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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 8, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta THK IfTHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, September 8, 1973 Subsidies no answer to inflation Bv Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator Another anniversary Ten go. in August 1963. the treaty banning nuclear testing in the atmosphere, in outer space and under more often referred to as the "partial test ban was finally ratified. Since then more than 100 na- tions, Canada among them, signed it. At the moment it is hard to be sure whether its tenth anniver- sary should be marked by celebra- tion or recrimination In the matter of achieving the ul- timate aims of the treaty, there is small cause for rejoicing. Ten years ago the l.S.SIT. had about 100 in- tercontinental ballistic missiles; to- day its arsenal of ICBMs is in ex- cess of 1500 The U.S has similarly multiplied its capacity tor long-range destruction, in both the number and the level of sophistication of its nuc- lear weapons In addition to the growth in Rus- sian and American nuclear arms, France and China have greatly increased their nuclear cap- abilities, so that in terms of sheer destructive capacity, the world's nuc- lear stockpiles now contain the equi- valent of 15 tons of TXT mere ounces can be lethal for ever y man, woman and child on earth. (A.nd just in passing, the U.S. de- fence secmary recently issued a v arnnig to fellow citizens that Russia is getting ahead of them in nuclear capacity, the standard preli- minary to another round of provements" in nuclear aimaments in the matter of discouraging nuc- lear testing, the treaty hasn't been al- together effective, either. In 8 years preceding 1963 there were some 500 nuclear test explosions, an average of about 27 a year: in the 10 subsequent years there have been 440, or an aver- age of 44 a year. It should be pointed out, though, that the U S. and Rus- sia set oft most of them and now ex- plode them underground, so if only irom the standpoint of environmental conservation there has been pro- gress. Also on the positive side, since 1963 theie has been continued dialogue be- tween the nuclear powers, re- sulting in a number of agreements that could be itsps along the road to nuclear sanity In 19C7 a treaty was signed pledging a rational anproach to space exploration. 1968 brought in the rather more important Treatv on the of Nuclear Weapons, in 1971 another treaty pro- hibited nuclear weapons on the sea- beds. 1972 sav an important conven- tion i elating to becterological war- iare r-nd the f.rst SAT.T agreement, and the latest is the 1973 Agreement on 'he Prevention of Xuclear War While it ma'- not be ertirelv be- cause of the effects of the partial test ban treatv of 1933. at least thero hasn't been an atomic war A modern horror story Beyond anv doubt the most sordid chapters in marine history are those that tell of the trade, a horror story if ever there was one In that whole cycle of inhumanity, from cap- ture and al from their African homeland, through the degradation of the slave market, to a life of servi- tude as something less than an ani- mal, the grisliest episode for many slaves was the sea voyage tmm Africa to the shoies of America. Packed in like cordv.ood, they denied even the smallest trappings of humanity, allowed just enough air, food and water to permit survival, and thrown overboard at the first signs of illness or disability. Later, -when a belated stirring of human feeling led to the establishment of anti-slavery patrols, the wretched cargo faced the added peril of being thrown into the sea to drown if a patrol vessel should appear All of this v. as thought to have dis- appeared forexer eaily in the 19th century, except possibly in one or Two remote and uncivilized parts of the world. But while the cargoes are no longer destined for slavery, there are reports in August 1973 of a thriving trade in human beings ship- ped from one country to another. And it is not m some backward, out of the way comer of the world, but right across the North Sea, between Hol- land and England Considering mod- Weekend Meditation ern metensions to enlightenment the details are a? shocking as those of the slave trade The travellers tor the most part Iiom India and Pakistan, on the last leg oi a long journev thev aie led to believe will culminate in a guaranteed, though illegal, entrv into England, and a richer, fuller life Thej make their w ay to Holland by various routes and there await the promised passage across the North Sea That voyage be a nightmare, one may the happy kind of ending that is promised, but all too often ends in capture and deportation or worse. The victims thev are that, not- withstanding their being so willing to flout the law are handled appaliing- 3v Depending on their exoloiters. the criminals who arrange things, thev may be stuffed between raise deck? boarded up in crates, sealed into metal drums, buried under pi'es of produce, o'ften without food, water or even the most rudimentan sanita- tion for periods of two or three days or longer. And while police in England and Holland still lack the neaded proof. they do not doubt the truth of stories that persist along the Rotterdam docks of living cargoes dumped overboard at the close ap- proach of British patrol boats Secret oi ci tranquil heart Simone de Beauvoir for some years has been obsessed with a panic and rebellion against growing old. She looks back on her eager girlhood, full of hopes and dreams and mourns, "turning an incredulous gaze toward that young and credulous girl, I realize with stupor how much I was gypp- ed." The famous French existentialist and feminist leader belongs to a large com- pany. "Everybody looks as if he had been sold out." said a young man commenting on contemporary society. A letter from a friend has the sad conclusion, "I have missed the Pmllips Brooks, an as- tute observer of life, said that to him the saddest thing was not what men suffer, but what they miss. Is it not strange that Bri- tish Columbia, the loveliest province ot Canada with the highest wages, should have the highest incidence of suicide? Ldfe is desolate and empty for thousands they fal! into a pit of spiritual impotence. T. S. Eliot described the emptiness and desolation of modern man as stuffed and hollow. Dostoevski used the phrase "the characterless man." Yet these descriptions do not seem to fit Simone de Beauvoir. What is wrong? It is not that she is cut off from that current of life which should flow continuously between God and man and man and man? Profes- sor Jacques Ellul of the faculty of law at Bordeaux addressing the Medico-Social Congress of France said that the two ques- tions God puts to man today were, first put to Adam, "Where art and, sec- ondly, to Cain, "Where is Abel thy broth- If man cannot answer these questions he is a lost soul and his society a dis- integrating one Only God can give reality to the inner life, give man purpose, direc- tion, power, ard meaning. How hue it is, therefc.e, that where theie is no God oan be no man' The author of the 23! d Psalm pra ses God for restoring his soul. This is man s great need. Society is filled with "soulless men'" His whole life has been externaliz- ed, computerized, and mechanized. Mat- thew Arnold felt this when he locked down on tne Carthusian monastery and begged the monks to shelter him until he ''possess- ed his soul again This is Simone cie Beau- voir's problem. The psychiatrist Dr Jung, believes that in psychological analysis every person over 35 is unconsciously or con- sciously dominated by tne fear of death and the religious problem. Professor Vik- tor von Weizsacher at a convention of psy- choanaylists asked Dr. Jung, "What, in your opinion, is the essence of neurosis'" He re- plied, "Neurotics are all searching for God "I will seek thee that my soul may says the saint and should not the quest of every man be to be a saint'" Modern man is in search of a soul, says Jung, and so the streets are full of men and women desperately needing God. PRAYER- 0 Source of life and love and all blessedness, send Thy Holy Spirit, to make my life a real life, tranquil, ordered, and full of joy. F. S. M. OTTAWA What the prune minister hrd to offer last Tues- day was, in political terms, an- other payment on the mortgage he'd by David Lewis and his XDP colleagues. It was not enough to please Mr. Lewis who felt that more was due. But it was enough, ap- parently, to banish any thoughts oi' foreclosure that the NDP leader may have entertained. Instead, he reflected on the su- periority of minority Parlia- ments and, significantly, pref- aced his remarks with a long attack on Conservative policy, although Mr Stanfield had made only a passing reference to the NDP Indications are. therefore, that the revised policies will se- cure the government against immediate political dangers. is new about them and how effective are they likely to be in checking inflation? Most ot them, clearly, are' not new: they are modifications of existing policies or advance payments on future ameliora- tions. Thus the government now feels that it cannot wait until 1974 for the promised increases in family allowances. There are to be interim increases to a month, starting in October subsidy on wheat tor domestic consiimotion, recently reduced, is to be increased; moicover, there are now to be subsidies on fluid and powdered milk as de- maided earlier by Mr, Lewis But the eminent has enun- ciated, or partially enunciated, new policies in respect to gaso- line and heating oil. Until now intervention, through export contiois. has been intended solely to protect domestic sup- plies. Now there is to be a the month price freeze, except to tne extent that increases in the home market are justified by higher costs for imported crude. During lliis period, the gov- ernment will seek a "control mechanism." Among those now being considered are an export tax and a national oil market- ing board. Also, and for the first time, a Montreal pipeline is regarded with enough favor that the government plans to broach the subject in early con- sultations with the provinces and with private industry. The new policy is, again, an obvious concession to Mr. Lewis. It has an ironic aspect as Robert Stanfield did not fail but think what a breakthrough, a turning point in the fight against inflation a price No time to chicken out on Watergate By Carl Rowan, sjiulicated commentator WASHINGTON The Senate Watergate hearings have lifted a lot of rocks Irom the shadow s cf American life, and some strange vermin have come ilithering out But the most depressing re- velation 13 that most Americans are not vermin, but sheep who look docile fatalism upon the corruption of the political Letters to the editor system and the debasing of rights which supposedly belong to the lowliest American. The average American, it seems, has a stomach for reflations of scandal and an attention span of a 4-year-old it it is the grabbing of political power that is involved rather Than the giabbing of a fumbled kickoff Bravo., Terry Morris Tern' Morris. like any thoughtful teacher, is a ''dan- gerous eccentric He is dan- gerous to comfortable admin- istrators. and is running off-centre that is, (as every good engineer eccen- trically He is also a ''crank" in two senses ot that word He cranks the lusty machine o f public schooling, and the bum- bledom at the top possibly re- eard him as a crank in the der- ogatory sense. How dare Mr Morns ques- tion that magic cure all, -open- area' classrooms! Is not this one of the innovations' Do not the 'educators' who run the scnools (with a s'low of know what ti.sj: And does not re- it depends CM the researc-ii. does tne latest reaeaich show? Is Ust j ear's pilous thsor> date? Poor They really do have a bad time keeping up, and being smart, mcdecn men The searc-h on open-area class- rooms by two clinical psye.iol- ogists, juat reported, shows that democracy) are doing? search school beginners entering open- area classrooms do laani to read as well as those in tra- ditional classrooms. Open clasa- es impair reading But I am not concerned with this specific item as much as vith the whole fetish of inno- v a t i o n instead of radical cnange And I am also con- cerned with the cost to the pub- lic or job-creating innovations v.hich waste tax-payers' money and turn out to be ill-advised because research is so often su- perficial Besides all that, I am xery concerned, as I Mr Mo ris la. with the number and quality cf non-teaching admin- istrators throughout the wiicle public school sjstem I do not refer here to the separate schools in though as the system grows or needs change, the separate system may imitate the other In that ue would be well-advised to ensure that co-ordmalors and other new 'experts' are also teaching hi the classrooms, and have experience at all levels PETER HUNT Lethbndge Inflationary ivages In 1972 a worker made per hour, which comes to 000 for a 2000 hour work year, for the sake of round figures. With a seven per cent in- crease he would receive in 1973; with a 10 per cent in- crease, he'd get By 1977, at seven per cent increases, his salary would be and at 10 per cent it would be By 1982 that's 10 years from now at seven per cent his salary would be that's more than J972, an increase of per cent. With 10 per cent increases for 10 years, his salary would be an increase of or 160 per cent. Extending this figuring to 20 years, he'll be up to over 000 at seven per cent, over at JO per cent, and in 30 years the fisures will be COO at seven, at 10. That that in 30 years, a man who gets a seven per cent increase every year will gain 661 par cent, and the man with a 10 per cent raise each vears will be ahead 1510 per cent. It should be obvious to any thinking person that we can't continue this inflationary policy for 30 years, not even for an- other 10 years. No wonder some university students figure the world we see now won't be there in an- other 30 years. And if it is, then working for wages 1310 per cent higher will soon make up for any lost time. HARVEY V. DAVTES And that is why old Sen Sara Ervin is in such a terrible fix He wants to go on with hearings that are vital to the health of this country But a lot of Americans are fed up the Watergate revelations. IV.ey want Old Sam to get lost so they can get back to their Alice in Wonderland notions tney are the freest people on earth living m the perfect democracy ever devised by man. Ervin keeps telling them that "the select committee didn t in- Watergate It was in- vented by men entrusted by the president with great politi- cal and governmental power Nevertheless, much of the public just wants Ervin and Ins committed to go away. It's trouble enough having to arouse oneself and vote every four years without some sanctimon- ious senator badgering you for the next four with evidence that you voted like a damn fool If somebody bought the White House, so what? When was the time when money didn't talk louder than anything else in this society? That's the public mood which the senator from North Caro- lina must contend with as he resumes the Watergate hear- ings. But Ervin knoAS, and somehow we must convince fins nanon of sheep, that it would be a tragely for democrat if tl.e Watergate committee failed to go on with phases two ana th-ee cf its hearings which mny help nation to de'ernrne (1) what is a fair campaign practice in an era when sophis- ticated electronic technology makes all sorts of dirty tactics possible, and (2) what should be taken to limit the big- money manipulations that have made the White House for sale to the biggest wheeler-dealer. Those two issues are infinite- ly more important in the long run than the" question of wheth- er Presi'ent Nixon was in on the Watergate burglary, or the cover-up or whether a few Cubans'rot in prison while the slick cats skate free. The vast cesspool of official crime and cover-up we have labelled Watergate represents Ihe worst debauching and cor- rupting of our electoral process in the nation's history, and the Ervin committee was right to devote its first efforts to trying to pinpoint the blame. But sure- ly punishing the culprits is no more important than de- vising safeguards to ensure that this kind of venality never again makes a mockery of our so- called free elections. Sen. Ervin knows this, and IIP says he will plow ahead dog- gedly. Surely his other commif- tee members know it too, but some of them are up for re- election next .5 ear. and they are, oh. so fearful they might ride these televised hearings to the point of diminishing returns. Some of the senators figure, accurately perhaps, that most Americans have their minds made up about Watergate A iriaiority is sure there is no President Nixon paid so little attention to his campaign for re-election that he didn't know what was going on. But llr.s majority has also concluded thsre isn't a ghost of a chance Mr Nixon can be impeached. And they aren't even sure they want him impeached, ghen the alternatives. Another group, a hard-boiled minority, will go on asserting Mr Nixon's total innocence even if the courts pry loose tape recordings that show Nix- on was hiding under Lorry O'Brien's bed with a Brownie camera the night of the Water- gate break-in Only a small minority of Am- ericans truly understand that more diggiing into Watergate is the mcst important busi- ness the American public has. Part of the problem is the average human being's abiiiiy to sustain shock. So what J 15 or so corporations did violate the law and give 5 million to the Nixon campaign? How excited is Joe Blow supposed to get over that when he's iieard a dozer, tender little stories about suspected crooks who send down a satchel stuffe'J with in bills, or big money laundered through Mex- ico' You hear a few of those revel- ations and pretty soon you're happy enough to take it for granted that all politicians are crooks, and go prop your feet up beside an icy six-pack while you wait for Billy Kilmer to throw the fear of God into the San Diego Chargers. Well, this is a time when neither Sam Ervin nor his col- leagues can afford to chicken out. So on with the Watergate hearings. The Americans they bore will be the Americans they save. to note. For the government has argued steadily, as the prime minister continued to do last Tuesday, that the government cannot do very much about in- flation resulting from world causes. The oil industry is con- spicuously internationalist and the present high prices for pet- roleum products reflect World pressures, especially heavy de- mand in the United States. But the government, rejecting a general freeze and general con- trols, has decided to treat the very cosmopolitan oil industry as a special and exceptional case It does appear, as Mr. Stanfield charged, that the gov- ernment is improvising as it slips and slides into the selec- tive controls that Mr. Lewis de- scribes as a "rollback." One re- sult is bound to be dis- crimination. A control mecha- nism is proper for oil but not for lumber, although that is also a very important industry which hss profited from what Mr. Truceau calls "opportunity Incidentally, the larg- est grievance voiced by Mr. Lewis v.as the complete failure of the government to offer any- thing for the relief of potential homeowners faced with inflated prices and sky-high rates of in- terest. The general approach, appar- ently, was to decide at any givan moment where the infla- tion shce pinches most pa'nfvl- ly Pensioners with fixed in- comes are the most vulnerable to price increases. the first concern of the government was to increase and index pen- sions: it is now casting its leg- islative r.el as far as possible in orde1' to cover most of those affected. Soar-.ig food prices, however, have led to a substantial widen- ing of this policy. There is an obvious cifference between sub- sidies directed to particularly herd-hit grouns and subsidies pj-id to hold down the prices of particular commodities. In the latter case we are being taxed in guod measure to subsidize ourseK es By its latest step the govern- ment hopes to wipe out the piospeclne October increase ui broad prices but not the Seo- tembar increase now talcing ef- fect It is not in reality check- ing the advance; it is creating an illusion that inflation is less painful than we think by ar- ranging for us to pay for it in a different How far is this to go' Tte Ca- nadian food basket contains a great many items. Is it enough that we should be taxed to meet our higher milk and bread prices or should we also subsi- dize ourselves through taxes to meet the other grocery bills? Rather oddly, the prime min- ister opened his statement with a general defence of the govern- ment's economic policy in- cluding the claim that ovr higher incomes this year much more than compensate for the burdens imposed by inflation. On this life with in- flation is not so bad. Yet the government is being forced re- peatedly to overhaul its policy, not for attacking inflation (ex- cept, under pressure, in particu- lar cases, such as that of the oi! industry) but for helping us to pax' its price. Mr. Lewis, to great applause from the government benches, insisted that controls are no an- swer to the inflationary prob- lem: experience in the United States and Britain being con- clusive, as he thought, on this point. It is much more certain that subsidies are no answer to in- flation. If met by taxation, they are simply a method of con- coaling costs. If they are and no one is advocating higher taxes most appalling exanrole of what can happen was doubtless the experience of the Germans when the French occupied the Ruhr. Passive re- sistance then meant wholesale subsidization and the worst, or almost the worst, inflation of modern times. We are far from that but we ran up huge bills in the fight against unemployment; found ourselves with the heaviest in- flation in our history and now apparently are to repeat the process, adding subsidy to sub- sidy in order to keep up with prices. Even if controls were only partially successful, which it is very likely, they would probably serve us better than this. The Uthbridge Herald SW 7th St. S., Lethbrtiige, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD LTD, Proprietors and PublwlMn Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN StCMd CUM Man No. 0015 The Canadian and the Canadian Dally Cubimwrj' and fht Audit Bureau of CircuHMoni CLEO W MOWEkS, Editor and PLtlHtwr iHCMAS H. ADAMS, General (JON PILLIHO HAY Managing Editor Editor ROY F MILES OOUGLA4 K. rfHIng PW Editor "THE HtPAtO 9MVES THE ;