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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 11, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Solurday, Stplimbtr !1, THI LETHBRIDOB HERALD 5 Margaret Luckhnrst The candidate who landed in the soup The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY POLITICAL campaigning is often fraught with inci- dents, wlu'ch can scorch Hie grass roots o[ a constituency, selling oft a prairie [ire which blazes uncontrolled right up to (and sometimes after) election day. At other times a campaign can sink into a turgid bog long before it even gets stalled, driv- ing ambitious candidates and their managers to snapping at each other and churlishly stalk- ing out of their lack-lustre meetings before coffee and chocolate chip cookies can be served. Still other times, for reasons which no one (least of ail a tyro candidate) can prop- erly define, something strange happens on the way to the polls. The grassrooters will set up a kind of anti-campaign of their own and with a subtlety and tact worthy of a whole clutch of MPs can turn the best-plan- ned campaign into a shambles, successfully crushing forever an enhumblcd tyro's political as- pirations. This happened a few years pgo during a campaign in Black Mountain County. It seems the then incumbent, aging but loved, and about as satisfac- tory in performance as most MPs, was, for the first time in his career, being challenged by a young city fellow; an exec- utive in the food industry who was rich, clever and loaded with charisma. He was also supported by a highly efficient, weli organized and enthusiastic committee. Against the older man he looked like a shoo-in, or so they thought. The county had nothing against Mr. Newman (we'll call him that to shield his but they had a suspicion that his efficient campaign was out- campaigning their favorite and might, just might, oust him from office. Particularly concerned was the County Vegetable and Flow- er Garden Society, a large in- fluential group of women who oversaw everylliing in the coun- try from hot school lunches, to amalgamation of rural church- ns. iii collecting and raising funds for a. new library. Mili- tant in a lady-like way, the wo- men prided themselves on "get- ting tilings done" and it was understood that every girl, once she reached major age, would automatically become a mem- ber in fact you were nothing i[ you couldn't produce a mem- bership card in the CVFGS. When the campaign liad about split the county's loyalties down the middle, the good ladies of tlie society invited Mr. Newman to speak at their meeting, and apprized of the influence of the group he willingly accepted, as- sured as he was of his feminine appeal, his message, and the fact that the county needed a change in leadership. Mr. Newman had never been more eloquent. He expounded graciously on all his opponents good points, then regretfully drew attention to his failings. After 20 minutes of this requiem he plunged into the county's need for a more up-lo-date leader, the things lie, Mr. Newman could do for local unemployment, the new library and the little man on the fam- ily farm. He was the logical one to choose now, he said, for while he was city bora and bred he was well schooled in the dis- ciplines of history, agriculture, French, economics and business management. Furthermore, de- veloping the county to its high- est potential was not unlike the development of his soup plant of which he was nn authority in his personal life. Afler 30 minutes devoted lo his own attributes Mr. Newman closed by asking the intent gathering to consider casting their ballots in his favor he would not fail them. Flushed with engaging zeal, he smiled at the ladies and before resum- ing his seat, announced he'd be delighted to answer any questions at all. The ladies applauded politely but without enthusiasm. M.i- dame Chairman tapped her gavel and asked if anyone want- ed to ask Mr. Newman a ques- tion. After the usual embar- rassed shuffling pause, where everyone wails for someone to start, she herself got the ball rolling. Inasmuch as Mr. New- man had a soup plant, would he consider donating a slip to tlie garden society? They often served banquets for the Elks and Lions and it would be such a saving if Ihoy had their own .soup plnnls, wh.il with the price of soup aiul all, llrforo Newman I who smiled a I the lilllc joke) could answer, a lilllc old lady in a IKinnma hat slood up and said yiv liked the young candidate's HIM] she too would he to sow a whole row of Miup plants for the Elk and I soup hut she'd especially like lomiiio. Tin4 audience s (art c il lo murmur, a lot. of discussion wns going on in (ho hack row so that tlie chairman had to call for order. She reminded the ladies that their guest should not be put upon, and could not be expect- ed to donale soup plants lo the society so if someone from the floor would recommend that the plant and seed contmillce write a letter lo Mr. Newman at his place of business requesting either slips of soup plants or even soup seeds they would be happy to forward a cheque in the proper amount. Mr. Newman laughed hearti- ly when the motion was passed and carried unanimously. A slight argument evolved when the panama hatter and a young woman with a small child on her lap disagreed on whether or not it would be too costly to get into raising French Onion soup as not everyone liked it, particularly some of the older Elks who were nega- tive towards bilingualism any- way. Heated discussion ran un- restricled over this issue as some ladies felt that it would be best to have as many varie- ties of soup as possible and let the old Elks go hang! Tlie meeting was eventually restored1 to order, tlie treasurer thanked the speaker for coming and invited him to stay for cof- fee and chocolate chip cookies when during such time he might feel free to advise the ladies of the plant and seed committee when it was best to row in the spring and what sort of soil was needed for best re- sults etc. Mr. Newman no longer laughed heartily, in fact he hardly even srraled. Nervously fingering his bright Italian silk tie he said he could sure do with a cup of coffee, and ha ha he'd never known a group ID pull such a gag! He wished he did have real soup plants, and if he had, lia ha, the society would be the first lo get a whole flat. But unfortunately all he had was a building where they put soup into tins a very mechanical process, ha ha ha! The ladies weren't laughing. They were momentarily stun- ned. Then a mullering woman in the back row jumped to her feet and said angrily thai she fell as if she personally and the whole society as well had been led down Ihe soup garden path. Here she was ready to go home and order R soup catalogue and all the while flic young candi- date was just pulling the wool over their eyes, using them all for his own political purposes and she personally didn't like Ihn present incumb- ent wouldn't sloop to machina- tions such as this young fellow was using, don't you agree girls? Tlie girls indeed agreed. Tlie mutterings grew louder. Toe young woman with tlie child on her lap shouted, we wanl our plants, and a chorus of yeas swepl through the hall. Encour- aged by their support she staled that if the candidate thought he could flummox the County Gar- den Society by promising them soup plants when he didn'l have any to spare in the first place then he wasn't smart enough to get their vote he may be sure fact they shouldn'l even write for plants and seeds after all, why give him the business when he's so deceitful? Mr. Newman went white then red; he yanked at his collar. But but ladies, who on earth ever said I had soup plants, in the name of heaven! The chairman rapped the gavel sharply, calling for order several times, reminding the candidate thai she would nol permit strong language on the platform, and abruptly adjourn- ed the meeting. The members of the social committee im- mediately put refreshments out on tables and the ladies gather- ed around to discuss further the pi-ospcct of expanding their kit- chen gardens to include a wide variety of soup plants. They were so busy talking among themselves they didn't notice Mr. Newman (who was ping his face with a gleaming white handkerchief) slip out the side door. Madam Chairman sighed with disappointment and said lo tlie ladies next lo her thai she guessed had another meet- ing to attend but wasn't il a pily lie couldn't have stayed lo enjoy a bile lo cal. Most people, even in Black Mountain County, have forgot- ten thus incidenl and have com- pletely lost track of Mr. New- man also, but it's understood he never ran for public office afiain. All that is left lo remind the garden society of his visit are Lhu secretary's minutes which say in parl Lhe guest speaker for the day was the candidate Mr. Newman, who addressed Ihe mceling about !iis soup plants, after which coffee and cookies were served. A gocd time was had by all. Giddyup dinny Dinosour Provincial Park Photo by Elwood Ferguson Book Reviews Crossing Atlantic in reed boat "The Ra Expeditions" by Thor Hcyenlahl (Doubleday, .111 pages, YF7HATEVER verdict history may pass on Thor Heyer- dalil's contributions to the dis- cussion of transoceanic cultural exchange, it is safe lo say that he is now safely enshrined in the adventurers hall of fame. If any doubt had been left about the mailer after his ex- ploit in floating across the Pa- cific Ocean on a balsa wood raft, he has now dispelled it completely by conquering the Atlantic Ocean with a boat made out of papyrus reeds. Six men accompanied Heyer- dahl on the first ill-fated voy- age in a reed boat, and seven were with him on the second successful trip, but he was the instigator and leader through- out. Heyerdahl deserves the fame; the others will have to be contenl with knowing thai (hey played important support- ing roles. Tlie story of Ihe firsl voyage is engrossing for the most part once the reader gets Lo it after 150 pages of preparation. Although Ihe pre-voyage ma- terial is not as absorbing as the account of the expedition, il is interesting and necessary. Only 55 pages is given to the second journey. If the second successful trip convinces readers Uial ancient mariners probably reached the Americas from Ihe Mediterra- nean, they will want to give some honor to those brave souls. Some of the harrowing experiences in Heyerdahl's two voyages might have been less so if the reed boats had not had faults in their construction, but at least the modern voyagers knew wliere they were and what to expect when they got to their destination. Ancient travellers may have reached tlie Americas without intending to, after an anxiety-ridden jour- ney, to face more unknowns. Early in the book, Heyerdahl states that he had no theory that the ancient Egyptians had carried their civilization to dis- tant islands or continents. I find this hard lo believe in view of the favorable review of the indications that such a thing must have happened. The very fact that he felt compelled to make a second allempl to cross the Atlantic in a reed boat sug- gests he didn't merely want to establish the possibility bul to demonslrate the probability lhat the ancient Egyptians na- vigated Iheir boats lo the New World. Heyerdahl may be Third phase of autobiography "Pilgrim Son" hy John Mas- tors P. Putnam's Son's 383 pages, SS.75, distri- buted in Canada by Longman Canada COLONEL John Masters has now added the third phase to his autobiography. "Pilgrim Son" follows "Bugles and a Ti- ger" and "The Road Pasl Man- dalay." IL is the story of how an English fighting-man became an American writing man, and is told with Masters' usual and without reser- vation. This results in a closer coi'neclioii between (lie aul.hor and the reader. One recognizes tlx! fears and misgivings which Masters went through during this dramatic change in his way of life. Upon India's gaining of inde- pendence from Drilnjn Mas- ters was left wilhout n career and without n homo just as so many of his colleagues. His family Ind not lived in Urilain since .nid John himself had been born in India. Never- theless, home had always been thought of as England. Upon 'reluming' to Britain though, Masters found that this was not so and that he had no lies with tlie land or the objectives of the people at all. England was not the home he had hoped it would lie. Thus for Ihe sake of his wife, himself and his chil- dren lie moved lo America. John Masters spenl seven years battling for American citizenship due to Ihe facl lhat he was born in India. Mis ilc- Ipriniiiation was rewarded in Hie end howei'or and it was during this .struggle that Iw was encouraged hy a friend to write down what ho found so easy to relate his life and experiences. He did so and was able lo publish his articles in magazines such as the New Yorker. Besides showing us how he was able to put his frankness to profitable and pleasing use, Master also gives us what he describes as ''That special in- sight into one's own comilry (America) given only lo for- eigners." The aullior worked hard al becoming an American, learn- ing about football and baseball and all that went with them and Ihe American way of life. He seems to have succeeded in every respect. Pilgrim Son is a of life to be read by anyone. II is an illustration of n man facing up to difficulties and new situa- tions which is what all people who want a successful life do at some lime or another. II, sliows a man lo total- ly strange ways of living mid how he goes about it in a way which makes it as sensible us possible. II also shows anyone who would like to he n writer just what Ihnt it entails and will demand of him liofore success comes his wny. Pilgrim Son is a fitting addition to the rest of Maslcrs' works mid life. SIMON RUDDELL. known bcsl as an adventurer bul his chief interest is in ex- ploring archaeological mys- teries and while he may not have inflexible views about so- lutions to some of them, he seems to favor one theory over anolher including one on Egyplian carriers of culture to the New World. One of the more engaging features of this book is the em- phasis on Ihe multinational character of Lhe crew and of how harmony prevailed despile the presence of difficullies in communicaling and the poten- tial for trouble in different reli- gious persuasions and ideo- logical outlooks. Special per- mission had been secured from Secretary-General U Thant to fly the United Nations flag. Newspapers earlier publi- cized the distressing discovery that Uie Allanlic Ocean is more seriously polluted Llian had been hitherto suspected. For long slrclches il was found Lhat tlie water was heavily infested with black lumps of oil, some as big as a man's fist. Ileyer- dahl writes leelingly about Lhe urgenl need of arousing tlie na- tions to a realization lhat the sea is not infinite and should not continue to be a sewer for oil slush and chemical waste. Despite some anxious times, the experience of crossing tlie ocean in a primitive crafl was enjoyable, writes Hcycrdahl. Tlie men had good appelUes and felt extraordinarily well. "Small pleasures grew big; big problems fell small. The Sloue Age was certainly nol lo be despised." For Ihosc seeking lo get away from it all, a new possibility has opened pro- vided llyy have the daring, Ihe ingenuity, and (lie financial backing of a Hcycrdahl. Only one small reference is made in the hook lo Ihe fi- nancing of Ihe expeditions, f gather lhat tlie publishers put up Ihe money. II is In be hoix-d I boy get a proper return for I heir hacking of a useful experiment and they prob- ably will becau.se the book will have, a deservedly wide appeal. Even the morc-lban-iLsual mini- hor of typographical errors (the host one is where Fort Lamy, capital of Chad, comes out Forty Lamy) does nol dc- trncl much. There arc 62 pages of colored photographs scatter- ed al intervals through the text. DOUG WALKER. The sexutd wasteland IN tlie sexual revolution of [he lasl Iwenly-five years the unthinkable has become thinkable, lire abnormal lias be- come common. Anylhing goes on Ihe book stands or the stage. Undoubtedly perverl- ed sexual behavior, casual sexual encoun- ters described as "one-night stands" and extra-marital affairs have always been with us, but today these Uu'ngs have be- come socially respeclable and are discuss- ed openly. The guidelines arc gone In Sweden sludies disclose lhal CO per cenl of the boys and G5 per cent of the girls have sexual relations by Ihe age of eigh- teen. A study of church members, 1 per cent of the Swedish population going lo church once a month, 70 per cenl think llial sexual relations are permissible for engaged couples and 50 per cent that they are permissible for couples going sleady. Like Denmark, Sweden has abolished al- most all restriclions on pornography, and restrictions in Canada and the United States are increasingly difficult lo discern. A frightening number of people hold the "recreational" view of sex as existing merely for pleasure, a compartment of human life that can be isolated and ex- perienced without personal involvement or responsibilily. Thai is, sex has become de- humanized. The lale Rcinhold NVbulvr, America's world-famous and foremost theologian, who popularized the doctrine of ethical rela- tivism in the thirties, might be shocked by his offspring "Situation Ethics" by Joseph Fletcher. Flelcher slates, "the new moral- ity, situation ethics, declares that anything and everything is right or wrong, accord- ing to the situation." Thus there are no absolute moral guidelines and Christian perfectionism is discarded. Herbert Marcuse, ideological leader of tlie left wing youth of America and Eu- rope, in his book "Eros and Civilization" prescribed the positive cultivation of 'eros1 believing that unrestrained crolic lender- ness would build up a banier lo the cruelty and inhumanity of technological so- ciety. He was tlie founding father of the slogan "make love, not war." The best seller, "Future by Alvin Toffler, suggests that in Uiis rapidly chang- ing society il may be unreasonable lo ex. peel lhal marriage can remain constant, Ihus "serial a succession of lemporary marriages seems "cul lo order for Ihe Age of Transience in which every- thing else is of short duration, whether it lie style of clothing or a car." Marriage is described by many as "old-fashioned." This promiscuity and pornography certainly no improvement on Victorian prudery which thought of the body as downright embarassing. Tlius at the lurn of Ihe century, Boston libraries consider- ed it good tasle lo keep books by malo and female aiilliors on separate shelves. To deny sex is lo deny man's humanity. But promiscuity makes of the other per- son a machine, a tiling, an object. Sexual intercourse is not separable from the to- tal personality, a total giving of all one'? self-hood, a lotal response of one's self to the self of another. It cannot be truly human unless it expresses a common his- tory, complete mutuality, and future hopcg and shared interests. In Rostand's "The Last Night of Don Juan" the devil ap- pears dressed as a puppeteer. Don Juan prolests "1 air innocent because I sincere- ly loved all Ihe women I ever had." devil calls Ihe women hack lo leslify on his behalf. Each one wears a mask over her eyes and speaks lo Don Juan. He u Lo respond by addressing each by name. But in no case can he name the woman. He not only never loved the women knew. He never knew tlie women with whom he had sexual relations. To be truly moral, sex must be neither deified nor demonized, but simply hu- manized. No person may be exploited but miisl be treated with respect and truo love. Sex must be used with a sense of social responsiblily, so that no act b merely private act, and the family is the comer-stone of society. Sex is nol a thing you do, but a person you meet. Sex is cither a sin or a sacrament, in other words the sexual life mjsl be treated sacramen. tally. In it as in all things such as work, politics, recreation, and culture one must be relaled to God. Otherwise all ends in destruction and chaos. When anything loses it's sacredness il loses the richness, joy and beauty of human relalionhip. Greening the board room William L, Carr Is professor of law pi Colombia end cotmscl to a Wall Strcnt firm. He was chairman of Ihe U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. SHAREHOLDERS meetings in 1971 were no humdrum business. Although James M. Roche, chairman of General Motors Corporation, may rail at [.bo "pro- fessional critics and the instant social-political proposals have been in the limelight now as they are in our society. One could have sympathy for GM in the constant role as villain, but it was exceed- ingly unwise for Mr. Roche to make a strident response. Just five years ago lie was called before a Senale committee and forced to admit responsibility for a flagrant abuse of massive corporate power, i.e., surveillance and harassment of the com- pany's critic, Ralph Nader. Ethics aside, the resulting publicity and lawsuit have adversely affected the G.M. image and its profits. Adolf A. Eerie used to refer to the "con- science of the but perhaps a better description would be "conscious- ness." In order to expand its awareness, therefore, the question is how to open up corporate policy to public scrutiny. The Federal prosy rules offer one such vehicle. They permit any shareholder to submit a proposal for inclusion in the company's proxy statement for consideration at the meeting. At one time these proposals were in Uie province of a few proponents. Typi- cally, they advocated a ceiling on corporate bonuses or pension allowances, or the stock- holder's right to cumulate all his voles in favor of a single candidate. Now the shareholder proposal rule lias become a focal point for social action, and is in the process of revision by the Securities and Exchange Commission, In order to qualify, the proponent must sail between two shcals. The proposal must not be primarily for the purpose of permitting general poli- tical, racial, religious, or social comes, nor may it be a request for management ac- tion relating to Hie ordinary business oper- ations of the company. Al one lime tlie comets and the SEC did not take the proposals seriously unless tliey involved strictly business (as distinguihed from social) policy. Then in 1970 came Campaign GM, where Ihe company was requested to increase its board by three members to cnnble public representatives lo participate in deciding important issues such as aulo safely, pollulion, repairs, transportation, aiid equal employment op- Another proposal was that (here be established a GM shareholder com- mittee for corporate responsibility. Bolli wore included in Ihe proxy statement, Humph resoundingly defeated. In 1070 also, By William L. Cary federal judge reproached Ihe .SEC for failure lo explain ils refusal to support s shareholder proposal that Dow Chemical should not make napalm. Now in J971, church organizations rep- resenting substantial blocks of slock pro- posed lhal GM should wind up its opera- tions in South Africa, and that another com- pany sliould nol enler into strip-mining ven- tures unless it undertakes to Indemnify those affected. The business rationale is that these actions are necessary lo prelect the corporation from public criticism and from loss of employees or customers or even investors. They also were voted down. Some of this reflects the influence of Mr. Nader, but today he has a. longer reach, urging lhal corporations engage in social accounting; c g., to determine what pollu- tion they are causing. He says we need a new set of sanctions lo pierce Ihe corpo- rate veil and go to the officials responsible. Courts talks in terms of "corporate dem- bul generally if such a share- holder proposal appears upon the proxy stalemenl it will lose ovcrwirclmingly. Man- agement has conlrol of Ihe voles (Hit bul even if it did not, are most stockholders any less selfish than the general electorate, willing to sac- rifice their dividends and corporate grow- th for societal needs? Yet, intereslingly enough, such proposals, having been voted down, may well be adopted (at least in a modified form) by the very management that rejected them. For example, General Motors now has designated several of ils directors as representing the public con- ccrn and has appointed a Negro to its board. Companies do not want to appear indifferent during Lhis era of public out- cry. As Prof. Louis Loss has poinled oul, such proposals are bound lo have a healthy indirect impact upon corporate manage- ment, and Ihe opportunity lo submit them affords a safety valve for stockholder ex- pression al a price lhat would seem to be relatively slight. How far should Uiis form of shareholder initiative be carried? Prof. Milton Fried- ir.an would maintain lhat Ihe business of corporation is to make profiLs. Yet with the growth of Ihe giant public issue corpor- ation has come recognition on the part of some farsighled managements that their companies are political institutions, Chair- man Roche should be uniquely sensitive to Uiis development In our commitment to avoid a socialist economy, we should appre- ciate the need of avenues for public cri- ticism beyond Congressional hearings and sit-ins. Plural pressures seem to be needed lo counterbalance monolithic corporate de- cision-making. Here Ls a welcome sign of greening in [tin board room. York Times 1 Hard up for subject I K1NAL.LY got my up one eve- ning and phoned Don Hcssic to sec if he would play n game of golf. It was a risky thing to do since 1 had already suf- fered dcfenl al his bands in croquet, crazy and hearts but there was a chaniT hc might not be so Rood at Rolf. Tho achcmo WM nearly scuttled by the H.V Dong Walker Bessie's son Ken. When be beard that it said, "he's just looking for something to write about." (rolling exposure in these fillers seems to be more inlimidal.uiR then my polling prowess, ;