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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 11, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, September 11, 1970 Carl T. Ro'ivun Name Of The Game In belui'f! the scenes diploma- tic manoeuvring w h i c h may, and. yet again may not, lead up to peace negotiations between Egypt and Is- rael, (or Russia and the U.S. de- pending on your point of view) the Russians have taken the advantage. By condoning and probably aiding and abetting the Egyptians to move their missile sites closer to the Suez Canal, they have consolidated Egyp- tian confidence in Russian deter- mination to stand behind them in any eventuality. Further, they have been able to weaken Israeli con- fidence in American purpose on their behalf. Joseph C. Harsch of the Christian Science Monitor, one of the most astute commentators on interna- tional affairs says that the U.S.S.R. "has the enormous advantage in the Middle East of being less interest- ed in peace than is the United States. Washington wants peace so that it can resume normal rela- tions with the Arab countries. Rus- sia will lose influence with the Arabs once the Arabs cease to fear Israel." Added to this succinct comment comes a report from the Institute of Strategic Studies, that Moscow lias a lot to gain from agreement in the SALT talks scheduled to re- c eminence in November. The U.S.S.Ri is now at a great nuclear disadvantage by comparison with the U.S. Though it doesn't really need nuclear parity, it wants it. This is a fact of international power poli- tics that is often overlooked in the West. It is evident, that if those peace talks get started before the cease- fire is over, there is going to be some hard bargaining behind closed doors between Moscow and Wash- ington and Washington is going to have to pay a very large pries both militarily and diplomatically to achieve an agreement. Robbing Peter to pay Paul is the name ot the game. Course Shopping Few things could be better design- ed to reduce the potential dis- gruntlement of university students than the plan of course shopping in- stituted by the University of Leth- bridge. When a student finally set- tles on his or her courses the not unusual feeling of having been put upon should be absent. It is one thing to pick a course from its description in the calen- dar; it is often quite a different thing to actually take the course. The way in which a professor han- dles his material and treats his stu- dents can mean either an exciting and satisfying experience or the opposite. First impressions are not always right, of course. But in a period of an hour it can often be ascertained whether a professor is apt to prove to be at least bearable for a whole term. Those who contend that this i s mollycoddling the students need to think again about the nature of learning. The purpose of an educa- tional institution is not to cultivate endurance but to evoke interest that leads to discovery. The course shopping plan obvious- ly could be hard on some profes- sors. If those who cannot teach are consistently shunned that could face the administration with making de- cisions about their continued em- ployment. This would clearly result in the teaching aspect of the tradi- tional teaching-researching role of a professor coming out on top. Course shopping is just one more attractive feature of an already in- viting university. Special School Programs There should be considerable in- terest in Dr. 0. P. Larson's feeler on the possibility of special school programs being offered during the summer holiday period. Home and School Associations, as well as teach- ers and principals, should get their teeth into this. So many things have been pro- posed for school curriculums in re- cent years that educators often ex- press a feeling of being overwhelmed. Even the content of traditional sub- jects has been fattened to the point where it is questionable whether they can be covered. Some of the special programs that have been suggested might well be handled in the summer to leave the regular school term less harried for teacher and students. A program of driver education, for instance, seems especially suited for a summer period. The suggestion of utilizing the sum- mer for special programs fits in with the trend of education becoming not only a year-round but a life- long pursuit. And it certainly should appeal to the many people who are troubled by extensive and costly edu- cational facilities which they would like to see used more consistently, lying idle for several weeks. Financing such additional educa- tional offerings as well as finding staff would pose some problems. If the advantages of the programs are great enough and public support strong enough the problems could likely be solved. African Unity The seventh summit meeting of the 42 leaders of the Organization of Afri- can Unity (OAU) last week demon- strated a high degree of accord. Op- position to the minority white govern- ments in the Portuguese colonies in Rhodesia, South Africa and South- West Africa was unanimous. Stopping present and future arms sales to South Africa was a major item on-the agenda. Superficially it might seem that a major rift was evident in the attitude toward French sale of arms. While there was unani- mous denunciation of Britain over its proposal to resume arms sales, the majority of French speaking Afri- can leaders wanted to avoid criti- cism of France. This is not to be interpreted as a significant division. The leaders of the Francophone African states are sensitive about giving voice to criti- cism of France because they know that French economic aid is given discreetly. British Commonwealth countries are much less dependent on their former rulers than the mem- bers of the French Community and therefore can afford to be more out- spoken. One of the Francophone Afri- can leaders made a very damaging comment to the effect that condemn- ation of British policy was strong be- cause the world expects more from Britain than from France. Opposition to the white minority governments is very real even if ef- fective power to combat them is lack- ing. A new realism about this was evident in the absence of wild talk about boycotts and reprisals. The ob- jective seems to be to foster the sense of unity among the OAU members with resulting growth in strength which in turn could serve their cause in the international community. Moose Jaw's Moniker By Joan Bowman, pOOR OLD MOOSE JAW. There's something about the round swing of the Saskatchewan city's name that ensnares easterners' imaginations much to the west's detriment. Variations on "Moose Jaw" have been coined by the cast to mean everything that's cow-poke, white-stelsoned and wheat- brained, west, of the undefended Manitoba- Ontario border. The Sept. 7 issue of Time magazine quotes a railway official as saying, "We can't run an expensive service just be- cause Mother might want to go from Split Lip to Loose Eastern mass media representatives are heard privately and publicly to label tho Herald Staff Writer average western town, Moose Groin, Sask. A recent letter to Maclean's Magazine referred to an unknown hamlet, Moose's Armpit. (The Toronto -writer had the gall to place old Armpit in Alberta.) But the east really has no reason to be so mean-spirited about Moose Jaw's mon- icker. If, in the dark reaches of prehis- tory, a mythical mammoth moose, had in- deed ventured on an east-to-west transcon- tinental hike and collapsed with its head half way through Saskatchewan, then that leaves some areas with an embarrassing background. The moose's huge nether section must have hunkered down from Upper Canada's Bay Street to Lower Canada's Place DCS Arts. Apartheid: Road To Racial Peace? r'Al4: TOWN Has I his country found the answer to racial and religious conflict while the rest of the world goes on as it hurls baseless insults at South Africa? That is what the Nationalist government here wants me to believe and wants me to ask Americans to believe. Whites ami Negioes may fight in America, Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ire- land, Yorubas and' Ibos in Ni- geria, or Malays and Chinese in Malaysia, but South Africa says that's only because they have rejected the key to har- mony: total separations. "Points of contact are points of is a favorite cliche in this country. I have heard it dozens of times from govern- ment officials who insist that apartheid as practiced here is not the evil scheme it is re- puted to be but a sincere ef- fort by Christians to find the road to peace. You soon get the impression that they, believe this, or that they have said it so many times that they believe they be- lieve it. "I believe in equal but sep- I was told by Dr. C. P. Mulder, Minister of Informa- tion and, some say, a strong contender for the prime minis- tership if and when John Vor- ster yields power. "The whole cornerstone of our policy is to maintain our identity as a white nation." he added. A visitor lifts an eyebrow at this tall; about "a white na- tion" when black and brown people here outnumber whites by about five to one. But Muld- er quietly explains that the real South African nation has only citizens, all of them white. Those 16 million black and brown people the rest of the world thinks of as South Africans are really citi- zens of a new tribal nation, Basutoland, or a tribal-nation- to-be, Zululand, or some other tribal nation in the making such as the Transkei. If they live around Johannes- burg, Pretoria, Cape Town, or any other f.reas the world thinks of as South Africa, they are just "visitors in a white man's Mulder as- sures me. "We don't intend to give these people full political rights in white South the minister added. "Our goal is total separation repeat total separation in all areas of life, including geographic." Then it was explained to me that South Africa's Nationalist government sees not only this area but the world as divided into tribes. Europe has its French tribe, its German tribe, its Italian tribe, and the pres- sures of centuries have not been able to meld them. As Mulder explains it, the white people here constitute one tribe. There are also seven blade tribes, or in what the world thinks of as South Africa. Vorster, he explains, is sim- ply implementing the wise policies begun by the late Dr. II. F. Vcrwoerd, who felt that logic and peace dictated that, eight separate states be creat- ed. South Africa's policy of "sep- arate development" will lead .to those eight states, resulting' in Africans having their own "Come On In The Oil's Charles Foley The FBI And Angela Davis T OS ANGELES "She used to be just a fun-loving girl scout. But somewhere along the line a hardening process took place." Mr. Frank Davis, 61, is talking about the girl of the mo- ment, his daughter Angela Da- vis, black militant and the third woman in U.S. history to make the FBI's list of 10 most-want- ed men (and Mr. Davis, who runs a filling station in Birmingham, Ala- bama, has not seen his 26-year- old daughter in months. "But I do remember she believed we would all be put in concentra- tion camps." Suddenly, everyone is talk- ing about Angela. She has snatched the headlines away from p o 1 u t i o n, revolution, Charles Manson and Spiro Ag- new. How could it happen? What does it all mean? Miss Davis is accused of pur- chasing guns that were used in a court-house gunfight on Au- gust 7 that killed a judge, two convicts and iier 17 year old friend, Jonathan Jackson. The charges against her are murder and kidnapping. She was not in- volved in the shooting, but Cali- fornia law says that an accom- plice to a crime can be as culpable as its author. The youthful Jackson was trying to seize hostages against the life of his elder brother and two other black inmates of Soledad prison charged with murdering a white guard. For weeks Miss Davis and Jackson had been protesting against what they called "the legal lynching" of the black prisoners, whom they saw as symbols of the fight against racist oppression. White and black, liberal, con- servative and radical have all been forced by the Davis case to re-examine their thinking on America's racial and educa- tional problems. "I am a writes a reader of the Lns Angeles Times, "who has been deeply interested in the Negro cause." He has read pages of Ne- gro history and literature this year, he is sending a Negro toy through university ami law school. And now Angela Davis "has hurt me personally she has done inestimable harm to the cause of the Negro." The radical faction, however, scoffs at the placing of Miss Davis on the "wanted" list as a political manoeuvre designed to damage opponents of the Nixon administration. "Who are they' trying to asks Charles Garry, attorney for Black Panther leader Huey Newton. "Angela is probably one of the most beautiful peo- ple I have ever met, inwardly and outwardly. More power fo her. May she live in liberty." Mr. Garry was a speaker at a cocktail party benefit for the' Panthers recently. Among the guests were a Hollywood con- tingent that included Burt Lan- caster and Jane Fonda, screen- writers Abbie Mann and Dalton Trumbo, author Mark Lane and many others. Lawyer Luke Me- Kissack remarked that not even Ma Barker, the female gang leader of the 1930s, and subject of the current film Bloody Mama had made the "ten most wanted" list. It was inconceivable, he thought, that Miss Davis would have been placed on the list purely on the basis of her own actvilies. The authorities were seeking to weaken the opposition by exag- gerating her status as a fugi- tive. The mighty Los Angeles Times, however, has decided to eat a slice of humble pie. The Times formerly supported Miss Davis' right to be a teaching 'Crazy Capers' Of course, if you find someone better, don't bollier about my husband) instructor at the TJriversity of California Los Angeles campus (UCLA) and criticized the uni- versity regents for dismissing her on the grounds of her avow- ed communism. Now that news- paper recants and says in an editorial that the case "has damaged severely the good name of academic freedom and tarnished the reputation of the TJCLA faculty and its Chancel- lor, Charles Young." Most of the faculty, it ap- pears, agree. Professor David Wilson, who is chairman of the UCLA "committee for the uni- versity in the future" says he is deeply embarrassed and dis- turbed. "There is no group more offended and appalled by the implications of the actions that Miss Davis is alleged to have taken than the faculty at UCLA." Tire faculty, and liberals in general, t e n d to see Miss Da- vis's "flight" as a betrayal, and a fearful blow to academic freedom. But others ask: how safe can a black militant feel in Los Angeles in 1970? What chance has he, or she, of a fair trial? The FBI's unnecessary action in placing her on the "most wanted" list, they argue, has already excluded this. "You say that Angela Davis is a fugitive from justice" writes a Times reader. "I am sure Miss Davis feels, as I do, that she is a fugitive from in- justice, the sort of injustice she was fighting in the case of the Soledad brothers, the injustice that kept Huey Newton in pris- on for almost three years, the injustice which is exemplified by the hypocrisy inherent in your statement: 'We Ameri- cans are a tolerant people, but we do not like to see mocked the principles on which our country stands, and in which we believe.' Meanwhile, the reactionaries a r e calling on Chancellor Young to "regain the respect be has lost" in his past defence of Miss Davis by resigning his post. But Mr. Young shows no sign of willingness to give up his .ooo-a-ycar job. The Davis case is also likely to increase the fiscal backlash against colleges and universi- ties. Governor .Ronald Ileagan of California is giving higher education its sharpest financial pruning in years, aided by pub- lic feeling against campus vio- lence. Reagan's Democratic op- ponent in this year's election race, Jesse Unruh, stands to lose. Although he never supported Miss Davis, he has consistently played the matter down. "The real issue at the says Unruh, "is not Angela Da- vis but the students who will be denied admission at col- leges by Reagan's cuts." Now it remains to be seen whether a prediction made by Miss Davis herself after she was sacked contains any truth. "The regents' action sets a pre- she. claimed. "Now they'll be able to move right dowm the line and get rid of everybody who doesn't agree with their politics." (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London! prime ministers and their own membership in the United Na- tions, Mulder says. "We are in the long, gradual process of unscrambling the he says. While this unscrambling pro- cess goes on, Mulder made clear, South Africa will main- tain its maze of Jim Crow reg- ulations which make the old dragons of the Ku Klux Klan look pathetically unimagina- tive. This "petty says Mulder, "is a practical effort to avoid friction and clashes between races" while the tribal egg is being un- scrambled. It seems fair to report that many whites here refer to this "separate development for eight tribes" scheme as an ab- surd, unworkable hrainst o r m. 1 They point to the following weaknesses: First, the all white govern- ment has decreed that 87 per cent of the land will belong to the nil white "tribe" of 3.5 million people. Thirteen mil- lion Africans will get the re- maining 13 per cent of the "in- dependent" nations. I have yet to find a single African willing to accept that arrangement ex- cept under the duress of over- whelming white military power. Second, whcTi the govern- ment talks of "separate de- velopment with non- Europeans scoff and say they see. lots of separation but piti- fully little development and no equality whatever. The Transkei was declared a "Bantustan" or African "homeland" almost seven years ago, and it supposedly is well on the way to becoming one of those independent black tribal states. Today the Tran- skei is just a scruffy, drought- plagued wasteland that hasn't a remote chance of becoming a viable nation. There are 280.OBO African males in the job market in the Transkei, but only jobs. They flock to urban areas seeking work while their families are forced by the government to slay in the "homeland." Still men like Mulder cling to the pretense that Africans will soon begin the happy exodus from the cities to the "Bantustan." Third, millions of the Afri- cans whom the government is assigning to some "Bantustan" were born in cities like Johan- nesburg and have lived there all their lives. They have no in- tention ever of going to a "Zululand" that they have never seen, and the truth is that their labor is so vital to the white man that he will never banish to the bush more than the few Africans he re- gards as "troublemakers." But "separate development" seems quite useful to the ruling Nationalists: If they can make it seem plausible to world opinion, they can ease the moral pressures that have been building up. It establishes a technicality for saying to the black men who do the white man's work: "Of course, you have no vote here; you are a citizen of the Transkei. First class citizen- ship? How can you expect that when you are just a Zulu guest in the white man's country? It buys time for a govern- ment which, even if it knew how to solve the problem of an increasingly -restive African majority, clearly does not know what to do about the vast colored and Indian populations. Whatever the doubts and un- certainties, this government has committed this country to separation. What the rest of the world thinks about it seems to matter less than the rest of the world imagines. (Field Enterprises Inc.) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 A Canadian dollar is worth from two to three thou- sand rubles in Moscow and at this rate of exchange a Russian workman would get from two to four dollars a month. 1930 Two Oakville youths drove their car from Toronto to Vancouver in 95 hours and 15 minutes. The fastest sched- uled train takes 86 hours to do the same trip. 1910 First graduates of the British Commonwealth Train- ing Plan 'will he ready to take their places in the fighting forces by the end of the month. A school at Macleod will open in November. Administrative and instructional staff now number 1930 First general frost was reported today in southern Alberta. Temperature recorded at the Experimental Station was 31, hut the Taber-Barnwell area reported 28 degrees. i960 The three Western powers in Berlin stopped is- suing visas for East Germans to travel to Western Europe in retaliation against Communist restrictions en travel by West Germans to East Berlin. The Herdd 504 7th St. S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETIIBR1DGK HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1005 1934, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circuit ions CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Genera! Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor HOY F MILES DOUGLAS K. Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;