Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 8, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday, September 8, 1973 THE UTHBRIDGI HfXAID 5 People of the South Chris Stewart The Canon's reason for living There was no welcoming committee, established congre- gation or even a church build- ing when Canon Gordon Goichl Nakayama arrived in Coaldale In 1945. He had to find mem- bers, purchase a site and ship in a church all the time as- suring himself he was glad he had come. Failure to establish a Japan- ese-Canadian church in Taber or Lethbridge (two likely loca- tions, he thought) hadn't sur- prised or disappointed him. Wasn't he accustomed to being unwanted ever since receiv- ing the terse 24 hour notice to board the waiting box car freighting him from Vancouver to Slocan City? He, along with fellow Japanese Cana- dians, living in the greater Vancouver area (classed as aliens and suspected as possi- ble saboteurs in 1942) had had his property sold at a ridi- culously low price, without con- sultation (the Nakayama house, worth sold, including fur- nishings, for a mere with a 'commission fee' tacked on) and was shipped off to a custodial camp in B.C.'s inter- ior. United Church Japanese were shipped to Kaslo; Roman Cath- olics to Greenwood; Buddhists to Sandon and Anglicans to Slocan City. They exchanged their lucrative berry and vege- table farms, fishing boats and Fraser Valley stores for hap- hazard ghost town living, do- void of radios, telephones, high schools and outside contact, for 35 cents an hour chopping wood and were housed in tents until dormitories were completed. Only the doctor and Canon Nakayama were allow- ed to leave the camp. The disappointment, depres- sion, loneliness and even bitter- ness could have festered into revenge had it not been for the influence of Canon Naka- yama's tireless example of Christian love and brotherhood on the displaced Japanese. As- sisted by nine Japanese mis- sionaries he baptized 200 con- verts in Slocan City's old St. Paul's Anglican church (enlarg- ed during his three year stay) his wife, nee Lois Masui Yao, graduate of Japan's Rya- 300 Kindergarten Training Col- lege, established early childhood training centres for the young. The "aliens" were given the choice of several post-war lo- cations including Montreal, southern Ontario, Winnipeg or Southern Alberta, or going to Japan. It was to the choos- ing Southern Alberta that Canon Nakayama was appointed to minister. His parish was to ex- tend from Brooks to Fort Mac- leod and Cardston to Medicine Hat with a Japanese-Canadian church to be established cen- trally, hopefully in Lethbridge or Taber. The cool response evidenced in these two centres turned him to Coaldale. He arrived by train and set- tled in two rooms above a store. With his savings he at- tempted to purchase a house, measuring 14 by 20 feet at 2115 17th Street, for use as a mansa- church but learning "ali- ens" were banned from owning property turned his savings over to Bishop, G. R. Rage who closed the deal. Soon the grow- ing congregation, initially com- prised of three Japanese fami- lies, required more space. "What about the unused kin- dergarten building sitting idle back in Slocan wonder- ed the workhorse minister. "They would be ideal if we could get them." Soon the frame structure dismantled and ship- ped by flat car to Coaldale (for paid out of the minister's pocket) was reassembled and painted and served as the Church of the Ascension (with the tiny mansa tucked on at the rear) until the new church was constructed in 1966, when the transported building be- came the church hall. As integration flourished, Oc- cidentals joined their Japanese neighbors in worship with pas- tor Nakayama preaching in both languages. A dual-lang- uage Anglican prayer book was provided. "If I have more Japanese than Occidentals in the congre- gation I give the outline in Eng- lish and preach in Japanese, or vice he explains. His success has gained world- wide recognition. In 1944 he ad- dressed the national executive meeting of the Anglican Church in Montreal on the daplorable aondiltions imposed upon his people. This speech spearhead- ed a commission which eventu- ally vaulted in some token rep- arations being made. Following the war he visited the Japanese- Canadians settled in Quebec, Manitoba and Ontario and in 1947 toured 70 American and Canadian cities speaking on be- half of the Japanese people. In 1951 he was loaned to the Am- erican church to establish an Anglican work on Okinawa. During his 14 month stay he saw his mission grow from the initial single Christian family to 56 baptized believers, 100 confirmees and a Sunday School of 850. His first convert went on to become a bishop and five trained as priests. His Christian ministry, span- ning 44 years, predominantly spent in Alberta's sugar-beet area (where he has baptized as many as 350 converts in a 10 year period) is a far cry from the planned medical ca- reer envisaged by Gordon Na- kayama when he sailed for Can- ada. One of seven children of Buddhist parents in Kurakawa, on Japan's smallest island of Shikoku, he was only 14 when his father died. Knowing his widowed mother, who cared for his grandparents and great grandmother as well as her own seven, couldn't afford to send him to high school. He found work at Kyoto (Japan's ancient capital) studisd at the Ryoyo high school and enroled at Riteumeikan university. At 18 he sailed for Vancouver to make his home with an uncls and aunt, Rev. and Mrs. Yoshi- mitsu Akagawa, directors of the Powell Street Japanese mission and landed a job in a doctor's office. His conversion to Christianity on Good Friday, 1920 at St. James Anglican church revolu- tionized this young immigrant: He was baptized in the city's Methodist church, became an active Sunday school teacher and church member and in 1926 married a young missionary from Japan also involved in the Powell street mission. Their first tragedy (the stillborn death of their first child) was the event that turned this would-be physician to the min- istry. The strength of his new- found faith and the solace of Christian friends were of in- estimable value. Invited by both the United and Anglican churches to prepare for minis- terial service Canon. Nakaya- ma, after lengthy deliberations, enroled at the Anglican Theo- logical college on the TJBC cam- pus in 1929 completing his theo- logical training while directing the Japanese-Canadian Third Avenue mission in Kistilano. He was ordained deacon in 1932 at Fairview's Holy Trin- ity church and priest in 1932 at Christ Church cathedral. Under his leadership the Kitsilano mis- sion, built in 1909 and replaced by the lovely Church of the Ascension just prior to the Second World War and Canon Nakayama's subsequent inter- ment, spiralled from 60 to 4M members under his leadership. The personal sacrifice of this author-missionary-minister (he has written 15 books) noted by Bishop G. Calvert and Arch- deacon R. Axon (who learned of his pitifully low salary) and brought it to the attention of Anglican authorities resulted in the Coaldala mission being in- corporated into the Diocese of Calgary. The whirlwind minis- ter was named vicar of Coaldale in 1955, served as rural dean of the Deanery of Lethbridge from 1961 to 1964 and was awarded the title of Canon of St. Paul in 1966. His only sen, Rev. Canon Timothy Makoto Nakayama is rector of St. Peter's Episcopal church in Seattle and his daughter. Mrs. David Kogawa. a poetsss, teaches at Carlton University. There are five grandchildren. His decision to devote month each year to foreign missionary service has taken him to many world rountries. Last summer he preached 144 times during his five month 'round the world mission. He is engaged at present in a similar tour to the Philippines, Malay- sia. Hong Kong. India, Aus- tralia and his native Japan and will be back at his Coaldale church in early November. "Our one life is the most im- portant thing in the he told his congregation before his departure. "We neither cre- ated it nor can we sustain it- only God does that, which makes us entirely dependent upon God from the moment of birth. It is man's need of God's forgiveness I feel compelled to shars with the world's people. This is why I must go." Retired in 1970 the 74 year Canon prefers to believe he is "retreaded" rather than re- tired." His Coaldale congrega- tion, who feted him on the eve of his departure for his second world trip, agree with him. As yet nobody has been found to replace him and it would ap- pear this zestful clergyman will rsturn to minister for many years yet. "My one desire is to live long so that I may preach the gos- pel to as many people as pos- he said as he packed his luggage for his global jaunt. The Voice Of One -By. DR. FRANK S. MORLEY CANON GORDON GOICHI NAKAYAMA Need contro for bad-tempered bees By Nigel Hawkes, London Observer commentator In 1957 a beekeeper in Sao Paulo, Brazil, accidentally re- leased 26 swarms of bees. This apparently harmless incident would have been forgotten long ago, had it not set off in Latm America a biological battle which has so far cost an un- counted number of lives, made thousands of beekeepers the and put in danger the survival of many plant species. Foi the bees which were set free were not the docile Italian honey bees which had formed the basis of the Brazilian honey industry. They were un- predictable, Dad-tempered bees imported from Africa IB an ettempt to improve the local strains by cross-breeding. Once free the African bees spread and multiplied, eliminating the Italian bees wherever they met them. They monopolized the flowers and even invaded other bee colonies, killing the queen and putting their own queen in her place. The queen is so important to the colony that a single Afri- can queen introduced into an Italian colony can quickly al- ter the genetic balance of the entire population. What result- ed was a Brazilian variant of the African bee. much like other bees to look at but dom- inated by the bad-tempered African genes. Since then the Brazilian hybrids have been spreading across the continent at the rate of 200 to 300 miles a year. Their effect has been disas- trous. The Brazilian bees can be domesticated like other bees, but they have inherited very demanding traits. To get into their hives for honey needs five times as much of the tranquil- lizing smoke used by beekeep- ers. When roused, the Brazili- an bee is capable of frighten- ing displays of anger, stinging 20 to 30 times as frequently as a colony of Italian bees. Brazi- lian bees have killed dogs, chic- kens and horses, and human deaths from bee stings in Bra- zil have in recent years reached 300 to 400 a year. The advancing bees are now moving inexorably towards the United Slates. A committee from the U.S. National Acade- my of Sciences has recently reported on possible ways of stopping them, before they in- vade across the Isthmus of Panama. Already there has been one close escape, when a swarm of Brazilian bees on board a ship docking Rich- mond. California, was destroy- ed before it could spread. The effect of the bees, says the NAS report, would be to limit commercial beekeeping, partly because of public fears about the bees' reputation. More important, however, might be the bees' effect on plants which rely on them for pollination. The Brazilian bees apparently cannot be trusted to stay in one area but while they are present they hinder the work of the native bees. "Many species of plants would become extinct or, at best, relatively non-produc- tive without insect pollination'' the report says. "The value of honey bee pollination to agri- culture has been estimated at million to million annually in the United States." The most likely way of stop- ping the bees, the committee suggests, would be to put up a "genetic barrier" across the Central American isthmus with- in the next four to six years. They have in mind a band of bees of desirable characteris- tics right across the isthmus through which the undesirable bees could not penetrate. The bees chosen to combat the Brazilian bees should be "relatively non-aggressive, non- swarming, non-niagratory and equal to the Brazilian bee in foraging activity." Once such a beo bad been developed by a special breeding program, the barrier region would be swamp- ed with them. Barrier drones would be reared in vast num- bers, and queens in the barrier region would be more likely to mate with the drones than with otiier bees. By killing some colonies altogether, or replac- ing their queens with more de- sirable ones, it would be possi- ble to select the best bees and eliminate the undesirable ones. Once the right kind of bar- rier bees had been developed, they could be used elsewhere to contain the Brazilian bee. The report suggests that two or three possible bsrrier bees should be cross-bred quickly and tested against the Brazilian bee. But the committee reccg- uized that a considerable amount of scientific work re- mains to be done if the Brazili- an bee is to be brought under control. Vvith only six or seven years to play with before the Brazilian bee arrives, the com- mittee recommends a prompt start Some brief book reviews "Stations West: The Story of the Oregon Railways" by Edwin D. Culp (The Claxton Printers Ltd., x 265 Very little text and an abund- ance of pictures conspire to tell the story of the Oregon rail- ways. It is a limited story that is told concentrating on the late 19th and early 20th cen- tury. The author admits that he has to some extent disre- garded the love of rail buffs for close-up views of rolling stock and given a lot of space to railroad stations, tickets, time tables and other things as- sociated with railroads. In- cluded in the book is a long de- lightfully sarcastic letter writ- ten to the editor of The Ore- gonian in 1887 about travel conditions on the railroad run- ning from Portland to Coburg. DOUG WALKER "Runaway Horses" by Yti- kio Mishima (Random Housfe of Canada Limited, 421 pag- es, Mishima exemplifies the clas- sic spirit of Japan in this ac- count of patriotic conspiracy during the 1930s when the de- pression was at its height. A time of great upheaval and changing social conditions marks the fiery progress of Isao who plans a violent plot against the new industrialists who seem to be rending the fabric of Jap- anese life. Yukio Misliima was born into a Samurai family that em- bodied complete control over mind and body and complete loyalty to the emperor. The same code that produced the self-sacrifice and austerity o f Zen. Mishima, author of 257 books, committed suicide (seppuku) at the age of 45 on November 25, 1970. A weD-known 'rightist' he had at his command a private army of one hundred unarmed young men. ANN SZALAVARY "The Accomplice" by Adri- enne Richard (Little. Brown and Company, 174 pages, Benjy McNaughton is a 15- year old boy who is sent to Is- rael to help his father in an archaeological dig. Benjy wants to get better acquainted with his dad and in the process he gets involved with an Arab ter- rorist plot. The author provides an inter- esting descripion of an archae- ologist's work and treats the father son relationship with sympathy and understanding. A well written novel that should be of interest to senior high students as well as adult read- ers. TERRY MORRIS "Foxfire 2" edited with an introduction by Eliot Wiggin- lon (Donbleday Canada Ltd., 410 pages, paper A potpourri of folklore from ghost stories, spring wild plant foods, spinning and weaving, midwifing, burial customs, corn shuckins, to bee keeping abound in this unusual book. Under the leadership of Eliot Wigginton the book was prepar- ed by a group of high school students who learned what community life in the past was all about by working directly with the local people. Much of the be ok is produced In the vernacular which makes for folksy but frequently diffi- cult reading. Since it was not intended to be instructional Hie reader planning to embark on any of the projects would be wise to check with other sourc- es. What's done in one locale isn't necessarily the best way. e.g. washing of unspun wool in detergent. The projects themselves are interesting enough and this- book should find its place on any high school shelf. ELSIE MORRIS "I, Nuligak'' edited by Mau- rice Metayer (Peter Martin Associates 208 This book is rare in the fact that it is written not only about, bur by, an Eskimo, Nuligak was born in 1895 and the book traces his life from his earliest memories through to his old It reads in a somewhat choppy manner but is interest- ing all the same, if only for the reason it is written by a man whose people have written lit- tle. The editor's notes add depth to the book. Nuligak is now dead but this book is the only personal history of an Eskimo and will live on as his contribution to Canadian lit- erature. GARRY ALLISON "1973 Automobile Alman- ac" by David Ash (Distribut- ed by Fitzhenry and Whiteside Limited, 230 pages, For anyone Interested in cars this has to be a treasure at a bargain price. I have watched several young men avidly read parts of this book while visiting our home. It is packed with in- formation about 1973 cars, speed records, motor assem- blies (complete with history, and champions. The dust jacket claims this is the world's most respected annual automotive reference. True not, it is an impressive and compact book. DOUG WALKER The American presidency President Nixon is a very ordinary man; no one has ever suggested otherwise. That he is also a ruthless, unscrupulous, and hard-hearted man is the opinion of well- informed people like Jerry Voorhis Strange Case of Richard Eriksson Press) and the Manchester Guardian's Am- erican correspondent. Yet to indict Richard Nixon it is necessary to indict the Am- erican people and the American system. The people and the system elected him with a huge majority. Rather than condemnation, one feels for Nixon a great pity. Consider his remote- ness from the people, an isolation impos- sible in the Canadian system of responsible government, so different from the Ameri- can checks and balances system. (Be- cause of this difference it is almost im- possible to convey to Americans the im- portance of the role of the monarch in the Consider also the awe- some powers given the president and real- ize tnat in exercising them he lacks that joint cabinet responsibility enjoyed by Ca- nadian prime ministers, In the first place he is the chief execu- tive, head of a "cabinet'' vaguely resem- bling the Canadian, a shadowy body com- posed of 10 department heads, without any power, often going for long periods without meetirg according to presidential whim. The president is also head of 1816 agencies with 2.5 million employees. In all major decisions he sits in grim loneliness. "The buck stops said Truman. "Seven nays, one aye the ayes have it." said Lincoln flouting his cabinet, The cabinet may consult, it does not decide. Further, the foreign policy of the Uni- ted States is made by the president. He decides on recognition of states, controls negotiations with foreign powers, appoints and receives ambassadors, end concludes executive agreements of vital importance. Congress declares war, but the presidential policies avoid or precipitate war. They can take aggressive, belligerent action. In war- time, presidential powers are practically unlimited. The deep sense of tragedy felt by the American people today comes from the fact that they are leaderless, without the charismatic head of state who guides and controls. In its policy of separation of powers, tba constitution intended that the president'! legislative power would be very limited, but his power to initiate legislation is now vast indeed, while his veto power can nullify much of the initiative of Congress. A Canadian listening to a presidential speech is astonished at the enormous body of legislation and billion-dollar decisions ho makes. As party leader, of course, the president has a never-ending mass of detail which requires political sagacity of the highest order. Without dynamic leadership the whole American system falls into confu- sion. The personality of the president is therefore of paramount importance. Tha most poignant question in the United States today is, "Can the president With- out his drive and political domination a sense of lostness and bewilderment grips the country. A famous television newscaster suggests that President Nixon's decision to appeal the matter of the tapes to the Suprems Court means that he has such confidence in his nominations to that body that he Is assured of getting decisions in his favor. Could anything be more unfair or more contemptuous of the Court? The suggestion is ntemptible and does the news media gra- damage. A source of sanity By Peter Hunt Browsing in bookshops is as rewarding, In its own way, as wandering through his- toric countrysides. I do not refer to those neon-lit emporiums of garish paperbacks and trivial best-sellers. There are no dis- coveries to be made there, except further evidence of fashion and folly. No, I mean those solidly-stocked, sometimes old shops which draw one inside with aroma of leather bindings, print and paper, and promises of rare bargains and rich sub- stance. The shop may deal in new or second- hand books, or both, but its resources are breathed, as it were, into its very atmosphere. In a sense, one can smell the good books out. If for no other reason, it would be grand to live in London for a while, to enjoy its Arabian Nights world of bookphops. Over there, one can buy leather-bound masterpieces, new from the press, for a few Canadian dollars, about a quarter of the price they command in this country. And there are still a few rare editions to be found. These are ex- pensive, but so are diamonds. I have bought some beautifully bound volumes over the years, in cities such as Sydney, Melbourne, Toronto, London, Dub- lin and Victoria, and at a low price. Among them, have been a century old edition of Pope's poetry in morocco, gold emboss- ed, for a few dollars and a perfect, little leather-bound volume of Charlotte Bronte's Shirley for 70 cents; one bought in Sydney 25 years ago; the other in Canterbury last summer. But none among many such pur- chases has pleased me as much as a very- ordinary-looking, cloth-bound work found in Victoria. Fort Street in Victoria is a delightful street, especially its lower end, where the little, tightly packed bookshops are. I found in one of these a first edition of G. K. Chesterton's, Whats Wrong With the World, And with what I regard as symbolic signi- ficance, it was first published in America. It may not seem to be a bibliophile's joy to find a first edition of Chesterton. After all, he is a relatively recent writer. Moreover, for some he is still somewhat passe, as all great writers have been in the fluctuations of fame. But the real point for me, at least, is the regard I have for this writer, and the nature of the book. The title is deliberately dogmatic. The substance is perennial. Sanity and wit shine out on every page. Politicians and teachers (and non-teaching would find it cleansing. Con- sider, for these words: "There has arisen, in our time, a most singular fancy: the fancy that when things go very wrong we need a practical man. It would be far truer to say that when things go very wrong we need an unpractical man. Certainly, at least, we need a theorist. A practical man means a man accustomed to mere daily practice, to the way things commonly work. When things will not work, you must have the thinker, the man who has lome about why they work at all." As Professor Creighton points out in September's issue of Maclean's, things have gone wrong in Canada. Many read Macleans, but few have even heard of George Grant, a Canadian thinker of great stature who can tell us what Is wrong. What would the self-styled futurologists think of this comment: "Among the many things that leave me doubtful about tha modern habit of fixing eyes on the fu- ture, none is stronger than this: that all the men In history who have really dona anything with the future have had tbeir eyes fixed upon the past." In Chesterton's vision, "there is no Revolution that is not a Restoration." A historical perspective lets us see the truth of these words, and that is what the conventional innovators do not have. It is also the reason for tha common confusion between avant garde fashion-mongering and radicalism. Tba true radical gets down to the roots of human needs and their negation in tha status quo. Chesterton puts the point wit- tily: "There is not really any coiragc at all In attacking hoary or antiquated things, any more than in offering to fight one's grandmother. The really coura- geous man is he who fights tyrannies young as the morning and superstitious fresh as the first flowers. The only trua free-thinker is he whose intellect Is as much free from the future as from the past. He cares as little for what will be as for what has been; he cares only for what ought to be." In the context, Chesterton was challenging both the pessimism that past failures induce, and the false opti- mism of the cult of evolutionary progress. In other words, he saw clearly the need for the only source of renaissance; the dynamic of fundamental human needs. Chesterton did not share the folly of complacent Whigs and their brothers under the skin, the aristocracy of Eng- land. He did not equate tradition with tha charades of privilege. He wrote: "The real power of the English aristocrats has lain in exactly the opposite of tradition. The simple key to the power of our upper classes 3s this: that they have always kept carefully on the side of what is called Progress." Political conservatives are often protectors of the interests of politi- cal progressivists. Opposed to them both are the champions of the great moral tra- dition that rises above party po'itics and adminis t r a t i v e convenience. Education hands on this tradition. As G. K ex-, presses it: "such people are especially shrinking from that awful and ancestral responsibility to which our fathers com- mitted us when they took the wild step of becoming men. I mean the responsibility of affirming the truth of our human tradi- tion and handing it on with a voice of authority, an unshaken voice. That is the one eternal education; to be sure enough that something Is tnie that you dare to tell it to a child." Relevant? In a period of extreme dis- quiet and restless surface change, the book is as fresh as the cun each morning.