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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - September 9, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHBRIDGE,.alberta; ' MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1918 NUMBER 228 CAMBRAI ST. QUENTIN IS BEING SURROUNDED mm M ARRESTED IN SSIA Many Officials of AllieU Governments Being Held for Attack on Lenine. Waihlnfllon, ' Sept. 9.-Britieh  nd French consular and other officials throughout Bolshevildlng to a despatch to the Swedish Dagbladt from Heising- , �IflrSv Tti�so Britons have been th^eiiterted with death should-Lenine die. . WAS EXECUTED . Amgtardam, Sept. S.-Dora Kaplan, tho Alleged assailant oil the Bolsbevlki premier^ Lenine, was executed on Sept. 4, according to a Moscow despatch to the Lokal Anzelger of Berllfa. Horvath Joins Czechs "Washington, Sept. 8.-Oen. Horvath, Jeatler of ? large faction of Kussians In Siberia and for many years manager of the Chinese Eastern railway, has gone to irtciitek and joloed forces �%rith the Chinese Czecho-Slovaka. ac-tiording to authoritative Information reaching Washington today. Thi.s rc-mores the mpst troublesome factional Altferences among the antl-Bolshevilfi elements now virtually controllhir: Siberia and promises a quick solution of the government problem in that section of the -world. Gen. Horvath is a repreaeriiativc of the former regime, having been oiio of the Czar's favorites. People who have seen htm recently say Uiat he i; seriously concerned over the predicament in which Russla^has found har-pelf and is williim to make any sacrl-iticos to'r&atore his nation among the nations of the world. Oa the othei* hand, however. It is pointed out that hie entire traliting has been' ImpeHal-Jstlc and his personal ehemie.i said it would be impossible for hlin to coun-tenaitiSe'a .^democracy. REDUCTION U. S. ^ CROP ESTIMATES Washington, Sept. 9.-Heavy de-eline in the conditloh of the corn crop caused a reduction of 317,-000,000 bushels In today's department of agriculture forecast of preduetion, as e^parad with fast month. Possibility of a Strike of Miners Being Discussed The pOBSlbility of a general strike of the miners of District iS is looming large today, Gladstone local union, at Pernie, having been refused their demand of the single shift in the mines at Coal Creek, have appealed to the government for actloHj and in the meantime, have �sked lor a strike vote from all the locals In District 18. in support of their claim. Just when this strike vote will he taken, is not certain, but it will be within the next few days, it is understood. The miners in the Crow are determined to hold out for the single shift in the Coal Creek mines, where trouble with gas and "bumps" iias always threat-eqed. All the miners in the Lethbridge field are working this morning, but it is understood the possibility of a strike was discussed informally among the men over Sunday. In view of the absolute necessity of the utmost possible coal production this fall and winter, a strike is the very last thing to be tolerated, and !t is b.clieved, that the government will see to it that an adjustment of some kind is arrived at before ail the district is allowed to strike. Still Out at Fernie Fernie, B.C., Sept. !).-No concessions having been made by the ihine operators here up to date,, the minf-rs, of Gladstone local, located here, Imt representing Coal Creek mine.s and those at Michel, in accordance, with the unanimous vote passed on Thursday are still on strike and are sending out an appeal to the locals of District IS, asking them to strike in sympathy with them. T. Biggs, president for District ]S, and other officials are iiere and have held a conference with the men. but owing to the absence of W. R. AVilsou, general manager ot the mines, no conference has been held betweeh the representatives of tlic men and (he mine-owner.?. The local men aro trying to get the coke men to go out on strike, which they are likely to do. Human Life Is Held Very Cheap In Russia Now mm Demand, Upon British Government, Aftir Having Taken Life of Atteclre at Embassy , in Petrogrid. HAVE DECLARED WAR ON CHINA Vladivostok, Sept. 1.-The Russian Bolshevik! council, at Blagov-leshtchensk, capital of the Amur province of Asiatic Russia, has declared war on China because the Chinese government is sending troops to the northern Manchurian front. The Siberian frontier has been closed and the BolshevikI are confiscating Chinese property. Stjjckliolin, Sept. 8.; ~: (Associated �Preje).-BolshevikI Russia is suffering the consequences of class hatred In its idoHt'Tl^l^iltr esprf^rtoh; irtm Jife ha8.?lpst all value and foreigners 'and KuAWans aljk6 are at the mercy of officials who kill without trial. Such were the conditions at any rate whan the Associated Press correspondent at Moscow left Russia recently and travelled hence with the party of American refugees that has arrived here. Since War Minister Trolzky provoked the Csscho-Slovak opposition by breaking his pledge to let the Czechoslovaks leave Russia in pence,' the_ class hatred, upon which Bolshevikism' is founded has revealed itself in its full horror. When the Social-Revolu- tionists broke with the Bolshevik!, they acted as a check upon capital punishment. Threatened by the .yic-, torious C^e.i^hs qnjtljeVolgda,. the entente raovemeht^from Archange}-'and Siberia and general internal uprisings, the Bolahevlki leaders are madly prod-ing their suspected opponents and fJlU Ing the prisoHs with hostages. In the Bolshevik! official bulletins the acts of the Bolsbevlki authorities are described as war measures, 'necessary to protect the Soviet republic. To an unbiased the foreigner, who has watched the rise and decline of the Bolsbevlki power, they appear as "the brutal efforts ot ambitious leaders^o perpetuate tlie rule ot a minority,: so small and so unjust that it could not maintain itself i:or a single daj' without the aid of armed forces. PROHIBITION ZONES AROUND WAR PLANTS Washington, Stpt. 9.-Without a dissenting vote.the house today paatcd. �ft�r a few minutes' consideration, the senate resolution tmpowering the president' to establish proHlbltien zonls around munitions factories, shipyards and - ether war production plants. THIRTY-FIVE KILLED Washington, Sept. 8.-Thlrty--five members of the crew were killed when the homeward bound -American transport Mount Vernon was torpedoed September 5, ZOO miles off the French coast, The teamer succeeded In reaching a r-'reneh port safely and landed the remnlfider of the crew and all passengers, am'ong them was Senator Lewis, of Illinois. SIR ALEXANDER GALT CHAPTER I.O.D.E, TAG DAV ? Gait � hold The Sir Alexander Chapter, ;i.q.,D.E., will their usual autumn tag day on Saturday, Sept. il. The proceeds are to he used for patriotic purposes. Faces Imprisonment For Seditious Utterances in a Recent Speech Cleveland, 0.. Seut. 9. - Eugene Debs, four times candidate for president of tho United States on the Socialist ticket, will go on trial in court this morning charged with the violation of the Espionage'act. Deba was 'secretly indicted by the federal grand Jury on June 29; on an indictment of 10 iCounts and'was arrested here June ZO, as he wan about to address a meeting, ot Cleveland Socialists. The charge against him in based on a speech Debs delivered at the state convention , of the Ohio Socialist party at Canton, June 10. In the Canton speech. Debs is alleged to have declared the purpose ot the allies in the war to be the same as that of the centrarpswers. Ho >rt'ged his hearers to know that "they were fit tor something better than c&nnoh fodder." He 4eclared-himself tg guilty as Mrs. Rose Stokes,, who was recently found guilty of violation of tho Bspionage law. If found guilty, Debs faces k snn-tence of 20 years' imprisonment and a 120,000 fine on each count. ANOTHER STEAMER LAUNCHED Quebec, Que., Sept. 9.-'The War Sorel, the second of the.standard wooden steamers built by the Quebec Shlp-buildiug and Repair company at their shipyards on tJjy St. Charles river, was successfully launched 'Saturday in the presence of a 'i/ery large gathering. The vessel was buiit to the order of the ImperiaJ munition? board and is ot 3,000 tons. ." ; MANY OFFICERS lONGSI KILLED Ottawa, Sept. 9.::i-The following western men and officers were included in today's casualty list: INFANTRY Killed in Action-Lieut. G. PerClval Bolford, Richmond, Que.; Lieut. O. B. Diem, Denmark; Lieut. J. JWoHardy, Ireland; Lieut. G. G. Brackin, Chatham,-Ont.; Lieut. (Capt.) A. R. Mac-Itedie, Vancouver; Major G. H. Mus-grove, D.S.O., Hanoven Ont.; iiieut. S. W. Copp, Toronto. Dipd ot Wounds - Lieut. W. J. Hawkes, M.M., Balgonie, Saslt. ENGINEERS Killed in Action-tfeut. B, P. Elliott, South Africa. ARTILLERY Killed In Action-Lieut. (Acting Capt.) D. L. Teed, M.C., St, John, N. B. MACHINE GUNS trilled In Action-Lieut. L. E. Aw-rey, Hamilton, Ont. � Wounded-Lieut. W. A. Liddell, Cornwall, Ont.; A. G. Campbell, Calgary; Lieut. H. A. Young, Soo, Ont.; Lieut. N. B. Murton, Toronto; Limit. W. E. Frame, Lethbridge, Alta. N Amsterdam, Sept. S.-The Soviet government of Rus.^ia is willing to prepare for the- exchange ot diplomats with Great Britain it the neutral powers wiil-.unrterlake to guarantee the BolshevikI representatives at London are given a safe conduct home. The following statement by foreign Minister Tchitcherin. for#;arded to the Vossische Zeitung by the Petro-grad Telegraph vagency, outlines the conditions under whicli the Soviet foverhment will act: Isolate Agents. "After discovery of tho course ot action of the French ami British dlp-romatists, whose activities were fli-ricted against the Soviet power, the government of the Soviet republic found Itself obliged to isolate various agents ot the powers named. Nevertheless, the jgorerumeat, as"before, is willing to prepare for the exchange of diplomat.^ if. the neutral, powers will undertake. ^io guarantee 'that M. Litvinott und alUifc^aUft -clti*ens^,are, given a safe coiiduct; that Litvihotf and his coliaberators'baggage be permitted to pas.") without examination and that no further difficulties be put In the way of his collaborators. "These conditions must, together with free exit from London and passage across Scandinavia, be guaranteed by Holland, Norway and--Sweden, il. Litvinoff is being notified by" telegraph and on receipt of his answer, confirming his departure, R. H. Ix)ckhart, acting British consul-general and those accompanying him will then be handed .over to the protection of tho Dutch representatives. "In other disputed questions previous agreements will remain valid." Following an attack on :the British consulate at Petrograd on Aug. 31, in which Capt. Cromie, the British attache, was killed, the British government demanded an immediate reparation. In addition, the British government placed M. Litvinoff, BolshevikI representative in London, under- preventative arrest. A dispatch received here today from neutral sources in Petrograd says that thus far nothing more serious than preventive arrests have occurred in the case of the allied commissions in Petrograd. CAPT.l'KEAN, V.C. SLIGHILY WOUiED Gallant Officer in Casualties - Sergt. Glayzcr Also Wounded Capt. Geo. McKean, V.C.. well known former Lethbridge preacher, has been slightly wounded in action, according to word received by his brother, ,T. W. JMcKean, who farms close to the city. Capt. McKean, who was pastor o�, Hardieville church for some ' time here, went to the front witli an Edmonton regiment, and won his captaincy on.the field. Two montjis ago he was arwarded the highest honor in the army, the Victoria Cross, for extraordinary bravery in action. His wounds are not serious. ~ Sergt. Giayzer Another local casualty today is Sei-gt. Ivan Giayzer, who is suffering from a gunshot wound in the head. He enlisted with a local battery, and is � member of', a well known local .faK!ily,-:.i , � �� I'te. Frahk Murphy, "who enlisted here, whose next of kin is at St. Paul is dangerously ill. Corp. Edmund Milton, enlisted here, next ot kin England, is wounded. SH IKE A THRyS ON OF CAMERA OVE EAST OF LYS Make a Drive Along Arras-Cambrai Road-Are Moving Up to Surround Important Centre of St. Quentin-Germans Move Beyond Lys River in Belgiunn-French Repulse. Attacks-Advance is Continuing. T WIT Proves That He Can't Ride Two Horses Successfully-Franchise Reform LAeOR FROM U. S. Obstacles Removed-Only Have to Have an Identification Card AIRSHIP DESTROYED Amsterdam, Sept. S.-^One of a squa-droa of German airships- cruising off tJie coast of the Island of Ajnelnnd, Frida.v evening ran on a mluQ or was torii^dood, according to reports received here. The ehip was soen suddenly to keel over and atsappear.. Washington, Sept. 9.-SecretaryjOf War Baker is in Prance for his second visit to the American army there, lie Is accompanied by John D. Hyan, ^ns-sistant secretary In charge of aircraft; Surgeon-Qeneral Qeorgas and Br'ig.-Gen. Hine.s, chief ot the embarkatibn' service. Mr. Ryan will devote his attention while abroad to tho air service find among other things, is expected to inspect factories turning out airplanes for the American expeditionary ior'ces. Gen. Geprgas will visit hospitals and inquire generally into health contil-tions among the troops, whiter.>Q^n. Hines will vlsU Ik* American ports 'of debarkation. - J- There will now be' no obstacles in the way of securing farm labor from the slates. The Letlibridge board ot trade, which had taken this matter up with the provincial government, this morning received a copy of a wire sent to Chas. S. Hotchkiss, publicity eomiiiissioner for Alberta, from the DoiiMnion government, which says: "Have recently t�a.ssed order-ln-council under which only identification' needed by harvesters is card given them by our agents in United States;- Provost Marshall being asked to instruct his representatives accordingly."-J. A. Cote, acting deputy minister. ' NEWGAPIURE-BY THE CZECHS Pekin, Tuesday, Sept. 3.-(Asso-' dated Press).-^-Tchitcha, the capl-WofnTram-BMiM^mni 370"fmlles 'elilt'i^f Irkutsk,,'has,been captured ; by'.Cucho-SlovaU forces. Copenhagen, Sept. !).-(Associated Press)-The attempt ot the imperial German chancellor. Count Von Hert-ling, to ride two horses simultaneously in his liouse of lords speech recently appears, judging, by press comments to have resulted in his falling between them. That portion of the tress, favoring real Prussian franchise reform is disappointed and disgruntled by the chancellor's ambiguous warning that the lords could avoid too far-reacliing concessions by accepting reform measures now and the Conservative press is up in arms over his appeal for acceptance of reforms as "protection and maintenance of the crown and dynasty." ^ The agrarian Deutsche Tags Zei-tung declares A'on Hertling is "the Prussian monarch's graye digger." The Kreuse Zeitung attacks Von Hertling for minimizing the crown's deserts and exaggerating the Socialist services and darkly warns him that monarehs do' not crumble because they resist the unjustified demands of the masses, but "because they let themselves be forced down to Ihe level ot compromises." The Pan-German Deutsche Zeitung declares that equal suffrage would be an undlsgulsesl surrender to the anti-monarchists' ^^;ill, iwhich would endanger the dynasty aha the,crown. So far as has been quoted, only Ger' mania. Von Hcrtlin.g's organ is satisfied with his speech. ^ ' LONDON, SEPT. 9.-(1 p.m.)-Pushing ahead today on the front between Peronne and St. Quentin, British pa;t-rols have entered the towns of Vermand, 5^/2 miles northeast of St. Quentin, and Vendelles, two miles north of Vermand. The British this morning were attacking Gouzeacourt, southeast of Havrincourt Wood. They are on the western and northern edge of Epehy, within miles of the Hinden-burg line opposite Le Catelet and their patrols are reported to have passed through the village. MOVE EAST OF- LYS RIVEB WITiH THE BRITISH.ARWIB8 IN FRANCE, SEPT. 9.-(Associated 1 Prees)-Field Marshal H�i6'� 'fbrces this morning advanced in the ar^gi, -Aivest and northwest of ^St. Quentin i^i are now-fiy�.. m\les from the S Hindenbvrg line. Theyyare'still presijnp forward. The British made a formidable thrust'this morhino north of the Arrai- . their artillery to tha.M8t;0f the t/t,rIVffiV'-/ -Gambrai "ro'ad/ Tri Fla'Kaers" FRENCH KEEP AbVANCrN6;rAN0 REPULSE GERMAN ATTACKS , PARIS, SEPT. 9.-iNorth Of tiie Somme, French troops have rnadea further advance in the direction of Clastres and have occupied Lomot : farm, accordine to the war office announcement today, / French troops have crossed the Crozat canal opposite Lies, three miles southyvest of Vendeull. . Two strong Germa'h counter-attacks were repulsed, by the*French in the Laffaux region, northeast of Soissons. The French took eighty prisoners belonging to five different regiments. ' FOUR. MILES FROM ST, QUENTIN LONDON, SEPT. 9.-French troops now hold the Crozel canal,.^rae- ' tically along its whole length. 'They are only four miles from St, Quentin and their cavalry patrols are close to La Fere.   FRENCH COUNT KILLED Paris. Sept. 9.-Capt. Count Ker-trand de Ijosseps was killed while leading a rec'onnoitering party of .his regi ment, the '20th light horse. Ijeforc I'Jouyilly. He was the third son of Ferdinand de Lesseps. HUGE REFINERY BURNS Havana, Sept. 9.-The Aracha-vela sugar refinery at Cardenas was totally destroyed by fire Saturday. The loss is estimated to exceed $3,000,000. 3lry patro BIG BRIT,ISH ADVANCE London, Sept. 8,-The British troops advanced today, a depth of two miles on a 20-mile front and captured the town of Roisel, about nine and a half miles west of St. Quentin. BRITISH STATEMENT. London, Sept. 9.-Last night passed in quiet along the British front in northern France and Flanders, except f.ir artillery activity and minor ralJi.ng operations, according to toilay's war offipe report. Southeast of Lens, ii� the region of Arleux.En-Gohelle, a German raiding piirty was repulsed. The text of the statement reads: "A hostile raidiK'^ party was successfully repulsed last night north of Arieux-En-Gohelle, 19,000 Prisoners London, Sept. S.-Advanced BritLih troops have entered theh' old defense system on the southern battle lino. hcM prior to the Germari oCiSnsiv.j of last March, according to thaWar Of fice communication tonight. The .Bri-tisli iiave gained ground along the ' Vermand-lJJpehy line. Move than 19,-'000 prisoners were taken by the British in France in the first week of September. May Make a Stand. London, Sept. S.-The statement in the German communication  that "we are evei'ywhere in our new positions" is interpreted here as implying that Gen. Ludenrtorft is ot the belief i that the German retirement i.s now ended and thalr if is his intention to try to make a stand on the present line. if is reported from Paris that the German artillery was thnhdering'along the whole battlofront as it has not done for several v.'ooks and the general indication.'; are thsit the German counter attacks and other activities confirm Genera! I.,ndendorff's intention. Xo doubt, however, is expressed here that the allies are. still holding the initiative ami will compel the enemy to continue his retirement. It is pointed out that although the Ger- Red Sox Have Won Three Chicago............. ..... 000 000 020-2 Boston .._____ . .. 000 200 Olxr-3 Batteries: Chicago, Tyler, Douglas and Kiliifer; Boston, Ruth, Biish aiid Agnew, Schang., - - . Ridge, forming' th<� northern bulwark; of their line, the French seem -to be steadily manoeuvring them from before the LRon-La Fere positions and the St. Gobain forest, which form the southern buttress of the Hindenburg . line, and there is no indication of any, cessation of this presiiur*. ' * " Back in Old Lines �With the French Armies in France, Sept. 8.-(Associated Press);-The � troops ot Gen. Mangin hetween the Aisue and the Oi.se rivers are now virtually behind their old wire en-' tanglements in their old treachej* ot 1917. All along the edge ot'the forest ot Cou'cy and through t\\i western horn-of the St. Gobain forest, fbe Germans are only 200 yards away and, in some plaees^ they are in positions in the old Hlndenburg line that, are, plainly visible from the heights we'st of Chauteau-Couey. The OUa, tho Aisne canal and the river Ailette,, that runs between the heights and the'iCha-teau, and which forms a sort of advanced post of their main line, six miies further Ijuck at Fresnes, was not abandoned voliihtarily, but wrnatod from the enemy'lifter a struggle of ti\a days, during which four different German divisions tried to hold off a Bin- . gle. French division. Concentration of Gunt The diyisons that tried to prevent / crossing of canal and river, the Associated Press correspondent was informed by a Frenfch officer, who hail participated in most of the campaigns of the'war; "accomplished the sreatest' concentration ot machine guntlre that has been witnessed in this war. Tlie French troops were obliged to face tliat fire at a range of 20 yards in or- . der to cross the Oise-Aisne canal and the river Ailette. Pioneers throwing in-idges oven, the canal 17 yards wide, suffered not only from the quick firertt! ' biit were in good range of (Jerninn grenades, It required two days-to advance to the .\'ilette from the village of Pont St. Mard and, four, days to gain 500 yards ot ground. The machine guns were mussed thicldy all along the canal in front,of Quiiicy and in the woods, thickets and marshes. The French engineers finally sue-ceeded in bridging the canal and over . the first bridge an enraged .sergeant charged the Germans round a luaehlne gun position and single-handed raadS 12 of them prisoners. Such was tUS worjt that went on, i both along thf river and the canal during the fivf ,� days. " � , Much Material,Left The booty they,)bft:behind int-ifo immense engineering dilinps jincludad � locomotives, railroad jhaterlal ot all rsorts'aWa great iituhber of quick ^ir.-ers and oniplacj'ement guns, 'l' 81 5409 48 ;