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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 9, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETH8RIOGE HERAID Saturday, September 9, 1972 Peter Desbarnts Honolulu 1972 The "guardian protege relationship is over" said Japanese foreign mini- ster Oliira following the Honolulu meetings between President Nixon and newly elected Prime Minister Tanaka of Japan, He might have said, but he did not, that it was be- cause of this relationship during the past 26 years, that liis country was resuscitated from (tie ashes of de- feat. Under the U.S. military um- brella Japan has prospered until now it is acknowledged to be the greatest industrial power in the Far East. It rates third economically in the world lineup. Japan's prosperity has engendered thorny problems in its relationship with "the U.S. in recent years. The crunch came in 1971 with devaluation of the American dollar and U.S. insis- tence that Japan must co-operate in adjusting the balance of trade prob- lem which was largely responsible for U.S. economic difficulties. Then came the president's visit to Peking. The announcement that the U.S. was taking a big step towards rapproche- ment with the Communists was made without consultation with the Japan- ese. The Japanese were alarmed and humiliated. The alter shock is over; the Jap- anese have acted with calm good sense. Bilateral relations have mat- ured to the point where the U.S. has acknowledged that it is no longer in a position to dictate Japan's foriegn policy. It does not want to do so. Japanese sights are now turned to China. Both countries want to bury the hatchet, to establish diplomatic and friendly relationships for purely pragmatic reasons. China no longer has a deadly fear of Japanese mili- tarism not now in any case for Japan's military might has been destroyed. She is not a nuclear power, does not want to become one, and her army is there only for the defence of the homeland. So Prime Minister Tanaka has been invited to visit Peking at last. Diplomatic re- lations will probably follow the visit. It is in the diplomatic field that the U.S. would like to influence the Japanese influence as opposed to dictate When Japan recognizes Pek- ing diplomatically, it follows that rec- ognition of Taiwan will be withdrawn. The U.S. wants assurance that the terms of recognition will not include promises by the Japanese lo force withdrawal of the Americans of the U.S. military bases on the island of Okinawa, recently returned to Japan- ese rule. These are essential to the American commitment lo the protec- tion of Taiwan and South Korea as well as a basis of operations in the Vietnam war. The guessing is that the Chinese, in return for Japan's recognition of Peking's authority, will ignore the Okinawa bases and put the whole is- sue on the back burner for the pres- ent. The Chinese can bide their time. President Nixon and Prime Minister Tanaka have no satisfactory answer to the longstanding question of how to move closer to Peking without kicking Taiwan in the teeth, and the Chinese know it. Further, the Chinese know that pushing Japan too hard on the diplomatic front would be a mis- take. Russia is always waiting in the wings for an opportunity to spread its influence anywhere in the world, particularly where it could embar- rass or even threaten China. Clearly the Honolulu meeting has enormous importance in global rela- tionships. 11 was not simply a chat about trade balances. It was a sum- mit meeting of the heads of two of the most powerful nations on earth on an equal basis. Each had something for the other. The full impact of the new attitudes is only beginning to be realized. The Honolulu meeting is a signal of future change. Responses to Worth Report The title page of the Report of the Commission on Educational Plan- ning, perhaps better known as the Worth Report, bears a notation that begins "Your response to this report is Vital. A strong word, that, one often abused in these days of soar- ing rhetoric. But in this case it is apt, because the Report and public reaction to it will profoundly affect the future of education in this province, and whatever affects Al- berta's educational policies is vital to Albertans. That is not a comment on the merits of the Report itself. It well may he the towering educational milestone claimed by its more ex- travagant admirers, or it could be a dismaying piece of educational politicking, as some rancorous pro- fessional educators insist. We hap- pen to think it is neither, but that is beside the point. What matters is Weekend Meditation The source of virtues E is nothing this world lacks so much as faith, which is a pity be- cause every virtue and achievement comes from faith. Faith is the conviction that someone or something is true. It results in absolute trust and commitment, far be- yond mere mental assent. K is not merely an opinion about Ihe universe or God, but is an integrity of character and a good- of life, Without a faith rooted in a God of righteousness, purpose, and love man is, as Goethe phrased it, "a troubled wanderer upon a darkened earth." Faith illuminates every situation and brings hope where others despair. A man is never defeated as long as he keeps his faith. "They conquer who believe they can." When faith goes a man's morale collapses and lie is done, Little wonder that the Bible repeatedly says a man is saved by faith. While others were discour- aged by advsrsily, depressed by moods, perplexed by mysleries, confused by the changes in the forms of belief, broken by the tragedy, cruelty, and sin of the world, and baffled by the darkness that comes down with night for the soul, these heroes of faith refuse to surrender and they be- came the salt of the earth, the light of tha world, saints and reformers, artists and discoverers, men who in the words of Thiicydides, "dared beyond their strength, hazarded against their judgment, and in extremities were of excellent hope." The classic description of faith is In lha clevcnlh chapter of Hebrews where the author lists the greatest men of faith, but concludes that the list is really endless. These men and women believed In God Conservatives sort out election issues Election cam- paigns, like conversations function on many levels and I lie deeper levels arc often tlio most meaningful. It seems likely that Canada's 1972 campaign will be one of those election battles where "subconscious" issues are us influential as the issues that politicians, journalists and vot- ers discuss in public. Of the four national party leaders, the man who will have to be most aware of these issues, and whose political fate could well be decided by them, is Robert Stanfield. At least tlirce of these sub- conscious issues have bean identified and discussed at length by Conservatives work- ing on the Stanfield campaign. that the government clearly at- taches great importance to the Re- port, and that in the next decade or two few significant decisions con- cerning education are likely to ba made without its findings and rec- ommendations, being taken into ac- count. But the government wants the views of the public as well, and has repeatedly said that without wide- spread public reaction to the Report its full value will not he realized. We believe that to be the case, and strongly urge anyone that may have views on any aspect of. the Report to make them known. Do it now, or very soon. The gov- ernment has asked that comments from the public be sent in by Octo- ber 15th, little more than a month from now. The address is The Cabi- net Committee on Education. 11010 142 Street, Edmonton. And if you can't remember that, send them to us; we'll see they're passed on. The first and most obvious one has to do with Hie eternal Quebec question, and the feel- ings of English-speaking Cana- dians toward their French- speaking brethren. It is generally agreed that at- titudes toward Quebec, in the rest of the country, have under- gone a marked shift since the last federal election. This is particularly noticeable in the western provinces. During tho '60s, there was genuine curios- ity about Quebec in the other provinces, and a readiness to 'consider changes to accom- modate Quebec in the nation's political and cultural in- stitutions. This tendency has lost ground in recent years. It is now com- mon for English-speaking Cana- dians to profess disinterest In Quebec's future. In some areas, there has been a fairly strong backlash as a result of over- exposure to the Quebec "prob- lem" in Uie '60s. Awareness of I Ws by the fed- eral Liberals is reflected in their plans to present Prime Minister Trudeau during the campaign as a symbol of unity, not merely between English- and French-speaking Canadians but between Canadians sepa- rated by regional, economic and ethnic as well as linguistic barriers. Trudeau's abilily lo "deal with" Quebec will he played down in this campaign, and some of the most influential Quebec ministers in the federal cabinet will be almost invisible during the campaign outside their own province. For Stanfield, the Quebec question is more complex. As an English-speaking Canadian whose political strength lies al- most entirely at this moment in the English-speaking provinces, lie is the natural beneficiary of the new and tougher altitude English-speaking Canadians to- ward Quebec. At the same lime, his official position on Quebec has to be more "liberal" lhan the present government. He has to claim that Trudeau's "doctrinaire" federalism is encouraging the growth of separatism in Que- bec, and lhal a Stanfield ad- minislration would be more flexible in dealing with Quebec as well as the other provinces. "What worries me is, it tilings efoit'f start getting better lor he may get a tremendous number el t, i want you to follow me orounrf and periodicallf, sat 'Remember Tom Dewey'l" This policy would be one of the keystones of a Conservative campaign in Quebec led by Claude Wagiier. At tliis stage, It can be said only that both aspects of tha Quebec issue in this campaign, official and are fully appreciated by the men around Stanfield. The second issue which In- volves the feelings of the elec- torate is welfare. There is a deep suspicion on the part of many Canadian workers that they are being exploited, through the whole range of so- cial services now provided by government, by a growing army of cynical freeloaders. As with the Quebec Issue, Stanfield is the natural benefi- ciary of "backlash" sentiment on welfare, but in this area the "subconscious" issue can be re- flected openly in his official campaign, A tougher approach to welfare, based on protecting the interests of the "little man" in shop and factory, is in har- mony with traditional Con- servative philosophy as well as with the personal views of such men as Paul Hellyer and Claude Wagner. The tliird "subconscious" Is- sue identified by Conservative campaign planners arises from. Ihe universal feeling in devel- oped counlries today that "the system" has become isolated and remote from individual citizens. Conservatives believe that Trudeau's own personality and style in office have made him the symbol, for many Ca- nadians, of the cold impersonal- ity of modern government. This is one of the reasons why Stanfield has spent month after month plodding up and down the main streets of hun- dreds of small towns in Can- ada: to show that the idea of government, as far as "Dob" Stanfield is concerned, starts with the individual. If the other two "subcon- scious" issues are difficult for Stanfield to handle, this one will be exploited to the fullest extent during the campaign. (HeraM Special Bureau) 1 James Neilsou Latin America shows interest in Peruvian option against the world, in the future against Ilia presentjn life against death, in morality against immorality, in goodness against evil. It was not that they were tied to any narrow creed. Their faith could and did grow as did tiiat of Abraham. New visions of God came to them, they were receptive to new truth. For them faith was an ad- venture of mind as well as an adventure of life. It meant loyalty to the highest they knew, and each day their knowledge of the highest increased. Not that their faith was limited by their own experience, for the opposite was the case. As Paul said, "We walk by faith, not by But they staked their lives on the reality of the true, the good, and the beautiful, on God who gave reason and meaning to the world and delivered it from chaos and purposeless- ness. Their faith delivered them from paralyzing fear, from hopelessness and dis- couragement, from imprisonment into lib- erty and a life of health and wholeness. How does a man come by faith? By prayer, by receptiveness to the Spirit of God, by reading the heros of faith, by act- ing on your belief, by accepting life at its highest instead of its lowest, by finding men and women who do have faith and enter- ing into their fellowship, by clinging to the basic truths you have and building on them, and by accepting Ihe intuitions of your highest moments. PRAYER: 0 Thou Holy One in whom all goodness and power are found, we are weary of o u r weak and barren selves. Give us a new self, strong, and brave, and joyous. F. S. M, T IMA Many Lalin Ameri- J cans, dissatisfied with their bumbling democratic gov- ernments or reactionary mili- tary regimes, are observing with interest the army junta that has ruled Peru since 1968. In October of that year General Juan Velasco Alvarado sent 50 commandos storming into Lima's presidential p a 1 ace, dragged out elected President Fernando Belaunde Terry, and put him on the next plane to Buenos Aires. From the day it look power Velasco Alvarado's junla has vigorously pursued nationalist and populist goals. Its first ac- tion was to take over the giant U.S. oil company, Internation- al Petroleum and, far from of- fering compensation, it claim- ed the oil company owed Peru million for 44 years of oil theft. It then launched a program of land reform which Is among the most ambitious ever un- dertaken in South America and which included the nationaliza- tion of large tracts formerly in North American hands. When the U.S. threatened to apply economic sanctions Peru was defiant. The International Petroleum Company squabble is still going on, but the Peruvian altitude had not changed. This July the government again said, "We don't owe them a cent. As far as Peru is concerned the case is closed." During its nearly four years in power the junta has sluck to its objectives. These are, to fight imperialism an attitude it denies is in any way anti- American by disciplining the activities of the multinational corporations and ending the isolation of Cuba; to clean up an administration traditionally riddled with corruption and nepotism; to bring the Indians, who make up half Ihe country's population of 14 million, inlo the national mainstream; to es- tablish Peruvian sovereignty over the area of the Pacific Ocean 200 miles from Peru's shores; to carry out drastic agrarian reforms; and to na- tionalize all natural resources. The land reform program of the junta has maintained its momentum, and so far, tha government claims, fam- ilies have been resetlled on lands formerly owned either by American companies or semi- feudal Peruvian aristocrats. The government hopes that by 1975 four hundred thousand families, mainly Indian, will have been given their own lands. This April the government announced an education reform that is designed lo further the lot of tho Indians. The reform is based on the principle of bi- lingualism, and will allow the Indians to receive their educa- tion in their own languages such as Quechua and Aymara, the languages of the Inca em- pire. At the end of July the junta symbolically stressed its Indian Goodbye, meter man Serviro CCHATCH another bit of Americana, The utility meter reader, who lias been making his appointed rounds of American homes since candles and fireplaces gave way to gas and electricity, is about to be replaced by tech- nology. According to a New York Times report, utility firms are developing a number of auto- matic reading systems lo cut manpower costs and ensure ac- curate readings. These include a device which, plugged inlo a master box, reads individual meters in an entire apartment building or residential develop- ment. The most high-flying literally involves aircraft equipped with remote sensing receivers which would fly over an area callling in and sloring on tape readings from thous- ands of meters almost simul- taneously. A lot of readjustments to this technological advance is ob- viously going to bo necessary. The current meter reading force can, of course, easily be retained for other tasks. And housewives eventually will get accustomed lo not being startl- ed by the call of "meter at mildly or greatly inconven- ient moments. But how are they ever going to get millions of dogs to start barking and snapping at a high- flying plane? policy by changing the name of the presidential palace's main hall from Ihe "Francisco Piz- arro Hall" lo the "Tupac Am- ara Hall." The conquistador Pizarro, regarded by most un- committed historians as a dar- ing and unscrupulous adven- turer, has for centuries been revered by Peru's white min- ority, less than 10 per cent of the population. Tupac Amaru, on the olher hand, was tlio leader of a desperate attempt by the Indians to drive out the Spanish conquerors.' After a bloody uprising he was barbar- ously executed in 1781; four horses tore him apart. Just be- fore he died he had seen his wife and children murdered by the whites. The Uruguayan ru- ban guerrillas, the Tupamaros, are the latest in a line of rebels who have adopted a corruption of Tupa Amaru's name as their own. Peru's foreign policy delights nationalistic Latin Americans everywhere. Among its early actions was the arrest of U.S. fishing vessels caught inside the 200-mile limit claimed by Lima. Then, after a long cam- paign in the Organization of American States on behalf of Cuba, it finally exchanged am- bassadors with Fidel Castro's regime on July 8th. Peru also has excellent rela- tions with China, which in 1971 agreed to buy over 5100 million worth of zinc, copper and lead. In April President Velasco Al- varado's wife toured China and at a banquet heard Chou En- lai proclaim: "We express firm support for the just struggle of the Peruvian government and people, and wish you continu- ous new victories." Tho junta has been moder- ately successful on the econom- ic front The fishing industry is now the biggest in the world, having overtaken Japan thanks, paradoxically, to con- siderable Japanese technical and financial help. Another potential trump card In the government's hand is oil; large deposils have been found in Ihe Amazon basin. Tlio stale oil company's official ad- viser, German-born Gerhard Bischoff, went as far as to say that Peru could within 10 years become one of the world's three leading producers, after tho U.S. and Ihe Soviet Union. Al- though Peru must slill import oil for its modest industrial needs it has already asked for tenders for the construction of two largo petro-chemical com- plexes lo exploit its future out- put. Peru has been careful not to exclude foreign investors dog- matically. It has been content to change the rules, abolishing the old concession system and instead hiring foreign compan- ies where necessary on a con- tract basis. Most of the com- panies operating in Peru have found this tolerable, especially as the junla has gone to soma pains lo point out that IPC was a' special case and had been illegally exploiting oil fields in LaBrea and Parinas. Many U.S. companies, Iheless, have been'noisily mak- ing preparations lo leave In an- ticipation of new regulations wliieh would restrict their ac- tivity still further. Their fears have been intensified by the nationalization of he nation's telephone system which- bad been owned by a consortium with ils seat in Liechtenslein. The government has agreed to pay million, Ihe nominal val- ue of the shares, but on July 28, the day the decree was pub- lished said il was willing to open negotiations to determine the real value of Ihe enterprise. The major casually of the "Peruvian Revolution" has been political and press free- dom. Political parties have been virtually abolished and the press is firmly muzzled. Enemies of Ihe regime, wheth- er of Right or Left, have been harassed in many petly ways and some have been imprison- ed. Striking workers and riot- ing students have been dealt with harshly. In the last month or so several have died in clashes with troops in the town of Puno, on the shores of Lake Tilicaca, and unrest has spread to Piura in the far north as well as to Lima. Democracy is still remote. The regime has apparently sat- isfied the thirst for nationalist affirmation while providing tho army with a major role. All 15 ministries are headed by so- diers on the active list while the well-paid Peruvian officer corps is rapidly growing. No deadline for democratic elec- tions has been set, and most indicators point to the govern- ment thinking in terms of a decade or more of power. Op- position is stigmatized as anti- patriotic. Tne Peruvian example has al- ready inspired a carbon copy of Velasco Alvarado's junta to seize power in neighboring Ec- uador. In Argentina, where democracy is an unpromising prospect, and Uruguay, where it has fallen on hard times, the Peruvian option is being widely discussed. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Looking backward Through The Herald 192Z Famous film at tho Colonial Theatre Monday. The Mark Twain story of a "A Con- necticut Yankee In King Arthur's Court. 1032 The Governor-General of Canada and Lady Bess- borough will visit Cardston and Waterton Lakes National Park on September 30, by automo- bile. 1M2 There were no less than 414 vacancies to be filled when a Herald reporter visited the offices of tho local Unem- ployment Insurance Commis- sion. 1952 Governor Genera! Vincent Massey is lo be made an honorary chieftain of tho Blood Indian tribe nt Fort Ala- cleod. The Lethbndge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD HO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member ct The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Asioclallon and lha Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Central Manioer RON PILLING WILLIAM HAY tonaglns Edilor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUOLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Editor "THE HERALD THE SOUTH" ;