Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 9, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID Thursday, Seplember 9, 1971 Westell No solution in sight Internment ot IRA radicals in Northern Ireland has so far done nothing to reduce tension and slaugh- ter, Hardly a day goes by that there is no news of a bombing, of a child or some other innocent passer-by kill- ed by a sniper's bullet. There are fears that the lime of the assassin and the kidnapper is just around the corner, that for instance, a British soldier or a member of the Unionist government in Belfast, might be held hostage by the IRA demanding the release of some of their leaders. It may be too early to say that in the long run, internment has been a complete mistake, but so far, it has had the effect of hardening Catholic opposition, and bolstering their con- viction that the heavy hand of the law is directed at them, rather than towards the Protestants, who deny that they have any organization sim- ilar to the IRA. How badly the IRA has been hit by internment of some of its leaders is not known because many of its members operate independently and an untold number of them have es- caped custody by crossing the bor- der into the Irish Republic which has refused to intern them. In short, there are still lots of these fanatics around. The prime minister of. the Irish Republic, Mr, Lynch, has been con- ferring with Prime Minister Heath in London. No one expected an agree- ment and there was none. Mr. Heath wants major political changes in the North, such as proportional repre- sentation in multi member constitu- encies botli in Stormont and local elections, multi party committees in the Unionist government to give the opposition a voice in decisions, and expediting of the reform pro- gram. Mr Heath will have no part of selling Ulster Protestants down the river by agreeing to unification with the South which Mr. Lynch ad- vocates. Nor should he. Talk of civil war in Ireland is not idle talk If Ihc situation worsens, the only thing that can prevent Irish- men from tearing themselves to pieces, will be the presence of more and yet more British troops, a stop- gap measure which Mr. Heath won't like any more than the Irish will. The CYC is out of date The committee on youth report published recently was not exactly flattering in its opinions of the Com- pany of Young Canadians. It stated in part that the company was "in- effective to the majority of Cana- dian youth, both as a service organ- ization and as a body through which young Canadians can involve them- selves in social action or social ser- vice." The CYC refutes this opinion, point- ing out that the report's judgment was based on the Company's per- formance only to the end of 1970 and that things since that time have improved. Maybe they have, al- though it's a little difficult to believe that the CYC, which has been mud- dling along inefficiently and without direction for five years could over- come all its problems in the last few months. But Dal Brodhead, the CYC's ex- ecutive director, claims that the Com- pany's goals, (which remain obscure to the public) are being accomplish- ed by the projects in which it is in- volving people in various commun- ities. If this is the case it would seem to indicate that in many com- munities the CYC and the Opportu- nities for Youth program must be overlapping. With the introduction of the Oppor- tunities for Youth program this year, which was sponsored by the federal government with assistance from service groups and neighborhood im- provement committees, the work the CYC initially set out to do has been far more effectively carried out and on a much larger scale, by the newer program. It seems certain the government will continue with the Opportunities for Youth program, developing it and broadening its scope to include even more projects and involving more young people. If such is the case the CYC should be quietly put to an early demise and buried in the grave- yard of misdirected ideas. It won't be missed by either the youth of Canada or government officials who have been immensely patient with its executive. This would leave more time and more money directed to Opportunities for Youth, which in spite of some problems, did amaz- ingly well during its fledgling year. Goodbye, Joe! Government leaders today lean to- wards giving a great deal more auth- ority and responsibility to cabinet members than hitherto. The implica- tion is that these people are con- scientious and capable and that shar- ing the work and worry load makes sense. Unfortunately some individuals cannot cope with authority and sim- ply get carried away with their own sense of power. Such was the case with Joe Borowski, the minister of highways m Manitoba's New Demo- cratic Party government. His outspo- ken ideas on diverse subjects have been a source of embarrassment to Premier Ed Schreyer, the members of the legislature and the people of Manitoba, ever since he was elected to the government. Recently his personal opinions on the abortion issue prompted him to send a memorandum to civic em- ployees urging them not to support the United Appeal because one of its agencies dealt with abortion refer- rals. Naturally once again Mr. Borow- ski hit the headlines and outraged citizens demanded Premier Schrey- er "do something about the man." Their wishes have been met. Mr. Schreyer, apologizing for a cabinet minister having the temerity to use his political office to force his opin- ions on the public, asked for Mr. Borowski's resignation, and to the re- lief of everyone, Mr. Borowski has submitted his resignation. Newspapers across the country will doubtless miss the lively copy Mr. Borowski so often made, but Mani- tobans won't take any bets that they have heard the last of him. School Act Seventy By Louis Burke school act of 1970 was extreme- ly poor legislation even though the in- Lent was quite the opposite. It demanded far too many virtues on the part of com- mon, ordinary men to make it work for the betterment of education and society. In the light of only one year's trial, the new school art is a disaster with prospects of nothing more than a mountain of disasters in the future. Bad legislation was far from the ori- ginal intent. In fact, if was meant to lib- erate and stimulate education. Neither lib- eration ncr stimulation has been the re- sult to dale. To date, it has caused trustees and teachers to lock horns in a struggle which can end only in evil. Calgary went through Ihc first strike of teachers in the history of thai city. Slrike, ugly and large, looms over many parts of the province, includ- ing all of southern Alberta. Government conciliators have handed dnwn 55 awards in recent time only to have SO of them rejected by school trus- tees, This mcntli, will see some school teachers and principals, in urban and ru- ral districts throughout the province, in- exorably marching towards strike. Slrikc nrlinn will not hurt school trus- tees who have other sources of family in- come from farms, medical practices, law practices and so on. But strike in the schools will clearly hurt children, students and teachers all of whom had little to do with the original bad legislation. In the pyramid of damage, children and students will suffer first and most; teachers and their families come next in line; school trustees and petty politicians suffer noth- ing in the struggle. The school act of 1970 was far too sweep- ing in its generalities. Therefore, it ought to he a primary target for reform and (.hose 'trusted' with the care of education should do ir.ucli soul searching in the light of the state of education and the plight of many teachers in the province. There can be no doubt that teachers arc resentful, rebellious and to a degree demoralized. .Such a situation is of no good in the field of education and is bound to have riplrimcnlal effects in the classrooms. If present-day trustees are not equally de- moralized over the disastrous impasse which has built up, [hey ought to resign to allow better men and women take over the 'trust' of education. Any legislation which goes against chil- dren, sfudcnl.s, parents and teachers is bound to be bad tor education, politicians and .school trustees. II appears that Ihc school act in scvci ly was .such a piece of legislation, Elections prove voters to be restless PROVINCIAL PREMIERS must be getting the un- comfortable idea that they are merely disposable objects in a thro w-way culture, elected with built-in obsolescence and destined to be defeated as soon as a new model catches the attention of the consumer- voters. There is, anyway, no conven- tional political theory to ex- plain the overthrow of six pro- vincial governments in just over two years. The country is not moving obviously frnm right to left, fa- vonng one party over another, or reacting against the en- trenched power in Ottawa. Lib- erals oust Conservatives in Nova S'cotia, Conservatives de- feat Liberals in neighboring New Brunswick. New Dem- ocrats replace conservative ad- ministrations in Manitoba and Saskatchewan, while in the third prairie province, Alberta, the Conservative party comes to power. There have been elections in eight of the 10 provinces since June 1969. Liberals have cap- tured two (Quebec, Nova Sco- lost two (New Brunswick, .Saskatchewan) and held Prince Edward Island. Conservative won two (Nuw Brunswick and Alberta) and lost Nova Scotia. The National Union, which is the closest thing to a conservative party in Quebec, lost the province. Social Credit held British Co- lumbia and lost Alberta. New Democrats had a net gain of two, Manitoba and Saskatch- ewan. If these contrasting results mean anything in terms of la- bels and ideologies, they tend to confirm what has been sus- pected for several years: ideology, it not dead, is a sleep- ing force in the politics of mod- em pragmatic society. So, deprived of fam- iliar guidelines to what elec- tions mean, we have to look for other explanations of ev- ents. And the most likely rea- son for the rapid change in governments is simply that as the general rate of change in society speeds up, the rate of politics accelerates also. We are conditioned by adver- tising to expect instant solu- tions to our problems, instant gratification of our desires. Take a pill and feel better this minute. Buy a car and roar away on an express ego trip. Use this deodorant and be an immediate social success. Is it strange that as voters we ex- pect quick results from politi- cians and respond to delay by switching to another brand? Deprived of permanency in work and social relationships as we change jobs and homes, accustomed to goods which wear out instead of becoming valued possessions, we less and less expect a continuing relationship with a politician or a party. The media not only make po- litical leaders so famiiiar that they invite contempt. They also expose us more than ever be- fore to the problems of our so- ciety a non-stop critical analysis of the government of the day. It is not surprising in all these c i r c u m stances that voters are changing govern- ments as never before. In fact, it is almost inevitable. We switch restlessly from govern- ment to government more for the sake of change than [or reasons of policy or even of personality. What we require to switch allegiance is simply a credible alternative to the government in power, a new leader who can provide the excitement of change without running any real risks of upsetting the sys- tem. In the era of the youth cul- ture, age may be respected, hut it is not trusted in poli- tics. To be young is to be pro- gressive and with-it; to be old is to be tuned-out from the modern tempo. Thus we find that the aver- age age of the six new pre- miers who have been elected in the past couple of year's is not quite 41. Alberta's Peter Loughccd is 43; Saskatch- ewan's Allan Blakeney, 46 last Tuesday; Manitoba's Ed Sch- reyer, 35; Quebec's Robert Bourassa, 30; New Brunswick's Richard Hatfield, 40; Nova "PM's inquiring, sir if YOU have any ideas on what we should do next Scotia's Gerald Regan, -12. Premier W. A. C. Bennett, 71 on Monday, managed to hold power in British Colum- bia in the 1969 election not so much because his people love him as that opposition votes are split between Liberals and New Democrats. In Newfound- land, Premier Joey Smallwood, 70, is teetering on the edge of, an election he may well lose. In Prince Edward Island, Pre- mier Alex Campbell has won two general elections and is still only 37. Recognizing the public ap- petite for change and for youth, Ontario's new premier William Davis is making pol- icy decisions cancelling Sna- diua, for example which dra- matically distinguish him from the previous government, and is striving to appear as young as his 42 years by wearing dis- creetly long hair and mod suits. But his best chance for salvation probably lies in the fact that voters seeking a change will divide their sup- port between two young and presentable opposition leaders. Liberal Robert Nixon, 43, and New Democrat Stephen Lewis, 33. If this theory of political change is true for the prov- inces, it should apply also to federal affairs. So what price Pierre Trudeau, the aging (51) and over-exposed head of a government which has failed to gratify almost anybody's whims and is increasingly sub- ject to media criticism? Trudeau came to power in 1908 on the first wave of the clamor for change and youth. His great appeal was that he was new and different and comparatively young. He was so much in the style of the impermanent, rapid- change society that it was widely suggested that be might quit before his first-term was up simply grow tired of be- ing prime minister and walk away from the job and it seemed to add rather than sub- tract from his popular appeal. Instead, he has stuck to of- fice and changed his image from political swinger -and to solid conservative, from gay bachelor to sedate family man, even bis hair has gone. He may be. in other words, in danger of becoming just anoth- er worn-out political object, to be thrown away by voters seeking a new thrill. But where is that new man, that promise of youth and change to whom the public can turn? Robert Slanfield, 57, a quiet and conventional Conser- vative? David Lewis, 62, who has been on the Canadian scene as a prominent Socialist for 35 years? It's not much of a choice for restless voters hoping for a new taste sensa- tion, a new real thing. (Toronto Slar Syndicate) Pollution study shows it pays to be clean By Flora Lewis in the Winnipeg Free Press JWEW YORK Pollution is a dirty word now, but it is still widely assumed among businessmen that pollution con- trol is even dirtier. It seems sell-evident that it would cost more to be clean; that cutting down on pollution has to mean cutting down on profits. An intriguing new study has shown that it isn't necessarily so. The Council on Economic Priorities, a group which seeks to promote a sense of social responsibility among corpora- lions by digging out the facts, has just published a report showing that the biggest profit- makers in the paper industry also have the best pollution- control records. The study was made by John A. Marlin, a working linancial analyst and a professor of econ- omics and finance. Mr. Marlin picked the paper industry to in- vestigate because it is one of the worst contaminators of air and water. He accepted the common assumption and ex- pected to show that if pollution wasn't actually good business, it certainly didn't hurt the bal- ance sheet. To Mr. Martin's surprise, the figures proved just the oppo- site. Of the fop five money- makers in the paper industry, four had substantially above- average ratings in pollution control, and Wpyprhnnccr, wilh the best environmental rating, was also best in earnings. And Ihc least profitable of 17 com- panies .studied. Pollalch, was the worst on pollution. The statistical analysis also showed that there was just one chance out of 40 that this was B coincidence, an almost sure bet Uiat in papcrmaking, at least, it pays to lie clean. The studies were based on earnings from Mr. Mar- lin found Ille results .so unex- poclcd that he plnns further re- search, to see whether, for ex- ample, the nge of the plants involved might account for much of the difference. Old mills are not likely to have good waste-control equipment, but they are also not likely to be good on cost-efficiency. He is also going to look into some other industries such as utilities and dyes, to see wheth- er the principle of clean profits is a general one. One basis for guessing that may prove to be true is the oil industry which makes money by turning its wastes into byproducts instead of dumping them in the air or the water. There are even signs that business management itself is beginning to see the light. Pot- latch lias replaced its president with a new one who was in Letter to the editor charge of social responsibility projects in his previous firm. International Paper Company, which ranked slightly below av- erage in probability and pollu- tion, has decided to inslal equip- ment to recycle its chemicals and expects to save a substan- tial, though undisclosed, amount of money. Acids and other chemicals dumped in wafer are responsible for some of the worst environmental damage around paper mills. Those are meagre signs still. The burden of resistance against the demands of environ- mentalists remains that it would cost too much lor indus- try not to be dirty. Somebody will have to pay, say most com- pany managers, and it won't be the shareholders because that would cost our jobs, so it will have to be consumers or tax- payers. Further, there is an argument that high pollution-control stan- dards discriminate unfairly in favor of rich companies, which can afford the "frills" of con- sidering the people in the neigh- borhood, and against those struggling to keep afloat. But Mr. Marlin's findings seem to show that it is pre- cisely the shareholders who are losing the money not invested in cleaning up. He isn't sure of the reasons yet, and suggests that it may be because socially responsible management is like- ly to be better management al- together; or that keeping down pollution helps keep down such other costs as plant main- tenance, health insurance, lab- or; or that companies with 1 good social image attract in- vestors and therefore pay less to borrow (tobacco companies have to pay more than equally profitable firms in other indus- or it may be that a good social record helps sales. (MIT Press and the Bank of America have policies of buying their paper from suppliers who con- trol pollution.) What matters is the evidence mounting to explode a noxious myth that the country must choose between good business and good air and water. It's something to send up cheers in these gloomy days, and then to stop the delay in getting rid of dirty wastrels who haven't even a respectable dividend to stand on. Didn't knoiv how to vole Looking backward We had an election last week. This won't give me a popular- ity vole, but I didn't vote be- cause I just couldn't decide who to vote for. We have had a Social Credit government for 36 years, and they have been good to Alberta. But why is "back to school time" so hard on the wal- let? I was one ol the parents who fought last year to gel French into elementary schools, we have it now some provinces have had it for years. Some provinces have had kin- fur ycar.s. We .still dou'l. 1 one province Iraelips a bahy sitting course in school, which includes first aid. This entitles baby sitters to enrn more money and parents to have more confidence in their sillers. Why is car insur- ance so high in Alberta? Sas- katchewan residents get Ihcir insurance alone; witli their li- censes. II ,veems lo oul. What's this I hear annul Albcr- In .selling out their raw mate- rials to the U.S.? We brag about Alberta being the only province without a sales tax. A sales tax is a downright nui- sance. But is this why other provinces can afford better edu- cation and car insurance? We need a neutral parly in here at election lime to ap- praise all competing parties for us. I still hadn't decided who should run Alberta for flic next four years, so I look the cow- ard's way out. Congratulations and good luck to the PC's and thanks lo the Social Creditor's for the pasl 30 ycar.s. A POLITICALLY IGNORANT CITIZEN. Lelhbridgc. So They Say The quality of a university is measured more by the kind of sliideiif il liirns oul lhan the kind il lakes in. Dr. Iloher! .1. Kibbre, new- ly named chancellor ol City University of New York, Through the Herald 1921 Citizens of the Far Eastern republic consider it in- dispensable that they be given unofficial representation at the conference on the limitation of armaments. 19.11 All agreements be- tween the provincial and fed- eral governments in connection with the Alberta program or relief work have been com- pleted and will go before coun- cil today. I CM I Iran today accepted Anglo-Russian terms lo peace, agreeing lo c.xrel all German, Italian, Hungarian and Roman- ian legations and lo deliver Axis nationals lo British and Russian Authorities. 1951 Britain, since the war, the land of shortages, today had official cuts in three basic food items, milk, butter and cheese, wilh bacon to fol- low next week. Defence Secretary Rob- ert McNamara announced to- day the addition of troops to Europe to patrol Ger- many, especially Berlin. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBHIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1005 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mill Realslrdllon No, Ml! Member of Tha Canadian Press find the Canadian Dally Newspawtr Publlsncrs1 Association and Ihp Audll Bureau of Clrculalloni CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manancr JOE BALLA WI1.UAM HAY ManaDInn Edllor Assoclnlt Eilllor ROY T-. MILES DOUGLAS K. WAI KPR Advirtlllng Manigir Edllorlal Pagi Edllor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"