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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 11, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Canadians score triumph in new air agreement By PETER MICHAELSON OTTAWA (CP) Canadian negotiators appear to have won the vaunted prize of new routes for Canadian airlines to U.S. cities as agreement was announced Monday in Washington following four years of discussion. Details of the new agree- ment were sketchy, but sources familiar with it said the Canadians had obtained potentially profitable "deep penetration'' routes involving services to cities well beyond the border. Canadian airlines now fly direct to only six U.S. cities. Transport Minister Jean Marchand saici he had not been fully briefed on the agreement. He would make an announcement today in- dicating whether the govern- ment would accept it. Although it is a "complete an expanded system of customs preclearance and new air routes, it might not have conceded enough to Canadian demands, he said. Canadian airline spokesmen refused comment until Mr. Marchand makes his statement, probably in the Commons at 2 p.m.' Michel Dupuy, chief Cana- dian negotiator, said in Washington the agreement is "one of the most significant" reached in many years between the two countries. ADDS DETAIL He declined to go into detail but Michael Styles, head avia- tion negotiator for the U.S. state department, said there would be "quite a number of new routes" to U.S. cities out of Toronto, Montreal, Calgary, Edmonton and the Maritimes. The agreement provides for continuing preclearance at Canadian airports of U.S.- bound passengers. At present only four Canadian air- Toronto, Winnipeg and Van- preclearance facilities. One informed source said preclearance moving passengers through customs at points of be set up in most major cities in the U.S. and Canada, including Calgary. Ottawa, Halifax and London, Ont., as well as Miami and Tampa, Fla., Boston, Chicago. San Francisco and Los Angeles. Timetables for various cities to get such facilities and a list of priorities for im- plementation have not been worked out. but negotiations will meet again in three months to discuss these. U.S. and Canadian negotiators initialled the agreement which will be plac- ed before the governments for ratification. Still to be settled is the sharing agreement for charter flights. U.S. negotiators are to fly here next week to attempt to settle this. The agreement came just as the noon deadline for eliminating U.S. customs preclearance passed. Cana- dian- officials apparently ordered an extension of the deadline. CUT THREATENED The government had threat- ened to ban the pre-flight clearance in an attempt to bolster its position in the air route bargaining. Both U.S. airlines and the U.S. government value the preclearance for the same reason Ottawa resents carriers enjoy direct service to more U.S. destinations without the need to stop for customs in- spection. Preclearance allowed U.S. carriers to reach 33 U.S. cities with direct flights. Mr. Marchand said last April this provides U.S. airlines with a million net benefit annual- ly over their Canadian com- petitors. He said Monday night the threat to eliminate preclearance "had been a good argument" for the Cana- dian negotiators. A source in Washington said U.S. airlines probably would be content with the agreement, in spite of the new competition from Canadian airlines, because it provides for the preclearance and prevents a deterioration in relations that could affect air traffic between the countries. The Lethbridge Herald VOL. LXVI No. 229 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1973 PRICE 2 SECTIONS 24 PAGES Bomb scare stops rails LONDON (AP) Bomb scares closed two London rail- way terminals today and set off a major security operation at the capital's main airport. Commuter traffic was dis- rupted by the closure of the London Bridge and Liverpool Street stations, which daily handle hundreds of thousands of passengers. The threat to the airport was said to have originated in the Middle East. Security men said they had been told of a plot to bomb fuel installations at airports throughout Europe. Meanwhile Scotland Yard pressed on with the hunt for a baby-faced teen-ager describ- ed as "too young to shave." He is the young terrorist. Scotland Yard reported, who lobbed a three-pound bomb wrapped in brown paper into the ticket hall of London's King's Cross station Monday. Six persons were wounded, three of them badly, when it exploded. One woman, a Chinese, was reported to have had her leg amputated in hospital later. That bornb was of two deto- nated in major rail terminals in the British capital Monday in a bloody climax to a three- weekold terror campaign blamed on Irish extremists. The other went off'in nearby Euston Station and wounded seven persons. Euston and half a dozen other big ter- minals were 'evacuated several times during the day in a rash of bomb scares in the jumpy City, where the terrorist campaign began Aug. 18. It was the worst day yet for casualties and doubled the number of Britons wounded so far in the bombings. Londoners were shocked. But the blasts also hardened the defiance of many against the phantom bombers and almost inevitably revived memories of the city's stand against German bombs in the Second World War. "One thing is said The Daily Mirror. "The JOHN CONNALLY terrorists will not break the nerve of a nation that stood up to the weight of Hitler's bombs." There were howls for blood, too. Right-wing members of Prime Minister Edward Heath's Conservative party demanded tougher govern- ment action, including the death penalty for convicted terrorists. Others demanded that Heath deport all known sym- pathizers of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in Britain and issue identity cards to every one' of the es- timated 250.000 Irishmen liv- ing in Britain. The death penalty was abol- ished here eight years ago but technically it still remains for treason, with which bombers might be charged. Wiretap summary sought WASHINGTON (AP) Senators considering Henry Kissinger's nomination to be state secretary have dusted off a 20year-old precedent in an effort to get information about administration wiretaps. Senator J. W. Fulbright (Dem.Ark.) chairman of the foreign relations committee, named two members Monday to a subcommittee to try to obtain access to FBI sum- maries of the national- security wiretaps on 17 per- sons. In a similar case 20 years ago. a two-member subcom- mittee -was granted access to government files. Creation of the subcom- mittee came after Kissinger's second day of testimony at his confirmation hearings. His appearance today may be his last, although the committee is expected to take several more days to finish its con- sideration. Fulbright and several other committee members said Kis- singer's confirmation will not be delayed because of the Wiretap issue. However, they indicated they will not give up trying to obtain the information on who authorized the 1969-1970 wiretaps on 13 government of- ficials and four reporters, and why. Reflecting that deter- mination, the committee voted 14 to 0 Monday after- noon to establish the subcom- mittee. The similar dispute in 1953 involved the nomination of Charles Bohlen as am- bassador to the Sovet Union. The late Senator Joseph McCarthy (Dem.Wis.) charg- ed Bohlen with being a poor security risk. The committee then sought government files on the career diplomat. New press rolls RICK ERVIN photo A gentle push on a small red button and The Herald's new off- set press rolled at noon Monday. About 100 public officials, dignitaries and Herald staffers watched as Marie Long, widow of former Herald publisher Harold Long, and Clarence Copithorne, Alberta minister of highways and transporta- tion, combined to start the press. Mrs. Long and Mr. Copithorne get instructions from press foreman Bob Helmer. Story page 13. Is Nixon above the law? WASHINGTON (AP) President Nixon's lawyers are expected to argue before a nine-judge appeals court to- that the president is not sub- ject to court orders. The lawyers hope to con- vince the United States Cir- cuit Court that Nixon cannot be compelled to turn over the White House tape recordings related to the Watergate political espionage scandal which are sought by special prosecutor Archibald Cox. The appeal resulted from Ex-aide eyeing White House WASHINGTON (AP) Former Democrat John Con- nally has acknowledged he is thinking about running for the presidency in 1976 and says he will have to decide by 1975. On the occasion of yet an- other welcome into the Republican party, the former United States Navy secretary, former Democratic governor of Texas, former treasury secretary and former aide to President Nixon displayed great pleasure in duelling ver- bally with reporters about his presidential intentions. At a news conference after a day-long meeting of the Re- publican national committee, at which party leaders ex- pressed confidence that the Watergate Politeal scandal would not hurt their 1974 and 1976 prospects, Conally was asked whether he had thought about running. "If you were asking me if I've thought of that possibility. I'll just stipulate that right he replied. Asked when he would have to decide. Connally replied that "any person would have to face that decision, I think, at some point in 1975." "I'm not going to be a reluc tant candidate if I decide to become Connally said. He said he would wage an all- out drive, including contesting primaries if he decides to run. Connally, who last weekend launched a U.S.-wide speaking tour, said he is telling Republicans that he is not a candidate for anything but has thought of it and that prospec- tive candidates should con- sider three questions: _ you prepared to com- mit yourselves for the rest of your life to that task? you really feel you could contribute something? it possible to get the nomination and? if you can. can you be elected? A cross-section ot party leaders interviewed at the meeting agreed Connally has established his Republican credentials in plenty of time to become a 1976 contender and would not be hurt by his fJemoeratic past. the Aug. 29 order by Judge John J. Sirica, of U.S. district court that he be allowed to hear the tapes to determine what, if anything, should be turned over to the grand jury. The appeals court rejected Monday a request from the Senate Watergate committee for time to present its own arguments as a friend of the court. That left today's hearing a three-way argument over Nix- on's attempt to nullify Si- rica's decision. Cox's attempt to expand it, and support of Si- rica's position by two law pro- :-ssors selected by the judge. Seen and heard About town, AFTER devouring a hefty steak. 0. D. Alston claim- ing to feel like a buzzard who couldn't get off the ground because he had onion too much. Unemployment climbs again By NEIL GILBRIDE OTTAWA (CP) Unem- ployment climbed in August to a six-month high of 5.5 per cent of the work force but the number of Canadians at work also rose and Statistics Canada said today the hike in the jobless rate was difficult to interpret. In actual figures, the total of unemployed dropped 28.000 to 433.000 but it was figured as a rise of 31.000 because the decline is usually larger in August. "This was largely due to the increase in unemployment among persons 14 to 24 (up However, seasonal patterns among young persons in August have been changing over the last few years. This makes interpretation of the figures the report said. The national jobless rate is seasonally adjusted to eliminate normal seasonal developments such as youths quitting work to return to school, farm employment dropping after ha'rvest seasons and similar factors. Total employment in August rose to but the increase was figured even a seasonal- ly adjusted basis because it normally declines in August. Similarly, the total number of Canadians with jobs had risen 119.000 in July but since it normally climbs higher in that month, it was figured as a seasonally adjusted drop of the first such decline in nine months. "There was a large the seasonally-adjusted employ- ment level for full-time workers." said the report on August job developments. "Employment for women 25 and over increased substan- decreas- ing for two consecutive Service almost back to normal VANCOUVER (CP) -Kail service finally began to return to normal throughout Canada early today after Vancouver- area railworkers, the last holdouts against Parliament's back-to-work legislation began reporting back on the job at 10 p.m. local time Mon- day. A spokesman for Canadian Pacific Railway said an east- bound freight train left Van- couver early this morning, signalling a return to nor- malcy. A Canadian National Rail- ways spokesman said it was too early to tell whether a decision by the unions to work Military ousts Allende BUENOS AIRES (Reuter) President Salvador Allende of Chile, the Western world's first freely-elected Marxist president, was ousted today by the Chilean armed forces commanders, a Chilean radio report monitored in Argentina said. Allende became the Western Hemisphere's first freely elected Marxist presi- dent nearly three years ago. He blamed "irresponsible elements" for what he called action of soldiers who go back on their word and their com- mitments." "I declare my will to he said, "even at the cost of my life in order that this serve as a lesson in the ig- nominious history of those who have strength but not reason." The proclamation was read by a man identifying himself as "the chief of the military junta." He demanded that "senor president of the republic proceed with the im- mediate turning over of the high post." "The armed the police are united in initiating the historic and responsible mission of fighting for the liberation of the country from the Marxist he added. to rule will cause serious problems, but he said trains should be moving on schedule. Spokesman for bot.i major railways said normal passenger reservations are now being accepted for the first time since July 26. when the strike started, with the first of a series of local walkouts. The CP Rail spokesman said a considerable backlog of freight must be moved, in- cluding about grain cars stalled at various points in British Columbia. Earlier Monday the workers attended a mass meeting in suburban Coquitlarn and voted to return to work and to work- to rule. But the 600 men at the meet- ing of the Joint Council of Railway Unions also decided that if six persons earlier charged with violating back- to-work legislation receive "so much as all workers would walk off the job again. A justice department spokesman in Ottawa said that once all Vancouver railworkers are back to work and rail traffic returns to nor- mal the charges will likely be dropped. "We're not interested in putting people in he said. "We're interested in getting the railways running." months. Employment for married men 25 to 54 has shown little change since March The employment level for persons 14 to 24 increased to 2.285.000 in August from 2.267.000 in July following a large it said. The jobless rate rose despite the increase in em- ployment because the labour force rise of 89.000 additional people seeking work was greater than the number of new jobs. "The employment level in- creased in the Atlantic region, Quebec, Ontario and British Columbia while it continued to decrease in the Prairie region." Statistics Canada said. The most substantial increase i'wa.s in Ontario, following a decline of 60.000 in July. Regionally, the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate dropped in the Atlantic region from 9 to 8.2 per cent, rose in Quebec to 7.3 from 7, increas- ed in Ontario to 4.1 from 3.7, rose in the Prairie region to 4.6 from 3.7, and declined in British Columbia to 5.6 from 5.9 per cent, the report said. The jobless rise in the prairies was largely due to sharply increased rates in Saskatchewan and Alberta, 5.3 and 4 per cent respectively. Both rates rose by 1.3 per cent from July. Hunley given new job Premier Peter Lougheed to- day announced the creation of a solicitor general's depart- ment to allow Attorney General Merv Leitch to spend more time on energy matters. Minister without Portfolio Helen Hunley has been ap- pointed to the new post. Her responsibilities will include correctional instiutions. the police act and the Alberta Li- quor Control Board. Mr. Lougheed said in a statement that Mr. Leitch will become a member of the energy committee and the finance, priorities and coor- dination committee. He said the attorney general in recent months has become more involved m the field of energy resources and con- stitutional matters. Inside 'It all began with the Ellsberg break-in.' Classified..........20-23 Comics..............17 Comment............4.5 District................15 Local Markets..............18 Sports..............9-11 Theatres...............7 Weather...............3 LOW TONIGHT 45, HIGH WED., 80; CONTINUING WARM ;