Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 8, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Business Spotlight Barrel makers vanishing breed ers. But that was VALLEYFIELD, Que. (CP) Barrel-maker Auguste Boyer is one of a vanishing breed. The 67-year-old craftsman Is one of perhaps a dozen coopers, or barrel-makers, fa the Mon- treal area. At one time, he will tell you, there were many coop- when barrels used widely in commerce to store and transport such commodities as fish, molasses and wine, now packaged in cans, cartons and bottles. Now, however, that the time- honored barrel has been re- duced to roles in antique shops and distilleries, where whisky still is aged in oak, the demand for the (Coopsr's trade has dwindled to almost nothing. Mr. Boyer, who became a cooper's apprentice at a dis- tillery when he was 40 years old, said: "When I first started they didn't think I'd be able to do the job because it's hard work." WEIGHS CAREER He was only five feet, five inciies tall, and weighed 145 pounds when he started at his barrel-making craft. Twenty- seven years and repaired kegs later, he weighs 170 pounds and works on 10 to 13 barrels a day, each weighing 115 to 125 pounds. He and his assistant, Edouard Chiasson, 57, both employed at the Schenley distilling plant in Valleyfield, still use the 150- year-old hand from Hungary pany's former tools brought by the com- chief cooper, George Felseckie, who taught them the trade. Among the tools are hand made scrapers, gougers, groo- vers, mallets and saws. "If you use machines you can't get the fine touch you said Mr. Chiasson, "and you'd have to repair the barrell all over again in a few years." The two coopers have even refused to use a new auger for drilling the tapered hole in the keg's middle. "The new tools are no added Mr. Boyer. "They knew how to make tools in the old days, but no more." REPAIR MANY The two men inspect the 000 barrels the plant buys each year and repair many of them before sending them back to be fileld with 37 gallons of newly- distilled whisky. "But a barrel that's been re- paired once very seldom needs Welcomes you to Edmonton To help make your stay more would like to introduce you to all our facilities. MORE PEOPLE STAY AT THE RIVIERA- BECAUSE THE RIVIERA OFFERS YOU MORE! Write or Telephone IVIERA MOTOR HOTEL 5359 CALGARY TRAIL 43-43-43-1 work said Roger Bed- ard, the plant's quality control supervisor. "The eight coopers we had In the 1950s did their job so well that we've been able to reduce the coopers to two now." Used to age whisky for five, eight or 15 years at a time, bar- rels last up to 32 years. Each consists of from 22 to 25 curved oak staves, 35 inches long, held tightly together by six steel bands. Two lids on each end are 22 inches in diameter. The most common problems Mr. Boyer treats are loose lids and leaks between the staves. He takes the barrel apart, planes down the sides of the staves, and fits them together again. New era in oil forecast CALGARY (CP) tion of synthetic Produc- crude oil from the Alberta oil sands could lead to the development of a new era in oil production. a geologist with British Petro- leum Corp. of London said here. "The development here in the Athabasca oil sands shows Canada is emerging as a test- ing ground for the economics and technology of a new era in oil Dr. E. J. Wal- ters told the 1973 symposium of the Canadian Society of Petro- leum Geologists. "The solution to today's ener- gy equation lies in crash pro- gramming for the development of alternative fields to supply dwindling conventional r i serves." He said many technical, log- istical and environmental pro- blems remain to be solved be- fore the contribution of synthe- tic crude to meet future world demands can be determined. However, Dr. Walters said the best prospects for future world oil sands development are in Canada, the United States and Venezuela. About 95 per cent of the world's known oil sands are in these countries. The cost of development of an oil sands plant is astrono- mical. He said a plant with a daily capacity of barrels needs a capital outlay of million or more. Drunks, weirdos bother staff at library TORONTO (CP) Female employees at a downtown Tor- onto library told a library board they do not feel safe at work because of "forceful drunks and weirdos walking through and around the building." Mary Hewings, president of the central library staff asso- ciation, said in a letter that the women are alarmed at a reduc- tion in security staff. She said a female employee in the catalogue department was attacked twice recently and rescued by a security guard. The attack by another woman involved kicking and blows to the head. Saturday, September 8, 1973 THI LETHMID6C HfRALB 0 Canadian Bar Association brief Relief for taxpayers suggested TORONTO (CP) The Cana- dian Bar Association and the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants Thursday called on the federal government to take action to meet "the increasingly complex needs of our society and economy." In a brief presented in Ottawa by a joint tax committee to ministers of finance and na- tional revenue, the two associ- ations said "no government can have within itself all the com- petence and knowledge neces- sary to devise a fair and equi- taole tax system." In its 400-point brief, the com- mittee says it is directing its recommendations at the govern- ment, suggesting relief for tax- payers from injustices and also pointing out loopholes taxpayers employ to evade legislation. The major theme throughout the brief is the need for greater public participation in the tax process and more effective rights for individual taxpayers. "Government must involve the professions, industry and the public in the formulation of tax policy." The brief suggests public hearings be held before pro- posed tax legislation is enacted. R. D. Brown, co-chairman of the accountants association, said he believed in the old slo- Dying breed Auguste Boyer, 67, shown here whittling a barrel with the help of a 150-year-old hand-forged scraper, con- siders himself a segment of a vanishing professional breed. He is a cooper, or barrelmaker in the Montreal H. H. Smith Ltd. Customs Broker EDMONTON PHONE 424-9795 CALGARY PHONE 263-8050 I LETHBRIDGE 1 PHONE 328-3141 Ph. 344-3822 gan "no taxation without repre- sentation." "No matter how diligent, or how competent their people are, the far-reaching effects of tax legislation on our nation's social structure, its economy, its place in the world market, are much too complicated for one grouo of professionals to he added. Child seats available WASHINGTON (AP) Four of the six largest car rental companies in the United States have decided to provide infant carriers and, in some cases, child seats to customers who ask for them. The policy is aimed at saving some of the nearly chil- dren under five who die in traf- fic accidents every year. Experts say that seat belts alone offer little protection for children under 40 pounds. The belts are even considered likely to cause injury in a crash. Avis and Econo-Car are the two companies which are not providing the special equip- ment, although both say they're studying the issue. Hertz said it will provide both infant carriers and child seats "on an experimental basis only." Hertz does not plan an extra charge. National said it is starting out by offering only infant carriers. The company will require a deposit which will be re- funded when the carrier is re- turned. Thrifty will provide both in- fant carriers and child seats at a or rate. Budget will provide both types for a fee, but the amount hasn't been decided yet. The brief also deals with the "growing divergence of tax rules between the federal gov- ernment and the two provinces of Ontario and which is leading to higher complianca costs for taxpayers and addi- tional complexity for all con- cerned. The tax treatment of pension benefits also comes under criti- cism from the committee which recommends public involvement in the current review of this area by the department of fi- nance. With the high complexity of current tax forms, the com- m i 11 e e believes taxpayers should be allowed to deduct tba costs of having their returns prepared. It also contends tax policy should have a more far-reach- ing objective. "There is concern that our taxation system may not pro- vide Canadian industry with conditions which will allow it to compete, both at home and abroad, with our competitors." or MONDAY p.m. SPECIAL Feeder Hog and Baby Calf Sales Wednesday a.m. FRENCH FAT AND FEEDER CATTLE SALES SLAUGHTER HOGS ASSEMBLED AND SOLD MONDAY THRU FRIDAY. WE BUY AND SELL FAT AND FEEDER LAMBS DAILY We carry Hartford Insurance on all livestock FRIDAY 10 a.m. >FAT and FEEDER CATTLE SALES 1 p.m. rSPECIAL STOCK CALF AND FEEDERS EXPORTERS OF SLAUGHTER HOGS EXCELLENT FACILITIES FOR FEEDING AND LOADING HOGS. ED FRENCH 328-3986 DAN KLASSEN........ 345-4358 KEN MILLER, MAGRATH 758-6607 LOU DEJAGER 345-4489 WHIT HENINGER 328-7354 CONSIGN All YOUR LIVESTOCK TO: C. E. FRENCH LIVESTOCK "In The Heart of Canada's Ranching Country" Ph: Office 327-0101 _ 327-3986 Alberta P.O. BOX S.S.I-7-7, LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA No slack CrOSSWOrd By Samnel K. Fliegner LIVELY ANATOMY car purchases VANCOUVER (CP) The president of Chrylser Canada Ltd. says that Canadians are buying more cars than ever be- fore despite the widespread idea that automobiles and their manufacturers have reached an all-time low in public popu- larity. Ron H. Todgham told a news conference here that in 1972 Canadians bought cars and trucks. No figures for other years were given. He said that in the middle 1960s it took the equivalent of 36% weeks of average wages to buy a new North American automobile. In 1972 it took 26 weeks' wages to buy a com- parable car. And he said his company has been taking its share of the ex- panding market. Mr. Todgham said in 1872 Chrysbr sold cars, an increase of 15.7 per cent over the previous year and account- ing for 25 per cent of the non- import car market. He said in 1962 Chrysler sold cars, or 12.9 per cent of the market. THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRfBG is now accepting applications for its new MANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT CERTIFICATE PROGRAM Development course offerings for the 1973 Fall Semester are: ECONOMICS Canadian economic issues in a world the class will be held Mondays, from 7 to 10 p.m. Room E-630 of Academic Residence Building, start Ing Sept. 10. ECONOMICS to Managerial the class will be held Wednesdays, from 7 to 10 p.m., in Room E-620 of the ARB, start- Ing Sept, 12. Development courses are recognized by the Institute of Canadian and may be applied toward a degree, upon admission to the U of L as a regular credit student. program, designed to assist students develop their understanding of professional development as a business manager or executive. Is open to anyone interested in management, qualify Tor a certificate In Management Development, a student must complete three compulsory and three optional subjects. More Information may be obtained from The Registrar, of Leth bridge. Phone 329-2231 or 329-2232. Admission and Registration forms may be completed in person at the Registrar's Office, befors the first class, or at the class, one hour prior to the first session. ACROSS 47 Spirit of man: Egypt 49 Schlocky 51 Lorelei 54 Departure 57 Riga citizen 59 Puts in possession 62 Jumper skip B3 Latin-Ameri- can custom 64 -red rays 66 Ill-wisher 67 Translucent mineral 69 Slamming Sammy 70 the board 72 Son of Zeus 73 Hit 75 So American wildcat 76 Soiled from handling 78 Last word in a coup 80 Zeno disciple 82 Timetable initials 83 Whimoered 84 One of the Montagues 1 Integrated dish 5 Apply force 11 Friendly ghost 17 Card game 21 Being: Sp. 22 Reach 23 Anti-knock rating 24 Flying machine 25 Taj Mahal site 26 Completely, spinnmgly 28 horse! 29 Actual things 31 Patron saint of France 32 Character- istic 33 Work of art 34 seaport 36 Molars 33 Belgian painter 40 Fragment 41 Fairytale writers 43 water 45 Prepare for 1 Ticker 2 Wrath 3 Bluntly outspoken 4 Physician 5 Gandhi, al. 6 Shoshonean 7 Dutch town 8 West Pointer 9 Leo's cub 10 Jelousone 11 Brightest star 12 Follows sieben Diagram less ACROSS 1 Kai-shek: 12 U.S. Latin var. slogan 6 Drawing 17 Sunday implement 18 Compass pt. 7 SRO patrons 19 African 9 Grave: comb. form ?0 Moves tO Friend in 22 Padrrs Paris 24 Lubricant OF LAST WEEK'S PUZZLtS 86 Tape measure 122 Plant stern markings 88 tight 90 Raincloudj 92 Obscene 93 Opinion 96 Jolly greeting 98 Unskilled laborer 100 Slept like- 102 Soursopleaf extract 103 Clumsy 105 Fasten: Scot. 106 Morocco capital 108 King of Old Ireland 109 Two- (strong) 111 Middle or far 113 Scopes trial lawyer 115 A beast and man 116 Gauguin refuge sheath 124 Impudencs 127 Out there 129 French coin 131 Gazetteer 134 Take down 136 Perennial candidate 139 Cheap magazine 141 Written- FT. 143 Caravansary 145 Ovational cheer 146 The King 147 Word hard to pronounce 150 On with (equal) 151 Sherbets 152 Presser 153 Greek Ortho- dox litany 154 Wahoofish 155 Tiber tributary 117 Anglo-Saxon 156 Pablo, the coin cellist 119 Chambers 157 Ill-fated of a kind 158 Baseball's 121 Donkey Slaughter DOWN 13 Cubic measure 14 Victory song 15 Sign up 16 Makes like new 17 Powdered starch 18 Be alert 19 Mr Rubin- stein 20 Meiba 27 Park in the Rockies 30 What time 35 Johnny Car- son, for one 37 Broadway musical 39 "This mv only dress'" 42 Emaciated condition 44 Racecourse: comb, form 46 Debbie Rey- nolds role 47 John Doe 48 Fish bin 50 European river 52 Eddas and sagas 53 Hanging in Westerns 55 General's insignia 56 U A.R. poli- tico 58 Kind of sphere 60 Turkish official 61 Contraction of 1-D 65 Egypt's high dam 16 X 16 by Alice Vaughan 25 Comedy 26 Hollowed 27 Favorite 23 Men of Yale 29 With 11-D, part of U.S. slogan 30 Acts obse- quiously 31 MissUII- mann 32 Slide 33 Galas 34 Person 35 Paddle 36 TV's Jack 37 41 Chosen: abbr. 42 Alleviates 68 Immeasurable periods 71 Kind of boom 73 Track official 74 Authoritative assertions 77 Oars in Mexico 79 Black relig. sect 43 Iterated 46 Conversed: si. 47 cheese DOWN 1 Furniture piece 2 S. fc. Asia capital 3 Sum up 4 Born 5 Services 81 Security Council member 85 Masefield novel 87 Georgia university 88 Loose-fitting dress 89 Ancient Greek colony 6 Play a banjo 7 Vends 8 Tex. campus 9 Extra II Fart of U.S. slogan, with 29 A 91 Sacro 94 Legal wrongs 95 Howe 97 Visual 99 Playwright Henrik 101 Work: Sp. 104 Four: comb. form 107 Stars of the corrida 12 DeMille feature! 13 Tam 14 Second hand 15 Trade groups 16 Thinks 20 Kansas citv 110 Low in sugar 112 Money m Peking 114 Hibernated 118 Rendezvous 120 Moslem prayer call 123 Iberian porcelain 125 Saw 126 Caruso 21 Hot dish aids 22 Sulky mien 23 Gaelic 25 Criminal 26 Shanks 27 Physician: comb, form 128 Get clear of 129 Site of the Prado ISO Little quantity 132 River and cartoonist 133 Marks: Lat. 135 Dentist applies patient 29 Correlative 30 Accomplish- ments 32 Prisons: si. 33 Destined 36 Sat 137 Lyric poetry muse 138 Pianist and family 140 Tower city 142 Chimney: var. obs. 144 Piece of news 148 Bitter vetch 149 Compass pt. 38 Comparaflvs suffix 39 Bounos' colleagus 40 Spouses 44 Cat's 45 Finial CRYPTOGRAMS RAG BOMB GALMR EG SUBBERS UITMY, GOA XMR ELMSERTT BOtT XALERS QtflTUY? India M. Sparry 2. EDLNTL RIVED AGED EYGCEAVG NI LIVID EVNGDENTIC TC REVY NDGG EDGE Lois X QUEEQC KCX ACT OPZ QUICKPECX MAUMS IPMS OACT UXCP OFZ TCO. T _ I. M. S, 4. LMEPBJM ELBP JBM Earl Ireland Lost Week's Cryptograms 1 Why is ugly paper currency preferred? Who can fold gold to fit waDetsT 2. Filly folly: Young mare toppled picnic table and caused big scramble. 3. Wns thread wasted on Robin robbin' the bobbin? 4. Long lazy days arc sometimes translated into long Inzy daze.