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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 10, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Thundoy, September 10, 1970 Carl T. Roican Thugs In The Sky The most improbable international Espionage thriller could never equal what the Popular Front for the Lib- eration of Palestine has achieved in the past few days. Over 600 passen- gers, practically all of them with no connection with the Middle East con- flict have been kidnapped and a large number of them held in danger of their lives as hostages for the return of Arab guerrillas who have flouted all standards of decent behavior. They are in fact, modem thugs who have declared war on us all. The incredible fact is that they have got away with it so far. Even more in- credible is that as the rate of hijack- ings all over the world has increased, nothing has yet been done on an in- ternational basis to prevent the es- calation of this kind of terror in the skies. For the immediate future, passen- gers travelling international routes will be searched by electronic means when such are available or by plain frisking. The latter method is some- what undignified perhaps, but reports say that the passengers have voiced no objections, and that departures have been delayed only about 15 min- utes in most cases. If procedures of this nature had been in operation on the El Al plane that landed at Heath- row airport in London after the gun battle which occurred en route it would surely have been impossible Policy Established? Has City Council now established a policy of refusing all grants to vol- unteer groups? If so it had better be made abundantly clear immedi- ately because many of these groups attempt to operate on very minimal budgets and some have counted on the city. The John Howard Society seems to have been made a sort of test case. Its routine submission for a grant was turned down earlier in the year-. Recently the society appealed the decision with a supporting brief which made it clear that no money was being wasted. With the rejection of the appeal it would appear that a policy has been established. It is perhaps a good tiling for this to be made known on the eve of the United Fund appeal. If the Fund has to make up the deficits created by the lack of city grants, more obviously be needed from the citi- zens of the community. That is the only place the money can come from since agencies receiving support from the Fund cannot go directly to the public for additional support. Those who suspect that agencies are spending money unnecessarily have a responsibility to examine their programs and budgets. There is no more opportune time to do this than during the period of the United Fund appeal. The day may come when the ser- vices provided by the agencies in the Fund will be forced to take shelter under a government wing. Many people openly advocate this as de- sirable. It would certainly distribute the cost of the services more equit- ably since taxation, with all its in- equities, is still more consistent than free-will or even slightly coerced giving. One almost certain thing in this picture is that no savings to the tax- payer would be realized by pushing for the showdown. The major item in the budget of the John Howard Society, for instance, is that of the salary of its caseworker. If the gov- ernment was to assume even that part of his work he does as a parole supervisor there would be an immed- iate increase in his salary many times in excess of the usual city grant to the Society. Fashionable Social Studies By Peter Hunt, Catholic Central High School rpHE fads and fashions of what passes for educational thought might amuse some detached spectator. But responsible parents and students of trends in social studies teaching must have been more than alarmed by some remarks concern- ing the new social studies course recent- ly reported in The Herald. I refer to the remarks of a local administrator which, as reported, said something like the fol- lowing: "In the new course, the children will have much more freedom to express their views, even in ffie lower elementary school. No longer will we burden them with many facts to be learnt. They will discuss topical questions, giving their own opinions but will learn that there is no real answer to the questions on war and peace, pollution responsibility, race con- flict, etc. They will acquire values which may not be the same as those of their parents, but will at least be their So now we are to have precocious view- iness. There's no need to learn all those facts of geography and history. Current affairs are what we want; and old-fash- ioned values may have to go. What does all this nonsense mean.? Does it mean that when, for example, a child wants to know why industries make such chaos of our-environment, we are to leave the answer to the class? Are teachers to explain a little elementary history of busi- ness and industry or would that be dread- ed indoctrination with interpretations of history which incorporate values? What if a child wants to know why it was wrong for Hitler to murder millions of people? Do we dare explain the race doctrines of Nazism in however elementary a way? What about authority? Why should chil- dren obey the reasonable commands of their parents? (perhaps that question should not be raised in some What if a class group comes to an agree- ment (including tiny tots of seven) that it is good for the U.S. to have nuclear weapons because Ihey may want to use them on enemy cities? Does the teacher step in and try to explain a few principles of morality? What about the morality of advertising? Should we admire the cleverness of the deception involved in some acis? These are all controversial questions which involve values. And then there's the matter of compara- tive religion. Children study the great world religions, seeing them all side by side, all devoted to the welfare of man- kind; all very much the same, because of course you must worship something, or at least respect those who do. You could, of course, if making a million is regarded as moral, worship money. It really makes no difference because we're all together in this big world, and we must not bother too much with the details of what people be- lieve. It's all very colorful, in any case; and tolerance is the main thing and so on the fashionable patter ttfat re- duces all the religious leaders to one big benevolent humanist. Vagueness and viewiness built on no foundation of fact and principle is not so- cial studies: It's the best preparation for an even more muddled world. If there are 'no real answers', then what on earth is the purpose of the exercise? It's better to discover truth, certainly than to have it forced into an unprepared and passive head. But that there is truth must cer- tainly form the foundation of social studies which have to do with man. Of course, according to the influential behaviorist school of pseudo-psychology which rests on unproved empiricist assumptions, not only are we unable to say what is man: the question cannot be validly asked. But why Hitler was wrong to murder so many peo- ple and why the morality of brainwashing another human being in advertising should be questioned, or why any other hideous form of inhumanity is wrong cannot be asked unless we agree on a concept of man. of human nature. Otherwise people just become things; robots, or little better than rats in the sort of outlook promoted. Any parent who does not teach values to his child and, in the contemporary jungle, a critical attitude to the commercial status-quo, is failing. We may disagree on values, but when we send our child to school we have a right to expect that he will be taught facts and values, always allowing for areas of uncertainty and, where appropriate, explaining differences of viewpoint held by people of equally good faith. We should not expect that lie will be taught (and passiveness i.s leaching to the young) that all opinions are equally valid; at least not in a religious school, A Warm People's Inhuman Policies for hand grenades and guns to have been carried aboard undetected. But searching, and the use of elec- tronic devices etc. must be viewed only as temporary emergency mea- sures. The time has long since gone by when international agreements should have been devised to stop piracy in the skies. The London Ex- press says, "there should be agree- ment immediately that whatever country a hijacked airliner lands in, passengers, crew and the hijackers themselves will be sure of being re- turned with the plane to its owner nation. Any country that does not agree to such an arrangement would have landing rights and facilities for its airlines withdrawn." This would work in most cases, but in the case of some Arab countries who cannot control their own anarch- ists, it would be difficult. Yet the fact is that these countries- have been treating their anarchists with kid gloves, and in some cases, have given them a hero's welcome on their return after the mission is ac- complished. Denial of landing rights for planes by countries who refuse to co-operate with such an interna- tional agreement would have a double effect. It would bolster efforts to con- trol the anarchical elements in these countries, and in the long run it should effectively diminish, even stop, the terror in the skies. rjURBAN Although Uiis is only my second column on South Africa, my wife and I are nearing the end of a jour- ney into almost every major centre of a land that causes you to admire the technological achievements and gasp at the serial stagnation. But before I report further on what has to be one of the strangest societies on earth, fairness requires that I share with readers the question that my wife and I have askect our- selves over and over. How can so many people be so hospitable to a visiting black couple, yet tolerate or approve policies affecting local non- whites that are often venal and occasionally just p 1 a i n in- human? We did today, for example, what the South African embas- sy in Washington thought im- possible. We played tennis for two-and-one-half hours at the Glenashley Tennis Club, taking partners from among eight white couples in round-robin matches. We were received with such naturalness that these couples might easily have been charter members of a Durban Urban League. We will play later at another tennis club (in swankier sur- roundings, I am told) but the warmth of welcome will be the same if we may judge from our experiences in Johannes- burg, Pretoria, arid Cape Town. In this land where racism undergirds and overclouds ev- ery aspect of life, we find peo- ple doing things that are so ut- terly anti-bigoted that we must wonder how an elected govern- ment ever put this nation in the grip of unrelenting apart- heid. When a "white" am- bulance will drive away and leave an injured black to bleed to death in the street, how docs a South African industrialist come to invite us to tennis and tea at his home and invite in friends and the top officer of the South African Lawn Ten- nis Association? When there are perhaps 500 hotels along 120 miles of beach- es north and south of tins city with 490 of them ''off limits" for Africans, coloreds or In- dians, how can the manage- ment of the snootiest "five- star" hotels offer such cour- teous service to a black Am- erican couple in defiance of the law by inviting such non-whites in for dinner, .or for cocktails that are forbidden for Africans just as the sale of whiskey to American Indians once was forbidden? How can South African whites act.like life members of the NAACP in their private dealings with us, yet con- done or inspire national poli- cies right out of "Mein It is too simple to say that they are mere patriots, helping their government to do a "snow job" on a visiting journalist. It is not enough to suggest that tennis and tea are design- ed to expunge national guilt over the denial of a visa to Ar- thur Ashe. Or that tennis as- sociation officials were fishing for ways to get South Africa back into Davis Cup play and into tfie good graces of other sports authorities. The deeper answer seems to lie in a brooding inward shame that many whites here have be- cause intellectually they sense the wickedness of apartheid and they do not want the en- tire world to regard them as race-crazy ogres. "We can be thankful pur son's a high school drop-out and won't be exposed to all those 'radical elements and riots on campus this J. W. Murray Back To School For German Farmers "We are not a mem- ber of Parliament said to me during a luncheon in Cape Town, ".but neither are we bas- tards." "Please write some- thing nice about said the woman in Johannesburg as she left the President Hotel in the Transvaal where black diners obviously were a rarity. That luncheon in Parliament, tendered by Sir de Villiers Graaf, who included several members of Ins opposition Uni- ted Party, was so devoid of any consciousness of race that it might easily have taken place in Ottawa, London, or New Delhi. That anomaly seems to arise from the fact that the intellect rules when white South Afri- cans confront blacks from abroad, but gut-level fears take over where local non-whites are concerned. "You are no threat to the white man here, because you will soon one government official explained, "but the African, the Indian, the color- is a threat. We cannot meet him socially or share our hotels and restaurants with hint as long as he is a threat." The elements of South Afri- can life have exploited that threat of the "black peril" and the "brown peril" so effectively that people who seek to con- vince us of their decency have been reduced to going along with whatever the government does. By showing fear and timidity when it could have shown cour- age, the United Party let itself be manoeuvered into a position where it dares not oppose with vigor the racist policies of a Nationalist government that has held power for 22 years and could rule for 22 more. The Nationalists took color- eds and Africans off the voting roll, so the electorate now is all-white. Thus few politicians are willing to buck apartheid and risk offending whites, for there are no compensating black or brown votes to be won with that kind of courage. So the truth may be that none of our South African ten- nis partners and hosts ever has voted or ever will vote against apartheid. Those United Party luncheon companions may give their slice of consent when gov- ernment imperiously declares Cape Town, District 6, to be a "white area" and forces out coloreds who have lived there all their lives. Why this dichotomy of behavior? Because when the tennis match is over and the tea and crumpets have been consumed1, only one thing matters to those in power here: "The absolute first thing is white said Raoul Lindeque, under secretary of TJONN Thousands of West German farmers will be enrolling for night school courses in agriculture if a plan to be considered by the Fed- eral Parliament this month is approved. Under the plan submitted by the Minister of Agriculture, Dr. Josef Ertl, farmers will be able to obtain finance for invest- ment at 4 per cent below the normal interest rates provided they meet certain stringent conditions. In particular, they will have to prove that farming is their full-time business, a stipulation which should cut out the farm- ers more than hah" of them have jobs in industry and work their land in the mor- nings and evenings. The part- time farmers will still be able to qualify if they are prepared to participate in co-operative projects. Each farmer will have to submit a development plan showing that his holding is ca- pable of producing a net in- come of a year within four years of receiving govern- ment support. In a country where the average size of a farm is around 25 acres and the average farm income under 400 a year, this would be vir- tually impossible for the vast majority but the plan provides for the net income to include revenue from extraneous ac- tivities such as letting rooms or camping sites to tourists. The most difficult condition, however, is that to qualify for this government aid the fann- er must prove that he has had regular professional training in agriculture. Few of West Ger- many's two million farmers have had any agricultural edu- cation and so the evening in- stitutes are expecting an influx of middle-aged students this winter who wish to qualify for cheap farm credit next year. For small farmers who can- not achieve these conditions the Ertl plan provides social mea- sures to help them leave the land and take up other occupa- tions. These include pensions of about a week .for a mar- ried couple and a week for a single person, on giving up the land and retiring, lump sums of between and 730 for those who wish to go Letter To The Editor A Clarification Oi Comments Permit me to refer to the ac- count of my recent conversa- tion with your staff writer Joan Bowman, published on -Septem- ber 4, 1970. I should like to make clear that I have the highest regard both for Mrs. Bowman's jour- nalistic ability and her integ- rity. Nonetheless, the article in question contained two state- ments which in context seem to me to be susceptible to misin- terpretation by the casual reader. The first, "there's no doubt that 20th century music has virtues, but it can't be judged as art." was intended to refer exclusively to the type of music under discussion at that par- ticular moment "pop" music. Indeed, let me hasten to say that one without interest in the works of 20th century composers of serious bent (Stravinsky, Berg, Webern, to name but a few) could hardly qualify for the appellation "musician." The second statement, "of the 120-130 Lclhbrk'ge faculty members, perhaps 20 are ex- may well have ap- peared to some to imply that, in my view, the remainder were less experienced than ap- propriate. The University of Lethbridge does, in fact, enjoy the services of some 20 experi- enced professors. It has, in ad- dition (as is a much greater number of associate professors, assistant profess- ors, and lecturers (among them, to my personal knowl- edge, numerous scholars of great ability, and 'others of con- siderable Of this last group it must, however, he ad- mitted lhat in most cases its incumbents are (by definition) possessed of less experience than the (full) professors. My intcnlion was, then, to coin- So They Say It (the Concorde) is not symbol of the future, as the government tries to make out, but of the bad old ways of the past when machines were made only for profit without consideration of the environ- mental effects R i c h a r (1 Wiggs, organizer of the Anti- Concdrde Project. ment upon lh.9 probable results of democratic decision-mak- ing as it must, perforce, be practised by the university fac- ulty (or, indeed, by any univer- sity faculty, membership in which is not entirely restricted to full Thus, "since it is not very likely that they are all artistically in- conclusions concerning developmental matters in the area of the Fine Arts must tend to reflect the view of the ma- jority, rather than that of the most experienced, or even of those symnathetic to the arts. In conclusion, perhaps you will permit me two additional comments: I have, in fact, en- joyed much of my work at the University of Leihbridge, de- spile the particular disappoint- ment referred to. I should also like to assure the members of the Lethbridge Symphony Or- chestra that I look forward very much to working with them, which opportunity I re- gard as a privilege. Thank you for permitting me this opportunity to clarify my earlier comments. LUCIEN 'NEEDHAil. into another business, say, shop keeping, or substantial contributions towards arrears of national insurance for the younger people who wish to en- ter industrial employment. The object of the plan Is to speed up the drift from the land and to increase efficiency of German agriculture before the expiration of the special arrangements made within the European Common Market consequent upon the revalua- tion of the Deutsche Mark last year. This provided app. million in compensation for German farmers who have to leave the land. The over-all aim is to try to reduce some of the Common Market's huge surpluses of agricultural prod- uce. Thecompensa lion money must b.e distributed before 1974 and after lhat the outlook for the small German farmers will be veiy bleak indeed. (Written for The Herald anil Tlic Observer, London) Otto Krause, editor of News Check magazine in Johannes- burg, put the white imperative even more emphatically: "The British kept us Afrikaners enslaved for dec- he said. "But they final- ly told us that they would share power it we would only act like English gentlemen. Well, we shared power, and by sheer numbers we overwhelmed the British and became top dog. "Now we have to assume that Africans await the day when they can become top Krause continued. "Well, we don't intend to make the British mistake of sharing pow- er. If the African becomes top dog, he'll have to do it by force of arms." So there it is: the intellec- tual commitment to civility and gentility versus the glandu- lar concern for survival, and out of the collision has come the most intimidating, offensive array of laws, decrees, and regulations this side of Mos- cow. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD in the sep- arate schools in the' city is slightly higher than last year. Three hundred and forty pupils have started with the o p e ning term. 1931) A Lethbridge-edmon- ton plane service is slated to begin immediately by Edmon- ton Commercial Airways. small wing of Buck- ingham Palace has been wrecked by a Nazi time bomb, but no injuries were sustained by members of the household. initial public in- spection of the new Taber sug- ar factory wilt take place Sept. 12 at which upwards of people are expected to be in attendance. United States noti- fied the Soviet Union that Pre- mier Khrushchev must n o t leave Manhattan Island dming his stay in New York. The Lethbridge Herald 5M 7th St. S., Leihbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Sncond Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian P'CSS and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and I ho Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H, ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY'F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pagti Edilor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;