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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 11, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HSRALD Mondoy, II, 1972 Tom Wicker Henderson hazards The Henderson Lake Golf Course is high on the list of important civic attractions and assets. It not only pro- vides recreation lor hundreds of citi- zens but it contributes to the beauty of. the city and is admired and ap- preciated by most of the people who never golf. However there are limits to tho privileges that golfers should enjoy. Many citizens were uneasy when City Council barred the south side of Henderson Lake to non-golfing pedes- trians. It is now illegal to walk around the lake. Now it is decided that toaters who come too close to the golf course are "trespassing." In other words the golf club's jurisdiction now spreads into the lake. As Hie lake-shore is an integral part of the course at a couple of holes, it is logical that boaters should be kept away from the normal flight of golf balls. But the city manager lias given the golf club and the police "the interim authority to have complete control and jurisdiction over land and water areas where hazardous situations may develop." That is not right. Considering some of the golf played there, hazardous situations may develop a couple of hundred yards away from the course in just about any direction. Boaters have rights too, and so do motorists and pedestrians. Balls regularly land on busy South Parkside Drive or on lawns beyond. Are the club and the police given the right lo close off the street to public use because of the "hazardous situa- tions" that regularly develop? Tlie course and the club exist there by public consent. The arrangement has been good for all concerned. But if the interests of the golfers en- croach loo much on the interests of the public, harm could be done to the relationship. Open Board Meetings It is axiomatic that people must be able to trust their institutions. In ex- panding on this, the Worth Commis- sion report points out that accounta- bility is indispensable to trust, and goes on lo say: "The first require- ment of. such accountability is disclo- sure; there must always be full pub- lic access to the records of the deci- sion-making processes except in par- ticular instances where confidential- ity is of paramount importance." We agree most heartily. Trust is es- sential, and never more so than in the case of our immensely important and immensely costly educational institutions. Tlie relationships be- tween trust accountability, and dis- closure are unarguable. We agree, too, that there is a case for confidentiality, though we are glad to see the phrases "in particular in- stances' and "of. paramount import- which should take care of most the usually cited reasons for holding closed meetings and suppress- ing information. In this connection, we are not sympathetic to the notion that contract figures, terms of em- ployment1 or even salaries, when they are paid out of. public funds, are too sensitive for public knowledge. Evidently the need for openness is generally recognized throughout tho province, as nearly all school, col- lege and university boards hold open meetings. A notable exception is the Board of Governors of the University of Lethbridge. Charter troubles This past summer was a disaster for many Canadian tourists who be- came stranded in Europe because of irregularilies in charter flights. Recently the Canadian Transport Commission announced its intention of taking steps to ensure that these unfortunate incidents will not be re- peated from now on, chartering air- lines will have to certify to the CTC that each passenger has a return ticket and an assured seat back. Tlie troubles in the summer stemmed The ivhite knuckle flier fyHE other day my plane took off from Toronto Airport at the height of a summer thunderstorm. The storm had been hanging around Toronto for a week, wait- ing for me to board the aircraft. The mo- ment I stepped into the cigar, God tried to light it. We sat on the deck for some time, the rumbles of thunder clearly audible above the Jet engines, the wicked zigs of light- ning staking out the airport with remarl- able precision. Sitting there toying with my seat belt (I never fasten it till f-e last minute, a bit of braggadacio to jss the I did not look mil the windows at the black, menacing clouds spitting fire at the earth, I could have, if I'd wanted lo, but I didn't want to. I am not one of those who clamor for a scat next to the window, on a plane. I ask for an aisle seat near the biff. I know what I'm going to be looking at. The grandeur of the Rockies it ain't. Sitting there, as I say, in the aircraft, not watching the lightning, and not listen- ing for the thunder, I couldn't help think- ing what a great movie sequence the sit- uation would have made. A telescopic camera. Capturing all the drama of the huge 747 poised for takeofl while the sky boils and hurls bolts of naked electricity at the squall-swept field. Cut to a close-up of a male passenger whoso Chicklet has been chewed into a dry, sacra- mental wafer. Eat your heart out, Arthur Hailey. But no, this was real life. None of the passengers around me acknowledged by End to racial terrorism not in sight TyrOST of the world is sad- dened and shocked by the reprehensible violence that erup- ted at the Olympic Games, and calls arc already being heard for something to be done about such unconscionable terrorism. But the question is what can be done. Even those who most strong- ly condemn the Arabs who precipitated the incident can hardly be satisfied with tte out- come then precipitated by tha West German police in the air- port Shootout. Early reports at least raised the question wheth- er the death of the hostages was worth the killing and ip- prehension of the terrorists whether the best resolution of the problem was a violent showdown, rather than continu- ing every feasible effort to neg- otiate the hostages' release. from the fact that passengers re- ceived a voucher from travel agents, for their return flight, but no guaran- tee of a seat. Though they paid' the agents, some airlines didn't get their money. CTC's action in this regard will close at least one gaping "loophole aimed at the chartering airlines. But another loophole could also be plug- ged if agents handling chartered flights were required to he bonded. This is the same question rais- ed by the death of so many prisoners and hostages in a hail of New York State Police gun- fire at Attica a tragedy the anniversary of which will fall just next week. Even before the deaths of tho Israeli hostages were announc- ed, Charles W. Bray, the state department spokesman, quite properly demanded that nations who might have extended some aid to Palestinian guer- rillas should stop doing so, in order that the commandos bo treated as "an intolerable af- front to human society." The trouble with that is that in some Arab countries the guer- rillas are seen as heroes fight- ing for a holy cause, in many areas, they are actively feared; and in any case aside from the military problem of stamp- ing out the commandos it is politically difficult for Arab governments to move against Arab guerrillas without calling into quc their own commit- ment to the struggle against Israel. The lough Israelis can take their own effective measures of reprisal and prevention, and often have, but for the long pull that may well be counter pro- ductive. However effective in the short run, military strikes into Lebanon, for example, may increase the guerrilla's bitterness and fanaticism and tend to undermine the Israeli position as a law-abiding na- tion menaced by outlaws and brigands. International sanctions and pressures against the guerrillas and the nations that harbor thorn might be devised, at le'ast on paper. How hard it Is to give such plans practical ef- fect has just been demonstrat- ed in Washington where a 17- nation conference has flatly re- jected an American-Canadian proposal'lhat signatory nations would halt air travel to nations refusing to punish or extradite airplane hijackers and to re- lease hijacked crew's, planes and passengers. Given the experience of ire- cent years, and the worldwide impact of hijackings, this pro- posal seems reasonable enough deny asylum to the hijacker and where is he or she to go? But Britain and France and the Soviet Union apparenlly valued more Iiighly the small amount of sovereignty they would have had to yield in agreeing to a supra-national process of sanc- tions. In addition, the British word, or gesture the fact that all hell bad broken loose in the firmament into which we were about to ascend. Either they know something I didn't know, regarding the safely of air- craft struck by lightning, or I was en- capsulated with 350 people for whom liv- ing had lost its appeal. The diligence with which passengers make their anxiety when flying Is quite extraordinary. I think that I am revolving slowly like a traumatized'slot machine. But I couldn't match the cool of the persons about me ignoring the donner and blitzen as though they were flying kites in electri- cal storms long before Ben Franklin got a charge out of it. The loudspeaker invited us to consult the folder in the scat pocket in front of us, to familiarize ourselves with the safety fea- tures of the aircraft. I consulted it imme- dialely, and found not a word about how the plane responded to being shafted by one million volts of raw juice. The skipper came on to tell us to keep our seat belts fastened after takeoff, as we could expect some turbulence. Jeez, it I'd wanted understatement I'd have flown BOAC. The faces around me remained impas- sive. Frauds! Fakes! They were as scared as I was, maybe scareder. Repressing their natural instinct to perspire underarm, overarm and backhand. Unnatural, that's what it is. your airliner is taking off during an active thunderstorm there should be a sign that flashes on: YOU MAY SCREAM IF YOU WISH. I think it would add a lot to the pleasure of flying. Unco-operative "would you By Dong Walker f S tha summer wears on, our boys get ly troubling question to me: "i more and more pestiferous in tho me drown these estimation of their mother. Not being the violent type I blanched at They had apparently bothered Klspcth Ino (housiil and admitted that the project considerably one morning because when I really held liltle appeal for me. got homo for lunch, Bbo posted! a particular- she L "That smite bugs me. You don't suppose ihe Wat 'Htxrtrted; do If MA, lie. gettin a tittle low on corn, string beans and Better run over lo supermarket on' buy some more" and French may have feared disruptions in their airline op- erations la the middle east and Algeria the latter country a goal of numerous hijackers. Surely anything that could devised to limit Arab guerrilla operations through internation- al action would encounter as much or more difficulty the more so because the Arab Israeli controversy reverber- ates throughout world politics, Soviet-American relations in particular. So it is a good deal easier to call for something to be done than to sf.y what the something should be. Defensive measures, such as those president Nixon has pledged for Israelis travel- ing in America, are certainly necessary: West German se- curity provisions at Olymp- ic Village appear in first re- ports to have been sketchy at best. But no adequate defenses can be erected that will always thwart fanatic terrorists, will- ing to die for their cause. That is the heart of the mat- ter. Whether it is the strange mixture of religious and polit- ical animosities in Ireland, or radical Americans bombing banks and university buildings to bring down "the or obscure tribes slaughtering one another for obscure (to out- siders) reasons in Africa, or Palestinians acting by any means to recover a homeland they see as stolen, profound religious, political and racial hates can stir men and women to the most unreasoning pitches of action and response. When such people will not hesitate lo die for their beliefs, however strange or distorted those be- liefs may seem to others, they will seldom hesitate to take the most drastic and outrageous actions to defeat those who stand in tho way. The causa justifies any and everything; ultimately the cause consumes common humanity. That is why the only thing finally to be done to end Pal- estinian terrorism is to find some means of resolving tha profound conflict that produces it. is to say that the end is hardly in sight. (New York Times Service) David Haiuorth Immigrants languish in the slums of Europe As the Brit- ish Government struggles to make accommodation ar- rangements for the Ugandan Asians shortly to be expelled by General Idi Amin, a report on the housing situation among migrant workers in the Euro- pean Economic Community has just been published here. It makes grim reading, a catalogue of neglect which has stung the European Commis- sion into suggesting a Europe- vide campaign against the slums where immigrant work- ers from outside the present Six Common Market countries are crammed in ever in- creasing numbers. There are Turks, Greeks, Yugoslavs, Algerians, and Spaniards who are pulled into the vortex of EEC wealth to do jobs which local workers will not touch any more. This suits the EEC and it suits the immi- grants, who are often refugees from agrarian economies where unemployment is pitiful- ly high and welfare provisions derisory. But as the EEC report clearly shows the Common Market countries have made only the feeblest efforts to ac- commodate what the Germans call Gastarbeiter (guest work- The .Commission points out that a large number of na- tional workers in Common Market countries are inade- quately housed and this was true before the flood of immi- grants reached current propor- tions. The question of accommoda- tion cannot in the Commission's view be separated from general policies In 1S69 and 1970 (the latest figures avail- able because EEC member Governments were slow in re- plying lo the Commission's questionnaire) the completed housing in Common Market countries amounted to and respectively, an increase in the total of During this time the total pop- ulation increased by people. In the same period tho number of migrant workers, without counting tho members n( their families, increased by to The human situation behind these statistics has squalid manifestations: the so-called bidonvilles in France, shanty- towns of tin and wood where foreign labor is crowded in the most unhygienic conditions, and the listless crowds of car- pctbagging workers from nil over the Mediterranean who are to be found banging round every main station in Europe, There is also the unpleasant practice adopted by some land- lords cashing in on the acute shortage, this is called la politi- que du lit chaud "the policy of the warm bed" in which they let out a r o o m to work- ers on different shifts and the place of the man going to work in the morning is taken by someone who is at his job all night. France and West Germany, which absorb the majority of these immigrant workers, have tried to make some special pro- visions for them. Tho Commis- sion commends them for mak- ing the greatest effort, but adds that the figures speak for them- selves. And so they do. In West Germany, collective housing financed in 1969-70 by the Office for Labor numbered units, consisting of beds. The construction of houses was encouraged and projects for dwellings were financed by granting loans at low interest rates. In France the overall pro- gramme for 1969 provided for about beds and fam- ily dwellings but only beds and 771 family dwellings had been actually financed. For 1970, there was provision for to places in hostels but only family dwellings and new places in hostels had been financed by that year. If these figures are compared with the number of immigrants who arrived in France and West Germany during the same period the problem's propor- tions become clear: in Ger- many the foreign worker pop- ulation increased by be- tween and 1970 and in France the increase in that pe- riod was Seat belts still not used A RECENT saturation cam- paign of television com- mercials urging seat belt use "had no effect re- ports its sponsor. During a nine-month period In 1971 and early 1972, the In- surance Institute for Highway Safety conducted a television campaign in a middle-sized American city consisting of six professionally produced com- mercials. Observations were made of cars throughout the city to determine any change in the level of seat belt use. At the end of the period, the researchers discovered that tha campaign had been a complete bust. In f a c t, seat belt usage actually declined, but this was believed due to the onstet of cold weather and the incon- venience of buckling bells over winter clothing. "In spite of the number of campaigns urging safety belt u s concludes the institute, "the proportion of vehicle occu- pants using them is so low that much of the reduction in death and injury that should be achieved by their use is not be- ing realized." How much of a reduction la not being realized? The Highway Safety Founda- tion estimates that half of tha deaths recorded in the nation every year could be prevented if people would wear their seat belts. Disabling acci- dents could be cut by 25 per cent. Yet four out of five drivers and passengers seem to be im- mune to all the statistical ar- guments and appeals to reason, and because they are, there is a growing movement to rnaka seat belt use mandatory. Since July 1, 1971, all inter- state truckers have re- quired to wear seat lielts. Tho Highway Safety Foundation, whose statistical analyses of ac- cidents assisted the Depart- ment of Transportation in tho issuance of the regulation, is pushing for state laws requir- ing seat belt use in all automo- tive vehicles (with a few exemptions, such as for the physically Proponents of such laws point to Australia's experience. In 1971, tho state of Victoria registered a 24 per cent drop in automotive fatalities in the nine months during which it was the only state in that coun- try to have a seat belt law. Wore recently, New South Wales registered a 22 per cent decrease. The penalty for not wearing a seat belt in both slates is In New South Wales, police have been lining about people a month. Opponents of seat belt laws argue that 1974 model Ameri- can cars will have ignition in- terlock systems that will pre- vent a car from starting if driver and passengers do not have their belts fastened. Furthermore, under the pres- ent timetable, beginning in 1976, all new cars will have air bags as mandatory equipment. But according to Eugene P. Concse, president of Irvin In- duslries, Inc., a leading pro- ducer of automotive safety equipment (including air seat belts would still have lo be used with air bags for ulti- mate safety. "Air bags offer no protection In secondary and tertiary crashes and rollovers, or from So They Say To fail to plan Is to plan fail. Hart, McGovcrn cam- paign manager. he points out. "And these types of accidents are where most injuries and fatali- ties occur." There is also the possibility that people will remove their air bags or circumvent ignition interlock systems, as some 1972 model owners are circumvent- ing seat belt warning buzzers. Moreover, millions of pre- 1974 or 1976 automobiles will be on the highways for many years to come. Says Harrison C. Frost of tha Highway Safety Foundation: "Seat belts are with us on all cars, all paid for, and available to save lives today, and substantially reduce dis- abling injuries if they are Despite the Commission's concern it is difficult to see what the Common Market head- quarters can do to allevitae tha situation because it has no pow- er itself and can only exhort the member Governments to try to improve their building programmes. The Governments in turn are restrained by politi- cal considerations; if they make an all-out effort to achieve decent accommodation specifically for the guest-work- ers this could, cause discontent among their own people. The recent riots in Rotter- dam with running street battles between local people and Turks, which were a direct con- sequence of the city housing shortage, have certain- ly given point to the EEC's find- ings. The Dutch, who have a liberal reputation, have been seriously embarrassed by the Incidents: France and Germany are ner- vously wondering whether there could be similar eruptions In their own countries if the ac- commodation problem, deterior- ates further. All tho European Commission can do, as it now proposes, is to promote a "European cam- paign" against slums in the hope it will encourage EEC Governments, which will short- ly include Brilian, to invest more in housing. It is a brave idea, but ho one here is optimis- tic about its practical effect. (Wrillen for The Herald anil The Observer, in London) Looking backward Through The Herald 1022 The biggest line ever collected in Creston's judicial history was levied on Saturday afternoon when the Dominion Export Liquor Co., was assess- ed anJ costs for selling liquor contrary to export trada regulations. 1932 Sometime between midnight and one o'clock Sun- day morning the sixth street south Safeway Store was enter, ed and taken. 1312 U. J. Kilson, Loth- bridge businessman, will head the fall Community Chest Cam- paign. 1952 Construction of an ski resort at Waterloo Lakes National Park Is expect- ed to start this fall. If plans now formulated work out it will convert Vvaterton into a year- round holiday resort. The Lethktdge Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Piiblisberi Published 1905 -1934, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Memter of ThB Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Dairy Newspaow Publishers' Association and Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLtNG WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Ediror ROY c MILES DOUGt-Aj K. WALKER. Adviftislng Manager Editorial Page Ediror "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTHV ;