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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 11, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDQE September NATO being weakened by downgrading of Soviet threat OTTAWA (CP) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is being weakened from within by influential public figures bent on downgrading the Soviet military threat, General Andrew Goodpaster, head of NATO forces in Europe, said Tuesday. Public opinion must be swayed towards support of a strong NATO military deterrent to growing Soviet land and naval power, Gen. Goodpaster told delegates to the 20th annual assembly of the Atlantic Treaty Association. Both Gen. Goodpaster and his naval counterpart, Admiral Ralph Cousins, told the conference that the Soviet Union and its allies are rapidly building up military strength at a time NATO countries are under economic and political pres- sures to cut back. In an unusually strong criticism of civilian authorities in NATO countries, Gen. Goodpaster warned of the "creeping coercion of Europe" and said serious pressures exist within NATO countries, to cut military commitments and play down Soviet strength. He said member governments "must no longer make it dangerous rather than profitable for public figures to talk of downgrading NATO." Gen. Goodpaster is about to retire as Supreme Allied Com- mander in Europe. Admiral Cousins is Supreme Allied Com- mander in the Atlantic. The two Americans hold over-all command of NATO land and sea forces. Reduce strength Their toughly-worded speeches came after Liberal MP Leonard Hopkins (Renfrew North-Nipissing parlia- mentary secretary to Defence Minister James Richardson, defended Canada's 1969 decision to reduce its military commitment to NATO by about half. Mr. Hopkins said Canada's NATO commitment has come to be viewed by some "in an unduly negative way." "This view would have it that the reductions were a prelude to total withdrawal of our forces in Europe and that what we have .left is mainly of symbolic or political significance with little intrinsic value to the deterrent capabilities of the he said. He said he recognized the "very modest" size of the Cana- dian force "but I would argue very strongly that the contribution is important to Canada and vital to the alliance for sound military as well as political reasons." Both Gen. Goodpaster and Admiral Cousins said the rap- idly expanding Soviet navy is giving the Soviet Union power to control vital oil tanker routes. Soviet naval power is in- creasing along with the rise in international demand for petroleum and other commodities that must be shipped by sea, they said. Entering new era "We are entering a new era of ocean politics and ocean di- Admiral Cousins told the conference. He said NATO countries must make an early political deci-' sion to increase their naval strength. NATO was organized on the assumption that member countries would control Atlantic shipping routes in the event of conflict, but this is no lunger necessarily true, he said. Gen. Goodpaster said unilateral reduction of NATO forces in Europe would disrupt European security without leading to a lessening of tension between NATO and its adversaries. Only mutual and balanced force reductions will work, he said. The general, who received a standing ovation from about 200 delegates at the week-long conference, said communism remains a menace despite talk of detente. He said NATO countries must resist the temptation to "rationalize away the threat, give way to economic pressures and cut back the support of military programs." He argued that, despite opposition in some quarters, NATO still needs tactical nuclear weapons. Possessing them is the best guarantee that they will not be used by NATO or member countries of the Warsaw pact, the Soviet military alliance, he said. A year after bloody coup Chile in grips of harsh regime and severe inflation SANTIAGO (CP) A year after a bloody coup in which Marxist president Salvador Allende died, Chile is in the Ask About The NEW INVISIBLE Multicocal Lens (MULTILUX) OPTICAL PRESCRIPTION CO. grip of a harsh regime and severe inflation. Consumer prices since the coup have increased about 600 per cent. Many poor go hungry. To some the anniversary will be celebrated today as a great event, a victory over socialism which reigned over a shattered economy. To others it will be a day of mourning for the thousands who died and the thousands exiled. The Allende era was mark- INSTALLATION ELECTRONIC AIR CLEANERS 17092AV6. S. Phone 328-5973 ed by shortages in food and other needs. Long queues formed in front of half-empty shops. Many Chileans were forced to turn to black markets for their food. Now there are more goods but shoppers find the official price for many essentials is higher than the black market price of the old regime. Critics of the military regime estimate that despite official wage increases and various family benefits, the purchasing power of the average Chilean worker has dropped by 40 or 50 per cent during the year. The government of Gen. Au- gusto Pinochet, the army commander who led the coup that toppled Allende, Sept. 11, 1973, admits that Chileans are going through hard times. However, it maintains it is slowly beginning to win an up- hill battle to restore an econ- omy shattered by three years of Allende's "revolutionary" policies. Pinochet's government claims some successes after dismantling the socialist structures that included nationalized banks, industries and farms. Nationalized industries have since been restored to original owners and many small farmers have been given strips of land formerly held by collective farms. But the government still has to import food worth million a year. The Pinochet government maintains a tight grip. The junta speaks of the continua- tion of an "internal war" re- quiring retention of absolute wartime powers. Communist, Socialist and other left-wing political groups have been outlawed. Mediator Senator Carl Golden- berg has been appointed by the Ontario govern- ment to arbitrate the Toronto Transit Commis- sion dispute. Underworld boss jailed MONTREAL (CP) Vin- cenzo Cotroni, 63. described in testimony before the Quebec Police Commission inquiry into organized crime as an un-' derworld leader, has been arrested and jailed. Jupiter's great red spot just a great big storm WASHINGTON (Reuter) Jupiter's great red spot, which has mystified astronomers for decades, apparently is a great big storm Space agency scientists reported this conclusion Tuesday after analysing thousands of photographs and other data provided by a satellite sweep of the big planet last Dec. 5. The National Aeronautics and Space Ad- ministration (NASA) report said the great red spot, an eye-shaped shadow on the face of the solar system's largest planet, appears to be the vortex of a gigantic storm that has raged along a front for at least seven centuries. NASA said findings of the Pioneer 10 spacecraft indicate that the intense storm is a mass of whirling clouds, towering some five miles above a surrounding cloud deck. Much of the new information supplied by Pioneer 10 contradicts many previous theories on the nature of the planet, NASA said. The brightly-banded planet, which by itself contains more than two-thirds of all the planetary material in the solar sys- tem, now seems to have these charac- teristics: appears to be almost entirely a liquid planet, without any solid surface. Cars won't start if drivers drunk TORONTO (CP) The day might come, studies indicate, that cars will be so equipped that they won't start if their drivers are impaired. An international conference on alcohol, drugs and traffic safety was told Tuesday that such devices have been tested and application of their use is "interesting and worth study.'' Richard Thompson, a re- search engineer with General Motors, reported on ex- periments his company has, conducted on drunk-driver counter meas- ures." Although he said he doubts that the devices would ever become standard equipment, he said they were applied to 17 GM cars and people have driven the cars for their per- sonal use. The from a laboratory model utilizing a small control stick guiding an image on an electronic the car from being started until the driver can complete a 10-second ex- ercise testing his co-ordina- tion using the steering wheel and registering on a meter. They can be adjusted so that sober persons can always start the car, Mr. Thompson said. But 75 per cent of those persons who have consumed sufficient alcohol to be consid- ered impaired are unable to do so. 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