Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 8, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
28 IHt IITHBRIDGE HERALO Friday, Soplember B, 1972 Can deposed Sihanouk make Cambodia come-back? By PETER BEELEY 'London Observer Cambodia is entering an un- easy prelude to the elections for its National Assembly this month the first elections for the 12G seats since Cambodia became the Khmer Republic in October 1970. North Vietnamese soldiers and local Vietcong control much of the eastern and south- ern countryside, and the sha- dow of Prince Norodom Sihan- ouk, exiled in Peking since he was deposed in March 1970, still hangs over Cambodia. The National Assembly has not sat since October 1971 when it was dissolved by the then Head of Slate, Cheng Heng. The new electoral law provides that voting for deputies must take place within three months of presidential elections and as Marshal Lon Nol was elected president on June 4, he has ex- tended Us one-man rule to the very last possible moment. Nol recently appealed to all political parties to forget their differences in the interests of the nation hut his opponents have already fired their open- ing shots in the campaign and there seems little hope of the "united front" that Nol sees as necessary to defeat Cambodia's enemies. General Sisowath Sirik Matak, leader of the 1970 coup which overthrew Prince Sihanouk, now heads the opposition Republican Party and has announced his intention to put his movemen against Nol at the ballot box Matak, ironically, was Nol'. "strong man" until he resignet from the Social Republican Party earlier this year. Republican party leaders that (lie electoral voting law passed by Nol has been drafted in such a way that it ensure victory for the Pres- ident's own party. They main- tain that under the law the Social Republicans could gam a majority in the National As- sembly with as little as one- eighth of the vote. The former resident of the National As- embly, In Tarn, wiio was beat- n by Nol in the presidential lection in June has said that is Democratic party might loycott the forthcoming elec- ions in protest against the vot- ng system. The Democrats have been he principal sufferers in re- ent purges of the Cambodian apposition newspapers by the authorities. Seven newspapers all critical of the government and three of them allied to the Democratic party were clos- ed down for criticizing the Nol regime, including one owned jy In Tarn. A new press law ssued by Marshal Nol has now enabled most of the stricken newspapers to be reopened but at n high cost to freedom ol speech. The new law starts by proclaiming that "all manifes- tation of thought by means ol the press is free" but then goes on to qualify that freedom dras- tically. For instance anything "scorn ful or insulting" of the presi dent, Buddhist leaders, govern policies described the law as a code of fear" in a signed editorial. One newspaper, run by a former Democratic congress- man, has again been shut down since the implementation oE the new law for an indefinite period and its editor placed in jail. It md been closed by the Govern- ment only a few weeks before or printing a story speculating Prince Sihanouk's possible eturn to Camlnriia. ment members, friendly foreign governments and even private individuals is punishable by up to six months jail. In Tarn has said the new is "like a and even a newspaper favourable to Nol' PRINCE SIHANOUK Old Munich: Olympics hasten its demise By LESLIE COL1TT MUNICH The Olympic Games that opened here in Munich on Aug. 26 have al- ready dealt this once refined and most liveable city in Ger- many a punishing blow. It is urban development that brings Munich frighteningly close to the faceless Eurocity. To be fair, the Olympics have only hastened the process. Ten years ago, the city and property developers discovered that Mu- nich was something of an ana- chronism among West German Corruption then and now By MICHAEL T. KAUFMAN .New York Times Service GENEVA, N.Y. Cornelius Dwyer, 82 years old and sat on the veranda of iis romanesque castle here and, with the candor and comfort of someone who has beat the statute of limitations, discours- ed freely on his years in the wotlegging, gambling and cor- ruption businesses and how he ;hinks times and crimes have changed. Nowadays, Dwyer is the res- pectable proprietor of Bclhurst Castle, an 85-year-old building with handcarved mahogany in- teriors surrounded by 39 tree- shaded acres stretching down to Lake Seneca. He spends his days greeting visitors who come to dine on the ground floor, below his liv- ing quarters and below the room where, for 18 year, lie ran a casino. He closed that room in 1951, prodded by a subpoena rom the Kefauver crime inves-' jgating committee. Before that he had run plush gambling establishments in Sar- itoga, N.Y. Hollywood, Fla. and French Lick, Ind. They were kind of places that "could have served as settings for Ray- mond Chandler novels. The casinos had car hops and bell captains, and stars like Sophie Tucker and Vincent Lopez provided the entertain- ment. Protected by payoffs and by vacationing New York City detectives hired as "heavy men" to make sure no one's dia- monds were stolen, the cas- inos were not hidden from view. Dwyer, who was known pro- fessionally as has never been in jail. He was arrested once, he says, and that was on a charge of possession of il- legal alcohol back in 1931. He paid a fine for that. Dwyer, whose schooling ended when he was 14, has purchased LAST MONTH IN HISTORY _ gunmin woi ittot In a Clone 12 houit ofier [jacked It Reno end commondeertd It to Seattle. ____lu.s. Agricui- __Dept. diicloted Soviet! will buy bil- lion worth of U. S. fa nn pioducli orir a 12- month period. ________Pay Board in. Woihington wid it would not iti gtntral lEcndara tfiat limiti wag a h) SJ-per cent B year. Nixon nominated (or a iccond term by Reputliccu la' Mk.al Beoch, Ha, ______Acurd.ng to public bellm the lion la lion a n abortiM it vp lo a voman cud doctor. _______Death tall 500 NorHura frelaod, is tiwn three yean ef Roman Catho itrifg. Went Ml Amis reyottd iciideiKt permit! of nor< Ikon Allans, doyl to conn try. ______lEcit GereiDn jihin 62 Jetplane ex- ploded, croihed'flfter take-off from Ecth Ullicg ell 154 Oaari. Ljbya c ft to merge rtfiuMt. Negotiations vill continue for B (tor. f cm) )6 million incaih Ofld W4 million in tar- _________ gerconiulteJuithNoitn' ondSontftVied five daw ahtr American B52 plcnei "heovieit raids" ne r N. Victsam. at least one new Cadillac every 'ear since 3931. For part of this summer, Dwyer has been following the revelations of the Knapp Com- mission with some betnuse- ment. "There things come and ha said white conducting two visitors on a strolling tour of his estate, which was built by a direct descendant of Henry Clay. "How are you going to stop police from taking lie asked. "Yoy can't do it. Any time that hig money shows, it's a dangerous thing. You can do tremendous things with big money." While he believes that the 'enal instincts of man are more T less constant, there are, he .ays, differences in the forms if corruption then and now. For one thing, he looks back m liis own past and notes that ic was able to start his first inierprise, a pool room with a dice game in his native Lyons, without any mob affilia- tion. He had been working as a railroad fireman for 10 years jefore becoming a gambler. JYom there he branched into running ale and whisky down from Canada during prohihi- jon. When he lost everything in the crash of '29, he started all over with gambling, saying that, with the mathematical profits on roulette being 5 and per cent, it seemed a good opportunity. "And in all that time the mob never tried to muscle in one he said. "I knew them all, but they left me alone. There was enough then for everybody." Now, he says, the rackets seem highjy organized and there is less opportunity for young people to go out on their own. cities: It was comfortably old- fashioned, w i t h poplar-lined streois and faded pastel-hued buildings. Planners then churn- ed out projects to moke Mu- nich "suitable for cars" in the words of the then Mayor, Dr. Jochen Vogel. The result, he recently called a "total mis- take" and refused to stand for re-election. Boulevards such as the Maxi- milianslrasse, built under the reign of art-loving Bavarian kings, have been robbed of their grace by three-lane express- ways and lined with the stand- ard-issue architecture favored by large corporations and banks. Real estate speculators swarm over the historic city centre, buying up old, low-ren ital apartment buildings anc erecting luxury flats and more office build ings. The boom atmosphere was accelerated into a construction craze by the selling of Municl as the site of the Olymoics A costly underground has been built in order (hat, as one citj spokesman put it, Munich wi! not have to be "ashamed o itself" when visitors come t the Games. But new exprcs roads, ploughed through th city at the same time, lur even more cars into the centre GAUDY Strongholds of M u n i c charm, such as the slightly di caying artists' and students district of Schwabing, hav licen turned into gaudy ment centres with a gain foreign restaurants but a tote loss of former character. Munich University has bee stricken by the developmcn fever, buying up fine old huil ihing them to make way for uminium and glass institutes, onically, the latest one will ouse the philosophy depart- cnt. Concerned local residents rc- ort that historically valuable md low rental yield buildings the back streets are being elected for a demolition work- rs' ball. Well over for- gn workers nearly one in very five Munich dwellers lare tiny, sub-divided flats in ormcr middle class homes 'hose previous occupants have one to sterile, high-rise pro- ccts with rents among the ighest in Germany. What has become of Munich not likely to disturb, most German and foreign, o the Olympics unless they dis- ovcr parallels with their own cities. But to the inhabitants of ilunich, such as those being jvicfed weekly from their cosy lomes, the word Olympics has baneful ring. The voices of aroused citizens are being belatedly heard Spearheaded by architects re belling against callous cit; planning, a spate of citizen initiative groups have madi their impact felt. The city ha abandoned a few plans. On< was to drive a six-lane high way along the wooded Is a Hiver banks to speed trdflt leaving Munich. Critics pointec out that old trees and favorite recreation area woul be lost. HE'S SAD The city has also agreed I halt completion of the Altstad ring, a multi-lane road wit tunnels and pedestrian undei passes that was conceived affic. The road has severed nee unified districts from each, her and left a wasteland of arking lots and destroyed [uarcs along its course. Karl Kluchspies, an architect ecply involved in the citizens' lovement, remarks rather sad- f that success on their part is icasurcd by the fact that the umber of buildings demolish- in the inner city is not ris- ng as rapidly as earlier. "We an't leave any legal stone un- he argues, "to save the characteristic buildings here go toward making life worthwhile. Cases must be rought to court so that we can est the existing lows." He cites the successful scul- ling of a project two years ago to tear down a popular itnnicli cafe to make way for another bank. Citizen's poups discovered, that a long- orgotten city law stipulated that in ss historic area a change of function of ground loor premises required city approval. Since then the city las been reminded that it teed lot remain powerless in the race of real estate speculators and can halt the destruction of Munich before there is noth- ing left worth saving, (Oliserver copyright) ings in Scliwabing and demo- save the old town from throug SPANISH DUKE DIES HOUSTON, Tex.