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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 9, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 _ THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Wodn.iday, SepUmbtr 1970------ Carl T. Roiwin Middle East Madness Recent events in the Middle East have shaken the world, and empha- sized that there can be no real peace in the area for a very long time. Arab guerrillas have shown an ability to disrupt and jeopardize domestic _ af- fairs not only in Jordan, but in just about every Arab country in the area. It is in Jordan of course that sta- bility is in the greatest danger. King Hussein has been forced to remove his army from Amman at the de- mand of the central committee o f the Palestinian resistance movement, which comprises all of the ten guer- rilla organizations. Otherwise, the guerrillas have said, civil warfare in the Jordanian capital will continue, and further, Iraqi troops might very well invade Jordan in order to pro- tect the guerrillas from Jordanian regular forces. So King Hussein has had to capitulate. The king has made an appeal to the Big Four for help, but he seems to be crying in the wilderness. Rus- sia is the only one of the Four in a position to give practical and imme- diate assistance to Hussein, and re- ports say that she has turned down Ins request for aid. It seems unlikely in the face of the Russian refusal, that Egypt will airlift troops to Am- man if necessary. "If necessary' means if Hussein's government should be toppled, and-or if the ter- rorists who have been responsible for so many attempts on his life should succeed. If the forces of Iraq and the Pal- estinians should succeed in taking over the Jordanian governm e n t, Is- rael could hardly be expected to stand by. She would be under intoler- able pressure to move defensively, and then the diplomacy involv- ing the Egyptians, the Israelis, the Americans and the Russians could very well be nullified. Action Pending? Although pollution is traceable to everyone, industry tends to be the popular whipping boy because of the sheer volume of waste that, is pro- duced. Management in some in- stances has become concerned about its public image in this regard and has set out to do something about it. Seven major processing plants in Lethbridge have jointly moved to re- tain a consulting engineer to deter- mine what can be done about the pol- lution problem. This suggests that the management of these firms does not consider the anti-pollution sentiment abroad today to be a mere passing fad. For them, pollution is a very serious thing and must be attacked. Skepticism is so much a part of life today that the management of these industries can expect to have their motives queried. Are they in- volved in a public relations snow job? Is there really an intention to do something or is it all talk and study? Those who are really cynical are apt to suspect that the retention of a consulting engineer is for the purpose of finding ways to avoid instituting anti-pollution measures. It is appar- ent that governments at all levels are going to pass legislation that impose standards and establish charges for effective clean-up. Wise management wants to plan accord- ingly. Only when action is actually taken by the Lethbridge firms will these negative thoughts be dispelled. The hiring of a consulting engineer is not considered action. At best it is action pending. It is to be hoped that the management of these industries can demonstrate that the doubts are un- founded. Chile Elects A Marxist There is little use in attempting to disguise the fact that the result of the Chilean elections is a blow to the liberal democratic form of gov- ernment. For the first time in his- tory a nation has, through the me- dium of the polls, elected a Marxist president, Sen. Salvador Allende. The whys, the wherefores, the hows are irrelevant now. Chile is likely to have a Marxist president when the Con- gress meets Oct. 24. Under the con- stitution he could be denied the pres- idency because he did not poll an ab- solute majority, but it is very unlike- ly that Congress will refuse to ratify him. This is Dr. Allende's fourth bid for the presidency. During his campaign he made no attempt to disguise the revolutionary Marxism to which he adheres, or to soft pedal the Commu- nist program he intends to carry out. His success at the polls is bound to be a blow to the Alliance for Progress whose key role is to "improve and strengthen democratic institutions." It will also mean the nationalization of huge U.S. investment in Chile and the elimination of American domina- tion over Chilean external trade and foreign exchange. Closer ties with socialist countries are bound to fol- low, and Communist influence in all of Latin America will increase. In spite of all these probable re- sults, the U.S. is unlikely to inter- fere. The troubles Chile is now fac- ing could only be increased by a sug- gestion of American interference. Ghost Of The American Red Man By Don Oakley, NEA Service GROWING AWARENESS of the en- vironmehtal crisis we have brought upon ourselves with our technology has had a curious side effect. The American Indian the dead and vanished one, not the living one relegated to the backwaters of civilization has re- emerged as a sort of folk hero and model whose way of lite, it is suggested, we ought to try to return to. The red man lived on this continent for tens of thousands of years before the white man came, we are told, yet it was as un- spoiled as it was before the Indian himself crossed over from Asia between the last Ice Ages. The red man lived in harmony with na- ture, we are told, adapting himself to his environment. He felt a kinship with all living things. He was in some ways more of a practicing Christian than those who self-righteously ousted him from his home. Some of our hippies, in their rejection of hectic modern society, have gone back to the land and have adopted life-styles simi- lar to that of the Indian, complete to beads, feathers and magic. But while the Indian certainly deserves this tardy appreciation of his character, and while he had many admirable qualities worthy of imitation, it would be a mistake to romanticize the Indian to the point where we consider him altogether noble and the white man's displacing him an unmitigated tragedy. The Indian did not so much live in har- mony with nature as exist at its mercy. He did not despoil his environment on any significant scale simply because he lacked the power to do so. The Indian did not practice conservation, nor did he need to. He hunted game until it was depleted, then moved on to new hunting grounds, fighting wars with his own kind for control of them. He practiced the wasteful method of sometimes setting wholo forests on fire to drive game into a small area, killing more animals than he could possibly use. He farmed his fields until their fertility was exhausted, then abandoned them and moved to a new location in, for him, an inexhaustible wilderness. As for his reverence for life, this did not stop him from depopulating huge areas of beavers and other fur-bearing animals to satisfy the insatiable demands of the Euro- pean fur traders. Indeed, the fur trade epitomizes what was really tragic about the meeting of red man and white that both races took from the other and gave to the other the worst qualities of each. From the Indian the white man learned scalping and savagery; from the white man the Indian learned greed and debauchery. Yet even when the Indian is "de-roman- there remains a basic character modern Americans could do worse than emulate (and in the doing perhaps begin to deliver some long overdue justice to the Indian's neglected It is time we took from the Indian one last thing, the first thing he willingly offer- ed us in the beginning his abiding sense of oneness with the earth and all its crea- tures. "Every part of this soil is said Chief Sealth, or Seattle, more than a cen- tury ago, a notable friend of the white man after whorrr the city of Seattle was named. "Every hillside, every valley, every plain and grove lias been hallowed by some sad or happy event in days long vanished When your children's children think themselves alone in the field, the store, the shop, upon the highway, or in the silence of the pathless woods, they will not be alone At night when UK streets of your cities and villages are silent and you think them deserted, they will throng with the returning hosts that once filled and still love this beautiful land "The white man will never be alone." South Africa: Nightmare And Dream JOHANNESBURG Yes, both the dateline and the byline are correct. Fourteen years alter my first futile effort, I am in the land of apartheid. In the heart of a country re- garded as the world's great cita- del of racism, I am touring "blacks only" or "colored only" slums by day and soaking up the luxuries of "whites only" hotels by night. And the Soulii African cabin- et hasn't even met to decide whether, like. the Japanese or Chinese, I am an "honorary white." It is as though the fates re- call those days, three decades ago, when I would stand in my native Tennessee, pondering Uie absurdity of black men in Afri- can garb being admitted to the- atres and restaurants where a mere attempt at an entrance by a black American would have brought arrest. Now, plunging bravely into the past, the rulers of this trou- bled land have rolled out the white carpet for my wife and me .at hotels and restaurants where arrest would normally await airy of the country's 13 million Africans, 2 million col- oreds, or Asians. Whereas I could not get a visa to this country in 195C, In 1970 my wife and 1 are whisked through customs and immigra- tion at Jan Smuls Airport fast- er than you can say Arthur Ashe. At the President Hotel, closed and hostile to black and brown men who have sweated and bled for six decades to build this re- public, we find the manager waiting on the sidewalk with a welcome as our car arrives from the airport. Incredible? Only for a while. You are not long in South Afri- ca without sensing that this is a nation perched astride that wobbly line that separates com- edy from tragedy. Where else on earth could payroll robbers elude their black and colored pursuers by dashing through a "whites only" door at the train station- winch a railway official dutiful- ly forbade the non while pur- suers to enter? In the year 1970, A.D., where but in South Africa would Cau- casians still be debating the propriety of a white per son shaking hands with a black one? There might be some place else where a fuss is raised in Parliament over a government building in which three eleva- DE GAULLE AND ARE STILL THE THEV WEFE CAPABLE BEFORE IT WITH POLLUTION Raymond Heard New Battle Lines On The Campus WASHINGTON While and Negro sti'dent leaders are warning that when America's universities re-open this month there will be renewed violence. Mr. Tom Hayden, the radical theoretician and a founder of the Students for a Democratic Society predicts that political kidnappings in the South American style will be- come frequent. Wten the president's com- mission on campus unrest be- gan hearings at Kent State Uni- versity in Ohio where four white students were shot dead in May by National Guardsmen heard grim news. "Students here will be arm- Ing and will shoot back if fired said Robert Pickett, a Negro student leader. By en- larking its police force for the next academic year, Kent Uni- versity was "asking for a war, calling for it, praying for it, and to a large extent they will get he told the commis- sioners. Mr. Steve Sharoff, who acted as a student marshal during the demonstrations at Kent, told the commission that "a growing minority of students is prepared for armed conflict. "I feel-that we in the United States face civil war if things are not changed soon, and we know who the winner will be. It won't be us." The new stu- Letfers To The Editor dent president at Kent, Mr. Craig Morton, testified that, "quite frankly, there's a revolu- tion coming in this country. It hasn't gotten Students all over the country are following the commission's inquiry into the Kent "massa- cre" with interest as they pre- pare to return to college in mid-September. The senior officer in charge of the National Guard (state reserve' troops) during the "massacre" admitted that the guard cannot prove that a sniper provoked the shooting. He said that no order to fire was given to his men. The university president has conceded that he did not ask the Ohio authorities to deploy the guardsmen on his campus and evidence given by guard officials that the students were in a dangerous mood before the killings has been contradicted by a sociology professor, Dr. Jerry Lewis. He said there was a "carnival atmosphere" be- fore the four students fell and that the students had repre- sented no real threat to the guardsmen or to the univer- sity. To many students not all of them SDS radicals the commission's sessions at Kent State have confirmed the the- ory that the "power-structure" is not only insensitive, but trig- Tour Own Recently we had the oppor- tunity to meet and work with an enthusiastic group of young people involved in the student production of "Your Own which played to disap- pointingly small audiences at the Yates Centre this last month. It would be appreciated if you'd psrmit us to convey, via your newspaper, our thanks and appreciation to them for accord- ing us what we felt was a rare privilege. To them we say: Thank you for showing us where the fault for the "genera t i o n gap" really lies; thank you for behaving in our home the way we wish some "adults" would; thank you for accepting us, for being open and frank, yet warm and considerate. In short: we So They Say An end to the war would be good, not bad, for American business. War is, as we would say in business, a low-yield op- eration. R. Lundborg, clrnir- zcan, of the Bank of America, "dig" you and want you to know that the door to the Black's "pad" is always open to j'ou. MARILYN AND CLIFF BLACK Lethbridge. Unfriendly! I was at a card game the other day at your Civic Centre, and as I am a new resident of your city I do not know too many people. What I thought would be a friendly game was everything but. Two of the ladies I played with were more like bears. I thought these func- tions were for older peoples' pleasure. I don't find the people at these various functions friend- ly. I walk in a stranger and come out more so. I am a widow of two years and I find a woman alone in this world isn't wanted. People of Ixithbridge wake up and make a w i d o w and a new- comer feel more at home. NEWCOMER. Lethbridge.. ger happy. Has not a Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) report shown that there was no evidence of sniper fire, they ask, and that the victims were up to 250 yards away from the guardsmen? Mr. Hayden, the revolution- ary strategist, made his predic- tion of more kidnappings when he spoke at the annual conven- tion of the powerful National Student Association. Hayden, one of the seven convicted in the Chicago "conspiracy" trial, said the attempt, by black radi- cal to free three convicts from a California courthouse on 7 August it ended with the kill- ing of the judge and three blacks had been a most im- portant act of rebellion. "I think the escape attempt's significance is just barely be- ing felt, but it's going to be felt more and more. We have to realize that we've had our first kidnap attempt. There will be a second, and a third." In Washington, justice de- partment officials take Mr. Hayden's warning seriously. Militants black and white- have opened a new offensive against the "power-structure" with bombings of public build- ings, the ambush of policemen and other actions that bring to mind the tactics of the Viet Cong. The large-scale urban race riots of the late 1960s may be over. The problem now is a campaign of terror waged with skilful planning, and marked by professionalism. Since Jan- uary 1969, Ihere have been nearly bombings, and more than bomb threats in the United States. While the vast majority of students of both racial groups reject terrorism, a significant minority now embraces it. This mincrity's potential for widen- ing the "confidence gap" be- tween students and the Estab- lishment should not be under- rated. 'Crazy Capers' At its recent convention, the National Student Association rejected, by a slender margin, a plan to sponsor an "invasion" of Washington in May to bring the Federal Government to a halt. But the fact that this idea was nearly endorsed shows how rapid the swing toward radical- ism has been since Mr. Nixon's invasion of Cambodia. The NSA ended its confer- ence committed to opposing Mr. Nixon's Indochina poh'cy by "traditional means" for the rest of 1970, but ready to stage massive civil disobedience ear- ly next year if the war con- tinued. The possibility of another vio- lent academic year does not upset Mr. Nixon's chief politi- cal strategist, Attorney-General John Mitchell. He forecasts that public dissatisfaction with dem- onstrating and rioting students would cost anti-war Democrats votes in the November Con- gressional election. The elec- torate was fed up with unruly students, he said.- It was as simple as that. Many students who prefer to work within the system to change it are campaigning for anti-war candidates. But some "doves" have decided to keep zealous young recruits out of sight because they fear a voter backlash. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) tors arc marked "whiles" and one is marked "non whiles and goods" the word goods meaning freight. But where oth- er than in South Africa would they resolve the public contro- v e r s y by striking out "and goods" with everyone know- ing that the non whites will go on riding with the freight? In this tragic country both1 visitor and resident are con- stantly in the clutches of schizo- phrenia, wanting to laugh at the absurdities of what is euphe- mistically called "petty apar- driven to weep over some of the crudest indignities that one group of human beings ever foisted upon another. South Africa is a wretchedly frightened Bantu woman, her insides twisted and torn, in Cape Town for medical care, having her pass book stamped with an order to get back to the rural hopelessness of the Transkei "forthwith" because the all white Parliament has passed a law designed to hold down the number of blacks in urban areas. Yet, South Africa is also a noted minister in the dominant Dutch Reformed Church, for- saking the pulpit and accepting ostracism and insult from fam- ily and friends so as to devote his life to efforts to arouse the nation's conscience to the im- morality of racism. You find some of the best and a lot of the worst in known hu- man behavior here and, true to the paradox, it all comes.under the cloak of Christianity, the sanction of "God's will." Whatever else South Africa may be, the visitor quickly con- cludes that it is the embodi- ment of fear more kinds of fear than most societies ever dreamed of: It is 3.5 million whites, afraid to give a little freedom to 13 million blacks for fear they will have to give them a lot. It is a helpless and almost hopeless mass of Africans, in- timidated by the police, fear- ful of black informers, no long- er even whispering their worst grievances to one another. It is two million coloreds, afraid that blacks come-to- power will make them the first vindictive target, yet fearful that the whites are only "using" them to help control an even more oppressed black majority and never intend to free color- -Js either. It is Asians, wishing only for a quiet, clannish pros- perity, fearing mostly that they will be noticed. Inherent in that multiplicity of races, cultures, and fears is the reason why journalists and readers ought never to 1 o o k twice at this country: the prob- lems that override all else in South Africa are also the prob- lems of the United States, of Britain in some form, the problems of every society on earth. South Africa is both a night- mare and dream. It is the white man's dream that total separation of b 1 a c k men into tribal states will mol- lify the African and convince a critical world that South Africa has found the moral answer to the dilemma of racial fear and hatred. It is the African's nightmar- ish realization that for him the execution of the dream means forced separation of families, forced removal from lifel o n g residences, and grievous trou- ble for those who dissent. This is a land of marvellous climate, physical beauty, and an abundance of resources, yet it is a country that lives by doubts of tomorrow and dies by the injustices of today. There is no place in the world quite like it. So during the next couple of weeks we shall look at the peo- ple, the forces, the issues that make South Africa a headache and a heartache for so much of the rest of the world. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD first cross Can- ada airplane and seaplane flight is expected to take place iii September. A seaplane will fly from Halifax to Winnipeg and airplanes will complete the flight to Vancouver. 1330 A veteran Chicago stunt pilot, who awed national air race crowds with sensa- tional flights on an antiquated biplane is suffering from two broken ribs. He fell out of bed. I91ftr-Aiberta will harvest its biggest crop in history this year, with a high average yield per acre and with exceptional quality, the provincial depart- ment of agricutlure reports. 1950 Canada has placed a limited number of her armed forces on a war footing for ser- vice in Korea. The number is limited to men, including navy, army and airforce. West German citizens needed special passes to enter East Berlin as East Germany clamped new restrictions on travel into their sector of the divided city. "Let's hear your story, then, and it had better bo The Lethlnidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No C012 Member of The Canadian P'ess arid the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and I he Audit Bureau or circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K, WALKER Advtrtislna Manager Editorial Pago Edllor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;