Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 9, 1911, Lethbridge, Alberta
THE LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD Former Western Conservative Candidate Tells Why he Supports Reciprocity (Continued from Front tos decreased and the census re- turm will that the rural nojw 1 at Ion of Ontario and Manitoba hue oiot Increased. So tbat tho great aug- mentation to wealtli in Canada, the huge fabric of our manufacturing on- torprlso which 1ma been erected dm1- 'Jug tho last five years, (lie enormous programme of railway building whltii) IB now nearlng completion, is a result largely, of the agricultural develop- ment of Saskatchewan and Alberta, jind of the faith in a still greater do- .vclopment In these two great proving _ cs. Let tho sunshine rain fail in these two provinces and what a tumb- ling there would he of the commercial tdfflce'of Canada! not it therefore follow that every part Canada is vitally inter- ested In the quick and continuous de> other 'worda, tho United States more corn In IflK than they did In 1909. The cotton crop of tho United Stales is also Increasing In valuo and quantity enormously year by year. It Is so wltli tobacco and wltfl Uio whole range of semi-tropical pro ducts, for it must be remembered tbat tho United Sin tea is a semi-tropical country. On the other nand, the wheat croj; of the United States is loss this year by nearly b.uBhcls than ii was in tho year 1901, and the average yield for the last three years has been less Chan in the years 1901, 1902 flJtd 1908. It Is ft wall known fact that the people of the United Slates realize that the time is not vary far distant when thai' will bo large importers of wheat The great state of Iowa, ono of the most pi'oductlvu and richest agrlcul- velopmont of these two provinces, states of the UIlion> and pernap8 jcessfully with before. They have much to contend with as things are. No country In the world which they compete has to haul 'Its grain and produce such -long dis- tances and at such a high freight. (Wages aro high nnd seasons are un- certain and the full knowledge has not yet come to the Saskatchewan and Al- Ijorta farmer as to how to meet the many difficulties he has to contend iigatnst. As it is, ho has taught Uie world how to, grow crops in a som! arid country and with loss annual rain- fall than crops were ever grown suc- History does siat show that eastern Canadian manu- jfactnrers have ever taught anybody [anything except how to get very high prices for goods none too superior in .quality. In that he excels and In giv- jlng advice to the western farmer as to howfte should conduct himself towards ihis eastern Canadian countryman and jto tho empire. i But this ?act does not in any way jchange the relation of the western farmer to the eastern Canadian manu- facturer. The protection which the latter enjoys has been left to all in- Jtents and purposes untouched. Tho of the eastern Canadian [manufacturer to the pact is therefore 'both unreasonable and uiuviso. He 's-nculd be the first to see that the wid- jcr the market which exists for '.lie pro- irluce of western Canada, and the high- tihe prices that are obtained for it. 'the greater will be the ability ot the fanner to absorb his products. The .reciprocity pact deals almost altogeth- er with the raw products of both coun- 1 tries and it is hard to conceive of two .countries baiter-situated to-exchange their products than Canada .end tho United States. In tiie first place "they lie side by side. The United States has the most diversified production of any country in line world, and this embraces prac- tically the whole wants of mankind, but happily "for Canada, the increasing production of the United States is in articles which Canada does not pro- duce, or likely never will. The United States last year yielded b.ushels of corn, which is an increase of over 50 per ceut. in ten years. In, the most .uniformly productive region of like area in the world raised but bushels uf wheat In 1909, and it was formerly h. wheat state. T.he same stato raise.1 bush- els of com that year. H is the corn tanner of the United States that is the successful farmer. Me Is the one who is making money, not the wheat raiser. It is corn money that we havo been getting in such large quantities tlie west-em farmer during the last ten years whidh has contributed so much toward the abundant prosperity which is so mtidli spoken of by the of the reciprocity pact. It is safe to say that Minnesota will never again raise bushels of wheat which vas the product of year's crop. North Dakota has had two practical wheat failures and yet her corn crop has grown marvellously during the last four years or five years and is a fairly good crop this year, notwith- standing the drought. South Dakota. lias a wheat failure this year. All the leaders in agricultural thought, includ- ing -heads of the farm schools and tho advisers of agricultural depart- ments, are warning the farmers of N7orth Dakota that they must give .up growing wheat as a primary crop and grow corn, that the soils of North Dak- ota are impregnated with root diseases and that the soil is wheat sick. This condition of affairs prevails to a cer- tain extent in southern Manitoba as well. The writer predicts thai in five years' time, wheat will not he grown n any part of the United States sa a primary crop, only as part of a rota- on market, notwithstanding all wo hoar ah Liverpool; market, tho bent and market In the world. Thero vHf itaoro wttieat ground In the Minnesota, mills lust year thin tho wtoolo consumption of the BrltUh and there would have beon a still larger quantity If the wheat had been available for tho pur- pose. DurJug tho wiiolo of 1910. No, 1 Norifiiorn wheat was hlglhcr In Mln- nloHpolIt than No. 1 Northern Manit- oba commanded In Liverpool, notwith- standing tho fact that there Is He to 3c In (makes a difference of 43c a bushel, I thejcannot find a quotation on September difference In value favor o( tho latter on account of tho higher grade, Khoriago ui 1 hard, wheat In the throe northwestern stated this year g suoh that all the sound wheat that will be produced In western Canada this year will %e needed to fill tbo gap. The price of wheat for the past five rears In Minneapolis has averaged ibout lOc hisher Shan In Winnipeg, notwithstanding the difference in the value of the grades. lucid- denUlly I might 3ay tiiat the pries of flour has been on tihe average 50c a barrel lew in Minneapolis than In Winnipeg during the same period. This may possibly be one reason why the millers of Canada are so m.uch opposed to this reciprocity pact. Of course their principal reason is the danger to tho integrity 4o tho British Em- pire, as they point out. Minneapolis is not the only market for Canadian wheat The same is true of Kansas City and of tho largo milling centres throughout the south- west and if they 'could buy an ass.ur- ed Quantity of No. 1 Northern spring wheat tihey would use.it very largely mix witoh their red winter wheats, which incidentally are worth about as much in the European markets as our Number 1 'Northern wheat, be- cause of the fact that there is no shortage of the latter in the Britisfh nnd continental markets. In the con- sideration of this subject it must al- ways be borne in mind tbat on account of our location o.ur No. 1 Northern .laniloba Red Fife wheat has a rela- tively greater value In the United States market than it has hi any other part ot the world. The United States las not been for years an exporter of his grade of hard spring wheat. The duty on wheat going Into tho United itates at the present time is 25c a mshel. What is true of wheat is true f flax. Flax is fast disappearing rom the production map of the United States, so much so is this the case hat tihe American Linseed Co. distri- uited seed and sent agents out to ..try every possible means to induce the armors of North Dakota to sow flax eed last spring. Professor Bolley, of 'argo, who is the greatest expert in he world on the culture and produc-. ion of flax ami the diseases and ene- for i prcfeHvor Bolley advised me Unit with Mo knowledge which hntu been acquired with regard to flax during the last four or five years that this plant can be grown as part of a rotation without the danger of impoverishing tho land or allowing It to become im- pregnated with flax wilt. Contrary to general belief, this eminent authority Bays that IB one of tho least ex- haustive of the ordinary farm crops on Majestic. Theatre W. I. SHERMAN, Manager. PHONE Ml Iho soil. In alone UCCOBS to tho. American market Is going to mean nill-j llona o' Collars annually to the Cana- dian northwest farmer. This is an ar- ticle whlch'Wlll all be consumed at 0115 very doors and the consumption of tho products" of Is Increasing every; year. New uaes being fo.und con-j tlnually for oil and the fibre will soon be utilized. The present duty on flax It 25c per bushel. Tiho Minneapolis Journal of August Slst cites a case where a farmer near Mayvllle, N.D., shipped a carload of bushels of barley1 to Duluth and received i net return for the same of Under existing conditions the! Saskatchewan farmer would be lucky i to get (halt that price. A carload ofjl no-grade barley sold in -Minneapolis on; August 90th at SSc a bushel and one carload of No. 3 barley sold at a bushel. Prices in for these same grades on this day would he 40c less than this. The price of bear Is 60 per cent higher in Winnipeg it is In tho United States. This happy con- dition of affairs for the 'brewers mayj iiave as to do with their opposi- tion to fihe pact as their anxiety lest British connection may si'ffer if it is adopted. With the access to the United States. Fovr. Nights Commencing MONDAY. SEPT. llth MYSTERIOUS WILLARD And the Man of Mystery Co. Direct from Nine Lyric Theatre, Calgary THE SHOW THAT'S DIFFERENT Change of Programme Each Evening 2 Hours of Laughter and Mystery 2 YES, HE GROWS Special Prices: 25c 35c 5Oc WILLARD markets for barley, the farmers of Saskatchewan would In a very few years be growing bushels of ihis grain. It would be a great ad van-! to he able to alternate barl argument Is being used that this pact is disloyal to Great Britain .md an in- gratitude to' the mother country. In fact, this appears to be u stock aigu- mcnt. Eastern manufacturers and bankers profess to fear that this pact will lead to annexation and the ance of the ties which hind Canada to the motherland '.In ray reading of his- tory, I have yet to find a oaae where a people, prosperous, contented, viith- out grievance and .laboring under sio injustice, have ever participated In a revolution or overturned the well-es- wlthwheal. It matures in a very much j government of a country and tion. It is perhaps the most unproduc- mies of the plant, told me that Tor the tive money crop under present condi- tions that the farmers of the United States produce. This will mean that the hard spring wheat we produce Canada and which often sells for uore money on the Minneapolis mar- cet than it does in Liverpool, will scarcely, bo raised in t.he United States at all; that fall wheat will comprise almost the entire -wheat product. This of course does not apply to the Pacific coast as their wheat is not in com- petition at all as it is of an altogether different Quality. next S to 10 years the State of North Dakota would not be a large factor In the production of flax for the simple reason that tlie larger part of the State was impregnated with flax wilt, which wo.uld take a great number of year to eradicate. The average price of fku .n Winnipeg for the year 101.0 was :i buslhel according to the daily report published in the Manitoba Free Press Tho average price of flax in Dulutl during that period was On September 2nd, flax was quoted a If2.52 In Minneapolis, October flax is Now our wheat has a peculiar value 1 quoted in Winnipeg at ?2.Q9. This FARMERS: Have you secured your winter wheat for fall seeding If not, call and examine our grade.of Turkey Red" It is No. 1 seed in every respect Double cleaned, in wheat sacks, only We will offerMcLaughlin Carriages, Democrats and Delivery Rigs for the next two months at a BIG CASH DISCOUNT Look over our large stock before it is further reduced Fish and Tudhope Wagons We are offering our stock of these standard makes at practically cost prices to clear. This is your opportunity to buy a wagon at rock- bottom figure HYDE LAUNDERS shorter time and the absence of rain n harvest time would enable the crop to be saved in the best possible condi- .lon. Barley is such a quick and vigorous grower that it smothers out he weeds which would often get the better of wheat or oats. It is -hard to estimate the advantage of free access o the Apierican market for the -west- irn Canadian, barloy grower The duty on barley at present is 30 cents. In the year ending March 31st 1910, Canada. from the United States worth of goods of different kinds and during, 'the same year sold worth., in round numbers. The tremendous balance of trade in favor of the United States res.ults from the fact that whp.it we buy from the United States we must have. We'can gnt tobacco, cotton, iron, coai and a great many of .the; products thereof, from no other source'. I cannot" see that it is .going to interfere with our fiscal independence to pay for a large share of what we must of necessity Im- port from tUie United States, wi.ii.the rticles which we ran raise cheaper and better than they. The cry of the exhaustion of our natural resources is very illogical. It is like the old story of the farm'er who in depre- cating his good fortune in having- such a 'bumper crop, said hard on the land.'Many of the articles we Bell'-to the United States' in im- mense quantities and which they need 1 have explored the realms of common sense and experience for a reason why such should take place and I can find none. The only thing that produces discontent and dissatisfaction witfli the government of one's country and cre- ates revolution, is injustice, where people arc oppressed and where they labor under grievances wftich they have tried in vain by every means to remedy. The people of Western Can- ada have done m.uch for our country and the Empire; we are carrying tre- mendous burdens of debt at tho pre- sent time for which we pay exorbitant breight rates to bring produce Into this country and we pay equally exorbitant Teight rates- to take out o.ur produce to market. have many grievances and 'have stood much. Wo are quite as loyal to .the British empire as any eastern'interest and perhaps more so than who now are so anxious to thwart this pact bcatise of the fan- cied danger of annexation or injury to British connection and yet who aro so opposed to the British preference nnd eo adverse to increasing it. If Canada is to become a great country, if shells ,to become a bulwark of tho British Empire, which I believe is her destiny, it will be because tihe prairie provinces of Saskatchewan and Alber- ta will contain millions of homes peo- pled with stiil contented people, part- icipating to the fullest extent In tihe wealth they create and unhampered in MAJESTIC THEATRE W. B. SHERMAN, Minigtr. TO-NIGHT "Human Hearts" The "Idyl" of the Arkansas Hills Prices: SOc., 75c. and C'1 will 50 far to adjust the balance of trade and they will be composed wiheal, pats, flax and barley, wood pulp, etc. Spruce forests, with any- thing like intelligent treatment, will re- produce themselves very It is h'ard to see that It Is a wise policy preserve the small spruce that is used for pulp for any other purposes. H can he used for nothing else unless Christmas frees. AVith intelligent of crops, the fertility of the northwestern soil can be retained, and still sell tremendous quantities of ,p.iin annually. There was a time when the Canadian lorthwest -was a very large producer of beef, cattle. The very poor prices obtained in Winnipeg discouraged the small farmer from raising cattle, but Jesttc Theatn their purposes- by selfish interetfr propose to support'this pact and advise my friends to do like- wise. J. H. HASLAM. Halbrite, Sask, YOUR LAST CHANCE STARLAfo) YOUR LAST CHANCE r. TONIGHT will be your last chance to hear GEO. SONTAG on the follv of a life of crime. OPEN 7 THEATRICAL MYSTERIOUS WILUARD MONDAY .hero is no reason why Western Can- adian farmers should not resmno this nd.iiBtry and take advantage of (he extreme high prices of all soils of meat >roducts in tlie United States. Prime steers aro selling in die Chicago mar- cel at the present writing as high as 'c per Ib. and this Is tho natural mar- ket for Canadian caltle. Our AVestern araiers cannot hope to compete In tine English market with the Argentine cattle. Within the next two or three years the Immense amount of energy that is now being expended in the two west- ern Canadian provinces In railway building and city building will be large- ly turned back into productive chan- nels and In a short time with the very large number of appliances which ihavft been introduced within the last two or three years for break- Ing the land, the whole of the nrnble portion of Saskatchewan and Alborta will be brought under cultivation. We will require every possible market av- ailable then; our emissaries will be scouring c.re-iuuu lu sun a cargo or wheat, oats and the different other products of the Canadian northwest. If Saskatchewan r.iises bus. of wheat 10 years from now, she must Wlllard, the mysterious one, opens four-nights' engagement at the Ma- beglnning Moriday ev- advnnce, either In person or by phone. The hest reserved seats are 50 cents. Go Monday evening, man who grows." and see "the TELEGRAPHIC BRIEFS Harry Grant, a C-.N.R, employee, was brought into Brandon yesterday an unconscious condition and he believed to have heen ren- dered insensible'from gasoline fumes from ,an engine near the shack in whicli he lived. The Foreign Missions Committee of the Presbyterian church in Canada is low in session in Toronto. During the prcscijt session the whole mission enterprises of the Presbyterian churcff will be reviewed and reports read from the various officials. On this basis estimates will Mtteidered for the year 1912. The Canadian Artillery contingent who have been competing in the ar- tillery competitions in England, sailcd'on the Royal George from Brls-.. tol this afternoon. Before sailing, King George wired a farewell mes- sage to I'm contingent, wishing them a pleasant voyage home and express- ing the hope that they had enjoyed' their stay in England. on ins. He comes to Lethhririge with the stamp of approval of both Edmon- ton and Calgary. For two weeks in L'algary he filled the Lyric Theatre nightly, many being turned away at every performance. In his line, Wil- lard is undoubtedly the peer of any ar- list over aeon in Cannda. Not only does koop his audience In a roar of j laughter throughout the evening, but mystifies them as well. For years with Alexander Hermann, the Groat, and having played In every civilized coun- try on th-e plobft, this man is the logi- cal successor to that famous magic- ian. Besides being a clever manipula- tor of cards, billiard balls, coins, etc., etc., Willnrd branches out in a line of work entirely different from any artist on the stage today. His work in hypnotism is along both scientific and humorouK lines, and tho antics of some of Ilia subjects keep the audi- ence highly amused. Witli a personal- ity possessed -by few men of his cali- ng, he wins his hearers from the rise of the curtain, nnd (hey never loosen ntcresr, m his work during, the twu hours of tlie varied programme. The papers of Calgary devoted mpny col- umns to hi-3 work, and claimed the at- traction the very best for the prices sell-It in Europe under the keenest that has ever visited that city, competition from the Argentine and from Huwln, which at arc moro tlrsn keeping pace with fV-imla In the production of this one arf.icIo w.hich Canada has shown such a re- markable Increase in the production of. Much has boon said about tho dls loyall-y of the present pact. While lie conittj a stranger to Lethbridge th-eatro-goers, he will he a favorite af- ter tho first, evening. Each evening a change of programme in given. Spec- ial prices will prevail, Ho and oO conls. Seats can he reserved, niiiR on .Monday morning, at Rochon's confectionery parlor. This will en- able thoatrc-gocrs to secure them iir Old Smuggler 'Distinguishing Features; Great Body and Age Made in the Glenlivet DUlric! of Distillen'ci in Scotland, from the fines! of Scotch Bailey. DIRECT FtOM Distillery Co. from C C PACNUELO WINE AND SPIRIT COY, LETHBKI0GE. folt JtttntA for foton and Dtttftct.