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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 9, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE September Turner enters fiscal talks optimistically Dramatic action The American people, on the whole, were probably disposed to having Richard Nixon treated leniently. But they are likely to be divided on the propriety of President Gerald Ford granting pardon before prosecution, in any proper sense, had taken place. Although it is widely believed that Mr. Nixon was deeply involved in the Watergate mess, it is a fact that he has never acknowledged any criminal wrong doing All that he has admitted to is having made mistakes. That he was guil- ty of crime has not been legally es- tablished. The presidential pardon thus may leave many with a sense of in- completeness about the case. President Ford apparently concluded that no good could come of allowing the judicial process to grind on for many more weary months. All that it could really accomplish would be the bringing of more shame to an already greatly dis- tressed man. There can be little doubt that Richard Nixon has suffered a great deal The humiliation of plunging from the zenith of political power to nothingness is castastrophic No other man in American history has ever suffered in this way. He will never escape the bitter knowledge that by getting involved in Watergate he lost the chance of going down in history as one of the great presidents ot the United States. His is a unique and lasting kind of suffering. Prosecuting Mr. Nixon might have settled legally his complicity in Watergate It would not likely have ac- complished anything else. The notion that it would thereby prove that no man stands above the law is highly questionable Only a few days ago Clare Boothe Luce pointed out, in the New York Times, that authorities on crime estimate that only half of one per cent of all crimes committed result in convic- tions and punishment. In the light of this, she said, reason gags at the idea that prosecuting and jailing Nixon would prove that no man stands above the law. All sorts ot people effectively stand above the law The action of President Ford took everyone by surprise and yet, on reflec- tion it seems in keeping with the un- complicated and essentially decent man that he is Whatever storms are engendered by the dramatic announce- ment it is becoming obvious that Gerald Ford can make decisions and is deter- mined to clear away things that can only divert the nation from the truly im- perative issues of the time. Keep angle parking Many citizens are seriously discussing the future of Lethbridge how much it should seek growth, what kind of growth, to what size. Probably growth is inevitable, partly because there is no practical way of preventing it. Control is perhaps all that can be hoped for. Many of the most attractive features of Lethbridge are related to its small size and its lack of urban sophistication In metropolitan terms, angle parking is probably looked on as only a short step from hitchmg-post days. However many motorists feel the provision for angle parking on downtown streets is one of the more delightful of the city's attractions. In connection with the current or re- cent repairs to downtown pavement, a civic official anticipated the abolition of angle parking. In all of the planning for improved movement of vehicles, it is to be hoped that every possible effort will be taken to retain angle parking as long as possible. Its abolition is not something to be taken lightly Russian horror story .The latest story out of Moscow reads like a horror story, at least to the younger generation of Canadians who can be thought of as the automotive generation, born with steering wheels in their hands. Late in August, the Russian newspaper Izvestia informed the Soviet Union's three million owners of private cars that servicing facilities are not going to be improved this year or next or into the foreseeable future and that only one out of four owners can expect to have any- kind of servicing done on his car this year Of 10 big service and repair centres planned for the U.S.S.R.. only one is operating. In all of Russia there are reported to be only two stores for spare parts. One of these is in Tadjikistan, in the southernmost corner of the Soviet Union, and the other is in Lithuania. Six more stores have been planned but none has been built so far. Part of the trouble seems to be that two different ministries, the automobile ministry and the ministry for general services, are arguing over who will han- dle the organizational structure of car sen icing A second problem is that no one wants to work in such centres because the pay is low and does not include housing, which is available to production workers. A further problem arises because, unlike western countries, in Russia cars are high priced but spare parts are cheap. As a result, the Soviet factories are reluctant to spend time turning out spare parts. Two conclusions can be drawn from this story Russian drivers must be very adept at improvising spare parts and repairs and finding consolation in the thought that at least their gasoline is cheap and their leaders who have sampl- ed life in the western democracies have seen too much in the way of automotive congestion and pollution. ERIC NICOL Marriage is a serious affair "Hey. man. you're gobbing into your said my daughter. "Chip a "This news photo in the paper, of the Chinese bride arriving in Canada to meet her father and the man her father has chosen as her husband I find it very touching." I said. respectfully blowing my nose to the East "It's sick." said my daughter "On the contrary. Our new immigration policy that permits Chinese to leave Mainland China to join their families in Canada is one of the most positive things the government has done It has given Canada a strong injec- tion of filial piety. "Bull said my daughter "Despite your somewhat negative contribu- tion to a continuing dialogue." I said, "the fact is that what Canada needs at this time is more Chinese fathers "Is that why you're trying to cat vour ccreaJ with "A man has to start somewhere. 1 said a sip of green lea. which lasted awful 'even though it may seem visionary to hope 1hat one day my daughter will have enough respect for her father to allow him to choose her husband 1 wouldn't let you choose my sock5; said rm daughter, who does not. so far as I know wear socks You are too young to understand the wisdom of the 1 said "Fathers have been arranging the marriages of their children for thousands of years in China No wonder there are eight hundred million Chinese couples have nothing else in (ommon but J-wk at the solidarity of the Chine-e family They may not have much in -ommon to talk about but their silence is noh in obedience to their elders Compare their record with that of marriage in Canada today Divorce rate soaring Families coming apart at the seams Why' Because daughters neglect to wait for their Daddy to choose a husband ftr them "Don't eat tliat. Elmer." said my daughter, "Your skepticism." I said, "ignores the fact that marriage is too serious a business to be entrusted to the bride and groom The Chinese have had several millennia of ex- perience in which to learn that what draws voung people to one another is mere physical attraction, a highly unstable field of personal magnetism "Ixivc that field." said my daughter, taking mv paper and turning to the funnies. It is a psychological fact that a daughter, 3cft to her own judgment, will often choose a husband berate he reminds her of her father She then becomes severely disillusion- ed when the clot proves to lack the finer of her male parent Pass the barf bag The Chinese father knows that he is in- comparable and selects as a mate for his daughter the man who displavs entirely diiicrent though respectable, traits a man homfh bul about 1he house for ex- ample 'including his father-in-law's house) man with enough private means to ensure 1hai loans he borrows from other mrmhrrs of the familv are iullv backed by 1he Hank of Oiiiia bet vour sweet and observed mv daughter and she excused herself from 1ho la We bv hutting her cigaret in my man- darin hal Slrangeh moved b> this discussion, 1 wish 1o congratulate all of Canada's Chinese fathers who are "at this moment choosing husbands for their immigrant Ham1 in th'ie Mr Chang we Occident) ddols P right behind By W. A. Wilson, Montreal Star commentator OTTAWA Finance Minister Turner views the world's economic situation as "fragile" but with the impor- tant rider that if people take care of fragile objects they do not smash them. On the eve of an important round of conferences, the fi- nance minister believes that in some critical respects the international political situa- tion has improved so much in the last three months or so that a new element of will may be present, permitting the sensible management of grave common problems and leading away from a smash- up. In a long conversation about current economic problems last week, the finance minister showed no tendency to minimize the seriousness of those the world faces although he dismisses as unrealistic some of the Doomsday talk about the Canadian economy in itself. But again, he does not minimize the obvious problems it faces, especially in the area of prices and wages. It is not only the replace- ment of Richard Nixon by President Ford that improves the level of international will, available to bear on problems In Pans, Giscard d'Estaing has replaced the late Georges Pompidou and he is not only younger and vigorous. He is more internationally minded. In Bonn, the politically weakened Willie Brandt is gone and a much tougher man in economic matters, Helmut Schmidt, is chancellor Turner will be in Washington today for talks with William Simon, the U S treasury secretary, and while he is there he expects to see the Japanese finance minister as well. The follow- ing week he will be in Eu- rope, seeing the economic ministers of the British, French and German governments Later in the month the Commonwealth finance ministers meet here in Ottawa and at month's end there is an important Inter- national Monetary Fund meet- ing in Washington In between engagements, the finance "About what I figured... people in Canada and nobody in Ottawa." Modified grain elevator network By Terry McDonald, Herald staff writer The secretary-general of the Canada Grains Council has shot down one possibility Grains Group consultants have openly pooh-poohed two others. That leaves a rationalized or modified version of today's country elevator network as the most likely system to be recommended to the federal government as the cure for this country's grain transpor- tation woes. The Grains Council report which will propose how the grain transportation system should be upgraded is to reach Wheat Board Minister Otto Lang's desk in about two months, says Donald Dever, the council's secretary- general. It will climax five years of study initiated by Mr. Lang himself Dr. Dever has indicated he thinks the government will act quickly whether it decides to adopt the influential Grains Council recommendation or another remedy Since it is expected the government will announce this fall what it will do with railroad applications to abandon some rural branch lines, and since rail branch lines are quite obviously an integral part of today's grain handling system, it is conceivable the whole issue will be decided and announced before the end of the year The five years of study began when Mr. Lang, in late 1969, assembled a group of grain policy advisers the Grains Group. One of its first assignments was a studv in detail of the grain handling system. It commissioned several con- sulting firms plus university economists and industry engineers to study costs of moving grain through the pre- sent system and through four alternative systems. In the fall of 1972 a stack of reports and studies appeared as the result of the consultants' labors The federal government then gave the Canada Grains Council the job of consulting with all interested groups and developing specific proposals for changes in the grain handling system Using reports done for the Grains Group, the Grains Council comprised of grain producers, millers, handlers and carriers established in 1968 as a liaison between the industry and government commissioned a special com- mittee to further analyze the grain handling system. And in Price, wage controls would fail By Dian Cohen, syndicated commentator MONTREAL It used to be that anyone could look at the schedule of wage contracts up for renewal, and predict fairly accurately whether the bargaining would be tough or easy, whether the unions in- volved would be pace setters and generally what the range of wage increases would be With money losing its purchasing power at the rate of one per cent a month, labor has been falling behind for well over a year, and even the smallest union has become aggressively militant on behalf of its members There have been twice as many days lost to strikes this year as last, and that doesn't count the workers who are "working to rule" or "on slowdown" The reason is patently clear Workers want catch up clauses, cost of living clauses, and what would or- dinarily be called 'outrageous" increases to compensate them for past present and anticipated inflation Ail this comes as no sur- prise to anyone except a Jot of government economists who were looking for a slowdown in inflation by this time It was dear months ago that even if food prices had moderated {which they have not1, other factors sn the economy would pick up Ihe jn'lation ball and keep on run- It has always been true that in a business cycle, profits get the first crack in renewed business activity As the cycle peaks, the growth in business profits declines, and labor lakes Us turn and its legitimate share. Now that the economy is definitely riding the downside of the roller coaster, there are increased rumblings about the necessity of stopping the price Books in brief "Far Beyond the Fringe" by Eugene Andes, (Van Nostrand Reinhold Ltd., 160 Instructions and il- lustrations to three dimensional knotting techm qucs open up new vistas to more advanced macrame for who wish Jo proceed the belts, necklaces and purses The problems and solutions encountered are discussed and some knotting patterns as wcIJ as pieces illustrating how the techniques may be com- bined are included This is a vcrv useful collection of infor- mation which wiU enable the knottrr to design and carry out his own projects GERTA PATSON wage spiral with wage and price controls. There has always been a time and a place for such controls They are, after all, oniv one more of the ways in which governments can intervene in the market economy to make it work more smoothly. But in Canada today, controls cannot help but fail. First, labor is entitled to a catch up share, although the likelihood is that nobody is ever really going to get it all back Second, the government in Ottawa has demonstrated a positive aptitude for doing the wrong thing at the wrong time at its record on tran- sportation policy. After a pent- ration of non transporta- tion policy, the Liberal Pearson government finally put a competitive national transportation act on the books Less tJian seven years later. Jho Tnideau Liberals lore out the page Finally, the success of wage and pnce controls depends on a concensus between government, labor, manage- ment and the general public The Tmdeau government has spent more than a year, culminating in the summer election campaign, destroying that concensus the fall of last year the council published the committee's State of the Industry Report The 1972 Grains Group reports outlined four alter- native grain handling systems rationalized country elevator system under which the cost of handling a bushel of grain would be 41.9 cents high-throughput concrete elevator system under which it would cost 45.3 cents to han- dle a bushel of grain. inland terminal satellite elevator system un- der which a bushel of grain could be handled for 51 cents. inland terminal system under which the cost of handl- ing a bushel of grain would be 38.7 cents. The consultants who reported to the Grains Group were known to favor neither the concrete elevator system nor the combination of big inland terminals and satellite elevators Initial investment made the concrete elevators too costly while the combina- tion system was too expensive because it required two handlings of gram. The cheapest of the four the 80 inland terminal system has been rejected by the Grains Council, says Dr Dever. It is so different from today's system that it would cause near economic chaos before transition could be completed. That leaves a rationalized system, utilizing the country elevators, as the most likely to be recommended to the government. This process of elimination is supported by Dr. Dever's vague comment in The Herald last week that evolution will be the theme of the council's presentation to the government And in the context of grain handling, the words rationalization and evolution mean much the same to me. minister will be delivering two important speeches at mid-month, one in the West, one in Montreal, summing up domestic economic problems in one and devoting the other to the international headaches Like many others, the finance minister believes that the greatest single danger at present is that major countries may try to deflate their economies as a means of coping with inflation. "If major countries deflate, they will tear the world Turner said somberly. Britain and Italy, in par- ticular, face extremely large deficits in their international payments and any general deflation that caused a major down-turn in trade would almost certainly send those two countries under, although Turner was not that blunt in his descriptions. He believes that the level of international trade must be defended and maintained and that everything possible must be done to re-cycle back into Europe some of the huge funds going to the oil produc- ing countries. The danger, of course, is that when these funds are invested their owners will prefer to place them in Germany, the United States and Canada rather than in countries such as Britain which will desperately need an influx of foreign capital to offset their deficits. This is one of the areas where international co- operation, and the will to solve problems rather than let them drift, is necessary in order to protect that fragile object, the world economy. Domestically, the finance minister views the prospect of continued high prices and serious wage pressures as the worst current problems but remains encouraged by the high level of business investments He is satisfied that the slowing of business construction and plant expan- sion in the second quarter of this year stemmed from shor- tages of men and materials, not from any decline in invest- ment plans or from decisions to postpone necessary plant expansion That view is sup- ported by the mid-year sur- vey of investment intentions Financing new investment is one of the most difficult problems facing industry. Turner makes no bones about his view that it is only because of the high level of profits that investment is holding up. The stock market collapse has made equity financing im- possible at the present companies, with major expansion programs under way, cannot raise through new stock issues the money necessary to go on The bond market is in the dol- drums because of interest rates. These factors com- pound the pressure on the banking system The finance minister accepts it that a more stringent fiscal policy is now demanded by the economy, although he is firmly against anything severe enough to cause deflation If the federal government restrains its actually means slowing the rate at which its expenditures grow, not reducing is im- portant that the provinces should not just move in. Part of the purpose of more fiscal stringency here would be to reduce general pressure on the economy and part to provide all the leeway possi- ble for industrial financing at a very difficult time. Major increases in provincial spending could defeat federal policy on both counts. Turner has more confidence than some of his colleagues on the effectiveness of pre- budget consultations with the biggest provinces, not leading to budget disclosures but to considerable frankness about such problems as cash re- quirements. There is no unanimity in the government at present on fiscal policy but a finance minister with the prime minister's backing is in a strong position. The lethbridge Herald Uimbridge, lETHBRtDGE HERALD CO LTO Proprietors and MMMwn OMW Mafl Regttftranon No 0012 OONH PULING CiEO MOWERS. Editor and I DONALD R OOHAM ROYF MILES ROBERT M rCNTON OouMUonl KENNETH E BAHNETT BusrrwssMBnaiW "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" DOUGLAS K WALKER Page ;