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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 9, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Thimday, September 9, 1971 THE IETHRRIDGE HERAID 13 Poor but proud., as American presUlent will discover CHINA-a complex country run by complicated people By JOIIN nODERICK TOKYO (AP) The China Die Unilcd Stales president will see sometime soon is poor but proud, puritanical though prole- tarian, and passionately nation- alistic. It is a complex country Tun by complicated people. The present-day rulers of China Ulink differently, have different motivations and react to given silualions jn ways often puzzling to the West. They are Marxists steeped in the vague doctrines of material- ist philosophy and wedded to language which frequently makes little sense to outsiders. The man President Nixon will talk to in Peking, Premier Chou En-lni, is one of the paradoxes of r paradoxical nation. A patri- cian turned revolutionary, he exudes charm, wit and old-fash- ioned Chinese courtesy. But be- hind the velvet there is iron. The fact Nixon will converse with Chou instead of with Mao Tsc-tung, for 3C years the domi- nant figure of the Communist party in China, is another of UK perplexities of Clu'na. Mao, chairman of the Chinese Com- munist parly since 1935, derives power from the fact that the party is China's ultimate au- thority. No major decision can be made without the parly's ap- proval. But neither Mao nor Chou are head of state. Mao once held the position, but was ousted in 1959 by while-haircd Liu Shao-ehi. The Mao-inspired Proletarian Cultural Revolution, 1966-ti9, among other things purged Liu. He is in disgrace, perhaps im- prisoned, nnd Iterc is no Chinese chief of sUU: So Chou will sit down with Nixon. GIFTED DIPLOMAT Premier since the republic's start, Chou rates high as a dip- lomat, fie is China's best sales- man and a master of intrigue. Wilh the army's backing, he runs China's day-to-day affairs. He has his finger on nearly every pulse, as Nixon's security aide, Henry Kissinger, learned I That there have been hunger i anywhere. It not only trains lo ten [or and preferably bv Hurl no Ilinir Palrinn I inr1 i.ii :_ n. _ i._ r- -i i i __i ___i J J It has nothing to do icith morality British losing their scruples By DONALD M. McMCOIX LONDON (AP) The Brit- ish are losing their scruples and it has nothing lo do with morality. The scruple is a unit of measure, on the way out along with drams, grains, ounces, pounds, hundred- wcights, pecks, quarts and bushels as Britain moves slowly towards adoption of the metric system- Most of the measurements known as imperial are grad- ually giving way here to the metric system, which is eas- ier to figure because it spliU (hings by decimals. For ex- ample. 10 metres make a de- cametre and make a kil- ometre. A kilometre is about two-thirds of a mile. Britain is doing the sliifl lo metric gradually and there is no present inlention to do away with the pint measure for beer and milk. The metric system would use hah" a litre, slightly more than a ninl but the common man isn't willing to make this swap. Metric enthusiasts be- lieve the pint eventually will become an anachronism, how- ever. Gasoline eventually will be sold in litres. METRIC BY 1975 The government's Melrica- tion'Board is confident Britain will be substantially a metric country by 1975, or II) years after the country began going metric. To date some segments of industry are completely met- Sptit has emerged over China policy TOKYO (Router) A split has emerged within the Japa- nese government over Its China policy. Several influential members of iJie government and ruling Liberal Democratic parly, in- cluding candidates (Q succeed Premier Eisaku Sato, have voiced their opposition to Japa- nese sponsorship o( resolutions at the United Nations designed to keep a seat for Taiwan if China is admitted. The government already has decided to support such moves, but has made no decision whether lo take a leading role by co-sponsoring any resolu- tions. Justice Minister Shigesaburo Maeo told a news conference Tuesday Japan should not co- sponsor an important-question resolution, which would make necessary a two-thirds-majorily vote before Taiwan can be ex- pelled. "It runs counter to a general trend in the he said. The government already has decided lo welcome China's ad- mission lo Ihc UN1 after co-spon- soring for many years an im- portant-question resolution which effectively barred Pe- king. But cabinet ministers decided to postpone a final decision on how far to maintain its pro-Tai- wan stand until the United States administration gave a clear statement of its own inten- tions. Foreign Minister Takeo Fu- kuda now is in Washington seek- ing such a statement. Maeo, who told the news con- ference he was speaking purely as a politician, later was re- ported to have hinted at an in- ionnal news conference that he might resign if the government o'ecides k go ahead wilh co- sponsorship of the imporlaut- question resolution. 11 Die in crash ASHKELOIv, Israel (Renter) A heac'-on collision between two buses in the western Kegcv desert near here Wednesday killed 11 persons and injured Ifl of them seriously. One bus was carrying Arab liigh school children back lo the Israeli-oc- cupied Gaza Strip after a tour ot Israel and the other was travelling from Beersheba. lie and other sections as far from it as ever. Metrication has hardly hit the ordinary shopper as yet. Many packages list weights or volumes in bofh imperial and metric measures, but goods specifically metric won't become really noticea- ble in stores until next year- No dramatic changeover will come as in February when the British switched to deci- mal currency. There's no word of any butcher, fishmonger, or confectioner selling by the kil- pounds. But you can buy clolh at quilc a few places by the metre instead of the slightly smaller imperial yard. roil FOREIGN MARKET Britain's metrication is de- signed first for the foreign market and second for the do- mestic consumer. Britain must trade with other nations lo survive and predictions are that 90 per cent of world trade will be in metric terms within 20 years. Actually, elements of metric system have been taught in the schools here for genera- tions, alongside the imperial system. As in North America, elec- tricity is billed in already metric so no change is need'ed. The Atomic Energy Author- ity, Britain's civil atomic power body, has been using metric measurements since J969. So has the pharmaceuti- cal industry. GOING TOO FAST The glass industry began manufacturing flat glass to metric scale Jan. 1, 1969, but found that most customers kept ordering the old way. It could be next year before tile switch is fully accepted. Another snag arose in the aluminum industry, which published details of its plans in It went over to metric in mid-1970, but two major concerns complained this was going too fast for consumers. The steel industry, much of it nationalized, plans lhat all products will he sold metric by April, 1972. Reinforcing bars and wire mesh for the construction industry went metric more than a year ago. One result: It became possi- ble Lo cut the range of sizes 20 per cent. Paper and paperboard mak- ers also were able lo reduce the variety of their sizes through metrication. The lumber trade now is practically all metric. CHANGE UNDERWAY An official survey shows thai more than half the engineering establishments are producing at least some products the new way. The gauge and tool industry expects to be 25 per cent met- ric this year. Machine tool manufacturers are proceeding warily. Their aim is 75 per cenl metric production by 1975. Architects have changed en- tirely m designing for govern- ment and municipal con- tracts. Cable making for the electricity and communica- tions industry now is fully metric. Ship's engines already use metric measures and ship- builders are working toward a target date of next year for offering ships so designed. S'omc major auto assem- blies, engines and complete vehicles are being produced to metric design and most major manufacturers expect to pro- duce at least one new model designed basically in metric by 1973 or earlier. Members of the Chemical Industries Association deal in metric terms with each other inside Britain. They plan Lo go metric for non-members in Britain and abroad by Jan. I, 1973. Farmers are getting lime and some other supplies in metric terms. Some agricul- tural machinery already is being turned out the new way. Some go-ahead farmers sell fruit and vegetables in metric units to wholesalers, who then pass on the goods to retailers in imperial units. That scruple, by the way, is prelty to l-24th of an imperial ounce. The metric people reckon it at M.79391 milligrams. during their Peking talks. And he knows how lo keep a secret There will be no leaks of (he "Secret Peking Papers" from his establishment. Since the 11 word communique issued from Peking July 16, there hasn been a word from Chou, or any one else in China, on the coming visit. What has impelled Mao the Chinese (o make a lota about-face in their long hostili policy toward the United States? The answer, to some ex tent, is [he Chinese economy The fourth five-year plan has just got under way. Mao needs live years of peace, a halt in the drain on Chinese resources being made by the Vietnam war and just possibly some technica know-how from the country which has much of United Slates BACKWARD BUT PROUD The Chinese are the first lo admit that they are poor and in dustrially backward. Though Nixon may be shown examples of Chinese industrial achieve- they are consider- will be able to note for himself the depressed level o] existence of the Chinese pleas- ant, the drabness of the cities: Lhc uniformly low quality ol dress, the absenc> of automo- biles, the paucity of luxuries and the primitive living condi- tions of China's workers. Chinese pride is old Hid new: A consciousness of the brilliant civilization they have inherited and an aware- ness that they have in 22 years accomplished much. Their accomplishment has been to keep 720 million Chinese alive despite the buffeting of na- ture, the mistakes of inexperi ence, the hostility of the Soviet Jnion, and the internal chaos they themselves have created periodically. Barnwell water system opened Tiger kills man MURIA, Spain (Reuler) A tiger belonging In the Berlin Circus mauled lo death Wednes- day a young French employee who entered ils cage. Andre Rene Pierre, 27, who had worked for Ihc circus for about two months, apparently torched Ihc liger on some sores caused by sunburn, and the animal leaped al'his Ihrnnl, 1MOCKNAHIKS IN LAOS HONG KON'G (Ilcntcr) The pro-Communist Palhol said Wednesday more llian Thai troops were fighting in Laos paid for hy the United Slates Central Intelligence Agency, (ho Pallict Lao news agency reported. By JOSEPHINE GR1GOR Herald News Service BAKNWELL A red-letter day for the hamlet of Barnwell saw the official opening cere- monies for the water and sew- er system. The park and recreational fa- cilities were opened in the after- noon. Besides federal Agriculture Minister H. A. Olson and Mrs. Olson and MLA Doug Miller and Mrs. Miller, there were several local officials present, Ronald Johnson, councillor of the Talier MD, Ed and Pat ihimbashi, who have worked closely wilh the department of agriculture on several agricul- ,ural marketing issues, Roy Blais, recreation director of Taber, and the civic improve- ment board of Barnwell. com- irising J. Beverly Johnson, lobert Edwards, Ben Plait, Delbert Johnson, and Don Kal- ma. The water and sewer system was completed early last spring. Most of the homes in Barnwcll are hooked up to this service. The opening ceremony for this took place near the school and the LDS Church. Mr. Olson held the water hose when Tabcr MD councillor Ronald Johnson turned on Ihc water hydrant. In spite of Ihc rain shower at the time this was an impressive ceremony as Mr. Olson declared the water and sewage system officially open- ed. From (his point the crowd moved norlh about a half block where the lagoon and beach are located, across the street east of the school. Here MLA Doug Miller fired the starting pistol for (ho canoe race that official- ly opened the new recreation lagoon. The main recrealion park, lo- cated south of Highway .1 just as you enter Barnwcll from the west, was the next scene of activities. The crowd of approx- imalcly 150 were welcomed by the afternoon's master of cere- monies, Kenneth P. Anderson, manager of (lie Taber Irriga- tion Dislricl. The unfurling of Ihe flag hy Mr. Olson officially opened Ihe He expressed the sadness he felt that so many of these pro- jects across Canada have fail- ed. Doug Miller. MLA. also con- gratulated the people of this area for the wonderful recrea- tional facilities they now have. From him also came high praise for the students who made the "Opportunity for Youth" program a success in such a way. Elsie Kalma, the spokesman for the group of students who worked on this project, express- ed thanks to the Civic Improve- ment Board for its supervision and assistance, and to all the community for assisfuig them in so many wajs. Plans for Ihis project devel- oped in the late spring when Elsie Kalma, Brenda Meyer, Fem Kano, Marly Johnson and Ryan Grigor contacted the fed- eral government on the Oppor- tunity for Youth Program. Thev received word lhat they would get a grant of S3.500 for their work. Their motto throughout Lhe summer was "to build up, clean up, and paint up our Lown." Students leaving for school recreation park. Then he spoke and in his address he congralu- latcd the people of Barnwcll for Ihe enlhusiasm. tire sup- port, and all Ihc help that in- dividual member.1; nf Ihe com- munity gave lowarcls this pro- ject. Kspecially, tie pave praise to BAHNWELL (HNS) Sever- al students Irom this area have left or are soon leaving for schools of learning. Two who convocaled in the spring from the University of Lethbridge, with bachelor degrees in arts and science, are Mulloy Hansen and Rick Anderson. MuJloy will be enlering the school of medi- cine and Rick is entering the field of pharmacy. Both will at- tend the University of Alberta. Eric Nielsen, Jim Tanner and his sister, Linda Tanner, will all be headed for Provo this week lo furlhcr their studies at BYU. Ruth Kauo has relumed to Hick's College at Rcsburg, Ida., j for her final semester. Cameron Bullock is planning on reluming lo the LothbridRe Community College shortly for courses in Ihe field. There are two students who have just completed Ihpir Irain- ing in the Lclhbridge Munci- the five Rarnvoll High School I pal Hospital. Christine students who spent. Ihcir enlirp. has finislipd her Ihird and final summer holidays working on the park and playground f'acili- year in nursing, nnd Sue Quong completed the two-year lab tics, plus (he lagoon. j Icrhnician's course. He said IJi.il they have j Two adult sti'rionLs wlw ob- provon that Ihe "Opporlunily i lained their Bachelor of F.ducn- for Ymilh" program dors audition Ihis from Ihe Univor- will work, provided (he sludenls sily ol 'Lelhhridfic arc now have Ihe courage and Ihe drive leaching. Mrs. Audrey Krizsan (o put (heir ideas inlo action, is leaching in Tabor and Mrs.! and are not afraid of hard work. Sharon Jonsson in Calgary. and malnutrition in the lean years since the republic ivas proclaimed is undeniable. But famine appears basically lo have been removed from the lisl of scourges which once ra'jed China's good earth, leaving mil- lions dead in ils wake. Another enormors success has been scored in Ilic field of public health and hygiene. The list of projects under v.ay or completed is a growing one: Harnessing the rivers, including fight but engages in production, peasants and running its own farms and fac1-: n d e r I y i n g all this is a lories. Grange kind of Marxist puritan- Against these pluses there are j ism. Sex, romance, love and (he many minuses. To pull China up p e a s a n I e r vices are con- by its own bootstraps. Mao lias dcmncd. They interfere with had to deprive China's millions production, clog the road 'e so- cialism. -Nixon could well ask Chou of freedoms Westerners regard as paramount. The Chinese of 1971 have been uhat to do about the drug prob- poured into narrow molds of 1cm. Once known as a nation of conformism. Their lives are net opium smokers. China today theirs to live alone They arc screws in the larger machine. the Y e 11 o w River, dubbed "China's sorrow" because of its periodic and disastrous flood- ing; irrigating and reclaiming the land; building new rail lines and roads; throwing enormous bridges across the Yangtze, erecting new industrial centres. MILITARILY STRONGER Mililarily, China has functioning unseen and in small ways to make it run smoothly. fire price of conformity is high. Nixon will preceive it. 11 is paid in the coin (if total obedi- ence, tola! dedication and lota) regimental ion EFFECT DEADENING Applied to art and culture, the j effect has been deadening. 11 leaped! cannot escape Ihe visiting presi- created today much ahead. Though its army wear no insignia of rank, it is still steeped in Mao's guer- ______ ........_., rill a tradition and puts "man higher than "propaganda, n jf before the And. it has I inhibited by Mao's dictum tlial a nuclear punch. there nii-st he no art for art's The army is like few others I sake, that all of it musl be wrii- has no major narcotics prob- lem. Control is Ihe answer, both of men and the movement of goods. Gambling is out. and so, too. is crime. Drinking and eating. Ihe latter in undi- mini.shcd magnificence, have survived. This, in sum, is the nation and Ihe men N'ixon will deal with. Visionaries wilh a wide moral s I r e a k. revolutionaries who clent's notice. The great art of knou- how lo alternate between China is in Ihe museums. That the gun and Ihe ping pong table nol in scekin'' to promote their in- They will lest him lo the limit. That, for them, is the name of Ihe game This Saturday In Weekend Magazine Dryden From Hockey Hero to Naders Raiders Why did the Montreal Canadi'nns' star goalie choose a low-paying summer job full of frustrations? Ken Drydcn, hockey hero and law student, describes his work with Ralph Nader's Center for the Study of Responsive Law and tells how Nader's Raiders organize fishermen to combat major water polluters. Read Ken Dryden's own story this Saturday in Weekend Magazine, Debt Both Sides of the Coin 1'liil Glanzcr will try to collect any dollar owing. Collodion njroncies oilier clients admire his methods. Read why Phil Glanzor is so successful ;it collecting other people's money from t hose who can't or won't pay. David Sootl trios lo help people in debt. TYnlinlily America's only small claims court refprep. Srott counsels thousands of debl-riddou Canadians. Head he handles these casualties in the battle for economic survival and why lie always pays cash himself. What Clothes Habits Reveal About Men ]Iow do you lip your tie? Choosp your shirt? Wear your shops? And what rto ;ill Ilipse clolhcs quirks tell about Hip real you? Find out. in Saturday's Weekend Magazine. Open-Face Sandwiches Choose from Marjro Oliver's JG great sandwich ideas to make your jiarly a success. flic Uthbrukjc HcraU ;