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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 9, 1908, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHORIDGE HERALD, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 9; 1908. PAGEELEVEN. Premier Rutherford and Overlook modRossible Detail of Administratiph in the Be The Hail New Settlers and Free FREE TEXT BOOKS AND REDUCEDtQST OF EDUCATION FEOPU P years ago and new arrangements .made, by the" government. Sold I High? Quite -apart from the value of the book was price and profits. According to sworn statement of the 'publishers Of Finest Series Books iff Canada Has Hands "of School Children by of Gold Medkilnlfiternatonal Contest Offters Vast Used v Premier on Text Books. Premier Kutnerford, -while touring through the south country in August, addressed a public meeting at Card- ston, 'where the matter of tlie text bookj .brojight up. The premier thereupon in chsractC'ristic- fashion gave a plain talk question, which has. been the .subject of .much miscomprehen- sion. In the first .place he intimated that, the: Alberta government" was prepared to a bonus to any Alberta firm that -would raider take-the work of. pub- lishing the Alberta books and come the .same standard as the'contract-with the; Morang pany, set forth. The premier, who1 is known to be a staunch Alberta'ri, made clear his de- sire to see all 4 the money possible ex- peirded in the" province. Consequent; hjngej .tJaevstitehiiJg, paper and type are fi'Kit-class liir every respect. Me- chanically' the "books' -'are splendid spec- jmeijs art. Their governments who -will sup- ply 'them free> follows Erimer, ,firgt> book, 16-53 cents; I second book> .cents; third 23.75 cants-; and book, cenjs; of the and the number of pages in. each the -price dbes---.Jiot seem- excessive-: -these bobks, they made- on thenr-a: prq fit ".of no less .than '.books .cost them 40 cents per set to manufacture, and they sold them for a set. This :'was the policy the territorial government adrriinister- by Haultain. inferior r _, Thte .ejpfy the Canada Pub- lishingjCb'mpany'lor their "series was 57 cents, which was only 19 cents less the Morang series at 76 cents.. "Sut: poor, or undergrade article is dear- ;at any price; -The diff eren ce of the' prices' bf these with the durability and general the books'. thi difference is the .entire one crudity and excellence. This- cliffer- enc dos not only "exist.in the: appear-" books, long-- -date, supplied at anee and: cohtents of4he in profits, ..the final price com- the actual cost of .manufacturing. The ing- out of the pockets '61 of; Morang must deliver the books Iree- atVtlxe provincial cap- itals. A" similar TVES made in.Leth- bridge, :by the ae 'the following extract -meeting of the HAIL INSURANCE. The Alberta government insures crops against hail ior a nominal sum cents per arid "tine insured, in the event- of his crop being destroy- ed. is reimbursed, to the extent of. per acre. This is not a very large sum, but -it muist be remembered that the farmer is at no further -..expense for harvesting and threshing, "insurance on 100 acres would ..amount to only premium and. indemnity in case of its destruction, would :be a spall nothin .Hi all. in comparison with labor men-.rqn. 'Monday night, is to have- made .statement to the effect'thati in -connection with the school book. 'contract 'that the peopK were paying-- their money for' the- supx port- of r a scab .employing, publishing house iri r As it etatement; made.' in; a nomv AYeSt i "With the advent of -auto- i cents more preY book: to manuf acfurey y the provincial goverrimenvs i ;as has .alreadyheen .stated, :nei- ly he. expressed hie "willingness to ;un- school districts 'on dertake this. bonus as an encourage- set -themselves energetically, at .work :ther Mr. new and.-hpnora.ble aiiy- attempt to; criti-: the young provinces.-' Education cise or attack these cost though they were' submitted in the fullest detail, challenging: naturally came in for attention; as a subject of basic amportance.'' New ment- ;to Albertan Enterprise. Another point brought out clearly by the premier, arid indicaiave ol'hi's intense interest in the education of the' bbys and-: girls'- of was- his insistence rip'ori the 'be'st possible books. "The greatest assets of-any country are its boys has said more once, arid he believes1 too much care, cannot be expended upon their..; education. The best teachers Hrid books tire none' too good 'for the and girls of today, who.are to be the citizens of tomorrow. :So he would rather send to Japan -for books than supply the' old-fashioned sort he found ;n the west on coming into ofiice. v At this meeting a man put a-qiiies- tion to the premier, as to not_h.e would be milling in the Juture every side, interest was taken in schools, and the inferior.; out-of-date published twenty-five years ago, Hvere- soon1 condemned! Then both, governments looked about to secure tiie best 'set of readers ob- tainable.- Search for Readirs. governments of Alberta -and Saskatchewan not decwkd, 10 obtain books siiifed they resolved that as they .have liberal of money to spend on educatibn they could-' well" afford to buy large supplies of the; books at whole 'sale rates1 from the .publishers, and tlieii- put -them -in -.the 'hands of .the children free, the cost to parents or school boards being nil. As. a re- sult of this thoroughly progressive policy, the heads of families in the twin provinces will be saving -thou- sands of dollars annually. criticism. .In Mr. groundless p'oiitical. attack upon this text book contract arid: his ed attack upori-the government crdy injured his as a publie-mariV "failed, to make good his ;daims .of -lift: moreover, that lie opportunity., im- discreditable condir under the text book ring's -mon'opply during his- for- the loea! typographical- .union had also paeset a resolution corwiemning the' Alberta the- cbntracl to a fina''wtfich has been -notoriously unfair to th'eyprmting the Her- ald decided-itol'ascei'tain whether1 there trirth; in 4he charge or not. "A" wire to Stewart Lyon, a- prominent Tpronte newspape'r man; leffibridgej July 3, 1908: Stewart-' LyohV j The-isiobei. Toronto, Orit; .vKiridly ;asSertaia from Morang .if school bbbksrlby Alberta eirajrare in lini air shop in.' New- .Xork. to effect h'as- IKer'e. flerald. -In reply tiiie-niessage was received ''The Lethbridge; of Mbrahg's says books- all in union -shop.- 'Says you can deny charged. Lyon." "to _insert a clauso in the contract) But a measure that so commended stating that the text books should be, itself to popular judgirierit could not printed and bound in Alberta." To which the Hon. Dr. ane- "Provided the work is as good, but T wonlrl tn .Tjmnn 'before "would such readers, as are being used in Ontario. The Ontario readers be let pass by the opposition -forces which, unfortunately for of good government, feel themselves called upon tn vilify every set xrf ;the party in power, however beneficial or well advised it may be; In the Mr. The time; is rp'ast en mere politic al clamor and liighly-eblpred language can sway an; They demand, algopdv-jcjase .based something Mr.; Haal- tain could 'hi his text book onslaught. IN UNION cost-40 cents and sell for makiiig Kaultain made :a :fierce attack' upoiji. a profit of 187 per cent. They-are not the government for the contract it up-to-date either. I would go any- had riiade with the Moranp Company1 where rather than put up with any- of Toronto for'the publication of tiling-of the kind." [readers. This contract was. entered Series- Won Gold- Medal, f r Concerning this question tlie premier saidiurther that one of the first steps taken by the Albertan government in -I u. i. tiiis v wJ_ u.J_ti v-i-t Wj u the of education had been the Morang and against Tfl hilT.rpr t.OVt rn-iAL-c aa-nam-'i __ _ i i 11 i text-book -contract, -spread-, about in- .a printed in '.shops. The Begina up the tb; "th'e reports, and the -following. (5 C. P. R. LAND TAXATION. effort _ the Alberta trie ih- _Every possible- been riiade by (jovernment''' tereets the large arid wealthy'corpora- business m, th'e Province Contribute theirsh'are- toward: the revenue for -administration: of1 ttfe -prb- virice. insurance in.to th'e'trea- -am bunt "that' .'Vyith. the a few localized ;orms with some bad effects at points in the Province this topic oi Bail. Insurance -comes again to the fore.. Some farmers unacquainted with "the? teal facts of the case "have been jieard-to complain that tHe govern- ment's straight rate for insurance is high- It is 15 cents per acre for an indemnity of an acre, the same as under tine old Territorial .but it is paid with much 'greater'certainty. Alberta became a separate irrbvince trie new (jrbvernnaent had seVen'cases bf disputed hail-insurance settle "'by srbiiraiioii. ;These were the; result .of the territorial man- agement. In 3906 under the present provincial .management there were only cases 'to arbitrate and last year, there was none. It is libped: 'for that, there Avili be no case disputed this year either. AVr'egards the rate of 15 cents charg- ed by the-local. Government an illuin- ina-libn ;complnsbn may be had "by studying tile rates of an insurance company which has a strong, fo'btirig In Manitoba. The Tates oh an indemnity bl per acre are 16" cents for'first xslass risk.: IS 3-5 second class risk. a'third class 2S for a-.fouftli'class risk. 34'3-5'for class ;risk. When this- classification, of risks, is. studied the sriiaii risks run by. the direct and continual touch with" all parts of the province, and, promptly upon the outbreak "w any contagious or infectious disease measures are tak- eii to prevent its spread and stamp it out in the first Ib'eality. This1 of- ficial also is empowered to inspect hos- pitals, construction. iuffitvjr camps, to report upon in a general way to take all' the precaution necessary to protect the health of the public. Still another branch is the bacterio- logical laboratory, established last year, and, now well equipped for ..its work. The officials in charge make a of germs as well analyze samples of water, grain, alcohol, gases, soils, etc. In addition they manu- facture serum and vaccine, test pois- ons, and as a whole carry on valuable experiments xesear-cti work un connection with various phases of life in the province. This is but brie of the many important branches of the department cl agriculture. HOW THE LUWBER GAiSE DECISION BENEFITS THE HELPING Sir Wilfrid Premier of Qaiiada, in-; the .course; of a speech de- livered at Edmonton provincial inauguration, Sept. 1, 19G5r expressed these .excellent "Let me say t.o one and 'our new; fellow 'countrymen that minion. of Canada is in one like, the Kingdoni of Heaven..; Those, Come at ceive as fair treatment ,as .'ivho have in the Told for "a'long time. Wlirat .we :Jwant .with our' 'and civilization. Let Britain's sub- jects, let them- tafce'-their.share .bf.ithe nicipal, provincial or national.: i: Let them; be electors, as weikae "We do not ariticipate not want-that any look to the past biit-let ;i to the future; :r of their :ancastorsi but look to the: land--bf them become Cariadians, X jects arid give their" I their energy, "their: (its institutibris, to its D ver3rinteresting _questipns were itzbriai-s ornpany in -by the Government aggregate. is now seeking tq- eoUeet-ariotlier telegrains give the into after the bosks by Morang were found put up for approval, but not considered by Mr. attack against the government, against better text books, especi- ally readers, to replace the old ones were woefully inferior and be- times. Although there are few text book publishers in Canada, all were asked to 'tender for the new readers, eaid the- premier. Four or five tenders were received and samples submitted. A committee of educationalists from Alberta and Saskatchewan was ap- pointed to select the best, and this committee decided upon the readers furnished by Morang Co. A contract was then made with this company and epeeifi cations outlined as to ma- terial, illustrations, binding, etc. everyone concerned but the .Canada Publishing Company, who had "also been in competition for the contract. Notorious Combine. Just here it is of vital interest to le- call the fact that this Canada Publish- ing Company, whose cause'Haulialn championed, was one of the ring-lead- ers in.the text book ring of ill-repute, nn aggregation that had robbed the people of Ontario of hundreds of thou- sands of -dollars- It will' be caused the.Ontario government to point -a commission to investigati? matters. The result of this was an exposure o: grossly unfair TO -LI -I F n U4. tiiussiv uuijiJi The books were wanted for the op- cn the part of the publishing compariv hls li and all Canada was witness to the and the Morang company velations. supplied them desired, though it, these, facts, Mr. turned out to be necessary to nave Haultain dared to champion their the pnntin- and binding of the first cause acainst the Morang contract, edition ciorit; by a big !New York, house to ge order through in time. Re- garding the criticisms offered to this work being done in New York the pre- mier remL.ued his hearers that har- vest binders, clothing and many ar- ticles in use in- Canada were largely made in the United -States. And Canadians who -found -they had to place, their orders there reckoned it no -crime to do so. It was desirable impossible to have the books publish- ed in Alberta or Saskatchewan, biit there was no firm to do it. It-was here that Premier 'Rutherford offered to bonus any provincial firm doing the work as well as the Morang company. To issue the first edition prbriiptly it had been found necessary to go to New York to have the work done, but in future the work was to be done in Canada; These 'books, said the premier, were now to be .placed in the hands of the school children a handsome, in- structive, up-to-date series; the best that could be a series of hooks that were awarded the gold medal as first- prize in competition with read- ers from the United States, Great Britain and Canada. With the re-opening of the schools next month the school children of 41- berta and Saskatchewan will havo free text books, supplied by the local governments. This innovation of tho two governments, effected in the in- terests of the people, has been marie tire target of ill-juclged attacks by those would see only bungling or wrong doing in anything either' of these governments undertake., of text book facts' in -the West, past and present, will be en- -useful, too, in properly justing 'merits and blame. At pre- se'nt 'conditions in both provinces ;n this rcgard_ are the sa.me, similar con- tracts having been entered' into ly both governments In the past, under the Haultain .irfministration in the Territories, tlvr pnblic was compelled for years to buy school books, on which the publishers hud immeno profits. Tlio books sup- plier! wore cheap ,-md poorly bound. and the matter they 'containRd out of date: They should, in. fact, have been thrown out of the schools, cause against Did he expect that men Avould forget this was the-very same text book ring which he allowed to work off. 'their rubbishly school book's on the Terri- tories at enormous profits for. close on to -A score of year's. Contract Challenges Criticism. In regard to thr existing contract the Morang Company, it been clearly, proved in both legisla- tures that no better contract has ever been-, entered into by any government in Canada. Members of the opposi- tion and particularly Mr. Haultain have made' loud criticism of but they have in no instance brought forward any other better con- tract or promised to do They knew they could not. In both Houses the quotations of the Morang Company were displayed on the table for "we'eks. They show the company's 'profits to be not in ex- cess 01 15' per cent., and pro- test was or could be made against these figures. In Saskatchewan, Haultain, as A- pure matter of opposition, dc'clare-d the contract to be a reckless and ex- travagant one, but to back his1 state- ments he offered not one jot of evi- dence- He floundered about in pitiable way for a man of his-qrdinary skill iri a pile bf figures- which had been' handed on to ..him, but which he did not hirrisejf under- stand, nor could make no good case Of.it. In contrast with this was the reply riiade by Hon. Mr. Calder, the ter of Education for Saskatchewan. He dealt in no superficialities, but probed the question to the heart. In th-; first place, the children of the West imperatively needed good ?chool books, the best to be had.. The price should be in keeping with the real value of the books, and this depends upon the quantity and character of the educational matter contained, upon the quality of paper uso'd, the printing, binding and general make- up of the uook. The excellence of all the new Ale.Y.indra Head- h.is nor been disputed by nny. otv; they were far superior to other series sxibmitted to the of the case- Begina, Aug. 11, 1908. J. international Typographical Union, In- dianapolis, Ind. Wire our expense whether Brainerds, New York, union shop and whether Alexandra Readers, published bv Morang. Toronto, are printed and bound in New York by union labor. Morning Xeader. Indianapolis, -Aug.- 12. 1908. Morning Begina. Sask. Have'asked New York Sec- retary to advise i concerning-, arid 'Alexandra Brainerds Readers. J. W. Bfamwdod. New York, Aug.-12, 1003. Morning Leader'. Begina, Sask. Brainerds, New York, bind- ing and press work, union; James Toole, No. 6. Good Bocks Promotly Made. The 'following', .from' the Canadian Courierp dealing "with a 'subject that hjvs considerable discuss-ion this 'liaift'Xbf the west in recent coming from a' journal whose editor has -made a very study r-of scliool book problems, having been a member of tlie commission appointed a year or so ago b ythe Ontario government His opinion as to the value which the proxnnce is getting for it-s money "is worth a good deal ...i. "There has been considrable discus- sion in the west over the contract made by the Alberta and Saskatchewan. gov- ernments for school readers. The .con- tract wa6 riiade frith the Morang coirir pany, of Toronto, and, as the time" was short for delivery they were allowed to print the first .edition iri New York. The agreement was attacked 'because the work was .rio.t. done, in "Canada and because it wa's' thought" to 'be extrava- gant.. "'As to the. first there is no donbt. that "it is well" that Canada sribnld print its own echobl "books. Nevertheless, it is also true that these a- rich cor- 5 important-'" ..The When the'rprbirioters- Canadian Eailway :tiri- dertook to bu-ild; a transcontin- erital line; the Dominion the" in recognitictn diffic'ulties- to be overcome and-the bene- fits to the .made extensive grants-oi. land along the railway "to company. The extent of this grant Has S been, quite if eely but that is aiofctiie.-matter just now in .point, .It: In' 1881" wlieri- this- lacd ivas -granted- by the Dbininiqn gov- ernment one clause, con- tract, reads that, this land was to- -be exempt -from taxation 'i'or "twenty years; "Tn 1901 dn the expiration. of -this period it was found that the.C. P. R. resisted the collection of taxes, claiming' that, this 'ex- emption clause, intended there should 'be .no taxation until' twenty.....years-' after '-the com- pany had received -a patent for -the practically' giving, the com- pany an bi twenty years -.The patent had -not' been then long held can be produced in York or Bos- any govern- ment. Consequently they were selected. ton more economically and more quick- ly than in Canada.- There are firms there nvitlj? a {Special equipment, and .better machinery produce the 'b'obk's at jaj'-epeed utterly impossible here." They have case making ma- chines for exarnpl, which make cases Caster than twenty-five case makers them, by hand. The is true of other details of manu- facture. Canadian book binderies are pobrly equipped and their work -does -lot compare with those of.the UriiteU States" or Great Britain. OUT scHool books are, generally speaking, vnstly inferior to made in the other avo countries. "As to the question of value, the ,wo governments concerned seem to have made a good bargain. The books have been examined by" the writer, who has also'an intimate knowledgo of nil the. best, reaolers, American arid British, and he cnnnot but admit flint they nri! in some respect the finest set uf school, readers yet produced. The cases are well made, each book ie by the company. A couple of actions were taken against the C.P.R., in Manitoba on its refusal after 1901 to pay taxes on its land. These cases were carried to the Supreme Court at Ottawa and the judgment .there was in favor of the C.PJR. No ap- peal was made, arid the-case as far .as Manitoba is concern- ed, rests there. Alberta and Saskatche- "Waii- discovered that branch :iines of the could in no .way be considered free from taxation, "with the result _ that Alberta's' treasury year- ly receives over from the C.P.E. now again the young government 'bf Al- berta means to :inateh itself against this strong corpora- tion. There" is now being prepared in the department of the At- torney-General Edmonton, under his direct "supervision, the in a case similar to those brought by the Domin- ion Government to collect taxes on land holdings. As the Hon. Mr. Cross stated at a.speech in Calgary last May: "The Government here be- lieves there are: contentions to be made which" have never been presented in any court of jnstiicc, and we propose to start a fresh action. We will take it to tin-; PrivjrC'ouricil in England if necessary, and have the 'matter decided once and for all. .It is a. very im- portant mattei, it means thousands of dollars in laxes'to thiri province." Alberta, aware of the legal astuteness and ability of .the A'ttornoy-Gpnoral' together with Jiis decisive action and firri- in io combines, with dons of the hog raising industry and -ts products in this province- The aim to find a remedy for the present condition of depression in what should a prosperous arm important in- dustry. The record of this department's vbrking under the Hon. M.T. Pinlay's direction is a most creditable one. No- hing that can.'benefit the iarmer is icglected by this -active branch re service. Public Health. This branch of the public service, vhich also comes under the depart- nent bf -iigric'ulturc, is speedily be'in vorked up to a most commendabi tandnrd. The provincial health of- ficer has the advantage of having a v. field and a clear one in which o carry out the most iietHods of preventing disease and reserving the public health. Although this branch of the depnrt- nent is not very much before the pub- ic its working is the object of care- ul thought by the minister of the de- artine.nt and in a more general way y his colleagues. The public health hey realize to be of vital import- nec- to every citizen nf (he province, nd by wise IcgLslntion, then by be enifoi'.'ement of tins they utilize very menus to flftiegurml it. The provincial health officer is in was. rriost concerned the judgment on tlie principie oi combine was a triumph in the age of combines. Our correspondent must not forget too that there'are eleven (11) others of this :'cbrribirir: who are yet to come' oei'ore the .Court, and if the Court deals with each of them as with this test case, tlie total fine would reach some Mr. Franklin's letter oi inquiry is indeed interesting arid worthy of the careful attention of all our rctiucrs. As stated editorially in the Cal- gary Herald ot" July 3ist: "The advices in last evening's Her- ald of. a cut in the price of lumber for shipment to the Prairie Provinces us an answer to the statement that the lumber combine did not affect the cost to the Alberta consumer. It is only a the Supreme Court eiivereci judgment few days since of this province confirming the decision oi Chief Jus- tice Sit'tbn in the lumber case and al- ready the Mountain mills have noti- in this' province by the G'overriinenf request and at their .expense, his.4ast" Wherever .a colony' pf settlers have not .yet difficulties of the Englisli.'iangU'ageiiQ- spea-king tongue. oompany the .various classes'- ee'nt oiit by the Agricultural Departirient4p the: farmer.' In the matter of -education in1 .he- organization of school particular care is taken at strative headquarters to consult -the vishee and needs of the carrying out the Canadian' rliis is a direct benefit tovtfoe commun- ,.ty -concerned, but it is also a far- i-eaching benefit and advantageous -to he future development of the -whole province. As. an instance -there is 'the- matter of 'G-alician or Euthenian schools. y consist of 43 school districts br- in the past-'three .under lie direction ol a man especially v se- .ected by the department for this vvorlc. He meets with sympathetic s'H tho difficul- cies felt by comers in under- standing the Canadian school" system. Some of them although, desirous of schools, were afraid of 'the system bf school-rates even when as usual ar- by theniselves or their own ichool board. "They, felt they inight n this Avay only put" theriiselves' again .n the way of taxatioti iuch as .they had fled Bnt as .hey gradually carrie to understand the' 'airness oi ithc Ca'ndian system' this passed arid many living outside of; u'u- organized districts now want to 'get in ine. They did- not want-in some instances: issue schbol debentures, perferring" :o build a scliool of logs 'themselve's: Bnt they have changed their. -ninrls in tliis regard und 'have, in all- low 27 good schools erected. at an av- erage cost -of ?900. In some placSS-they build additional rooms as a resid- ;nce ior the Canadian teachers. The .attcr, fearing the loneliness of a- s'et- Icment where little English' was spok- were at first reluctant -to to but liaving1 experienced the kindness of the people arid the- a-onderful aptitude of the pupils, .this .lifficulty is- also about past. In 36 districts the school board was elected in the- usual .Canadian way. Most of these have English-speaking secretaries, who are v.ery lielpful to ;he ts'chool boards in administering af- fairs. in other cases the secretaries ire Ruthenian and they -are "doing cre- ditable work. In twelve districts department's organizer of these schools fied the Coast mills that they would has been asked to become an official not be Bound by any agreement. The result is a reduction in the cost of lumber to the farmer in this coun- try that will be a great relief to him and will facilitate building and pro- mote 'the development of this coun- try." This is the obvious direct benefit of the Judgment in the Lurriber case. Now for the indirect benefits, which our correspondent will admit are of considerable force also. This decision in its unequivocal and general finding makes all combine in rhi.s province illegal nnd directly li- ible to prosecution. Combines, it is .veil known, tend always to the raising )f prices. Tihat, in fact, is tlie main >bject of their existence. So that the let result of this decision will be to prevent dealers in article from miting to keep up prices, v.'hcrii the rjidr conditions of supply and demand vouK! nitiw r.wi tn louver them. Tliis jannoi. be nti ntlier th.'tn nri immense benefit. Prevention is al- ways a. better method tlrin cure. trustee, fulfilling all the duties of'the asual board. It is a w-ork .-lowly at first, but gradually m'ade progress, and now that the Kuthen- ians have been brought by actual re- eee the" benefits educational work among them is established on a 50lid basis. This is but one instance, though r. one, of the cbriscientious way in which Alberta's government is pro- paring all "settlers in the province to :ake their share of the national life, and to work unitedly together in ful- alling the very bright destines of fch.w Uhctrtainty at Dauphin. Dauphin, .August number of people arc in town to enter 'fbr od-1- riuinbcircd but as the trans- fers from Ottawa have not been re- here, it is jslmost impossible with :iny dcsref- of eertninty ulini is open iVron'ter for. The ,'ntrios, of course, can be made oa chance. ;