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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 8, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IE1HBR1DGE HERALD Friday, September 8, 1972 Frances iCairncross Prairie mavericks Away back 1921, when their province was a mere 15 years old, the voters Alberta decided they de- served something different from tha old line political parties, so they elected a brand new one, the United Farmers Alberta. Damned as so- cialist, the UFA made a strange is- land in the Canadian sea of political propriety, but it stayed in power for the next 14 years. By 1935 Albertans felt they'd had enough of the UFA but still wanted to lie different, so they discovered an- other new political movement, oddly named Social Credit, and flocked to its banner. Social Credit had an even longer run; it ruled Alberta for 36 years before finally losing last year's election to the Conservatives. So in 1971 Albertans returned to political orthodoxy, the first time in a half century they had given power to one of the old line parties. Now, Alberta is once more a political is- land, the only one of four Western provinces not governed by the New Democratic Party, our closest ap- proach to a genuine left-wing political force. Do you suppose Albertans really are different? Holding two jobs Statistics Canada calculates that the unemployment rate could be re- duced from 6.2 per cent to 3.3 per cent if moonlighters could be per- suaded to abandon one of their jobs. The holding of two jobs has been re- ported by 2.8 per cent of the em- ployed people in Canada. There are some flaws in the notion that reducing moonlighting would in- crease employment, however. The most obvious of these is that many second jobs are not full-time. They are weekend jobs or piece-work jobs. Such employment would not support a family. Doubtless there are some moon- lighters who do not need extra in- come and merely have consumer appetites that outrun a single income. But the likelihood is that the major- ity who hold second jobs do so be- cause their first job does not yield sufficient income to support a fam- ily. For these, people to give up their second job could mean an eventual surrender to living on welfare and an increase in unemployment. Hope of solving the unemployment problem by persuading people to give up second jobs is not very realistic at any rate. To persuade people to such a course of action would re- quire a prior reduction in wants or needs which might involve a consid- erable change in the philosophy and structure of our society. Such a change may be desirable but not easily conceived or effected. C, S, R, and P Curious about that lettering on the Soviet hockey team sweaters? For the record, what looks to Canadians like the letter C, is the Cyrillic al- phabet equivalent of S, and what ap- pears to us to be a P, is the Cyrillic R. In words CCCP stands for USSR in English, and if you don't know it by now, that indicates the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics. USSR or CCCP it spells a formidable hockey team in anybody's language. As for Canadian team member Cournoyer his name is correctly pronounced thus Corn-wy-yay. Well that's about as close as we can come to it without using phonetics which are not available on the Herald's linotype machines. There's no "oi" in Cournoyer, Mr. Hewitt, "er" is "ay" in French in Counoyer's case anyway. Will Peron return? Exiled Argentinian dictator, Gen- eral Juan Peron, 76, has been living quietly in Spain with his second wife for the past 16 years. A large number Argentinians evidently want him back, but he has missed the deadline for presenting his candidacy for the presidential elections scheduled for next March. Peron's Argentinian mouthpiece says the general will re- turn in October, but the guessing is that he won't. He'll field a stand-in Peronist candidate, and station him- self in relative safety out of the country, possibly in neighboring Par- aguay. Argentine president, General Lan- usse, has got himself hoist on the horns of a dilemma. He is responsible for announcing the coming elections, against the wishes and advice of the army which currently controls the country. Now it is beginning to look as if the Peronisls could win, with or without the presence of their elder- ly namesake. Speculation has it that the military may persuade Lanusse to call off the election. If they do they risk a ground swell of opposition and grow- ing terrorism. It's a bit baffling to outsiders who find it hard to believe that after 16 years, Peron, a man who suppressed freedom of speech and the press, who ran the country deeply into debt, and who was as ruthless a dictator as the world has ever known, is still a political force in Argentina and without the mesmerizing Eva at that. Free to ivork on Sundays TTHE Supreme Court of Alberta has ruled that it is no longer a crime to pvork on Sunday for reason other than ne- cessity and mercy. This comes as a considerable relief to people like me who have been working on Sunday for years. It is harrowing to live from day to day, knowing that you are violating the law, wondering if you should, like Jean Valjean, take to the sewers be- fore a latter-day Inspector Javert claps the cuffs on you. Most of my working on Sunday has been committed in British Columbia, where the police are more tolerant towards the com- pulsive worker. I believe that they have been aware that I was engaged In illicit toil but they have looked the other way. After all, I was only a kid. Like most other criminals I worked out a rationale, to justify my unlawful writing on the Sabbath. Given the choice of legiti- mate reasons for doing so necessity ard mercy I chose necessity. I would hava chosen mercy except that I couldn't see a judge accepting a writer's classifying him- self with nurses and bootleggers. I seemed to fit in better with firemen, zookeepers and sleeping car conductors. But deep down Inside I knew that rr.y writing on Sunday was not a necessity as the law defined it. If I did not work on Sunday no fire would go unfought, no beast would go unfed except the one crouched over my typewriter. Economic necessity was not necessity In the eyes of the law, as an excuse for working on Sunday. The only time I work'' ed on Sunday in Alberta, whose Supreme Court has rescued me from the Dostoev- skian darkness o{ crime and punishment. Sorting out the world's money troubles T ONDON Between now and the end of September, when the International Mone- tary Fund has its annual gen- eral meeting in Washington DC, finance ministers and cen- tral bankers will be bouncing round the globe like squash balls. First tlw Common Market Monetary Committee met in Brussels early this week. The following weekend, the central bankers have'their first month- ly meeting in Basle after the summer holiday. The day that ends, the scene shifts to Rome for a two-day meeting of Com- mon Market finance ministers. And 10 days after that, the fi- nance ministers of the Com- monwealth countries assemble in London for their annual lire- IMF meeting. Then, the weekend after they finish, finance ministers and central bankers from all over (he world pour into the Shera- ton Park Hotel in Washington, was as an erk during the Second World War. There was plenty of sabbatical ne- cessity to go around during the war. But the dispensation was not extended for those of us who subsequently got involved in the war against poverty. We have had to wait another 30 years before we irregu- lars could straggle out of the economic jungle and be pardoned for knocking our- selves out on Sunday. Now we are free to work on Sunday, in Alberta anyhow, without feeling like a branch of the Mafia. Tills does no real harm to the Lord's Day, because I find that sometimes the Lord's Day does not fall on Sunday. I have icnown the Lord's Day to fall on a Thursday, if the sun's smile was beatific enough and the breeze properly hymnal. The Lord's day even occurred on a Mon- day, once delayed by a heavy snow- fall that took a day to settle into the sub- lime. The Lord's Day may just possibly be- come more meaningful, if it is not quite so tightly bound to the seventh day of the week. I've known weeks when I've had a whole run of Lord's Days, maybe five or six in a row, when I didn't do a stitch but felt at one with the cosmos. I hope to avoid becoming bigotled about Sunday as a work day. Those who prefer to continue to regard it as an obligatory day of rest, regardless of whether they are tired, and a day of leisure, notwith- standing the rain bucketing from an un- co-operative heaven, are entitled to their view. We ex-felons can afford to be charitable. Never on Sunday is ultra vires. (Vancouver Province Features) for tho annual meeting of tha International Monetary Fund. This meeting always kicks off with a Sunday afternoon gathering of the Group of Ten, the club of 10 of the wealthiest and most influential countries in the international monetary community. Why all this frantic activity? Many of the meetings are rou- tine, but that does not neces- sarily mean that their discus- sions will be predictable. All of them will touch on some of the mass of points which a consen- sus of international opinion now feels need reform. These prob- lems might be set out under four headings. First, there is the question of how exchange rates should be adjusted. Since the war, most countries have kept their ex- change rates fixed most of the time, generally denominated in terms of the dollar, and have either devalued or revalued against the dollar when they felt their rate was getting out of line with those of their main trading partners. Now, three problems laca this system. First, countries are increasingly prepared to let their exchange rates float, pro- pelled largely by market forces, to a new exchange rate in- stead of simply announcing a devaluation or revaluation. Sec- ond, the Europeans are, for es- sentially political reasons, un- happy about using the dollar as the standard against which their exchange rates are set. They point out that it means that the dollar can never be de- valued: other cour.tries have to revalue which means the same thing economically, but may be less popular with do- mestic electorates. And third, the Common Market countries are trying to work out their own scheme of monetary union, which would eventually tie the exchange rates of the 10 Com- mon Market countries firmly to each other. How should this bo fille4 in to a new monetary or- Tho second major topic which will have to be discuss- ed and it is inextricably link- ed to the first is that of in- ternational reserves. Since tha Second World War most coun- tries have kept their reserves in a mixture of gold, sterling, other currencies and a growing quantity of dollars. But many countries are in- creasingly unhappy about hold- ing dollars. The essential son is that the dollar is now formally and for some years has been informally uncon- vertible. This means that cen- tral banks which hold dollars in their reserves cannot swap them for gold or other curren- cies. The dollar is unconvertible because the United States has run a balance of payments defi- cit for many years, paying the difference with dollars which are still in foreign hands. To swap this stack of foreign dol- "I'm not exactly enjoying this I'm just trying to stay alive." lars or even part of It foi gold at the present gold-dollar exchange rate would quickly wipe out the U.S. holdings of gold. What should be done? Most countries will want to discuss two solutions. The first Is to re- store the convertibility ot the dollar. There are a limited number of ways this can be done. The price of gold could be raised (so that the U.S. swapped more dollars for less The dollar balances in foreign hands could be funded, or frozen, so that there would be no big rush to cash them for gold. Or everyone can wait for a new U.S. surplus, which would earn gold and foreign currency to pay off the foreign dollar holders. The second solution to the re- serve problem is to create a new kind of reserve, which would have none of the political strings of the dollar, and might be used to buy up the dollar holdings of foreign central banks. The system of Special Drawing Rights, the Interna- tional Monetary Fund's new in- ternational currency, has now been in existence for 18 months. It might be extended; or the Common Market countries might want to think about in- venting an international money of their own. The third main problem la perhaps the most intractable of all. It is the question of what to with the vast movements of speculative capital "hot" money which can put un- bearable pressure on a weak currency. Their strength was demonstrated in June, when In the space of a week speculative flows of money out of sterling forced the British government to abandon its official exchange rate and allow the pound to float. This is a problem which will particularly interest the central bankers gathering in Basle: they see the size of these tidal waves of "hot" mon- ey at first hand and tend to re- gard them as a more serious and immediate threat to world monetary stability than the questions of exchange rate ad- justment and of reserves. It would be wrong to expect a, single, comprehensive plan for the future of the world's monetary system to-'emerge from all these meetings. Changes in the system hava come in the past, not from carefully worked out agree- ments, but more often from makeshift attempts to solve an immediate crisis. And with no immediate crisis to goad them into action, finance ministers and central bankers may pre- fer to talk about the problems that need to be solved and then do nothing. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Carl Roivan Those lucky' blacks and their 'job quotas' WASHINGTON It is going to come as a wry shock to millions of hungry, miser- able black Americans that they have been getting so many of the goodies of American life that the white majority feels discriminated against. But that is exactly President Nixon is telling us as he prohibits job "quotas" in federal employment. This is a political year, and the president knows that all sorts of whites (including those ui the American Jewish Com- mittee, to this reporter's dis- may) are yelling about quotas. So I understand the political wisdom of Mr. Nixon's gambit, even while deploring it as abys- mal leadership. The problem is that millions of while Americans who do not remotely consider themselves racists know of some instance where a black got something they think their child or a friend was entitled to. So they have swallowed the notion Uiat "the government is giving ev- erything to blacks." Or they utter with bitter relish the cliche that "the thing to he to- day is black and a woman." One of my columning col- leagues put it succinctly re- cently when he deplored racial quotas by saying: "ft hns reached the point in many in- stances where a black of in- ferior qualifications is prefer- red to a white with superior ones. A black with a modest academic record can frequent- ly take his choice of half a dozen prestigious colleges; a white with the same or better grades often v.ill have to set- tle for a state university." Since whites usually decide who is inferior and who is su- perior, that is an easy allega- tion for a while man to moke, although he can scarcely tell you the inferior black is who took a job from which superior white person. The Civil Service Commis- sion, which is to enforce Mr. Nixon's ban on quotas, has put out a report on minority em- ployment in government that the president ought to read. So should my columning friend. It shows that of all government jobs paying more than a year, blacks hold a mere two per cent. Of those paid less than blacks hold 25.4 per cent. Is that discrimination against Books in brief "The Bird Gardener's Book" by Rupert BarringUm, {Grosset and Dunlop, H CANADA'S nesluig grounds becoming scarcer each year, this book is very timely in instructing urban bird fanciers on how to encour- age birds to nest in their gar- dens. Many people have feeding stations for birds but have no idea bow lo approach making protected nesls so that birds will not simply eat and run. This book deals with all facets of an "urban renewal" pro- gram for birds, right in our own back yards. MARGARET LUCKHURST "A Hook of Canada" by Wil- liam Toye (Collins, 4T5 pages with 52 photographs, S3.93> rpHIS is a very interesting book for those who enjoy Canadian history ard literature. It would be very dull reading i( the reader didn't enjoy history. The print is small and this takes away from easy readabil- ity. The book could be enhanced by some color pictures; the black and white prints are good and do manage to show what the author meant. RIC SWIHART whites? The only effective "quota" for blacks is in the messenger, janitorial, menial categories. All the minorities In the na- tion blacks, Orientals, Span- ish-surnamed, etc., which make up about 20 per cent of the pop- ulation hold a mere 2.7 per cent of the top-level (GS 16-18) jobs in government. That report proves that it Is a blooming outrage for people who ought to know befter to feed white paranoia with this malarkey suggesting that mi- norities are getting jobs that whites are entitled to. You read, or listen to, this nonsense about "quotas" and all you can think of is that one black American in three lives in poverty; that blacks are un- employed at twice the rate of whiles; that the normal black family must make do on 60 per cent of the income of the nor- mal white family. You wonder how long you can preach re- sponsible struggling within the system in the face of such cruel, cynical, dumb talk about "quotas." If someone had decreed that blacks must have 11 per cent of the jobs at every grade level, that they must automatically have 11 per cent of the seats in Congress, I would be the first to shout, I'm proud enough to believe blacks might, in some millennium, get 22 per cent on merit. But no one has enforced, or proposed, that kind of quota. Honest officials have simply noted that the bureaucracy does not respond to general or- ders to end discrimination. You have to spell out a "goal." Only then will personnel depart- ments cut out the nonsense where a black college graduate is adjudged scarcely capable of cleaning spitoons. Now about this college bit. As a trustee of a couple of fair- to-m 1 d d 1 i n' institutions, learned how the system works. Grades are just one factor in determining who gels in. Lead- ership potential is, and ought to be, every bit as important as book w o r m i s h qualities. The child of a prominent alumni with a B-plus has a leg up en another applicant with straight A's. The offspring of a gener- ous donor has an advantage. A strong recommendation from a respected teacher or principal will make a lot of C's and B's look like A's. Good colleges don't want to be country clubs; they would be lesser educational facilities if they were. So they need mi- norities. Why shouldn't they consider some olher-than- grades factors to make their student bodies more represen- tative of the nation? All this babel about quotas reminds me of the comment of the big-corral guru of the GOP, John Wayne. "I believe in white supremacy until blacks are educated to the point of re- he said. "I don't believe in giving authority and positions of leadership and judgment to Irresponsible peo- Some of the people deploring "quotas" Uiese days would retch at being compared with Wayne, but their argument is about the same. If you see that blacks are so bad off, and you refuse to admit that they ara being discriminated against, you have to believe that they are bad off because they are in- ferior. Thero Is no black escape from that Imprisoning white judgment. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Looking backward Through The Herald 192Z A strike of the rail- way shopmen on Canadian lines is Inevitable from what can be seen at the present moment. .1032 No relief will granted to transients by the city of Lelhbridge this winter, declared Mayor Barrowman. The city cannot do more than assist its own citizens. 1M2 Cardston High School will close for two Sept. 14 lo 28 lo allow stu- dents to assist in the harvest fields. 1932 Lelhbridge will be turned over to more than 200 doctors from September 24 to 27 as the first convention of the Aloerta division of the Cana- dian Medical Association to be held here since 1929 Is staged in the Sports Centre. The Lcthbtidgc Herald 504 7th St. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1903-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Man Registration No. 001? Member of Tha Canadian and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Auoclallon and the Audlr Bureau of CLEO II. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DOH PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUOLAO K. WALKEK Advertising Manager Editorial page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;