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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 9, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, StptMbw t, W72 Wf UTHMiMK HMMO 1J German-Arab furore adds to Brandt's woes Arms Limitation Treaty1 Balance of terror still unchanged By ROBERT J. KOHENGOLD Washington what answer he got, have not been made public, For Brandt personally, the chill and events in Munich are sure to throw on West Germany's relations with the Arab world will be especially frustrating. Most of the Middle Eastern Arab states and Algeria broke relations with Bonn in the when West Germany established diplomatic ties with Israel. Ever since Brandt's Social Democratic party coalition with [he Free Pemocartic party came to power In 1969, it has been trying to get back on good terms with Arab nations. Diplomatic relations had been restored with Yemen, Jordan, Lebanon, the Sudan and Algeria and, Just this June, with Egypt. Libya, which never broke relations but recalled its ambassador in 1965, has one in Bonn again, and diplomatic ties have been opened for the first time with most of the Persian Gulf sheikdoms. For the West Germans, the effort has been both politically and economically motivated, since many Arab countries are eager for West German technological help. But Brandt's government lias scarcely received privileged political treatment in return from either government or guerrilla leaders. Arab guerrilla gangs have raided frequently in West German dlies over the last few years. In February, 1970, one person was killed and 11 wounded by toting Arab guerrillas at Munich's airport. Last February, guerriillas of the popular front for the liberation of Palestine hijacked a Lufthansa West German airliner to Aden and extorted roughly million ransom. Pipelines In West Germany belonging to firms with Israeli connections have been sabotage targets from time to time by members of the Black Sep-temer terrorist group on what have been described as "training last winter in Cologne, ive Jordanians, apparently suspected of spying for Israel, vere gunned down by Black September members. Munich Increased the death all and the drama. It also added another prob-em to Brandt's already over' oaded government, which is so wlilically impotent on the home 'rout that it cannot move any controversial legislation, even this year's still-unpassed budget. Because it has exactly half, not a majority, of the Bundestag voles, it is expected to call 'or a dissolution and new elec-ions by December. Now, because of Munich, Brandt's government may get pushed into taking a tougher line with the Arab states that and with Arabs living In West Germany, because of an already noticeable swell of public BBt j WILIY BRANDT Culture i of Olymi By DAVID SHI REV New York Times Service MUNICH Amid the pall that hangs over the Olympic Games as a result of this week's tragic events there are attractions aside from the competitions ttwmselves that con-inue to draw attention. One of these is an extravaganza of an art show mounted in the House of Art by the West Germans. "World cultures and modern which documents Asian, African, Oceanic and Pre-Columbian influences on European art hi the last two centuries, is staggering in lls size, supreme in its quality and monumentally ambitious in its scope. It is no wonder that the show has been hailed as the biggest in German history. Occupying all available display space of this large two-floored museum, the exhibition is comprised of nearly objects that have been borrowed from the most presitlgious private and public collections in the world, Including the Louvre, the Hermitage, the Tokyo National Museum and the Metropolitan Museum in New York. More than million has been spent on the show. Its catalogue is a collector's item, a paragon of excellent MICHAEL STERN New York Times Service LONDON The International Institute for Strategic Studies says in a report published Friday that the strategic arms lim-tation treaty signed in May eaves the Soviet Union with more missile launchers and Heavier bombs than the United States but gives America a lead in weapon flexibility and in the ability to hit more targets. The balance of terror, however, remains unchanged, the institute says. That is, will retain nuclear arsenals and delivery systems more than adequate to strike back with devastating effect even if the other attacks first. The institute is the authority live, private, London-based organization that makes annual assessments of the world's armaments, military systems and alliances. Its new report, entitled "Tho Military Balance notes the following major shifts in capability since last year: The expulsion of Soviet and military aides by Egypt not only weakened Egypt Israel but also changed be Maritimfl balance in the mediterranean between the brces of the Soviet Union and the North Atlantic irganization. The USSR can cover the Mediterranean rom its Black Sea bases, the nslitute said, but not as well as when it could use in Egypt. China is continuing her nuc-ear development program, but serhaps more important is her growing ability to produce nui-e a r bombers, interceptor >lanes, fighter aircraft, submarined destroyers, indicating a ,hift of her armed forces from a preradustrial to an industrial jase. Speaking of developments In 1972, the institute said: "The year could be viewed as a turning point because of the agreements; which codify strategic parity and embody the special relations between the 5uperpowers for the first time in permanent bilateral commissions, and because of the Soviet Union's envorced withdrawal rom Egypt, which underlines :he limited placed by nationalism on foreign involvements." It added, however, that strategic competition continues and noted that "the litative race goes on with the development of new systems and improvements of old ones." The institute report said that it was difficult to assess how ie SALT agreements signed during President Nixon's to Moscow affected the relative position ot two powers. MUNICH West German Chancellor Willy Brandt's government is grimly trying to keep its temper with those Arab states that morally condone the terrorist movement which spawned this week's Olympic tragedy. Officially, the lone remained diplomatic and free for the moment of protest or reprisal threats. But high level resentment re here at Arab world's aid and comfort for maurading anti-Israeli gunmen was clear. West German President Gus-tav Helnemann, speaking at the memorial Wednesday for the 11 Israelis killed in the abortive arab "Black September" kidnap attempt, pointedly listed among those responsible "those countries which do nothing to these people down." Government spokesman Conrad Ahlers indicated on television that tighter surveillance may he in store for Arabs and other suspected of being members of violence prone groups when they come to West Germany. Dainer Barzel, chairman of the Christian Democratic Union and West Germany's opposition leader, warned in a televiewed interview that his attitude toward the Arab stales in the future would depend on "what responsible spokesmen of the Arab world will say in the coming hours and days." There was private hut undisguised frustration in Bonn government circles at the failure of Egypt despite personal pleas Tuesday by Brandt to cooperate in efforts to save the Israeli hostages. The terrorists had said they wanted to fly to Cairo. But what Brandt wanted Egypt's President Anwar El-Sadat to Dorsey ATLANTA, Ga. (AP> Su-san Doney, 22, daughter