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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 9, 1908, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE TEN. LETHBRIO.GE 9, 1908. W. T. Finlay, Minister of Agriculture, Directs a Department Which' With its Creameries, Poultrylstations, and Grain Judging Schools, is Doing More for the Farmer Than Any Other Department in the Dominion! ALBERTA'S MOST IMPORTANT INDUSTRY AIDED AND ENCOURAGED BY GOVERNMENT, HAS A SYSTEM UNSURPASSED IN CANADA Hon. W.X Finlay. Minister of Agriculture and Practical Farmer, Greatly Interests .Himself in the Multitude of-Works Aiding the Farmer Carded Out by His Department and Made Possible by the Generous Appropriations of the Only Province in Canada Which Provides a Live Stock to Aid Farmers in Marketing Stock. uee'd.; 01 tlie agricultural community JU.tr eompanson 10 the sum "of wa.s the entire outlay on aeri- Witlc-ovf-r of ex- best and most productive-land in fbe crtlent farming- land in the Thirf estimate allows for t.'ie of Alberta, and all of it within roagh't'eastern slope'of the grain oeit, witfc acres ot the Cypress and Porcupine and c-ulture of the Territorial government tms land still it will oe eas- i, ly recognized that the -first government .of Alberta had in the agricultural in- terests j of .their people a' of rare magnitude. But; here, again thf. men who wr.; given power ,by the Alberta el'-cloraie. in 1905 proved themselves capable of the task, and conscientious in the ful- filment of their new duties. Premier Jlstherford and his colleagues felt the; imperative need existing to make itow. at the very beginning, a solid basis for farm work, -iv-hi-ch, will always the dominant industry'of Alberta. The computation in agricultural wealth. The future of oi-hers in the north count rv. -Mow of this acres year of office. The Alberta scarcely J been broken and Alberta with farmer, 'and'- recognizing this the Kuiherford., government has made of ILS depart-! meat, men! -of-agriculture practically the Thei good land in cent, has yet than that is -under1 cultivation. All of this land is In the grain belt: "its possibilities are obvious to the most uuhex-dihg. To the minister of agri- culture and his assistants future is the .spur and inspiration necessary in the good Avork they are. doing-. Starting out a minister, a deputy and a couple of clerks in -September. tho department of agriculture one year later fully organized., with at lea si, 30 employees at work with men of practical experience at the head oi each section and others actively en- gaged in the field work of the depa'rt- agriculture pi most important branch of tlie civil vr Unsurpassed Encouragement of V Farming. The result has been that Alberta ex- emplifies; in it remarkable way state ciirectioa. -and encouragement of agri- culture. .Nowhere in me 'is there, more practiced recognition of, the .true of the farm and farmer in nation-building nowhere naturally is the fanner in' -or out of his organized societies, a: stronger fac- tor in' the community as a whole. government ias carried out 1o. the letter .their avowed -policy of 1S05, v.-hen at the big-Liberal convention it resolved: "Thai inasmuch as: the progress and prosperity of the province will depend .almost entirely upon the development ,of ilie: agricultural and ranching in miseries. -me- -provincial government should- assist in every possible way, and -particularly 'by the establishment of a system of 'dairy instruction by en- couraging cheese factories, creameries, forestry-' and fruit growing, by assist- the farmers and "faa-mers" "associa- tions to improve the breed of live stock of all by assisting agricultural of operating, loans uiiu aavaiicv payments to merles.......... Aov.-uiee payments to poultry of weeds (.Y.y oft .and wolf bounty Juspeetion of dairy work.. Promotion of- sugar beet in- agricultural 'and other Expendrturtt under Agricul- tural Society Ordinance Scholarships tu Agricultural Dominion fair, Calgary into mejt 411- t rv 25.000 ir programme already plan- ned and being carried into execution. is a formidable one designed to meet in the fullest, way .-possible the needs oi thousands of m-w farming xinder -conditions new to them. Immigration and colonization The programme -was evolved .from thvise questions directed by the govern-' meat to the heads of the .department. "How can you best teach the thou- sands of men coming in here who havt: not yet had actual experience of farm- "How can you best assist and en- courage the fanners coming here from laboratory...... protection 5.000 Various grants to fairs...... of markets...... Fruh. experimental stations to .stock'associations.. 2.-100 fits of an institution and the need of it. In the meantime until its establish- ment scholarships providing transpor- tation, etc., are .supplied lo the sons of farmers who desire to attend sucii institutions in Manitoba, Guelph or Amie.de liellevue. At the same- time the lield work and institute work of the department is carried ori vig- orously as thi.s supplies, to the entire fanning community, old and young, many of the advantages of scientific training obtained in agricultural col- leges. Successful Dairy Work, hi 1U05, just at a period when the lew creameries eytaoiisiied Dy Wit1 Federal government were about to be abandoned by the latter authorities, provincial government took them over at the urgent request of the far- mers who owned them, and they have been most successfully operated since. The dairy work of the province is under the direction of a Danish ex- pert. During 1907, 45 creameries were in operation in the province. Of these 21 were operated by the government, for the co-operative associations owning th.-m. and '2-i by pri- vate enterprise. Eight cheese lactor- ico were also in operation. The total output of the creameries during the year was pounds of hi .-J.OOy vniucci-at and tne cheese i factories turned out pounds cheese valued at about miring tne year nine ereame and four cheese factories were estab- lished. In addition to carrying on the op- of the creameries and gen- eral instruction work the government sent travelling dairies to a number oi 'where the farmers were Koi within reach of creameries "or cheese factories. Lectures and prac- tical demonstrations were given, by in regard to this is carried out effec- tively, but with special regard that no hardship shall ensue to new or poor settlers because of it. The chief grain inspector of Canada declared in 1906 that 12 1-2 per cent, of all the grain passing under hi spection consisted of weed berta's department of agriculture asks, can fanners afford to cultivate, thresh and transport to market 12 1-2 per cent, of weeds in their grain and gives an emphatic answer in the negative. Consequentl it lights weeds. schools are an itinerant school in a railway car, taken from point to point duriiig the winter, in this way the department endeavors to help the farmer chouse better seed and understand thorough- ly the grading of his 10.000 10.000 14 4.GOO 2.yof SOME BRANCHES OF WORK DONE BY OF conditions, where rainfall was greater and the soil different, for even the best of fanners settling in a new country have to unlearn much thai they knew Out of this: has grown the many admirable features of the workings. Well managed creameries, travelling d.-uries, stock-judging, schools, poultrv- fatt.-n.iug .schools and stations. ettled iii a! Kat. iln'-n hut! :i i'n.niirr town ..f sharks and tont- Tlie youri? Irislnnnn had faith in 1li Since assuming his res- ji-orrslhit.. duties, the Hon. air. FinJay j.'m.-j snjiei-vised keenest in- I terest. and jrioflf, prantfcal eneouragc- the varii-tf.-'hraiK-he.s of his de- in its relation to the. is our- of thf o[ die service J'ifiiT. i.s run without, red tape, with large ftncouracri'ment of good ideas fiv'm whatever -souive solely in tin. interest.-; of the people at, most, important His depart- .'.s are devolpd to verv iiitnre of t.he in general, i-fjllis time and this portion of it in pari.ieular. liueu- in liis fortunes eli.-erfnllv tlie straggling town distriei. iiis synipathy with t.lu-ii as he merit-'ing eliiss is dginjr scfiool? wet.'fi inspection, far- f rn ing bounties, on Hellion of a minister of ngricui-i and care, more and better stock will eventually be raised by farmers in the aggregate than former- ly. Then, too, the supply can be main- tained the whole year round, and shipments will not have to be rushed in tlie autumn when prices are low. The department with its real I'oresJc'ht, for the fanner's interest us helping for- ward the grading up .stock and proper care of them.' Grain and Weeds. Equally active campaigns aro cur- ried on by the department to destroy weeds and to improve tlie grain .seed for upon these depend the future- of tho grain growing of this province. The dry western climate is particularly favorable to the germ- ination of weeds in .spring, when it most dangerous and nowheve in the world is there, so active a battle as here ngainst. the weeds which have done. much harm in Manitoba. A chief weed inspector and staff of local iu.speei.ors to keep a vigilant watch for weeds in each district; to notify farmers of the ex- istence of noxious; weeds and to o Ids work as minister, and. a.s with important in a man and speedy development tho Ooming before the. government natur- press swiftly upon each other, and are under the government's sympathetic eonsidenition each awaits vcqiiirement in point, of neces.sity. The m.itl.-r oi" an agricultural college "f the very important questions the government, and a matter thoughtful attention with the min- Yearly Expenditure for Agriculture 1908 (estimated) Of such excellence and diversity is the work carried on by the Alberta Govern- ment's Department of Agriculture that visiting Journalists and Agriculturists from Eastern-Canada and the Western States repeatedly declare there is no system like it in existence. And in this behalf one magazine editor thoroughly familiar with W conditions on both sides of the boundary recently as an assignment for an article the work-of this inform the rest of the Continent, make them marvel at the accomplishment of One New Province.5" _ i jiii t'U I IfjMftL wno is luuy aware of tile benc- upon their destruction.. The statute ;