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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - September 12, 1907, Lethbridge, Alberta r �� rf.T J .ml It. OF Shown by expanding circulation list. " The Beat Read Paper in the West." Evidenced by the advertising columns of this and every other issue. u The Most Effective Advertising Medium in the District." mions Proved by the numerous quotations from it, credited and otherwise. "A Most Reliable and Enterprising Newspaper." rybody' mion Shown by the continued interest in its columns, which contain matters of interest for everybody. Subscribe for The Herald 4fc $1.50 The Brightest and Best Home-Set Weekly in Alberta. Of Interest to the Farmer ALFALPA flON'TH V ICUATION. In tils splendid new Imok, entitled "The Hook *ot Alfalfa," by *\ I). ('ahum, iwmlly published l�y Orange )\hU\ Company* ho nays: Don't sow tiny nurw crop. Don't now on freshly plowed land, no matter how carefully prepared. Don't lei weeds or grass gror over nix Inchon high without clipping. Don1! clip or mow when wet with rain or thnv. Don't let alfalfa stand, it turning yellow, rut It. Don't sow old seed. Don't how less than 25 pounds per jncro, one half each way. J Don't sow on laud that will raise *2.V1 htiahels of potutoeH |wr ncre. Don't sow 25 acres tit first, sow Ave. Don'* pasture It. Don't put any of the rotton 'man* ura anywhere but on your nlfalla plot. Don't tle|�encl on "culture cakes" or soli from some distant Met tor condition for a succeeding crop than by the bare fallow. Not only that but he considers the former method more effective In destroying weeds, as the timothy 4s cut before the weeds have time to ripen, and the fall cultivation destroys any that may come up later in the season. These statements are unsulwtantial by facts, und we would do well to stop and consider wkeiher the Imrc fallow does not involve unnecessary waste. Mr. Irwin's ex|ierienoe is that ho can get a better crop of wheat from land treated as nbove described than from -Imre fallow, because there Is not such a strong tendency for the crop to go to straw and the quality of the grain is letter. The Question of Soil Fibre. One of the principal advantages of timothy apart from Its value as a frvd. is in the fibre that it leaves In !the soil. It is well known that continuous grain cropping with an occasional bare summer follow noon exhausts the root fibre in the soil and � .� 'tends to prevent the normal clr* cnlation of air ami water. This en- r desirable depreciation in so,l fibre has boon errthvl.v prevented on Mr. IrvVn's farm by the timothy, and wliere the land has iwen under grain for two years or more it is still In el lent comlMion. As a rule timothy Is cut at the stage at which H will make the best hay, but if so desired, It can bcnwle a good paying crop if harvested for seed, tjnst year Mr. Irwin allowed some of his crop to ri|�n and ho harvested from 8 to 9 bushels per aero of first class timothy seed,which sold nt $51.50 per bushel. This make?* a remunerative crop, but the land is not in as good condition as when the timothy Is cut for hay. Mr. Irwin states that as a general thing the timothy can be cut for seed In time to get lite land ploughed More harvest, but his experience is that the timothy seed Is ripened at the c.\|iensc of the next years wheat crop, as the land seems to -to dried out considerably during the ripening process. For this reason it Is recommended to cut the timothy for hay rather than ripen the seed. Deneftts of Farm Yard Manure. Nut the timothy is not alone responsible for the condition of Mr. Irwin's farm. He makes H a point never to burn any straw, but to return It to the farm in the form of born yard manure, and this Is ap-plitfl so that it will give the best result*. The aim is to lop dress the land seeded io timothy.T his Is done during the winter as evenly as possible, ami in the early spring the t**tcd OUt to to Mi.v, but InvtfM. . brief many be WMP^i, iage. Mr. tr*in**S* othy can im'w&rt in excelum^m dltion when cut with a Wwter* I in round stocks of about Jsheave* ami WW\ It will lie MMervM that the rot* tion followed *y Mf.Irwta l� ft Mmpte one, and retdily Utt* iU*f;tto to vnrtMhm* io suit Mmnt tbfy,;/J dst ions. Some twho *n eMryln*^4^| heavy �tock might pveter to tefrwAhe. J$ land to grass for two yt*!*, II were short of foditor,' or otter atlons. * -+ -r "if1 1 UKSORT l! Ic 4\ \. I A nervous looking man went Into a store tho other day and Hat down for an hour or so when tbe clerk ask* �ed him If there was anything she could do lor him. Ho said. No, he didn't want anything/' fthe w?nt away, and he sat for an hour lohger \vhv rf T V:-',- J +J>- _ I *1 �� 1 - �� j J ^ f>ecr has bonds in the eastern markets. i nmnure is smoothed down by the harrows. TJie manure thus applictl *n ,rv 10 l>oor stimulates the growth of the timothy and helps to converse the soil nmist-ure, so that when the crop Is taken r-_ �IT and the land ploughed It is ready Is wry undesirable ns It makes the [to help support the following wheat land much more subject to drifting jrrop. Hone rally the manure Is flat- If fiotl writes "opportunity" on one side of open doors, he writes "responsibility" on the other side.- Anon. -^.Vrl. 1. ''Bk v^. ^# w km Crop flotation without n l�aru fallow Xor'West Farmer. A problem of vital importance to the farmer* of Western Canada, und one which In most cases, docs not receive the consideration that it 'deserves. Is how to arrange a crop rotation that will yield good financial rvturns, maintain or increase the productive capacity of the soil, and at the same time present the introduction and spread of noxious weeds. It Is a regret able (act that 'on a large proportion of our, funna there ap|h*ara to b�f little or no attempt made to follow a deflnite systenk of cropping, designed to maintain the aoll fertility and keep the weeds in check, and the inevitable result Is now alarmingly apparent. Failure to observe this fundamental principle of agricultural operations haobrougi* on a very serious situation in the older sections of 'the country, for In many cases the weeds have become so NtrongJy eslabllhhctl that it Is a very hard undertaking to eradicate them, so hurt! in fact that many of our farmers will not even attempt It. Depletion of Soil Fertility. The weed problem In Itself is serious enough, but the t|uestlon of maintaining soil fertility la now beginning to force itself upon the older sections of the country. For years we have heard ahsurd statements about the inexhaustible fertility of the prairie land, and many have worked on the theory that tins soil wlllstand continuous cropping indefinitely without uecreaslng its productive eapnc  ity. The folly of practising this primitive method of cultivation Is now evident in decreasing yields front Aelds that have been thus abused and Western farmers are beginning to realize that they, la common with other tillers of the soil, have to make some intelligent provision for maintaining the fertility ot their land. Uut while it is generally true that those questions have been given too little attention, it 1b reassuring to note that notiv of our tarmom have been more foreseeing and have adopted methods through which their farms are increasing in productive capacity every year, and tU the same time the weeds are )*>ing kept under control. There are tho men who ure making inom>>, ami their example shoulji be sutlUictu to convince the more careless furmers that for permanent suci'osH xoim system of cult-ivation must bi* u v-"l hups, lighter ilmn tho average vost-cm soil, but is kopt in excellent can-dition *by fiiio!,ligynl cultlva'tiwR, the nvethods followed arc worthy careful coiwUloruUon by every farmer who w-islies io Increase the revenue from his JunJ. In brief. Mr. Irwin's rotut'lun is n four year one, consUt-intf of three uKhly the proper of't-oursf to pursue. I think it is .right to say so publicly." Sale ). *~ -. h �- THR Lilt DOWN' AT NK1.SON'. Dobbie's Sub-Division adjoining Depot, from _ *** - t m which Mayor Oilloit has instructed the chief a( poIi