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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 8, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 18 THE LETHBRIDCE HERALD Saturday, September S, 1973- New distillery Final plans are being made for the opening Oct. 1 of Palliser Distillery Ltd. in the industrial park area of north lethbridge. The actual distillery, upper left and the storage facility make up the complex. Huge vats, centre, wait for the mixtures of rys and grain corn, mostly from Southern. Alberta farmers, and other additives which make liquors. David Hyds, plant mar.oger, lower pic- ture, checks one of the hundreds of switches, diols and meters in the elecJron- ic control room. RICK ERVIN PHOTOS Animals worked 5 to 10 minutes a vear Alberta rodeo producers? SPCA fget along' Alberta rodeos maintain the welfare of animals and stock contractors co-operate with the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, says the "Society's executive direc- tor. A. W. Bruce, commenting in .a telephone interview from Edmonton on a widely-publi- cized report of an American humane society which damned rodeo as cruel to ani- mals, said rodeo and the SPCA get along fine in Al- berta. "We would prefer that ani- mals were not used for the entertainment of people, but rodeos: are established here and .our job is not to find fault but to police them and to see that the welfare of the animals .is he told The Herald. He added tho Canadian Rodeo Cowboys Association has a fine set of rules with which it governs its affairs and which makes it easy for SPCA officials to police rodeo action. "We find the stock con- tractors very co operative with our constables. "Everything is under con- trol here and we have no difficulties as far as rodeo is concerned." he stated. A report of the Humane ciety of the United States branded "biased and ridicu- lous" by the Rocleo Cowboys Association of Denver, Color- ado, listed calf roping, steer roping or "busting" and the three riding events as cruel to the animals. The larger American Hu- mane Association, founded in 1877 with two million mem- bers (the HSUS has members and broke away from the AHA in stated in a news release that its "statistics compiled over the past is years disagree almost completely with everything the HSUS is saying." The AHA pointed out that while there, are injuries to rodeo animals they number less than one-half of one per cent of all rodeo stock. Mr. Bruce concurred with the small percentage of deaths and injuries here in Alberta. "There are some fatalities of course, but the percentage is extremely low." The average death loss on farms and ranches is esti- mated at about one per cent annually. The HSUS's complained about the bucking stock and the flank strap, saying it is "a heavy leather strap, cinch- ed tightly around the animal's flanks." The flank strap is, in fact, covered with thick sheepskin. It is about as tight as a man's belt, and if it is pulled too tight the animal won't buck at all. There are no sharp or cut- ting objects attached to the strap nor do the cowboys put burrs or irritants under the saddle to make the horse buck. The average bucking horse works no more than five to 10 minutes a year, rodeo spokes- men say. For these few min- utes work he is treated with the utmost care by the stock contractor, for in order to put on a show the contractor must have healthy animals. If it wasn't for their rodeo ability most of these horses would end up as dog food, glue or even hamburger for Euro- pean markets, rodeo spokes- men claim. Among the many rules set down by the cowboys' associa- tions and praised by the other animal protective societies are rules concerning the non- use cf stimulants, sharp ob- jects, wooden paddles, locked rowels on spurs or sharpened rowels. The cattle prod used by most contractors is "used with discretion" according to Mr. Bruce. He also felt that the battery-operated prod, regu- lated to use only on the ani- mal's hips and shoulder area, did no damage. The batteries produce volt- age but no amperage, hence the comparison to "putting your finger in a light socket" is nonsense. The prod can do nothjng more than create a mild shock, it does not burn like a light socket shock does. Defencs policy okays chemical weapon use By AL SCARTH Herald Staff Writer CFB SUFFIELD Can- ada may retaliate with chem- ical weapons but not biologi- cal ones if they are used against the country or its al- lies, a defence policy state- ment reveals. The statement, approved by the defence research board, says Canada "never has had and does not possess any bi- ological weapons (or and does not intend to devel- op, produce, acquire, stock- pile or use such weapons at any time in the future." But it leaves open the pos- sibility that the armed forces may use chemical weapons such as nerve gas if they are used against the military forces or civilian Deputations of Canada or its allies. "Canada does not intend at any time in the future to use chemical weapons in war, or to develop produce, ac- quire or stockpile such wea- pons for use in warfare, un- less these weapons should be used against the military forces or the civil peculation of Canada or its allies.'' it states. NO SAMPLE TOXINS "Canada does not possess any chemical weapons other than the devices of the type used for crowd and riot con- trol purposes in many coun- tries." Dr. BO! Stewart, director of research at the defence re- search establishment here, said he did not believe the station even sam- ples of toxins used in biologi- cal weapons to spread di- sease. If any samples from pre- vious research were found. Ir.ftv would be destroyed. But. the station possessed SEinrles of toxic materials used in chemical warfare, he said in releasing the policy statement. Such samples were necessary for research into defenses against chemical weapons. "It is recognized." the state- ment says, "that, under pres- ent world conditions, the CF (Canadian Forces) may be committed to participate in a war in which biological and chemical warfare agents are used and it is only prudent therefore that, within the terms of this policy, the CF be prepared for such eventu- ality insofar as protective measures are concerned. PROTECTION "This includes a require- ment to study and develop knowledge of the capabilities and potential of biological and chemical weapons to en- sure that protective measures are adequate." A preamble to the statement says Defence against nuclear, biological or chemical (NBC) attacks "is defined as only Art group meeting set The Alberta Ait Founda- tion, a group which purchases and collects Alberta works, will visit the city Thursday to discuss the future of art in the province. The foundation, formed a year ago by the provincial government, purchases the visual art work as it visits towns and cities in the prov- ince. Members of the founda- tion are two artists and five laymen. In Lethbridge, the founda- tion is expected to meet with artists who have been sent invitations by the Allied Arts Council. Seventy six artists have been invited. The two groups will meet at Ericksen's Family Restaur- ant at an 8 p.m. reception. Friday the foundation will meet to examine the sugges- tions made by local artists the previous night. New service station to open A new Gulf Oil service sta- tion will open Sept. 15 in Leth- bridge, replacing a station at 1806 3rd Ave. S. The new station, to be oper- ated by the present lessee of the 3rd Avenue station, will be located at 16th Ave. and Mayor Magrath Drive. In a release. Gulf Oil states the new station will be better equipped "to serve the motor- ing public" than the present Superior Gulf location. those protective measures required for the protection of CF personnel from NBC at- tack. It dees not connote the offensive use of NBC wea- pons in the defensive role." Protection and protective measures included detection, individual and collective pro- tection, decontamination, self- aid and first-aid. Dr. Stewart said it was pos- sible many countries possess- ed the capability to produce chemical. weapons. He said that 700 tons of poison mustard gas stored since 1941 at the station was a "rather large sample." The gas which is stored as a li- quid should soon be de- stroyed. Mustard gas c? destruction near CFB SUFFIELD It's called mustard gas but it's stored as a liquid. It doesn't smell as much like mustard as it does garlic. Other olfactory descriptions include dead horses, lamp oil and diseased vegetables. Known by some First World War veterans as "Hun Stuff" from its initials, (the initials may have come it is familiar to others as Yperite. That angliciz e d name originated from Ypres in France where the vicious material was first used in warfare on July 12. 1917. This haunting reminder of past brutalities, a weapon used by none of the combat- ants in the Second World War if only bacause it was loo hard to control, still lurks in lead-lined vaults here. It is called a mustard mon- ument by Clay Iverson, dir- ector general of the defence research establishment. It is a monument to torn out lungs and blistered flesh that he wants to destroy. With the help of slaked lime (quick lime mixed with water) destruction of the poison could be under way by year's end. The four concrete vaults cf death are to be tiriptieri. Their terrible contents will be vigorously blended with the slaked lime. The result? "A junky, slurry, aqueous says research "direc- tor Dr. Bill Stewart. But it is virtually harmless: A mixture of a compound similar ID anli-i'reeze, cal- cium chloride used some places on highways to cut ice instead of salt and some sul- phur containing compounds. It may be burned in the establishment's o r depending on the results of test burns of a few hundred gallons of the converted poi- son. Some may bs spread on the prairie to determine how effectively micro organisms in the soil decompose the substance. The province is keenly in- terested in this aspect of the destruction. Data on the re- sults could apply to disposal of wastes from natural gas production. The method to turn the mustard into relatively innocuous substances is call- ed hydrolysis and the result a hydrolysate. The cost should be under compared to S270.00D to destroy the poison