Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 9, 1908, Lethbridge, Alberta
LETHBR1DGE HERALD, WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER 8, PAGE THIBTEEN Attorney-General Cross Has Directed With Notable Framing of the Legis- lation Which Organized Provincial Administration, and Has Seethed Rigid Enforcement of in Interests- Decisive Attack Upon Law Criminality- Interests of the People Safeguarded at Every Point. nd accurate testimony" _ than was ,iven by the Alberta officials and wit- 'who went over to- Montana, .'he conduct of the officials in making lie arrest of the escaped prisoner 'ka powerful-bit of testimony of he care with which these officers of he law proceed under the English ystems of government." Further on 'ii Ills judgment he said that in or- Sering thev prisoner's return to Al- jerta the court proceeded on "the belief, justified in the ight of experience, that he will be ifforded ai-n-ple- protection, and that >o injustice will be done him." This was "a. genuine tribute from a of the law outside Alberta, who i-oald not but. be impressed by the determination Attorney Gene- -al's department here in apprehending he -cattle thief and escaped prisoner four years, then with marvellous securing his' extradition, his Conviction and commital to the peni- entiary. Still another instance-of the deter- mination of the Alberta government "j follow up criminals is to- be had in he case of -De Leon Hoffman, the rack buyer, who last year .committed n offence under the Manitoba Grain Hoffman left the country, but he case was not permitted to lapse. Vice and detectives ha.ve been quiet- y at work on 'the matter, with the esult that Hoffman was arrested a -w in Daw son City. The Attorney General's1 in- '-tructecf Superintendent Dean, II.X-- 7.M.P.. to bring Hoffman back to 'algary On his return he will brr striking warning that in Al- lerta'the transgressor must pay the. icnaltv. [n another against liquor his department the di.stine.tion of enforcing aws more strictly than any other .rovince in the Dominion.. These par- icular laws are so'easily .evaded; yet sivh a "powerful bearing pon of the coin mum ty y-eudy their.framing and enforci'- become more important. Bn.v 'startling' out with a -clean has written a. fine record there- this regard, and has won com- mendation from many quarters not to eulogize the administration >f lieu or laws. Rev. Dr. Chown. one of the .mmmenl- temperance leaders in a'.speech at VHIIUOIIVIV his summer, pnid a warm corn ient to this province adminis- r-iition of the liquor hiw. The W.C-.- U meeting at Edmonton iast, utnnm. the Presbyterian Assembly a session at. Kdmonton last May he Church of England Synod meeting n Calcary last month, all put them- on record as ap- iroving of the manner in which the liquor laws were enforced -in and commending the mea- Social and Moral Reform. One of the great writers of the oid v.Tote once- "Law should 'ike death, that spares no one." The spirit of this sentence, and .it is i weighty one. is fulfilled in Albert a. The department exercises a vigilance hat is only increasing, as each branch its way more clearly grow? 'amiliar with conditions. This has been apparent particularly in 'matters rt-oinius to social and moral reform In no other branch of the dcpart- greater measure of body which notoriously looks with what some might think too, censorious an eye, on the doings of governments in: this regard. In. the, spring of the year the general secretary of the Alliance told a public meeting that "the percentage of people working in "Resolved that this convention be- lieves in the vigorous administration of justice by a firm enforcement of the criminal law, arid a simple and prompt method of protecting civil rights." This'item of the Liberal platform ol 1905, admirable -as- it is in its concise ness, is not more straightforward or direct" than its fulfilment has been in the working out of the Attorney- General's Department of the province This department-, less tha'n_ any othei of the provincial administration makes outward showing of its accom- plishments. Yet what- the frame work-is- to any structure it has been in its constructive work of drafting the masses of legislation that haw been' passed' in Alberta since 1905 Furthermore, in the- matter -of en- forcement of these laws, the pro 'has made a record that has won re, cognition for this department no? only within the province but _frpir many people of note outside its limits. From the first hours of the forma- tion of his cabinet the importance o this branch of the administrate) was patent to Premier Rutherford., and in looking about for a mar. possessing the requisite qualities o legal knowledge, sound judgment probity and firmness- his choice fel1 upon' the present Attorney General Hon. ,C. W. Cross. The three year.1 now past have more than justified th Premier's choice of so youthful man for this weighty portfolio, fos within and out of the province inei qualified to judge assert that he ha administered his department not onl well, but with distinct-ion. As'socia' ed with, him as'deputy is Sydney I' Woods, a lawyer of exceptions ability. Honorable Record Maintained. Up to the time of inauguration th Canadian West, had a record for lav, abiding .order that made it tlie env of every frontier country in Ocdden' ial .civinzulion- This en viable slat was due to the efficient service of th .Mounted-Police, and recognising thi- the first government of Alberta secur. ed its continuance in the proviac inauguration- The government planned the removal flif force to territorial regions st.il unorganized, but the governments the new provinces1 insisted upon i i' at Montana, and again taken to Mac- other hand were people who thought recreation in studyin hiod.' Likewise the hide of the last the law should have been made uni-conditions of t to be, illegal, pi-ove.4 that no! hardship has inflicted, and no shown. Liquor Legislation. This impartiality- marks equally the even more vital question of the ad- miiiiritruiioii of -the I'C'Mise uvn-uiin; J (J UJ" louiu ji4mwvt j. dead letter on the statute book. Whcnyouns; man three years later added directed by him last year, while r AM. in rhf. his Compensation Act in the interests of the workingmavi marks him as. one oc the most advanced' legislators in ...j.juu ___...........- Canada. In Alberta he has won the were the'people who protested againstcpuntry of .1.1 ie.future. Settling at, Kd-J commendation and confidence his any interference with th'c liberty ofnionfoiV'liV'ISffS he entered into part-1 people, elsewhere in Canada 1! '''i -i i i -ii- this Act wiw passed by the Dominion degree of LL.Ji. He at once -out e West, his cleMr was. and is an excellent charac- about tho "measure. On the one handterislic of 3i'is'-' discerning here the Paiiianient there', was a great deal for of talk by extremists on both (Janada tor tnoj., J ne -ujy interterciice wun iiic in ne onicieu mm ivuur m. uanu at the first, trial were the subject (which gsnerally, it with William 'Short. K.C., and j die youthful AMornoy-Gcneral of brought together from be'ionnd, means their liberty to ovcr-togelhcr with tin- siieces-sful practice i beri.a is regarded as one of thc_ m f the West, assembloil tlreir fellow On the jf hi.s profession found both and _yonng men in public li 1 .1 4. ,1 1. ..1 ff II t f i t 1 1 ll Tlrtl 1 t I 1 f 1 T V I'll 1 1 1 1 1 T C 1TOO 1" 11 IV Tl t f> T animal stolen, with it's brand as evi- versally bindin deuce of ri'ditful ownership, made "for local and no allowance infused vigor into the ranks of differences of senti-voung Liberals, founding the club of most public life the political j in the Dominion. Last, year a writer in .Incidentally ho j Nipln, -'.'ud of him: He is the Attoni'-y-Genenil in Canada. Ho niav vet, be its Premier." Tt, was a wait for a cattle thief and an expensive proceeding at tlie last, but thf: British law as1 adminis- tered in Alberta must be upheld. This was the keynote of the depart- ment's action throughout and of its agents, and it won for Alberta and legal administration, a genuine tri- bute from United States District- Court Judge Hunt, who presided at. :he extradition proceedings in Mon- tana. A judge, he said, had never he.ird "more straight forward, open in the proviso as to the consent jf the Attorney General to any prosecu- tion. This secured each province against, vexatious interference, with the wishes of the majority, while the law 'itself made it impossible for a minority to defy the public opinion of those around them, or for an em- ployer, small or largo, to take unjust advantage of his workpeople. This has been well illustrated by the history of tlie work in this pro- vince. In not more lhan half a all the iradili'Mi of the Scotch Sab- bath, passed the following resolution- "This synod places record its ap- preciation of the diligence shown by the Attorney General of this proviTU.v. the Hon. Mr. C. W. Cross, and hi.s- subordinate officials, .towards securing throughout the province the enforcement Of the Lord's The absence of outspoken protest the other side, and the that the railways hnvo in this province dis- continued the work t.hnt, ti.-id he granted whei-.- mere not 40 dis- tinci dwelling-houses within an area of a section and a half, cuts out the snle of in 1-hr> country, where no proper opinion could exer- cise .-i rcstrainiiig influence. Unless a village or lown contains over 500 people a second license cannot be ic of the 1C districts, province is divided, and has closed e, provision as to the anted. .n into winch in-. P <--very bur. I accommodation for guests has vasUy improved the character of licensed louses, and has done altogether with the saloon proper, the sole ob- ect of which is to sell drink. No wholesale license, or shop license, as t is called elsewhere, is granted out-, ;idc of an incorporated city or town. The hours during which A bar may remain open have been .sjiort-ened- f his year's legislation, in this respect; went'in- advance of any other province in the Dominion. In fact. ;we may laim for the province more advanced legislation on the whole'question liquor licensing than any .of the older provinces have, with the exception" of "Prince Edward iprphibi- tion prevails, and that Prince J Island's' -area could .easily be placed within the one district of Alberta. And tlie legislation in this regard :s not a dead letter. Commissioners who command the respect of their fellow townsmen, inspectors- of undoubted honesty and ability, see the provisions of law are, faithfully observed. The work' of these men has been re- cognized by the praise of the ..most ad- vanced tern-perance workers. Tlie discretion of the commissioners Js unfettered by the letteiftof the law; that is to say, given the fulfilment of the necessary conditions (the 40 house in 960 of half the householders nearest the proposed site, the payment of the expense of the enquirv, there is .no hard and fast rule that they must ?rant a license- They may take into consideration circumstances }vhich may1 favour the granting of the or the reverse. The interests of tho people are and they are in safe hands. Constructive Legislation. When the Rutherford government was given the reins in 1905 they had an'; immense field of organization be- fore them.. Alberta was in the making'and it was essential that its administration should be placed on-a broad basis. This'required i whole, mass oj new. legislation, of laws needful for a new country, with ill its government machinery to be out in order, laws for the social wel- :are'of the'people.'for'the-.benefit of. he 'workihgHian and of the farmer. All of the work' of drafting these bills fell upon the attorney general ind his department During the first session alone there pages of statutes slight task by my means. Yet everyone must ac- inowledge it was capably done. Be- -ides the legislation ior adminstrative purposes, necessary 'but "uninspiring .vork, the young province in its first session passed a notable tax on rail- ways, and the attorney'general's :de- jartment framed the law and proved hot- tho -0- P...R. could.'at least not exempted from taxation, on ite branch lines. Among oth.e.r measures of capital im- jortance prepared and submitted to .he House in its first session; was the ict for the benefit of, mechanics and a borers, whereby-'' -tihbrfc'and- 6 u re ncthod of asserting their rights in the .natter of wages in .the lands of the artisans of number of the old-Territorial ordin- mce.s were revised to meet the modern provincial couatnons, among wlncn nay be mentioned The Steam Boilers ict" The .Coal Mines Act, and The Act Respecting Real by which .atter notable improvements were Made in the administration of the land titles offices, especially in the .natter of the registration of agree- of sale. Besides preparing this mass of detail, sixty or .more private oills went through the House and to each of these detailed attention had o' be given by the lav.' officers of the jrpwn. No sooner had the House concluded it? the big of edit- ing the Ordinances of the North-West Territories (of which the last revision Had been made in 1898) and bringing .hem up to the date of the inaugura- .iou of the province, was undertaken by the attorney general's department ind successfully carried out in record :ime. The mass -of necessary work for 1907 .vas necessarily less as the machinery was running order, but the im- portance of. the new acts introduced .surpassed, if possible, that of the pre- ceding session's. Besides the continu- ation of the work of revising the Ordi- aances and converting them into pro- vincial acts, chief among which may be named the Act Respecting Insane Persons, the Act Respecting Public Health, and the Liquor License Act. and the Corporations'Taxation Act pro- viding the province with a source of :evenue of undoubted value and ex- One which Could not be made to draw upon the resources of the people of the province. Labor Legislation. the, workingman forms a large part, of the population of is but natural that a government, genu- inely concerned in the welfare'of its people and pledged to advance the interests of all classes, should in its legislation keep the workingman in ;nind as well as other classes. This has been tlie case in Alberto, where, during the first session the Mechanics' Lier. was passed to the great benefit jf artisans. During the session two very important measures, consisting of the advanced labor -legislation, were put, on the provincial statute books, i'lie Workmen's Compensation Act was patterned upon the mast modern Act "ji. H similar nature secured by the :aboi party in Great Britain. It was introduced by Attorney General Cross in the legislature, and its passage shortly after.-secured to the workmen compensation for injuries ed when at work in another's employ. In one point it differed from the Brit- ish act: it did not include agricultural laborers in the enactment, which nat-1 u rally should apply to industrial lab- or. The eight-hour bank-to-bank introduced by Hon. Mr.Gushing, made! proper provision for the regulation of! working hours cf miners, limiting the length of time in which they might be expected to work in the sunless mine.s. Much hn.s been written about each ot tiiesi- acttj and much is expected from them. They are peices of ad- vanced legislation in the interests of tbi; workers. They have been received with acclamation by those concerned. They were framed with- careful con- sideration, not only "of -thefrights oi the employee but with due regard to Tiitr rignts ot the employer. Some may uunK tnat in an agricultural country such legislation was" in. vance of the times, but an industrial "future before" her and the government and thought wisely that foresight was better than Attorney-General Cross Makes a Distinguished Record in the Administration of Our Laws. This Province is, Noted for Advanced Legislation, Rigid Enforcement of Liquor Laws, and Uncompromising Attitude Toward Combines ALBERTA MAKES DISTINGUISHED RECORD IN ENFORCEMENT OF VARIOUS STATUTES AS WELL AS IN ADVANCED LEGISLATION regret, and legal righte" better UKlutetnal warfare, u 1 _ New Judiciary Of fan iitd; H-i An important feature of the admin- istration ot Attorney, (jrenerai Grass is tne- entire worgaiiizati'oa ot the judicial was erected there tne provnce" were only three" (Continued on Page 14, column 4.) Statesmanlike Legislation .The Alberta Government has the hearty approval' of the people of Alberta because its administration has been for the masses of the people. Apart from its liberal grants and businesslike administration of funds in the interests of Education, Agriculture and Public Legislation in the direct-interests- of the people challenges the Admiration and tne Imitation of every Province of the Dominion. In. at least four Important Measures other Provinces have conceded to Alberta the praise ofj imitation. Some of the leading enactments-of-tho preaent Government THE RAILWAY TAXATION ACT by which Alberta "already receives yearly upon railway lines in the province, making them tribute an equitable share to the'public exchequer, Mr. Haultain could have passed similar legis- lation in the Territorial' Government and collected double the amount Alberta he did not do i CORPORATION'S TAXATION ACT by which, Banks, Insurance Companies and other corporations- deriving a--revenue from try. are taxed..- LAND TITLES ACT, providing" a vast improve-' ment upon the old Act, among other things' 'doing away with.the acceleration clause in mortgages by which formerly tlie holder of a mortgage could close it whenever the mortgagee payment of his interest. MECHANIC'S LIEN ACT, by which a workman's wages are secured to him by a simpler and quicker method than in any other Province "of, Canada., Within a few days of the failure to pay the case is tried and disposed of. v t THE DISTRICT COURTS ACT while similar in outline to corresponding acts in. other Provinces con- tains measures that ensure ranch greater simplicity, and directness of procedure expenscsT to the litigants. v THE ACT TAXING, UNOCCUPIED LANDS or lands outside of organized school districts is a direct, blow at speculators who may hold land in Alberta for future profit not for settlement. He is thus made to contribute to the public revenue and the amount obtained in this way is applied solely to educational purposes. LEGISLATION by which Alberta led the way in Canada in, jSovernment Ownership of a Telephone System throughout ths -whole province, ior: rural'districts as well.as centres'of THE RAILWAY ACT, which provides that a Railway Charter lapses the moment the charter holders fail to carry out the obligations they under- took. This secures the interest of: people irresponsible speculators while giving genuine way builders a sound charter. THE WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION ACT, adapted from the Act in existence in Qreat" BfTtain provides that workingmen undergoing injuries in their work shall be compensated, by employers. -The-Act does not apply to agricultural labor. THE EIGHT HOUR BANK-TO-BANK LAW provides for a working-day of reasonable 'leiigth for men working underground in this province SOCIAL AND REFORM LEGISLATION includes among other things an Industrial School Act provid- ing a Reformatory for Juvenile Law-Breakers instead of a prison wi r n contaminating influences. In Liq n or Legislation the restriction of licenses and ten o'clock closing law are proving strong forces against drunk- enness.