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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 11, 1911, Lethbridge, Alberta TEe Lethbridge Daily Herald i V Volume IV. Lctliluidffe. Altt.. Monday, Scplcinhcr 11, 1911. Number 228 CANADIAN HARD WHEAT WILL NOT BE GOVERNED BY THE WORLD MARKET Able Letter by a Dry Farming Expert Deals With C A. Favorite Argument and Several Other Anti-Reciprocity Allegations; Reciprocity Will Assist Mixed Farming; Difference in Prices not Only Gain for Farmers So it The Herald lias received the follow- Isofl, bur conclusions may he crron- I would influence the price. Ing letter .lealing exhaustively with jeous or worthless. The particular hnnl reasomibfo 'to suppose that No 1 the matter of 'reciprocity, particular- 1 wheat, so much necdud.for hlcaiUng or very hard wheat will com Jy from the standpoint of stock and purposes or making light bread, maud a premium overhand above 01 uheni. The writer IK one of the high- authorities nn agriculture and trade connected therewith in this dis- trict. He completely refutes the con- tention (luii reciprocity will make Ihe world market for "wheat" gov- ern the -price of Canadian "hard wheat." Thi! toiler is worthy of the closi-sl sturfy and reads ;is follows It is curious how easy it is to jmisinl part of a picture when pro- pounding aii argument pro or con, and leave the rest out to suit cer- tain exigencies. Tin; chief subjects of interest in the in regard to reciprocity, or around which the chici interest re- volves, arc. cattle, wheat or hogs, Tlin greatest prominence has hec'n tfi'.eu to wheat, though in the opin- ion ft many of '.is, cattle, or indeed Nhe welfare of the live stock trade, is oi far trrcatcr importance as the key- note to our. future, ihe expansion of n.'ixcd farming. We may say we. have two methods of farming, the extens- ive method and the. intensive method. The first is the'system most, prac- tised in new countries, and, usually, leads or should, in the long run, io the latter. As a rule the extensive mode means smaller average yields per acre and greater waste the Ifit- ler larger yields per acre and greater returns upon ;i given area of land, 1hc fertility of which is increased or retained for future generations or for our own use and benefit, so it may he called the good method, as the land is preserved or is not washed down coulees or blqwn away hy the wind. The extensive method land decreasing yields and, profits.- conceded .hy those who have an intimate interest in farming that Ihr advancement of the Live Stock Interest in Alberta is the corner stone of our future prosperity, and will, if carried but, distinguish us as a people ad- vanced in Intel Ifgancb, and ready to discard tho wasteful methods of this continent that the greatest demand for this light bread, will only grow, or i.e., be No. 1 Hard when grown on certain soils and under certain climatic and it is only a limited area of'hard wheat of our western provinces can seek three markets, the home market, the- British market and the Manager of British Com- pany Was Chairman of the Meeting Suffield, Sept, Buchanan held two successful meetings yester- farming that have been more or less ore at Suffleld .and the' other at ground in different that will produce hard wheat, a portion of Southern Argentine', the south and cast of 'Russia, Hungary, Roumania, Canada and a limited area in the United .'States, consjsting of North and South Dakota, the northern part of Nebraska, the semi- hard, part of Iowa, Minnesota "and Wisconsin. Thus our competitors and their probable supply of the best of'hard wheat can he fairly well avoid confusion in the mind we might say that surplus wheat exported from different countries, after sufficient has been retained for Home consumption, fixes .the price, or controls the price of wheat on the world's market. Par- ticular competition for our hard wheat among the millers should re- move, (and does so in the this hard wheat out of the category of prices set for and places it in a competitive market of its own, where the .supply and ifomaitd RECIPROCITY AWINNERAT Monarchists Are Making Elaborate Preparations. for .War Lisbon, Sept. a desire to know the exact strength of the posi- tions and the intentions of Royalists recently sent Luz D' Almeida, chief of the Carbon-Arlos a secret society, to the frontier to make investigation., A re- United States market, and the coii-jport from this official has been receiv- test for the of hard wheat led. lie says that the Royalists now over and above our home needs will-.'concentrated In the neighborhood of dinary prices, because the. growing pf it is limited to certain areas that cannot be much' exceeded.- If reciprocity between Canada and tho United States coirres to puss tht PORTUGUESE MAY ME REVOLT he chiefly amongst the millers- of those three countries. It Is Quality That Counts in obtaining the high prices for pro- duce, so it should stand to reason that if we produce the best of hard wheat, (a limited' there may develop an acute demand for the samc'whcn it is admitted to more extended markets. Crenosa arc preparing to advance. They number from 4000 to 5000, com- R rising.-infantry, cavalry nnd artillery. They have- about forty pieces of ar- tillery, most part quick-firing guns. -They also have two aeroplanes wjiich constantly arc flying over the soldiers of tho Republic and the Inhabitants arc In constant A REMARKABLE RECEPTION FOR DR. KING IN HIS HOME TOWN ____ .UXL. I Met at tHe'Station' and Escorted Through Town; Big Enthusiastic Meeting at Night; Peter Lund Refutes Stories; King and Macdonald Make Rousing, Cranbrook Solid for Popular Reciprocity Candidate Uranbrook, Sept. 0. Cranbrook ten- dered Ur.: tbe reciprocity can- didate for Kootenay, a very flattering welcome on' hlB. .return to his home town a'fter bis trip through tbe Co- lumbia aiid 'West Koorei On tho arrival- of the districts. eastbouml The United States lias long binccliear that m ij drop bombs. The guagcd its supply of No. 1 Hard, jdelay.Jn the attack is due to the Mon- which i.s limited, and is decreasing in j archiets' lack of funds, says the Car- uonarlo chief, but they are expecting the-arrival from Brazil and England within a few days money to tbe am- oiint of IB of the opinion that unless something ex- 1he rule, herettflgre, on this conti- nent. It is admitted by nearly all those i engaged in the live stock industry that, as regards .the marketing of cattle, this industry is in a most un- satisfactory cofejiition, and it would not be exaggerating to say, too dan- gnrous.a state to insure our. welfare as a community. Because, if the Keystone of the arch is removed it is lojig before the whole fabric fumbling about our cars. In order to 'save our live l -try, better conditions for marketing, the same must prevail, and better .prices must be obtained for the fin- ished product. ,As the price of land 'goes up, so usually docs the price of produce, so that we find ourselves HIT ing to raise marketable beef, on is go- t and there CarlbVadt, ami the Suffield, meeting was attended by some fifty electors, although the afternoon is a bad time for a meeting in a busy town. Mr. Murray, manager of the Canadian Wheatlands Company, presided as Aafrnian. In his -opening remarks he made an address favorable to reci- procity, stating that he had given the question careful and intelligent con- sideration. U was -a good thing for farmers, workmen, tradesirien. Canadians have been'after' reciprocity ever since the days of Confederation, and the reason was to see.. fifths of the population of are producers and are looking for the beat markets they can find -for their m-6- The martetifntaety millions i gtntM fast! dfeappearliig, and animal that, e Sine; 1o-hrt an economic loss that will there is little to frpni.competitioj] I 1m rovcrcly felt- in the long run, if in from the IJnited States. In 'feed in its raw state'only is shipped the United States wfee'at, barley, Fork, and nothing is done to keep up. boof and live stock brought miich our laud. higher prices thin in Canada. Ranch- The other great' factor in our prcs- ers can ship their stocjt to. Chicago enl history is and in re- W freiSht "f1 irard to' this cereal there is in The Chicagq .on of Won-arliu produced to show the ebb and flow j gnd "ranchera should of the: wheat tide; and, probably, be- u of the.ehMce to get lore the latest contest started those glibly- using this information f-d someone else for their. benefit, never took the trouble to no into. the subject ever so Mjhtly. Hence tome of tbe errors now perpctrltell.' All Error Pointed Out. are told that .if reciprocity to pass, that the price o( will ilvou in the United States, and tlltit Canadian wheat will not sell in Minneapolis lor any higher it does in Winnipeg. The mis- talw rows through not being es-pli- eil rnoiigli. or ililterMillallitg between our special product, hard wheat, anil wheat which includes all the ellim- seven varietlw into which wheat' may be roughly classed. We UK given facts anil figures cov- ering wheat, its probable prices, probable destination, etc., but, un- hart wtent Ifen access to these marketa. The pros- perity of all classes (Upended upon the success and pUMperlty of, the depend upon what to grown upon the ImtiU. There is no doubt that, reciprocity will do for Canada than.anything which tins been done in the pMt thirty years More market! and more, competition must work benefit to all. There is tio danger annexation. guectttful and advantageous trading nations .tow not the IOM of naUmalltr. Dtnnarlt has for ajM sent near all her >rodiieta to lund, Denmark MM MI- jieicd to England, .and tbe Daws flttll Danes in spite of their trad- Ing with Britain. The highest aim of asy uHintrr ihouM be get the beat market poaalble for the country. This was .what clty was doing for Cana-da Hd far Canadian J. on Nfe .mount, so, consequently, commands the highest price paid .for wheat Not a Pound of Xo. Hard has been exported from the States for six years or more. .At present in the United States there is a deficit in regard to the aciual nnnds of the witters of that country of bushels of NTo. I Hard (or Xo. 1 Nor- thern. The. production'of luishels of the best hard wheat to he about their limit. This year they have .a supply of 120, bushels with a possible con sumption of The United States export of wheat is all soit wheat or other grades'ot semi-bard, therefore the idea that .with recipro- city Stales will be ship ping inferior wheat as Canadian wheat and lowering-grades of hard wheat is hardly feasible for no 'ex- pert grain' man or miller in Europe would buy soft wheat .for Canadian No, 1 Hard, and being well acquaint- ed with conditions can still buy the-'; best hard wheat direct from Canada. Seeing that, in the future Canada is likely to be the commanding figure in supplying No. I Hard, or Xo. 1 Nor- thern, it certainly would be question- able policy to. say that she may not (Continued on page train a large crowd accompanied with the city band and eight or nine auto- mobiles, met the popular doctor and escorted him to tbe Liberal commit- tee rooms. .In response .to repeated calls for a speech Dr. King thanked the citizens' lor 'the hearty welcome thc.v had given him and.- expressed his pleasure In getting back to his home town once more. The crowd enthusiastically cheered the doctor, and then called for .M. A. Jlaciionald. who met with a warm reception, and In a few appropriate words invited the support of those present for Dr. King. A Meeting at Night The reciprocity meeting held here tonight in the auditorium was one of the best political meetings ev-sr held in the city. The meeting-was called for S.30. that time every seat in the hall was occupied, and eventually numbers were unable to secure admission. The chairman, ,T. R. McNabb, called the meeting "to order" sharply at and in a few .words introduced Dr. Before, the worthy doctor ad- e traordman happens the Monarchists'I dressed the audience a very effective Invaslon will take-, place within n The Momrchietsi count on part of the Republican troops going over to their side as, soon as hostilities commence, but according to the -best .rfenortg thip seemti to bo a mistake, for apparently, the whole Repub- lican, troops lining? the frontier are loyal to the new regime and Intend to kill without'quarter, or to avoid a civil war between the south couhtry-Js-'await-: ing results with anxious expectation. A serious conspiracy has been discov- ered In the Lisbon state prison. In the last few days tbe sentries have noticed that visitors to the SOO Roy- allatB incarceratsd in this prison in- variably carried Yesterday a search was it was discov-sred that the Royalist prisoners, ,the chief of whom is al priest, Figuerdo, were armed with revolvers. It was ascertained also that the prisoners intended to mur- guards ns soon as the Mon- archist's in the north 'entered Portu- gal, and start a revolution in the cap- ital." Thq guards have been consider- ably strengthened. presentation bouquets was made to him n.v Mesdamea McDermot and Bouchard, costumed respectively as "Britannia" and The ef- fect was very beautiful and aroused extraordinary entnuelasm witn tne audience. Dr. who is always sure "of a.welcome on a Cranbrook platform, soon got in touch with his audience and dealt with the recipro- city question-lira aoiin'd' and- business- like made a deep im- pression on.n'iaiaii'dience. Peter Lund. Spoke" Peter Lund of Waniner, 'being in the audience, ,was invited by the chairmnn-to the'platform, and- upon accepting the -invitation, met with a rousing reception. ,Mr. Lund In his address gave, support- ing the .reciprocity candidate .in a clear-and; convincing speech. Mr. Lund's description of the pact SB' a "square deal" was very appropriate and to the point. "Something was said in the local press some time ago giving as tbe reason for the Conservative party not having my support in this campaign, that those who were interested with WHAT RECIPROCITY WILL DO which I 1 lowed to me in the lumber busineaa were all Americans, and that 1 myself was an American. This eminent literary and editorial frU-nd was right when he in- timated that the capital used in the Crow's Neat Pass Lumber Co. Ltd. was at one time American, but he was evidently dreaming when he said that I or my family were as at the present time 1 have everything 1 possess in Canada and do not nir- ticipate myself or my chil- dren will be .other than Canadians. All iny energy, capital and credit IB being used In the development of this country, ami I want to say further that is absolutely, no busin-ess or political connection in any project am interested, which is nfiuence. me in my fran- chise; thin regardless ot past affilia- tions and friend-ships I reserve the right to exercise according to my own judgment. "With reference to the reciprocity agreement. It is a well-known, fact that at no time during which reci- procity measure was pending in the United States, did the great "protect- ed interests of that country fail to put forth every effort and apply every means at their command to prevent this agreement from being passed and becoming law. This, in itself, should be sufllcient evidence that the agreement cannot be considered 'bene- ficial to the trusts or great interests of the United States, and consequent- ly cannot properly be considered det- rimental to the Dominion of Canada. JOHN HERRON HAD URGE U photatrbph of C..P.1 R. hind to fwttlc, tbt name of the Louin Williams will be remembered bv many cave called tiere when In ton pvoptt thftt will hot aay CounerrallTc spcateors an.-, of land In the Wwtr but tlM C. P. K. here to It ti quite ti'st Mr, did not con- r Sir Wl.ntnt Van Home befm thtt uh, but ht know wtat tlM rttult of reciprocity will be and Immdtatelr to tin Mi tawivMfle for .the of the C. P. R, 'Itoclptvtflty will liicreot nr coat" C. P, Jl. .office in Seattle the itfe tf 'flM.CH tratflctloa la purely from a, political for Pincher Creek Heard the Late Member Explain His Position Pinchor Creek, Aug. tho meet- ings hold elsewhere in the Interests of the Conservative candidate have been poorly attended, as reported, the one held in the opera house here on Friday night must have been gratify- ing in no small measure, to "Honest John." The gallery nnd fttlditoriiim of the hall was well filledi and a large number of ladies graced the occasion with their pres-ance. Lynch-Staun- ton presided over the meeting, and on the platform with him were Messrs J. Merron, J. Hiinvood, A. C. Kem- mis, A. E. tt. 0. Allison, C. H. Watson and Ceo. Buchanan. Either from nervousness or some other cause, the chairman's utter- ances could not be distinctly, heard half wily down the hall from the stage, hul at the close ..of hia introductory remarks lie called on Mr. K-emmts -to address tho audience prior to tho Cfln- doing so. air. KcminlE 'started out with a few attempted humorisms, which, as he got warmed up degenerated sar- castic references to Ihe Lfheral cnn- dlda-te'u address, ns pirbli-sbed in the JJinchcr Creek Echo, a copy nf which he lield in his hand. Tha apeaker took exception to that portion of Dr. Warnock's address to the electors in which he (Dr. Warnock) states that "ns a momber of the United Farmers' Asoociation of Alherta he the platform of that organization, and. if sent to Ottawa as their representa- tive would do even-tiling. In his pftw- er to bring about a further suh-jtautlul reduction of the duty on agricultural Implements at the earliest possible dntc." Mr. Kommis wanted to know when Dr. Warnock had become a .farmer and a lot of other rot with the tactics of the Tories all through Canada, a! this period, who .swerve from tta actual point at issue and make mounlains of mole hills when they cannot grapple with the momen- tous question on hand. It a. noticeable incident that apart from tho paragraph in Or. Wafnock's ad- dress referred to, 'Mr. Kemmis: con- tented himself with.- making' tun ot the same and did not go further Into its other portions for fear, no doubt, of getting neyonii his depth. since tho night of the meeting it has 'been stated to your correspondent that the addrns of Mr. Kcmmls did- the' Con- eervative candidate's cause a vast more harm than good. (Continued on page "I firmly believe that both Sir WU- trld Laurler and Mr. Taft, in their efforts to tolng about a better trad- ing basis 'between their respective countries on certain coromo'dltlei, es- pecially those entering into ne- cesaltles of life, had in mind the in- terests and welfare of the prodnccrs and conetuning masses of both coun- tries. "In forcing the measure thwugb U. S. Congreis President Ills compelled to his aid the r-aprewnt- atives of tbe common people lta both the Democratic and RtpaMlcAn ..part- ies. And in Canada Sir VCTlfrM Laur- ier will be supported by.thOM have the interests of the. rank and file of the Canadian hwt, both Liberals and Conservatives. "As 'far as reciprocity agree- ment with the D. 8. l< concerned the only 'barrier that is removed In' favor of the U. S. is decidedly bene- ficial to tbe Canadian consumflr. The of Uiis Hclproeltj agreement, as far as Canada in concerned. Is em- inently for the parpoee of giving the Canadian producer bettar and broader .markets and at the aune. time afford the Canadian ooniujner an" opportunity to obtain cheaper and bet- ter living. "This is not one that abould he con- sidered a political question. It la, purely an economic one, a vtrong broiness agreement intended to give the common people 'both .of the ,U. S. and Canada a better chance and a square deil. As far as tbe lumberman to Canada is concerned, all that he needs, in hold his is a square deal. Hundreds of millions of .dollars have been Invested in Canadian tim- in the construction of saw sufficient capacity) in fact to supply: .people lumber, and in all Canada we have less than In addition ;to this, rough, lumber from the United .States is allowed'to come to Canada1 free of duty. Oh tbe'other Bund if the Canadian lumberman wishes to ship any of his.rough lumber to the ,U. ,S. lie is compelled to pay a duty of'J2 per thousand feet Under the proposed reciprocity agreement the dirty on rough lunvber will be removr ed by both countries, thus living the Canadian lumberman an ecunl'diucs which is all he asks and le entitled to. The Canadian' goVenunent, hat, however, seen fit, whtle contenting to give the Canadian coa-sitspw Jree rough lumber, to protect the Canad- ian lumber manufacturers agaltitt nn-, due competition from the U. S. the highly finished Thus you see that the eonawner gets Ms rough lumber1 free and the manufacturing iniruetlfr of Can- ada, at the same time a square deal. He la not only placed on an equal footing with the lumber- man of the U.'S, 'but imder the-pro- posal reelprpcity agreement the Can- adian lumberman obtains free access to a market with far his rough lumber.and finished lumber such as floorln'gi. ceiling, etc., we'get Into the American markets under a fluty of per thousand. On the other hand finished Hunter entering into Canada from the TJ 3 is charg- ed a duty of 25 per cant, ad valorem, or in otlrer words high clws flooring valued at t'10 per thousaid, will go from Canada into the U. at fl.26. while the. same product when imported from the U S into Canada will pay a duty of !10 per thousand. K is djAlciilt to conceive or imagine a stronger or better contract being entered into by any country or any government affecting one of Its larj- est natural products and Canada's sest Industry, except poiBtbly HJ wheat jr'alna." HepeplMoll M. A. Macdonalil, who is now-recog- nized as one of the leading orators ot tho and during this campaign has met wltti much success, received quite an ovation when he rose to ad- dress the meeting, air. Macdonald soon aroused the audience to further enthusiasm and. eftoctlvely rldlcnrefl the anheiathin of the Coneem- live party, and In a and mnsleriy speech drove home point af- ter point in'favor of the reciprocity agreement, not for one moment los- ing his grip on his audience, who fol- lowed his speech closely and with much appreciation. Mr. Macdonald's speech however had to he cut short owing, to an alarm ef fire, hut Ihe meeting closed with the National Anthem and cheers for the candidate and air. MHctioithW. The audience was a "King" aud- ience, almost to a man, .nnd has strengthened the Impression Liberals will carry the city of brook with 11 handsome September. 21st, ;