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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 9, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Spying easy for former Brandt aide By JOHN VINOCUR BONN (AP) Guenter Guillaume, the East German spy, walked from the commu- nications hut to the house where West German Chan- cellor Willy Brandt was stay- ing. He carried with him a se- cret message from President Nixon. The scene was Norway, summer 1973. Nixon's mes- sage had been sent in code from Bonn to Brandt's holi- day retreat. It was decoded in the communications office and given in normal, readable typescript to Guillaume. Spying for Guillaume, 47, now under arrest and await- ing trial, was as simple as that during the six-week vacation walk across the lawn with secret messages for the former chancellor in hand, intelligence sources here say. As Brandt's top aide in Norway, he is assumed to have been able to see virtually everything on the com- munications wire. The allied intelligence com- munity is reluctant to discuss what was lost during the six- week period, but it is known that Guillaume had access to tactical material involving Bonn's partners in the Atlan- tic Alliance. Despite an assertion by Brandt's successor, Helmut Schmidt, that Guillaume's spying did not damage the al- liance, there are to the contrary. The tendency in Bonn has been to play down Guil- laume's importance as a spy, suggesting that with the ex- ception of the Norway vaca- tion checkable and job in- volved liaison with the Social Democratic Party (SPD) rather than anything touching West Germany's security or relations with other countries. Again, a report from a non- German intelligence source disagreed. Employees prefer wages to time-off OTTAWA (CP) Standard work-week for non-office manufacturing employees has shown virtually no decline in recent years, says a study released this week by the federal labor department. Increasing productivity has made reduction in hours pos- sible, the study says, but em- ployees seem to prefer taking advantage of the benefit through higher pay. The study shows that 40- hour work-weeks have been normal in the industry since the average number of hours worked dropped substantially in the late 1940s. The report, Trends in Work- ing Time, was prepared by the department's economics and research branch and based on 1972 data from com- panies employing non- office workers. It attributes the slow de- crease in weekly standard working hours to a stronger demand among employees for increased wages than for shorter hours. But employees are also gaining more leisure time through increases in paid holidays and vacation time. More than 80 per cent of re- cent collective agreements included a revision of time at work but the emphasis was on increased vacation benefits, more paid holidays and paid time off for personal reasons. The study shows that the long-term trend in standard weekly hours has been down- ward from an average 45.32 in 1947 to 40.44 hours in 1972. But the decrease in the average was faster in the late 1940s and early 1950s than it has been recently. The report said despite re- cent slow decreases in stan- dard work-weeks, there is no reason to expect the same pattern will continue. Decreases in weekly hours of work have tended to come in spurts rather than gradually, the report says. The study suggests that tests with flexible work weeks and compressed weeks, which involve the same number of weekly working hours within a variable time frame, will lead eventually to fewer hours of work. The study also says that while "moonlighting" or holding of more than one job may increase slightly if nor- mal working hours are reduced, the practice is not expected to become a major development. IRON BUTTERFLY Supporting group for Nadeau and Company LETHBRIDGE EXHIBITION PAVILION Friday, September 13 Doors open p.m. Advance Tickets each on Mte at Leister's Music Ltd. and at the door. 'UCTION ANTIQUE The source said Guillaume was a prolific "dokument snat- that the yield was considerably higher than the Germans admit. This can be assumed from the method of operation of Guillaume's wife, Christel, 46, who, the source said, was Guillaume's primary courier. Evidence being developed on her use of dead ing material in pre-arranged places for another courier to pick substan- tial volume. Two painful ironies sur- round Guillaume's story. Seeded into the federal repub- lic as an East German refu- gee in 1956, he worked as a hot-dog vendor and salesman before climbing through the rank and file of the SPD to the chancellor's office. A considerable time before his unmasking, Guillaume was tipped as a possible East German agent. The second irony was that by all ac- counts, Brandt found Guil- laume a bore. The first suggestion that Guillaume was a spy came from one of the quirks, now abandoned, of East Germans broadcasting coded birthday greetings to their agents in the West. One of the birthdays corresponded to that of Guillaume who, as an East German refugee, was already filed in a non-German in- telligence service's data bank. The coincidence was imme- diately pointed out to the West Germans. By May 29, 1973, there had been pointed accusations about Guillaume. Brandt was informed of them and that there was no conclusive proof. It was up to Brandt to decide whether Guillaume would go along to Norway. He was in- cluded in the official party. Reflecting on the situation later, Brandt told a friend he said to his security people: "I don't care if you do catch a spy in my office. I am not playing along counter- spy games." Brandt's attitude was ex- plained by friends as coming from considerable irritation over the years with security reports on some of his closest collaborators that came to nothing. Vilke Bruhns, a television reporter who spent a month in Norway preparing a maga- zine article on Brandt during her vacation, has something approaching total recall of the period. She said Brandt often took long walks with Guil- laume and other guests, but she rarely saw the chancellor and the spy speak. Guillaume was arrested April 24 this year after re- turning from a trip to France where he had seen a contact. Brandt resigned less than two weeks later, saying he ac- cepted responsibility for "negligence." APES IN ATLANTA ATLANTA (AP) The Yer- kes Regional Primate Research Centre at Emory University in Atlanta is the largest in the world. It houses more than 150 great apes and more than 870 smaller primates. Monday, September LETHBRIDGE Law student gain police insight AND BY-GONE SALE Saturday, September 14 Viewing Friday, Sept p.m. 2508 2nd Ave. N. Phone 327-1222 "MORE ACTION BY AUCTION" UCTION VtLOCK B- Entertainment 'complex' Glen Salzman, 22, and Rebecca Yates, 24, sit in their 200-seat outdoor theatre at Elora, Ont., a small village 40 miles northwest of Toronto. The theatre is the first part of a planned complex which will house, in addition to the theatre, a cafe, cinema, cabaret and crafts studio. Oil spill problems complex for Ottawa VANCOUVER (CP) When it comes to oil spills, the federal government isn't always sure what to do. On Sept. 25, 1973, the fed- eral ministry of transport or- dered the use of chemical dis- persants to clean up an esti- mated 100 tons of oil spilled from the tanks of the British freighter Erawan after a col- lision with another ship off Point Grey in British Colum- bia. Four hours later, Environ- ment Canada ordered cleanup crews to stop using chem- icals. Since Environment Canada had jurisdiction, tons of peat moss, slick-lickers. booms, mops and absorbents were sent out to fight the spread of heavy black fuel to the beaches of Point Grey, Eng- lish Bay and West Vancouver. Oilsperse 43, the chemical dispersant being used was shelved. Subsequently the chemical, manufactured by Diachem of British Columbia Ltd. in Bumaby, was placed on an Environment Canada list of approved dispersants for use under extremely re- stricted conditions. But the arguments go on between proponents of chem- icals for reasons of effective- ness and economy and those who oppose them because of potential danger to marine life. Chris Hatfield, Pacific re- gional environmental emer- gency co-ordinator for Envi- ronment Canada, said dis- persants have a place in cleanups, but not if there is serious threat to life. "There is an assumption that if a spill is chemically treated, the oil oxidizes at a faster said Mr. Aboriginal art display in Calgary SOUTHERN ALBERTA THEATRES CARDSTON Mayfair Theatre "McCT in color. Starring John Wayne. Monday. Tues- day. Wednesday. September 9. 10, 11. Monday show at p.m. ADULT, NOT SUITABLE FOR CHILDREN. PINCHER CREEK Fox Theatre "SUMMER WISHES, WINTER DREAMS" starring Joanne Woodward. Monday, Tuesday, September 9, 10. Monday show at p.m. ADULT. TABER Tower Theatre "BAT MAN BOLD" in color. Starring Fred Williamson. Monday, Tuesday. Wednesday. September Monday snows at and p.m. ADULT, NOT SUITABLE FOR CHILDREN COMMUNITY SIKVICIS CITY OF UTHMIDOI PUBLIC SWIMMING, SKATING AND MUSEUM IB nsTzscx ran Swim