Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - September 12, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta
.volume xi. LETHBRIDGE. ALBERTA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1918 NUMBER 231 DRIVE FRENCH AND AMERICANS DARING BLOW; perman Policy of Cruelty and Exploitation in Colonies is Fully Exposed. SUFFICIENT REASON WHY GERMANY CANNOT GET BACK HER COLONIES London, Sept. 11.-II. L. Georges, bdtninistrator ot Southwest Africa, Jiaa presented one'ot the most sensational reports ever issued in comiec-,tion with German colonial methods, "jt constitutes u most damning indict-onent of German fitness to rule black native races and is brimful of well authenticated instances of rapine,|mur-ifler, lust, knavery and ot despoliation bt simple, harmless natives of South west Africa. The evidence uppa. which the report is based, is dra\*h froni official' German documents at Whinduck, from sworn statements by native chiefs and Europeans familiar with the country and from the writ-'jngs of Gov. Liutwein, whose term of office embraced the years 1894 to 1905, and other unimpeachable German sources. Native Opinion Against It In view of this criticism the following statement by Mr. GeorEes is interesting: "Native opinion here is unanimously against any idea of-their ever being handed back to Germany. Any suggestion of an act of this kind by the British government produced the utmost consternation." Reign of Oppression The report showsi that the first 25 years ot German rule in Bast Africa iB an unbroken chain ot bad faith, oppression, barbarities and robberies^ culminating in the llerero and Hottentot rebellions. During the first seven years there was no law for the native, fiuch protection as the law eventually provided not being dictated by considerations of humanity, but In order to exploit the natives as laborers. The natives, thus driven to work for ridiculously inadequate wages, were often underpaid and generally were treated like slaves. Their women-folk were habitnaily maltreated by the Germans, who took them into forced concubineage. Those were some ot the things which goaded the natives jnto rebellions, which, suppressed with ruthless cruelty, reaultod in the practical extermination of the tliree tribes Involved. - Horrible Cruelty When the Germans first arrived, says Georges, they entered into an ogreeraent with native chief.s, but the agreement became a scrap ot paper stnd the natives were deprived of 'the best land. Traders and settlers robbed them ot their cattle, whicTi was their only wealth, and made-ln-Gerniany Ifiwa subsequently prevented the natives from owning large Lerds. There is, for instance, the story of Trotha's native ex-groom, who describes how he was once ordered to kill � a young Her-cro woman. He refused in disgust, whereupon a German soldier Rhowed blm how to do it, then held the bay-BBet, dripping with b)ood, hofore hia hce. Officers and soldiers vore stand-Jug around, but on one interfered on behalf ot the woman. A Fiendish Game Another occasion was when German .BOldiers played ball with a nine jnonths' old baby. Thoj' got tired of this and finished the game by catching the babe on the, point of a fixed bayonet, transfixing its.body amidst the fiendish laughter of the game-eters, who seemed to think it a great Joke. . A witness deposed that he was tor two years with Trothaand that he knew of no instance of prisoners being spared. Even after the rebellion, surviving natives fared i>\\t little better. Mr. Georges supplies sworn statements by natives which give some idea 9i the rei|jn ot terror aiuung them. Mr. and Mrs. Auto Owner You are asked to keep your ear in the garage next Sunday. It will save $190,000 w,orth of gasoline. Canada needs gasoline for better pur-poses than joy riding. It can be used to win the war and that'.s the only thing worth vvhile. The United States is observing autoless Sundays. In Britain no autos, except those engaged in war work, are allowed to be used on Sunday or week days. Now, for the sake of victory, put your car in the garage on Sunday and if you want to see the country take a walk. It will do you good, physically, mentally and maybe spiritually, anyway the sacrifice of the use of the car will provide more gasoUne for war effort, yes, it may be one of those acts that will contribute to an early downfall, of the enemy and an early end of the war. It doesn't cost you anything to keep the car out of action on Sunday; It.saves you money. What you save can go to the I. O. D. E. tag day, the Salvation Army or the Knights of Columbus. TJiat means you can help the gasoline supply and thi soldiers comfort supply by merely putting the auto in the stall and taking a nice Sunday walk yourself. Try it, and you will feel better Monday. Then keep it up for a few Sundays. Use Prisoners to Protect Hangars Amsterdam, Sept 12.-About 25 British prisoners are confined much like birds in a cage with scarcely room to move about near the flying sheds of Evere, a suburb of Brussels, for the purpose of protecting the hangars from attacks, according to the Libre Belgi. The item, which is reprinted in the Telegraaf, says that some of the British prisoners have bandages around their heads, showing that they had not recovered from their wounds. The item adds that a similar number of Belgian prisoners are filling the same role at the Diest flying camp. Two Local Men Itt Casualty Lists-Other Names in Liists Two local men are in the pasual-ties today. Pte. John Vera, htisband of Mrs. Vere, 814 16th St. N., who enlisted with ,the artillery, has been admitted to hospital with gunshot wound in left shoulder and knee. .lohn Crock, 1128 13th St. N., has been notified that Pte. Albert Crock, infantry, wounded in left leg, Pte. Patrick Carey, who enlisted in Lethbridge, and wliose father lives in Ireland, has been reported wounded and missing, according to niMled lists received today. Sergt. Wm. Martin, who also enlisted here, and whose ne.xt-of-kia is in Bngalnd, has been wounded. Pte. George Learn, who enlisted at Barons, and wlioso home is at Hamilton, Ont. is wounded. Two Cran-brook men, Corp. Davies, and Corp. Kay, are on the lists as wounded. IGEO: London, Sept. 12.~Sir George Reid, former high commissioner ifor. Australia and member of parliament for St. George's, died in London today after a prolonged illness. Sir George Houston Heid was born in Scotland, but lived tor many years in Australia. He held the post of prime minister of Australia and prime minister of New South Wales. Sir George visited the._ United States !n the tall of 1917 arid made several speeches in New York on America's participation in the war.- IS ELEVATED Boston, Mass., Sept. 12.-^C; ColvlUe Barclay, who has been, first counsellor of the Britisii embassy here for .several years past and now in charge in the absence ot Lord Reading-, has been elevated to the rank of minister lilenipotentiary. INNONIIES ARE In Canada, If They Have Been Subject to Draft In the U. S. Mennonites -^\-ho come to Canada, and who were subject to military service before leaving the United States, will also be subject to military service in Caifada, under the recent treaty'iet-fected between the two countries. The parliament of Canada can decide the future status of these people as soon as they become naturalized.,; This is the information conveyed through a telegram from Hon. J. A. Calder at Ottawa. There has been a great deal of adverse comment upon the entry of the Mennonites from the United States Into Canada, many he lleving that they had come here to es cape military service. The Mennonites have large colonies now located in the Lethbridge ^district, and the above information -ivill be of gi;gat interest. Turkish Opinion is That No Mi], itary Power Can Be Crushed Amsterdam, Sept. 12. - Following closely on the.statenient published in Vienna on Sept. S, in which Talaat Pasha, the Turkish grand vizier, said he believed that peace would come before winter, the Neue Preie Presse ot Vienna, now prints an interview with Djavld Pasha, the Turkish minister ot finance, who said: 'I am detiniiely pC the opinion thatf the war cannot be decided on the battlefield. A military victory in the sense that one army penetrates intt^ the country "of- tlie other and forces the enemy to surrender by cruahlug his military force, I consider impossible and I have al\vays=considered it impossible." LYlRfilE CAN PREei VICTORY Manchester, Sept. ia.-"Nothing but heart failure on the part of the British nation can prevent our achieving a decisive victory," said Premier Lloyd George, speaking at Manchestir today. The premier said that the British casualties in sthe last offensive in France were one-fifth of what they w.i� In 1916. AOSIA F Clergy Endorse Agitation For Creation of an Independent State-Jugo-SJiiv Movement Washington, Sept. 12.-Despite the bitter resistance of the Austrian government, which sought to prevent publication of the declaration ot the Czech deputies in favof-of lui independent Czecho-SIovak state, all of the clergy of the Bohemian diocese liave united in endorsing it. Because ot its inllu-ence, this action of the clergy was reported today In cable despatches a^ having created a profound impression -ip Austria and Hungary and led to strong denunciation by the Vienna newspapers, which .declared that the premier had condemned the Czechoslovak decriration in favor ot independence as lacking in loyalty to the dynasty and to the dual monarchy. ...The latest majjlfestation also is regarded as a sign^jif th'p Increasing Atrengtii of the Czech national feel lag. Jugo-Slav Agitation Amsterdam, Sept. 12.-Jugo-Slav agitation and revolutionary activity are So prevalent in Croatia that it the situation does not soon change a catas trophe iftust be feared, according to the Vienna Reicli'gpost. The Itale and Communical agencies, insofar as they are in the hands of the Serbo-Croats, are being exploited by them without reserve, the newspaper declares, the schools being especially used as a means ot spreading political propa ganda. The district authorities and the officials of the law courts, it is added, no longer dare to perform their official duties. LABOR LEADER DENOUNCES GOtERS Says His^olicy of Fight to Fin-, ish Will Prolong the War Copenhagen, Sept. 12.-Carl Rudolph Legien, president ot the Ger man Federation of Trades Unions, speaking at a meeting of the federation's executive committee recently, accused President Samuel Gompers ot the American Federation ot Labor with falsity to laboi'.'s cause and desiring "to � quench the spark ot 'inclination toward peace, which has flamed up in Englislt laboring classes." President Legieu declared that Gompers' "speeches were calculated to support the pan-Germans, whose activities _and aims are decisively rejected by Germany's labor unions." "The war can be prolonged for years.if the entente nations' laboring classies follow Gompers' precepts," says Legieu. TURES OLD ATTACK IN Dr. H. S. Relond, M.P, DyELANDSPEMS ON mm m Hon. Dr. Henri Beland, former Can adian cabinet minister, and a prisoner of the Germans for four years, will be the gue'lt-orittmoi^yn Lethliridgfe'to-morrow, when he will lecture on .Prison Life in Germany, in Wesley church at 8.30 in the evening. Those who have not secured tickets for this lecture should do so. They are now on sale. The proceeds after expenses are to be used for patriotic purposes. Dr. Beland, -with his wonderful eloquence, tells a touching story of his prison life in Germany, and brings a new appeal for the greatest effort to crush Hun militaiism from the face of the earth. RE mi ILEOINACIION London, Sept. 12.-^Lieul. J. N. Ward, Irish Guards; who has been killed in action, before the war farmed iu Manitoba and was once in the North West Mounted Police. His commanding otricer writes: "He met death unflinchingly at the head of his platoon." "* Lieut. J. B. Cave, flying corps, killed, "was formerly of the Canadiaa Sea-forths. Lieut. Arthur Richard McCallum, flying corps, killed, was the husband of Esmee McCallum, of Britisb' Columbia. . , The marriagg is announced ot Major H..D. Oxiaad, flying corps,' and Thel-ma, daughter of Allan.Dubleton, of Victoria. B.C. FAMILY HAVE BEEN IROEREO Loudon, Sept. 3 2.-The Daily Mail claims to have unquestionable information that the former empress of Russia and her four daughters have been murdered by the Bolsheviki. Russian Indemnity. London, Sept. 11.-The first portion of the Russian war indemnity to Germany was sent on Saturday last from Moscow to Berlin, according to an Exchange Telegraph Company dis patch from Copenhagen today. It amounted to 250,000,000 roubles, one-half in gold and the remainder in note.s. The money was carried on a special train under a strong guard and was received by a representative of the Roiclisbank at the border line. U. S. Troops at Archangel Washington. Sept. 11.-American troops have landed at Archangel to assist, the other allied forces there in their campaign to re-establish order in northern Russia. No Newis of Massacres. London, Sept. 11.-The British foreign office has received no news concerning the i-eported massacres in Petrograd. expects an attack on cambrAi soon London, Sspt. 11.-(Canadian Press Dispatch from Reuters, Limited.)-tspt. Von Salzmans, the German military critic, has written a significant article, in which he anticipates shortly a heavy British attack on Cambrai. He says the Germans' lines before Cambrai cannot be regarded ^s final lines of resistance. He depreciates the importance of the St. Quentin canal and cleclares that the main defense lines lie further east. He also says the Germans can, without running any . risk, voluntarily abandon all the ' territory south of the Aisne and retire to the Chemin-des-Dames. THE WEATHER High........................ 83 Low........................ 58 Forecast-Fair and warm. French and American Forces Advance on Wide Front in St. Millie! Salient, Taking Many Prisoners-British Forces Cross Canal Du Nord on a New Front and Malce Important Captures-All New Attaclcs Have Been Carried Along With Success. WITH THE AMERICAN FORCES ON THE LORRAINE FRONT, Sept. 12.-(Reuter's)-^French and American forces this morning launched an attack against German positions on both sides of the St. Mihiel salient. / The weather is fine. The attack made by the French and/ the Americans was a most daring one and'so far has been successKil. The attack was preceded by a barrage lasting four hours, ,; ^ ^ The attack on the southern side or the St. Mihiel sah'ent was made along a distance of twelve miles. The attack on the western side was on a front^f eight miles. "There has been a great concentration of Franco-Amer-; ican artillery and entente airplanes are operating in largej numbers. The Germans are now feilling back on the fronts on each side of the St. Mihiel salient. BRITISH CAPTURES LONDON, Sept.'12:-British troops have captured the towns of Vermand, Attily and Vendelle, all on the front norths west cf St. Quentin, Field Marshal Haig announced in his official report today. In their advance toward St. Quentin, the British have progressed as far as the western outskirts of Holnon Wood,' southeast of Attily. * The Germans offered stiff resistance in the Havrincourti and Moeuvre sectors, which the British overcame. LONDON, Sept. 12.-British forces have effected a crossing of the Canal Du Nord to the northwest of the town of Havrincourt, Field IMarshal Haig announced in his official report today. PROGRESS ON WHOLE LINE WITH rHE AMERICAN FORCES ON THE LORRAINE FRONT, Sept. 12.-(9 a.t^.)-Americans this morning launched an attack on German positions. At 9.00 o'clock, they had progressed along the whole lino. Some prisoners were taken at different, parts of the sector, The first wave of American troops met with resistance and at eight o'clock the second American wave was in possession of several points of the German first line. ; ENTHUSIASTIC FOR CIPAIGN FOR SALVATION ARl Enthusiasm marked the meet- ' ing held yesterday afternoon in the Board of Trade Rooms to or-g::n\ze for the coming cvampaign on behalf of the Salvation Afmy war work, which is"^ to take the form of a city wide canva,ss for funds-on Saturday next. Over 50 business men were present, and the following committee was appointed to divide the city into districts, Geo. B. Mackay, chair-, man, P. Lund, F. W. Downer, J. H. Alexander, A. Baalim. A total of $540 was subscribed on the spot for the Red Shield funds, the emblem of: the Salvation Army. Canvassers Will cover the city on Saturday. Be ready for them.. (S REFLOATED New York, Sept. 12.-The American line steamship St. Paul, which turned over on her port side April 25 last, while being warped into her North River pier, was refloated: on even keel today and soon will be ready to go to dry-dock I NEW LINE DEFENCE Paris, Sept. 12.-A supreme line of defense to be called the Parsifal line, is being constructed by the Germans from Antwerp to Metz, says Marcll Hutin, in tha Echo D' Paris. The article say* ' that the'^Germans are putting "tha Antwerp forts in a defensive con- � ditlon. Only Raiding Operation Paris, Sept. 12.-Only raiding opera tions and artillei-y activity along the French front are reported in ^today's war office statement. New U. S. Officers American ligadquartiars in Prance, Sept. 12.-The officer-in-chief of in-, fantry and cavalry brigades ot the American expeditionary ioxce have bfcen established by Gen. Pershing. Both officers will be members ot Gen.. Pershing's staff. The nominations for the two new ijosltions have not ytt been made. � GERMANS WITHDRAW ARTILLERY With the American Forces on the Lorraine Front, (Associated Press), Sept. 12.-French and American artillery this morning directed a terrific barrage fire on the German positions on this front. The reply of the German big guns was vigorous at some points, although as a whole it was weak. There are indications that the Germans are withdrawing their artillery, although It is more probable they are going to fight hard before driven, out, after enduring a itlfling barrage of more than eight hours. The Germans at some points are irtereasina the volume of their big gun fire, but-ineffectually. 40 89 94565?