be avoided." Actually Ghana has been sliding backward. Her popula- tion of almost nine million is growing at the rate of 2.7 per LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD Water is now avail- able for another four thousand acres in the Taber district. Water has been turned into the new system from the CPR ditches. This is not the official opening of the system, but has been done to allow farmers water for stock and for thresh- ing. J92d The typhoid fever out- break at Raymond is now on the decline and the source of the disease was traced to ditch water. The medical health of- ficer has warned all users not lo drink the water without boil- ing. 1910 British demolition and incendiary bombs struck at the hearl of Berlin and forced eva- cuation of several streets as buildings were in danger of collapsing. J950 It will cost the Leth- bridge Curling Club or for each of the 10 sheets of ice to rent the civic ice centre for the five-month 1950-51 sea- son, city council decided at a recent meeting. infill The Social Credit Par- ty was returned in BC..'s gen- oral election, but its majority was reduced and also its share of the popular vole. They won 32 seats as against 39 in 1956. cent a year while the economy at best is growing at less than 1 per cent. In human terms, it means that there is widespread malnutrition hi Ghana because of a shortage of protein and vitamins. There are also malaria, yel- low fever, tuberculosis, and enough other diseases to make the average life expectancy here a mere 38 years. Of ev- ery babies born live hi Ghana, 156 die in their first year, an infant mortality rate more than six times higher than that in the United States. In a country whose newly free and proud people thirst for higher education, college facili- ties are so limited that only one high school graduate out of ten can be admitted. Owusu told me that Ghana either must have relief from her debts (on which the service charges alone come to mil- lion a year) or she must have a sharp increase in economic aid. But Ghana can't get debt relief largely because of the hard line taken by her biggest creditor, Great Britain. This tough stance fay the old colonial master infuriates Ghanaians privately, especially Stay Sweet From The Portland Orcgonian JOAN CRAWFORD has a word of female wisdom for those females who are mili- tantly advocating b r e a k ing flown the distinctions between the sexes. Miss Crawford, whose suc- cessful career in motion pic- tures has been followed by a successful career as a business executive, said the other day she had found it no handicap not to be a man. "It's beauti- ful to be a she told a New York audience. "I could never want lo be anything else." And what man would want her to be? The same could be said of thousands of women whose feminine charm has earned them fame and fortune and for literally hundreds of mil- lions of women whose feminine charm has earned them well, husbands. The demonstrators for sexual "equality" should try a little of it. It can be much more per- suasive than any amount nf preaching or picketing. since they accuse the British of indulging Nkrumah in what London knew were economic absurdities. Busia told me that a totally useless frigate which Nkrumah purchased still sits in a British dockyard at an an- nual cost to Ghana of about Ghana's officials that the U.S. will increase eco- nomic aid (in food and pro- gram loans) to about mil- lion a year. That would be about a 300 per cent increase and make aid to Ghana about Letters To The Editor equal to the total U.S. help for all the rest of Africa. Americans say this is utterly unlikely, and they wonder how rational Ghanaians can even dream in such figures. The prime minister makes it clear that he thinks the U.S. has a special responsibility to Ghana. "As a democratic country that underwrote Nkrumah's tyranny, tne U.S. should do more to underwrite the system which we are trying to Busia said. (Field Enlerprises Inc.) Whoop-Up Tour I should like, publicly, to ex- press my thanks to the Whoop- Up Country Chapter of the His- torical Society, its President, Mr, Alex Johnston, and to Mr. George Watson for making my visit to the original site of Fort Whoop-Up possible on Sunday, August 30. A special thanks is also expressed to Mr. A. Hub- bard who not only allowed us to use the road through his farm but who graded the road down the hill for us. For years I have wanted to see where the fort actually stood. I have a photo of the fort which I carried to the site. The hills are still there, as in the photo. It was indeed gratifying that so many people turned out on this occasion. R. I. BAKER. Coaldale. Emulate South Africa In a former letter to the edi- tor I asked the question "if the South African government is so bad, why are there no refugees leaving there but on the con- trary a constant pressure of blacks trying to get into South In a footnote below my letter the editor pointed out that there was an article on the opposite page dealing, with South Africa. After various crit- icisms of the South African government, the journalist who was commenting on that ad- ministration's faults, wrote, "it is no defence lo point out the undeniable truth that the black South Africans are better off than blacks in any other coun- try in the world." This most effectively an- swers the question in my for- mer letter. Canada, Un'ited States, Britain, Russia and the rest of the world please try lo. bring your treatment of blacks tip lo a par with So'uth Africa. RAY KEITGES Lethbridge. The Letltbridge Herald 5M 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishftrt Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 001? Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Hewspnpar Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;